Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Suriname 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Greenland 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Bahamas, The 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Singapore 3.0 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Papua New Guinea 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0
Brunei Darussalam 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Solomon Islands 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.7 2.7 2.9 3.3 3.3
Norway 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.8
Oman 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
United Arab Emirates 3.4 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.4
Qatar 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.6 5.6
Belize 5.5 5.7 6.0 6.3 6.3
Lao PDR 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.3
Canada 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Kuwait 7.9 7.9 7.9 8.0 8.0
Finland 7.9 8.0 7.9 7.8 7.9
Central African Republic 8.0 8.0 8.1 8.1 8.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1
Sweden 8.3 8.2 8.1 8.2 8.2
Seychelles 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7
Northern Mariana Islands 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7
Libya 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Guyana 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Bhutan 9.7 10.8 10.8 10.8 12.8
Palau 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Cayman Islands 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Jordan 11.8 11.5 12.7 12.4 12.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5
Bahrain 11.6 11.6 12.7 12.7 12.7
French Polynesia 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7
Equatorial Guinea 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9
New Caledonia 12.7 12.5 12.6 12.6 12.6
Vanuatu 12.5 12.6 12.9 13.0 13.1
American Samoa 15.0 15.0 16.0 16.0 16.0
Japan 15.6 15.5 15.4 15.3 15.2
Trinidad and Tobago 15.0 15.8 15.8 15.8 15.8
Myanmar 16.0 15.9 15.9 16.0 15.9
Algeria 16.2 16.2 16.3 16.3 16.6
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Cabo Verde 16.9 16.9 17.1 17.1 17.1
Peru 17.1 17.1 17.2 17.2 16.9
Cyprus 17.4 17.2 17.3 17.2 15.5
Iceland 19.0 19.0 19.0 19.0 19.0
Samoa 19.1 19.1 18.4 18.4 18.0
Cameroon 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Gabon 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Benin 20.1 20.2 20.4 20.6 21.3
Antigua and Barbuda 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5
Vietnam 20.7 20.7 21.6 21.8 21.9
Malaysia 20.8 20.9 21.0 21.2 21.5
Korea, Dem. Rep. 20.9 21.0 21.0 21.2 22.0
Chile 21.4 21.2 20.9 20.8 20.8
Iraq 21.1 22.0 21.8 22.6 21.4
Timor-Leste 21.4 22.2 22.2 22.5 22.9
Korea, Rep. 22.6 22.4 22.1 22.0 21.7
Indonesia 24.9 22.9 22.8 23.2 23.2
Fiji 22.4 23.2 23.8 23.8 23.7
Dominica 24.0 24.0 24.0 24.0 24.0
Venezuela, RB 24.8 24.8 24.5 24.5 24.5
Cambodia 25.2 25.5 25.6 25.7 25.9
Liberia 25.9 26.0 26.0 26.0 26.0
Mali 26.3 26.3 26.4 27.2 28.9
Maldives 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7
Israel 26.8 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.8
Niger 26.1 26.9 27.6 27.6 27.6
Zambia 28.0 28.0 28.3 28.5 28.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 28.6 28.6 28.6 28.6 25.7
Ecuador 28.3 28.6 28.7 28.8 29.4
Panama 28.6 28.7 28.9 28.9 28.7
Nepal 29.0 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.2
Brazil 28.9 29.3 29.5 29.8 30.1
Honduras 29.7 29.9 30.0 31.7 31.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8
Congo, Rep. 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 32.1 32.1 32.1 32.1
St. Lucia 34.3 32.5 32.3 32.3 32.0
Bolivia 32.7 33.0 33.1 33.4 33.6
Pakistan 33.6 33.7 33.8 34.2 34.4
Nicaragua 33.4 33.7 34.2 34.8 35.1
Zimbabwe 33.6 34.1 34.5 34.9 35.5
Burkina Faso 35.0 34.9 34.8 34.7 34.5
Grenada 38.2 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3
Guam 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0
Sri Lanka 37.3 37.3 37.4 37.0 37.0
Philippines 37.4 37.4 37.3 37.1 36.9
Tanzania 38.4 38.4 38.2 38.3 38.3
Chad 38.4 38.4 38.4 38.4 38.5
