Country name 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Suriname 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Greenland 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Bahamas, The 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Singapore 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Papua New Guinea 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1
Brunei Darussalam 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 1.9
Faroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Solomon Islands 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.7 3.0 3.3 3.3 3.3
Norway 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.8 3.1
Oman 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
United Arab Emirates 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.4 4.6
Qatar 5.3 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.6
Belize 5.7 6.0 6.3 6.3 6.4
Bermuda 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 8.0
Lao PDR 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.4
Canada 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Kuwait 7.9 7.9 8.0 8.0 8.0
Finland 8.0 7.9 7.8 7.9 7.4
Central African Republic 8.0 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 7.6
Sweden 8.2 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.0
Northern Mariana Islands 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7
Seychelles 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7
Libya 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Guyana 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Bhutan 10.8 10.8 10.8 12.8 14.2
Palau 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Cayman Islands 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Jordan 11.5 12.7 12.4 12.1 12.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.4
Bahrain 11.6 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7
French Polynesia 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7
Equatorial Guinea 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9
New Caledonia 12.5 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.7
Vanuatu 12.6 12.9 13.0 13.1 13.5
American Samoa 15.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 17.5
Japan 15.5 15.4 15.3 15.2 14.9
Trinidad and Tobago 15.8 15.8 15.8 15.8 14.8
Myanmar 15.9 15.9 16.0 15.9 16.0
Algeria 16.2 16.3 16.3 16.6 16.6
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Cabo Verde 16.9 17.1 17.1 17.1 17.4
Peru 17.1 17.2 17.2 16.9 17.1
Cyprus 17.2 17.3 17.2 15.5 15.5
Iceland 19.0 19.0 19.0 19.0 18.9
Samoa 19.1 18.4 18.4 18.0 18.0
Cameroon 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4
Gabon 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Benin 20.2 20.4 20.6 21.3 22.3
Antigua and Barbuda 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5
Vietnam 20.7 21.6 21.8 21.9 21.7
Malaysia 20.9 21.0 21.2 21.5 21.5
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 21.0 21.0 21.2 22.0 22.0
Chile 21.2 20.9 20.8 20.8 20.6
Iraq 22.0 21.8 22.6 21.4 20.8
Timor-Leste 22.2 22.2 22.5 22.9 22.9
Korea, Rep. 22.4 22.1 22.0 21.7 21.2
Indonesia 22.9 22.8 23.2 23.2 23.7
Fiji 23.2 23.8 23.8 23.7 24.1
Dominica 24.0 24.0 24.0 24.0 22.7
Venezuela, RB 24.8 24.5 24.5 24.5 24.5
Cambodia 25.5 25.6 25.7 25.9 25.9
Liberia 26.0 26.0 26.0 26.0 26.0
Mali 26.3 26.4 27.2 28.9 29.0
Maldives 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7
Israel 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.8 26.5
Niger 26.9 27.6 27.6 27.6 28.4
Zambia 28.0 28.3 28.5 28.9 28.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 28.6 28.6 28.6 25.7 22.9
Ecuador 28.6 28.7 28.8 29.4 29.3
Panama 28.7 28.9 28.9 28.7 28.7
Nepal 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.2 29.3
Brazil 29.3 29.5 29.8 30.1 30.9
Honduras 29.9 30.0 31.7 31.5 31.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8
Congo, Rep. 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 32.1 32.1 32.1 32.1 32.1
St. Lucia 32.5 32.3 32.3 32.0 29.5
Bolivia 33.0 33.1 33.4 33.6 33.8
Nicaragua 33.7 34.2 34.8 35.1 37.8
Zimbabwe 34.1 34.5 34.9 35.5 35.8
Burkina Faso 34.9 34.8 34.7 34.5 34.5
Grenada 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3
Tanzania 36.6 36.6 36.8 37.1 37.5
Guam 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0
Sri Lanka 37.3 37.4 37.0 37.0 37.1
