Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Suriname 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Greenland 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Bahamas, The 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Singapore 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Papua New Guinea 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2
Brunei Darussalam 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Solomon Islands 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3
Norway 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.4 3.4
Oman 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
United Arab Emirates 4.4 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.8
Qatar 5.6 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.7
Belize 6.3 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.5
Lao PDR 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.6 7.7
Canada 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Finland 7.9 7.4 7.3 7.5 7.6
Kuwait 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0
Central African Republic 8.1 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3
Sweden 8.2 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.9
Seychelles 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7
Libya 8.8 8.8 8.9 8.9 8.8
Guyana 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Cayman Islands 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 11.5 11.4 11.4 11.3 11.3
French Polynesia 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7
Equatorial Guinea 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9
Jordan 12.1 12.6 11.9 12.0 12.1
New Caledonia 12.6 12.7 12.9 13.0 13.1
Bahrain 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7
Bhutan 12.7 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.3
Vanuatu 13.1 13.5 13.7 13.8 14.1
Russian Federation 13.3 13.2 13.2 13.3 13.3
Japan 15.2 14.9 14.8 14.7 14.6
Trinidad and Tobago 15.8 14.8 14.8 13.8 12.9
Myanmar 15.9 16.0 16.1 16.1 16.1
American Samoa 16.0 17.5 20.0 20.0 24.0
Cyprus 16.0 15.7 15.9 15.6 15.9
Algeria 16.6 16.6 16.6 16.7 16.7
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Peru 16.7 16.6 16.5 16.4 16.4
Cabo Verde 17.1 17.4 17.4 17.9 17.9
Samoa 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0
Iceland 19.0 18.9 18.9 18.9 18.9
Cameroon 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Gabon 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Antigua and Barbuda 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5
Chile 20.8 20.6 20.5 20.5 20.5
Korea, Rep. 21.2 20.7 20.3 20.1 19.9
Benin 21.3 22.3 24.0 25.6 27.0
Iraq 21.4 20.8 20.8 19.8 20.3
Vietnam 21.9 21.7 23.6 24.1 24.7
Korea, Dem. Rep. 22.0 22.0 21.2 21.2 21.2
Timor-Leste 22.9 22.9 23.0 23.1 22.9
Indonesia 23.2 23.3 23.3 23.6 23.7
Fiji 23.7 24.1 24.1 24.1 23.5
Malaysia 24.0 24.0 24.0 24.0 24.0
Dominica 24.0 22.7 22.7 22.7 22.7
Venezuela, RB 24.5 24.5 24.5 24.5 24.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 25.7 22.9 22.9 22.9 22.9
Cambodia 25.9 25.9 25.9 25.9 26.2
Liberia 26.0 26.0 26.0 26.2 26.6
Estonia 26.0 23.4 23.7 24.1 24.6
Maldives 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7
Israel 26.8 26.5 26.1 26.0 26.0
Slovenia 27.3 26.7 26.1 24.6 24.3
Niger 27.6 28.4 28.4 28.4 28.4
Panama 28.7 28.7 28.7 28.8 28.9
Mali 28.9 29.0 30.0 30.9 30.9
Zambia 28.9 28.9 29.4 29.6 29.6
Nepal 29.1 29.1 29.1 29.1 29.1
Ecuador 29.4 29.3 28.9 28.9 32.3
Brazil 29.7 30.6 30.6 30.7 30.7
Ethiopia 30.5 30.5 30.5 30.5 30.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 30.8 30.8 28.2 28.2 28.2
Congo, Rep. 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.9 30.9
Honduras 31.5 31.1 31.1 30.3 30.3
Tajikistan 31.9 32.7 32.8 32.6 32.5
St. Lucia 32.8 34.4 29.5 27.9 27.9
Bolivia 33.6 33.7 33.8 34.0 34.1
Pakistan 34.4 34.4 34.6 35.0 35.0
Burkina Faso 34.5 34.5 34.9 36.2 36.4
Puerto Rico 34.8 34.8 34.8 32.8 30.7
Nicaragua 35.1 37.8 38.7 39.9 40.6
Grenada 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3
Zimbabwe 35.4 35.8 36.3 37.0 37.5
Philippines 36.9 36.9 37.2 38.0 38.9
Guam 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0
Sri Lanka 37.0 37.1 37.1 37.1 37.1
Tanzania 38.3 38.3 38.4 38.4 38.4
