Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Suriname 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Greenland 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Bahamas, The 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Singapore 3.0 3.0 1.8 1.8 1.8
Papua New Guinea 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0
Brunei Darussalam 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Solomon Islands 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.9 3.3
Norway 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.3
Oman 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
United Arab Emirates 2.9 3.4 3.7 4.1 4.2
Qatar 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.6
Belize 5.3 5.5 5.7 6.0 6.3
Lao PDR 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Canada 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Kuwait 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.9 8.0
Finland 7.8 7.9 8.0 7.9 7.8
Central African Republic 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.1 8.1
Sweden 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.1 8.2
Seychelles 10.9 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7
Libya 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Guyana 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Bhutan 9.6 9.7 10.7 10.7 10.7
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Cayman Islands 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Jordan 13.0 11.8 11.5 12.7 12.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 11.4 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5
Bahrain 11.6 11.6 11.6 12.7 12.7
French Polynesia 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7
Equatorial Guinea 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9
New Caledonia 12.9 12.7 12.5 12.6 12.6
Vanuatu 12.2 12.5 12.6 12.9 13.0
American Samoa 15.0 15.0 15.0 16.0 16.0
Japan 15.7 15.6 15.5 15.4 15.3
Trinidad and Tobago 14.0 15.0 15.8 15.8 15.8
Myanmar 15.9 16.0 15.9 15.9 16.0
Algeria 16.3 16.2 16.2 16.3 16.3
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Cabo Verde 16.6 16.9 16.9 17.1 17.1
Peru 14.8 17.1 17.1 17.2 17.2
Cyprus 17.4 17.5 17.4 17.3 17.2
Iceland 19.0 19.0 19.0 19.0 19.0
Samoa 19.2 19.1 19.1 18.4 18.4
Cameroon 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Gabon 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Benin 19.7 20.1 20.2 20.4 20.6
Antigua and Barbuda 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5
Vietnam 20.6 20.7 20.7 21.6 21.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 20.9 20.9 21.0 21.0 21.2
Chile 21.7 21.4 21.2 20.9 20.8
Korea, Rep. 22.3 22.1 21.9 21.6 21.5
Iraq 21.1 21.1 22.0 21.8 22.6
Timor-Leste 20.5 21.4 22.2 22.2 22.5
Malaysia 21.2 22.0 22.8 23.4 24.0
Indonesia 24.5 24.9 22.9 22.8 23.2
Fiji 21.6 22.4 23.2 23.8 23.8
Dominica 24.0 24.0 24.0 24.0 24.0
Venezuela, RB 24.7 24.8 24.8 24.5 24.5
Cambodia 25.1 25.2 25.5 25.6 25.7
Liberia 27.0 25.9 26.0 26.0 26.0
Mali 26.3 26.3 26.3 26.4 27.2
Maldives 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7
Israel 26.6 26.8 26.7 26.7 26.7
Niger 24.8 26.1 26.9 27.6 27.6
Zambia 28.1 28.0 28.0 28.3 28.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 31.4 28.6 28.6 28.6 28.6
Ecuador 28.0 28.3 28.6 28.7 28.8
Panama 28.2 28.6 28.7 28.9 28.9
Brazil 28.3 28.6 29.0 29.2 29.5
Nepal 29.0 29.0 29.0 29.1 29.1
Honduras 30.1 29.7 29.9 30.0 31.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 33.3 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8
Congo, Rep. 30.9 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8
St. Lucia 32.8 32.8 32.8 32.8 32.8
Bolivia 32.7 32.7 33.0 33.1 33.4
Pakistan 33.8 33.6 33.7 33.8 34.2
Nicaragua 33.2 33.4 33.7 34.2 34.8
Zimbabwe 33.5 33.6 34.1 34.5 34.9
Burkina Faso 35.1 35.0 34.9 34.8 34.7
Grenada 38.2 38.2 35.3 35.3 35.3
Guam 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0
Sri Lanka 37.3 37.3 37.3 37.4 37.0
Philippines 37.2 37.4 37.4 37.3 37.1
Tanzania 38.4 38.4 38.4 38.2 38.3
Chad 38.3 38.4 38.4 38.4 38.4
Mauritania 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 37.9 37.8 38.7 39.2 39.4