Mauritania 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 37.8 38.7 39.2 39.4 39.4
Sierra Leone 39.1 39.1 39.0 38.9 38.9
Guatemala 40.0 40.0 40.0 41.8 42.1
Andorra 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.4
Colombia 40.6 40.5 40.5 40.5 40.4
Switzerland 40.6 40.5 40.4 40.3 40.1
Malta 40.6 40.6 40.6 40.6 40.6
Albania 40.9 41.1 41.1 41.1 41.1
Thailand 41.9 42.1 41.8 41.6 41.3
Austria 42.4 42.7 42.4 41.9 41.8
Portugal 43.3 42.8 42.4 43.3 43.2
Paraguay 43.2 43.3 43.7 43.7 40.4
Sao Tome and Principe 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8 45.8
Liechtenstein 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8
Costa Rica 45.1 43.8 42.3 41.4 41.0
Jamaica 44.0 44.0 44.0 46.4 46.2
Barbados 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2
Tonga 44.4 44.4 44.4 44.4 44.4
Yemen, Rep. 44.7 44.8 44.5 44.9 44.9
Senegal 46.1 45.2 45.6 45.5 45.6
Botswana 45.9 45.7 45.6 45.8 45.9
Malawi 44.7 45.8 45.3 45.3 43.2
Angola 46.0 46.1 46.1 46.1 46.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 46.2 46.2 46.2 46.2 38.5
United States 46.6 46.6 46.4 46.2 46.0
Argentina 46.6 46.6 46.7 46.7 46.8
Namibia 47.0 47.0 47.0 47.0 47.1
Kenya 47.0 47.2 47.6 47.2 47.8
Puerto Rico 49.0 47.4 46.2 35.1 34.8
Kiribati 48.1 48.1 48.1 45.7 45.7
Germany 51.6 49.1 48.6 49.2 49.6
Ethiopia 51.1 51.0 51.0 30.5 30.5
Guinea-Bissau 51.5 51.5 51.5 52.2 52.5
Sudan 51.7 51.8 52.2 53.3 53.9
Turkey 51.6 52.1 51.8 51.9 52.2
Dominican Republic 52.8 53.2 53.8 53.8 53.8
Mauritius 54.7 54.2 53.7 52.7 51.7
China 53.9 54.5 54.8 55.2 55.7
Italy 57.3 54.6 54.3 54.1 53.4
Mexico 54.1 54.6 54.6 54.6 54.6
France 55.9 55.7 55.5 55.3 55.2
Bulgaria 55.7 55.7 55.6 55.3 55.7
Ghana 55.4 55.9 55.9 56.3 56.7
Guinea 57.5 57.2 57.2 57.2 57.2
Saudi Arabia 57.4 57.5 57.6 80.8 80.8
Djibouti 56.0 57.6 59.1 60.4 60.4
Haiti 57.9 57.9 57.1 57.1 57.9
Afghanistan 58.3 58.3 58.3 58.1 57.9
Gambia, The 57.9 58.5 55.1 55.0 55.0
Togo 58.7 58.7 58.7 60.7 60.7
Netherlands 59.4 59.0 58.8 58.9 58.4
Lebanon 59.1 59.2 59.2 59.2 59.3
Tunisia 55.6 59.3 60.2 60.6 59.8
Cote d'Ivoire 59.5 59.6 60.4 61.3 61.9
Uganda 59.9 60.2 60.3 60.5 60.6
Australia 60.5 60.3 60.7 59.9 61.1
Mozambique 60.6 60.7 60.7 60.7 60.8
Spain 61.0 60.8 60.6 60.1 60.4
India 61.0 61.1 61.0 61.0 61.0
New Zealand 61.5 61.2 60.6 60.5 57.4
Poland 61.4 61.2 61.2 61.1 61.1
West Bank and Gaza 62.3 61.8 61.5 61.5 61.5
Madagascar 62.5 62.5 62.5 62.7 62.7
Cuba 62.8 62.9 63.1 62.7 62.3
Ireland 82.0 64.5 64.1 63.9 63.7
Romania 64.4 64.5 64.5 64.5 64.5
Denmark 65.8 65.3 65.0 64.6 63.4
Tuvalu 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Marshall Islands 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Morocco 68.0 68.0 68.6 68.8 69.4
El Salvador 68.1 68.9 70.0 70.0 70.2
Isle of Man 69.5 70.2 70.9 71.6 72.5
Nigeria 67.6 70.2 70.8 71.4 72.7
Somalia 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2
Greece 71.5 71.1 71.1 71.1 71.1
Swaziland 72.0 71.3 71.1 71.0 71.0
Comoros 68.8 71.5 71.5 71.5 71.5
Hungary 72.0 71.9 68.3 68.2 68.1
Syrian Arab Republic 73.4 73.5 74.1 74.2 75.0
United Kingdom 75.2 75.0 74.7 72.5 72.0
Rwanda 76.2 76.1 74.5 70.1 60.2
Lesotho 76.4 76.5 76.9 76.9 76.7
South Africa 78.8 79.1 79.5 79.9 80.2
Bangladesh 79.8 79.3 73.4 72.6 71.9
Mongolia 80.9 81.2 79.6 76.7 76.3
Burundi 82.2 82.2 82.6 82.7 80.7
Uruguay 84.7 84.7 84.8 84.8 84.8
Macedonia, FYR 51.4 51.0 51.0
Serbia
Curacao
Kyrgyz Republic 52.6 52.8 54.1
Latvia 40.7 40.4 40.8
Lithuania 54.1 53.2 49.9
Slovak Republic 50.9 50.9
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Ukraine 72.4 72.3 72.3
Monaco
Czech Republic 55.4 55.4
Turkmenistan 75.2 75.4 75.4
Moldova 77.9 77.6 77.6
Kazakhstan 82.0 82.1 82.1
Croatia 43.0 40.6 41.4
Russian Federation 13.5 13.4 13.3
South Sudan
Slovenia 28.0 27.8 27.3
Montenegro
Macao SAR, China
Kosovo
Uzbekistan 65.2 65.0 65.0
Belgium
Tajikistan 32.1 32.5 31.9
Eritrea 73.3 73.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 43.1 42.9 42.7
Luxembourg
Belarus 46.3 46.1 46.1
Georgia 46.5 45.0 44.6
Estonia 32.4 31.1 26.0
Azerbaijan 53.4 53.6 53.9
St. Martin (French part)
Armenia 41.1 41.5 42.1

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