Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Suriname 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Greenland 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Bahamas, The 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Singapore 3.0 3.0 1.8 1.8 1.8
Papua New Guinea 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0
Brunei Darussalam 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Solomon Islands 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.9 3.3
Norway 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.3
Oman 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
United Arab Emirates 2.9 3.4 3.7 4.1 4.2
Qatar 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.6
Belize 5.3 5.5 5.7 6.0 6.3
Lao PDR 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Canada 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Finland 7.8 7.9 8.0 7.9 7.8
Kuwait 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.9 8.0
Central African Republic 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.1 8.1
Sweden 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.1 8.2
Seychelles 10.9 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7
Libya 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Guyana 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Bhutan 9.6 9.7 10.7 10.7 10.7
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Cayman Islands 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 11.4 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5
French Polynesia 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7
Equatorial Guinea 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9
New Caledonia 12.9 12.7 12.5 12.6 12.6
Bahrain 11.6 11.6 11.6 12.7 12.7
Jordan 13.0 11.8 11.5 12.7 12.4
Vanuatu 12.2 12.5 12.6 12.9 13.0
Russian Federation 13.5 13.4
Japan 15.7 15.6 15.5 15.4 15.3
Trinidad and Tobago 14.0 15.0 15.8 15.8 15.8
Myanmar 15.9 16.0 15.9 15.9 16.0
American Samoa 15.0 15.0 15.0 16.0 16.0
Algeria 16.3 16.2 16.2 16.3 16.3
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Cabo Verde 16.6 16.9 16.9 17.1 17.1
Peru 14.8 17.1 17.1 17.2 17.2
Cyprus 17.4 17.5 17.4 17.3 17.2
Samoa 19.2 19.1 19.1 18.4 18.4
Iceland 19.0 19.0 19.0 19.0 19.0
Cameroon 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Gabon 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Benin 19.7 20.1 20.2 20.4 20.6
Antigua and Barbuda 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5
Chile 21.7 21.4 21.2 20.9 20.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 20.9 20.9 21.0 21.0 21.2
Vietnam 20.6 20.7 20.7 21.6 21.8
Korea, Rep. 22.3 22.1 21.9 21.6 21.5
Iraq 21.1 21.1 22.0 21.8 22.6
Timor-Leste 20.5 21.4 22.2 22.2 22.5
Indonesia 24.5 24.9 22.9 22.8 23.2
Malaysia 21.2 22.0 22.8 23.4 24.0
Fiji 21.6 22.4 23.2 23.8 23.8
Dominica 24.0 24.0 24.0 24.0 24.0
Venezuela, RB 24.7 24.8 24.8 24.5 24.5
Cambodia 25.1 25.2 25.5 25.6 25.7
Liberia 27.0 25.9 26.0 26.0 26.0
Mali 26.3 26.3 26.3 26.4 27.2
Israel 26.6 26.8 26.7 26.7 26.7
Maldives 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7
Niger 24.8 26.1 26.9 27.6 27.6
Slovenia 28.0 27.8
Zambia 28.1 28.0 28.0 28.3 28.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 31.4 28.6 28.6 28.6 28.6
Ecuador 28.0 28.3 28.6 28.7 28.8
Panama 28.2 28.6 28.7 28.9 28.9
Nepal 29.0 29.0 29.0 29.1 29.1
Brazil 28.3 28.6 29.0 29.2 29.5
Honduras 30.1 29.7 29.9 30.0 31.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 33.3 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8
Congo, Rep. 30.9 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8
Tajikistan 32.1 32.5
Estonia 32.4 31.1
St. Lucia 32.8 32.8 32.8 32.8 32.8
Bolivia 32.7 32.7 33.0 33.1 33.4
Pakistan 33.8 33.6 33.7 33.8 34.2
Nicaragua 33.2 33.4 33.7 34.2 34.8
Zimbabwe 33.5 33.6 34.1 34.5 34.9
Burkina Faso 35.1 35.0 34.9 34.8 34.7
Grenada 38.2 38.2 35.3 35.3 35.3
Guam 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0
Philippines 37.2 37.4 37.4 37.3 37.1
Sri Lanka 37.3 37.3 37.3 37.4 37.0
Tanzania 38.4 38.4 38.4 38.2 38.3
Chad 38.3 38.4 38.4 38.4 38.4