Sierra Leone 39.4 39.4 39.4 39.3 39.2
Switzerland 50.5 39.5 39.6 39.5 39.5
Guatemala 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 41.8
Andorra 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.4
Colombia 40.7 40.6 40.5 40.5 40.5
Malta 40.6 40.6 40.6 40.6 40.6
Albania 40.5 40.9 41.1 41.1 41.1
Thailand 41.8 41.9 42.1 41.8 41.6
Austria 43.0 42.4 42.7 42.4 41.9
Portugal 43.8 43.3 42.8 42.4 43.3
Paraguay 43.1 43.2 43.3 43.7 43.7
Liechtenstein 50.0 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8
Sao Tome and Principe 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8
Costa Rica 46.6 45.1 43.8 42.3 41.4
Jamaica 44.0 44.0 44.0 44.0 46.4
Barbados 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2
Tonga 44.4 44.4 44.4 44.4 44.4
Yemen, Rep. 44.5 44.7 44.8 44.5 44.9
Senegal 45.8 46.1 45.2 45.6 45.5
Botswana 45.9 45.9 45.7 45.6 45.8
Malawi 44.2 44.7 45.8 45.3 45.3
Angola 46.0 46.0 46.1 46.1 46.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 46.2 46.2 46.2 46.2 46.2
United States 46.6 46.6 46.6 46.4 46.2
Argentina 46.6 46.6 46.6 46.7 46.7
Namibia 47.0 47.0 47.0 47.0 47.0
Kenya 47.5 47.0 47.2 47.6 47.2
Puerto Rico 50.7 49.0 47.4 46.2 35.1
Kiribati 48.1 48.1 48.1 48.1 45.7
Germany 51.7 51.6 49.1 48.6 49.2
Ethiopia 51.3 51.1 51.0 51.0 30.5
Guinea-Bissau 51.1 51.5 51.5 51.5 52.2
Sudan 51.7 51.7 51.8 52.2 53.3
Turkey 51.8 51.6 52.1 51.8 51.9
Dominican Republic 54.7 52.8 53.2 53.8 53.8
Mexico 53.0 53.4 53.8 54.1 54.5
Mauritius 55.2 54.7 54.2 53.7 52.7
Italy 57.3 57.3 54.6 54.3 54.1
China 53.7 54.2 54.8 55.3 55.6
France 56.0 55.8 55.6 55.4 55.1
Bulgaria 55.8 55.7 55.7 55.6 55.3
Ghana 54.9 55.4 55.9 55.9 56.3
Guinea 57.2 57.5 57.2 57.2 57.2
Saudi Arabia 55.0 57.4 57.5 57.6 80.8
Djibouti 56.1 56.0 57.6 59.1 60.4
Haiti 58.0 57.9 57.9 57.1 57.1
Afghanistan 58.3 58.3 58.3 58.3 58.2
Gambia, The 57.9 57.9 58.5 55.1 55.0
Togo 57.7 58.7 58.7 58.7 60.7
Netherlands 59.4 59.4 59.0 58.8 58.9
Lebanon 59.0 59.1 59.2 59.2 59.2
Tunisia 55.8 55.6 59.3 60.2 60.6
Cote d'Ivoire 59.2 59.5 59.6 60.4 61.3
Uganda 59.4 59.9 60.2 60.3 60.5
Australia 60.8 60.5 60.3 60.7 59.9
Mozambique 60.6 60.6 60.7 60.7 60.7
Spain 61.5 61.0 60.8 60.6 60.1
India 61.0 60.9 60.9 60.9 60.9
New Zealand 61.7 61.5 61.2 60.6 60.5
Poland 61.8 61.7 61.6 61.6 61.5
West Bank and Gaza 62.6 62.3 61.8 61.5 61.5
Madagascar 62.4 62.5 62.5 62.5 62.7
Cuba 63.1 62.8 62.9 63.1 62.7
Ireland 82.1 82.0 64.5 64.1 63.9
Romania 64.3 64.4 64.5 64.5 64.5
Denmark 65.4 65.8 65.3 65.0 64.6
Tuvalu 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Morocco 67.4 68.0 68.0 68.6 68.8
El Salvador 67.9 68.1 68.9 70.0 70.0
Isle of Man 68.6 69.5 70.2 70.9 71.6
Somalia 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2
Greece 71.5 71.5 71.1 71.1 71.1
Swaziland 73.5 72.0 71.3 71.1 71.0
Comoros 68.8 68.8 71.5 71.5 71.5
Hungary 72.1 72.0 71.9 68.3 68.2
Syrian Arab Republic 73.4 73.4 73.5 74.1 74.2
United Kingdom 75.7 75.2 75.0 74.7 72.5
Rwanda 75.2 76.2 76.1 74.5 70.1
Lesotho 75.9 76.4 76.5 76.9 76.9
South Africa 78.6 78.8 79.1 79.5 79.9
Bangladesh 80.2 79.8 79.3 73.4 72.6
Nigeria 78.9 79.1 79.4 79.6 79.7
Mongolia 80.8 80.9 81.2 79.6 76.7
Burundi 82.9 82.7 82.7 83.1 83.1
Uruguay 84.7 84.7 84.7 84.8 84.8
Macedonia, FYR 51.4 51.0
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Northern Mariana Islands
Slovak Republic 50.9
Moldova 77.9 77.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
St. Martin (French part)
Curacao
Kyrgyz Republic 52.6 52.8
Lithuania 54.1 53.2
Hong Kong SAR, China
Ukraine 72.4 72.3
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
South Sudan
Czech Republic 55.4
Kazakhstan 82.0 82.1
Monaco
Turkmenistan 68.6 68.7
Croatia 43.0 40.6
Belgium
Montenegro
Slovenia 28.0 27.8
Russian Federation 13.5 13.4
Kosovo
Latvia 40.7 40.4
Marshall Islands
Uzbekistan 65.2 65.0
Estonia 32.4 31.1
Palau
Bosnia and Herzegovina 43.1 42.9
Serbia
Belarus 46.3 46.1
Eritrea 73.3
Tajikistan 32.1 32.5
Azerbaijan 53.4 53.6
Georgia 46.5 45.0
Armenia 41.1 41.5

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