Philippines 37.4 37.3 37.1 36.9 36.9
Chad 38.4 38.4 38.4 38.5 38.5
Mauritania 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 38.7 39.2 39.4 39.4 39.4
Sierra Leone 39.1 39.0 38.9 38.9 38.9
Guatemala 40.0 40.0 41.8 42.1 42.1
Andorra 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.4
Colombia 40.5 40.5 40.5 40.4 40.1
Switzerland 40.5 40.4 40.3 40.1 40.0
Malta 40.6 40.6 40.6 40.6 34.4
Albania 41.1 41.1 41.1 41.1 41.1
Thailand 42.1 41.8 41.6 41.3 41.5
Austria 42.6 42.3 41.8 41.8 41.6
Portugal 42.8 42.4 43.3 43.2 42.9
Paraguay 43.3 43.7 43.7 40.4 41.4
Sao Tome and Principe 43.8 43.8 43.8 45.8 46.9
Liechtenstein 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8
Costa Rica 43.8 42.3 41.4 41.0 40.1
Jamaica 44.0 44.0 46.4 46.2 45.9
Barbados 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2
Tonga 44.4 44.4 44.4 44.4 45.8
Yemen, Rep. 44.8 44.5 44.9 44.9 45.0
Senegal 45.2 45.6 45.8 46.3 45.8
Botswana 45.7 45.6 45.8 45.9 45.8
Pakistan 45.8 45.9 46.4 46.4 46.7
Malawi 45.8 45.3 45.3 43.2 45.4
Angola 46.1 46.1 46.1 46.1 46.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 46.2 46.2 46.2 38.5 38.5
United States 46.6 46.4 46.2 46.0 45.9
Argentina 46.6 46.7 46.7 46.8 46.8
Namibia 47.0 47.0 47.0 47.1 47.2
Kenya 47.2 47.6 47.2 47.8 47.8
Puerto Rico 47.4 46.2 35.1 34.8 34.8
Kiribati 48.1 48.1 45.7 45.7 45.7
Germany 49.1 48.6 49.2 49.6 49.7
Ethiopia 51.0 51.0 30.5 30.5 30.5
Guinea-Bissau 51.5 51.5 52.2 52.5 52.8
Sudan 51.8 52.2 53.3 53.9 54.6
Turkey 52.1 51.8 51.9 52.2 51.3
Dominican Republic 52.7 52.7 52.7 52.7 53.3
Mauritius 54.2 53.7 52.7 51.7 51.2
China 54.5 54.8 55.2 55.7 55.7
Italy 54.6 54.3 54.1 53.4 52.1
Mexico 54.6 54.6 54.6 54.6 54.6
France 55.7 55.5 55.3 55.2 55.1
Bulgaria 55.7 55.6 55.3 55.7 55.7
Ghana 55.9 55.9 56.3 56.7 57.6
Guinea 57.2 57.2 57.2 57.2 57.1
Saudi Arabia 57.5 57.6 80.8 80.8 80.8
Djibouti 57.6 59.1 60.4 60.4 62.6
Haiti 57.9 57.1 57.1 57.9 57.7
Afghanistan 58.3 58.3 58.1 57.9 57.8
Gambia, The 58.5 55.1 55.0 55.0 55.0
Togo 58.7 58.7 60.7 60.7 60.7
Netherlands 59.0 58.8 58.9 58.4 58.2
Lebanon 59.2 59.2 59.2 59.3 59.5
Tunisia 59.3 60.2 60.6 59.8 60.2
Cote d'Ivoire 59.6 60.4 61.3 61.9 62.3
Uganda 60.2 60.3 60.5 60.6 60.7
Australia 60.3 60.7 59.9 61.1 60.3
Mozambique 60.7 60.7 60.7 60.8 60.9
Spain 60.8 60.6 60.1 60.4 59.5
India 61.1 61.0 61.0 61.0 60.9
New Zealand 61.2 60.6 60.5 57.4 56.9
Poland 61.2 61.2 61.1 61.1 60.8
Comoros 61.3 61.8 61.8 64.5 65.6
West Bank and Gaza 61.8 61.5 61.5 61.5 62.5
Madagascar 62.5 62.5 62.7 62.7 62.7
Cuba 62.9 63.1 62.7 62.3 62.2
Ireland 64.5 64.1 63.9 63.7 63.7
Romania 64.5 64.5 64.5 64.5 64.5
Denmark 65.3 65.0 64.6 63.4 64.2
Tuvalu 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Marshall Islands 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Morocco 68.0 68.6 68.8 69.4 68.9
El Salvador 68.9 70.0 70.0 70.2 70.2
Isle of Man 70.2 70.9 71.6 72.5 73.2
Nigeria 70.2 70.8 71.4 72.7 75.1
Somalia 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2
Greece 71.1 71.1 71.1 71.1 71.1
Swaziland 71.3 71.1 71.0 71.0 71.0
Hungary 71.9 68.3 68.2 68.1 68.8
Syrian Arab Republic 73.5 74.1 74.2 75.0 75.0
United Kingdom 75.0 74.7 72.5 72.0 71.8
Rwanda 76.1 74.5 70.1 60.2 60.2
Lesotho 76.5 76.9 76.9 76.7 76.5
South Africa 79.1 79.5 79.9 80.2 80.4
Bangladesh 79.3 73.4 72.6 71.9 72.0
Mongolia 81.2 79.6 76.7 76.3 76.3
Burundi 82.2 82.6 82.7 80.7 79.3
Uruguay 85.3 85.3 85.3 85.3 85.4
Kazakhstan 82.0 82.1 82.1 80.4
Macedonia, FYR 51.4 51.0 51.0 50.6
Serbia
Latvia 40.7 40.4 40.8 29.5
Monaco
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Georgia 46.5 45.0 44.6 43.9
South Sudan
Estonia 32.4 31.1 26.0 23.4
Croatia 43.0 40.6 41.4 41.7
Kyrgyz Republic 52.6 52.8 54.1 54.4
Montenegro
Luxembourg
Tajikistan 32.1 32.5 31.9 32.7
Turkmenistan 75.2 75.4 75.4 75.5
Eritrea 73.3 73.3 73.3
Macao SAR, China
Belgium
Ukraine 72.4 72.3 72.3 72.2
Uzbekistan 65.2 65.0 65.0 65.0
Slovak Republic 50.9 50.9 50.9
St. Martin (French part)
Slovenia 28.0 27.8 27.3 26.7
Moldova 77.9 77.6 77.6 77.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 43.0 42.8 42.6 42.5
Russian Federation 13.5 13.4 13.3 13.2
Belarus 46.3 46.1 46.1 46.0
Lithuania 54.1 53.2 49.9 54.4
Czech Republic 55.4 55.4 55.4
Azerbaijan 53.4 53.6 53.9 53.9
Curacao
Armenia 41.1 41.5 42.1 43.7

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