Mauritania 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 37.9 37.8 38.7 39.2 39.4
Sierra Leone 39.4 39.4 39.4 39.3 39.2
Switzerland 50.5 39.5 39.6 39.5 39.5
Guatemala 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 41.8
Andorra 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.4
Colombia 40.7 40.6 40.5 40.5 40.5
Malta 40.6 40.6 40.6 40.6 40.6
Latvia 40.7 40.4
Armenia 41.1 41.5
Albania 40.5 40.9 41.1 41.1 41.1
Thailand 41.8 41.9 42.1 41.8 41.6
Costa Rica 46.6 45.1 43.8 42.3 41.4
Austria 43.0 42.4 42.7 42.4 41.9
Portugal 43.8 43.3 42.8 42.4 43.3
Croatia 43.0 40.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 43.1 42.9
Paraguay 43.1 43.2 43.3 43.7 43.7
Sao Tome and Principe 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8
Liechtenstein 50.0 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8
Jamaica 44.0 44.0 44.0 44.0 46.4
Barbados 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2
Tonga 44.4 44.4 44.4 44.4 44.4
Yemen, Rep. 44.5 44.7 44.8 44.5 44.9
Malawi 44.2 44.7 45.8 45.3 45.3
Senegal 45.8 46.1 45.2 45.6 45.5
Botswana 45.9 45.9 45.7 45.6 45.8
Angola 46.0 46.0 46.1 46.1 46.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 46.2 46.2 46.2 46.2 46.2
Puerto Rico 50.7 49.0 47.4 46.2 35.1
Belarus 46.3 46.1
United States 46.6 46.6 46.6 46.4 46.2
Georgia 46.5 45.0
Argentina 46.6 46.6 46.6 46.7 46.7
Namibia 47.0 47.0 47.0 47.0 47.0
Kenya 47.5 47.0 47.2 47.6 47.2
Kiribati 48.1 48.1 48.1 48.1 45.7
Germany 51.7 51.6 49.1 48.6 49.2
Ethiopia 51.3 51.1 51.0 51.0 30.5
Macedonia, FYR 51.4 51.0
Guinea-Bissau 51.1 51.5 51.5 51.5 52.2
Turkey 51.8 51.6 52.1 51.8 51.9
Sudan 51.7 51.7 51.8 52.2 53.3
Kyrgyz Republic 52.6 52.8
Azerbaijan 53.4 53.6
Mauritius 55.2 54.7 54.2 53.7 52.7
Dominican Republic 54.7 52.8 53.2 53.8 53.8
Lithuania 54.1 53.2
Mexico 53.0 53.4 53.8 54.1 54.5
Italy 57.3 57.3 54.6 54.3 54.1
Gambia, The 57.9 57.9 58.5 55.1 55.0
China 53.7 54.2 54.8 55.3 55.6
France 56.0 55.8 55.6 55.4 55.1
Bulgaria 55.8 55.7 55.7 55.6 55.3
Ghana 54.9 55.4 55.9 55.9 56.3
Haiti 58.0 57.9 57.9 57.1 57.1
Guinea 57.2 57.5 57.2 57.2 57.2
Saudi Arabia 55.0 57.4 57.5 57.6 80.8
Afghanistan 58.3 58.3 58.3 58.3 58.2
Togo 57.7 58.7 58.7 58.7 60.7
Netherlands 59.4 59.4 59.0 58.8 58.9
Djibouti 56.1 56.0 57.6 59.1 60.4
Lebanon 59.0 59.1 59.2 59.2 59.2
Tunisia 55.8 55.6 59.3 60.2 60.6
Uganda 59.4 59.9 60.2 60.3 60.5
Cote d'Ivoire 59.2 59.5 59.6 60.4 61.3
New Zealand 61.7 61.5 61.2 60.6 60.5
Spain 61.5 61.0 60.8 60.6 60.1
Australia 60.8 60.5 60.3 60.7 59.9
Mozambique 60.6 60.6 60.7 60.7 60.7
India 61.0 60.9 60.9 60.9 60.9
West Bank and Gaza 62.6 62.3 61.8 61.5 61.5
Poland 61.8 61.7 61.6 61.6 61.5
Madagascar 62.4 62.5 62.5 62.5 62.7
Cuba 63.1 62.8 62.9 63.1 62.7
Ireland 82.1 82.0 64.5 64.1 63.9
Romania 64.3 64.4 64.5 64.5 64.5
Denmark 65.4 65.8 65.3 65.0 64.6
Uzbekistan 65.2 65.0
Tuvalu 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Hungary 72.1 72.0 71.9 68.3 68.2
Turkmenistan 68.6 68.7
Morocco 67.4 68.0 68.0 68.6 68.8
El Salvador 67.9 68.1 68.9 70.0 70.0
Somalia 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2
Isle of Man 68.6 69.5 70.2 70.9 71.6
Swaziland 73.5 72.0 71.3 71.1 71.0
Greece 71.5 71.5 71.1 71.1 71.1
Comoros 68.8 68.8 71.5 71.5 71.5
Ukraine 72.4 72.3
Bangladesh 80.2 79.8 79.3 73.4 72.6
Syrian Arab Republic 73.4 73.4 73.5 74.1 74.2
Rwanda 75.2 76.2 76.1 74.5 70.1
United Kingdom 75.7 75.2 75.0 74.7 72.5
Lesotho 75.9 76.4 76.5 76.9 76.9
Moldova 77.9 77.6
South Africa 78.6 78.8 79.1 79.5 79.9
Mongolia 80.8 80.9 81.2 79.6 76.7
Nigeria 78.9 79.1 79.4 79.6 79.7
Kazakhstan 82.0 82.1
Burundi 82.9 82.7 82.7 83.1 83.1
Uruguay 84.7 84.7 84.7 84.8 84.8
Eritrea 73.3
South Sudan
St. Martin (French part)
Luxembourg
Northern Mariana Islands
Monaco
Czech Republic 55.4
Slovak Republic 50.9
Curacao
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Macao SAR, China
Montenegro
Palau
Serbia
Marshall Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Belgium
Hong Kong SAR, China
Kosovo

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