Chad 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.6 38.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 38.5 38.5 34.6 34.6 34.6
Mauritania 38.5 38.6 38.6 38.6 38.6
Sierra Leone 39.2 39.2 39.2 39.2 39.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 39.4 39.4 39.6 39.2 39.8
Switzerland 39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5
Paraguay 40.4 41.4 47.9 48.3 49.3
Andorra 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.4 39.8
Colombia 40.4 40.1 40.5 40.6 41.0
Malta 40.6 34.4 34.4 31.3 28.1
Latvia 40.8 29.5 30.1 28.5 28.1
Costa Rica 41.0 40.1 39.1 38.2 37.5
Albania 41.1 41.1 41.3 41.4 41.6
Thailand 41.3 41.5 40.8 40.0 39.2
Croatia 41.4 41.7 34.6 34.7 36.6
Austria 41.8 41.6 41.6 41.5 41.5
Guatemala 42.1 42.1 42.1 42.2 41.3
Armenia 42.1 43.7 45.9 46.8 46.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 42.7 42.6 42.5 42.5 42.4
Malawi 43.2 45.4 46.5 47.0 48.6
Portugal 43.2 42.9 40.8 39.1 41.2
Liechtenstein 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8
Barbados 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2
Tonga 44.4 45.8 45.8 43.1 43.1
Georgia 44.6 43.9 43.7 43.7 43.8
Yemen, Rep. 44.9 45.0 45.0 44.9 44.9
Senegal 45.6 45.1 44.9 44.9 45.0
Kiribati 45.7 45.7 45.7 45.7 42.0
Sao Tome and Principe 45.8 46.9 46.9 47.9 47.9
Botswana 45.9 45.8 45.8 45.7 45.6
United States 46.0 45.9 45.5 45.3 45.3
Belarus 46.1 46.0 46.0 45.9 45.9
Angola 46.1 46.1 46.1 46.1 46.1
Jamaica 46.2 45.9 45.6 45.2 44.7
Argentina 46.8 46.8 46.8 46.9 46.9
Namibia 47.1 47.2 47.2 47.2 47.2
Kenya 47.8 47.8 46.5 46.7 46.5
Germany 49.6 49.7 49.7 49.6 49.8
Lithuania 49.9 54.4 54.4 54.5 54.6
Slovak Republic 50.9 50.9 50.8 50.8 50.8
Macedonia, FYR 51.0 50.6 50.7 50.5 50.8
Mauritius 51.7 51.2 50.7 50.2 50.2
Turkey 52.2 51.3 51.1 51.0 51.9
Guinea-Bissau 52.5 52.8 53.1 54.7 54.7
Italy 53.4 52.1 52.2 52.2 52.6
Dominican Republic 53.8 53.8 53.4 52.6 52.8
Azerbaijan 53.9 53.9 54.4 55.1 56.3
Sudan 53.9 54.6 54.9 55.1 55.2
Kyrgyz Republic 54.1 54.4 55.5 55.6 55.7
Mexico 54.8 55.1 55.1 55.1 54.9
France 55.0 54.9 54.8 54.7 54.6
Gambia, The 55.0 55.0 55.0 55.0 54.5
Czech Republic 55.4 55.4 55.4 55.4 55.4
Bulgaria 55.7 55.7 55.7 56.1 51.0
China 56.2 56.3 56.3 56.2 56.4
Ghana 56.7 57.6 58.5 59.9 61.7
Guinea 57.2 57.1 56.6 56.2 55.8
New Zealand 57.4 56.9 56.6 56.6 56.6
Haiti 57.9 57.7 57.7 61.3 61.3
Afghanistan 58.0 57.9 57.9 57.9 58.1
Netherlands 58.4 58.2 58.7 58.2 58.4
Lebanon 59.3 59.5 60.4 60.8 61.2
Tunisia 59.8 60.2 60.0 60.2 60.6
Rwanda 60.2 60.2 62.6 64.7 65.5
Spain 60.4 59.5 60.3 60.2 60.0
Djibouti 60.4 62.6 63.9 64.8 64.8
Uganda 60.6 60.7 60.9 60.9 61.3
Togo 60.7 60.7 62.5 63.4 64.9
Mozambique 60.8 60.9 61.0 61.2 61.3
India 60.9 60.8 60.8 60.8 60.9
Australia 61.1 60.3 60.6 60.2 60.4
Poland 61.5 61.2 60.7 60.6 60.6
West Bank and Gaza 61.5 62.5 61.8 61.5 58.0
Cote d'Ivoire 61.9 62.3 62.3 61.9 61.9
Cuba 62.3 62.2 61.6 62.3 62.1
Madagascar 62.7 62.7 62.9 64.5 66.2
Denmark 63.4 64.2 64.0 63.4 63.0
Ireland 63.7 63.7 63.0 64.3 64.1
Romania 64.5 64.5 64.4 64.5 64.2
Uzbekistan 65.0 65.0 65.0 65.0 64.3
Tuvalu 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Hungary 68.1 68.8 68.8 69.0 69.0
Turkmenistan 68.9 68.9 68.9 68.9 69.0
Morocco 69.4 68.9 69.4 69.2 69.4
El Salvador 70.2 70.2 67.0 67.9 70.0
Somalia 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2
Swaziland 71.0 71.0 71.0 71.1 71.1
Greece 71.1 71.1 71.2 69.7 68.1
Comoros 71.5 72.5 73.6 74.7 75.8
Bangladesh 71.9 72.0 71.7 71.9 72.5
United Kingdom 72.0 71.8 72.3 72.7 72.4
Ukraine 72.3 72.2 72.2 72.2 71.8
Isle of Man 72.5 73.2 73.9 74.6 75.4
Eritrea 73.3 73.3 72.7 72.9 73.9
Syrian Arab Republic 75.0 75.0 75.0 75.1 74.8
Mongolia 76.3 76.3 76.3 83.0 83.1
Lesotho 76.7 76.5 76.6 76.7 76.7
Moldova 77.6 77.6 77.6 77.6 77.7
Nigeria 79.8 80.0 78.1 76.8 78.8
South Africa 80.2 80.4 80.7 80.7 80.8
Saudi Arabia 80.8 80.8 80.7 80.8 80.8
Kazakhstan 82.1 79.3 78.3 77.7 76.8
Burundi 83.1 83.5 83.7 84.1 87.9
Uruguay 84.8 84.9 85.0 85.0 85.2
Northern Mariana Islands 8.7 8.7 8.7 6.5
Montenegro
St. Martin (French part)
Monaco
Macao SAR, China
Serbia
Marshall Islands 72.2 72.2 72.2 72.2
Luxembourg
South Sudan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao
Kosovo
Hong Kong SAR, China
Belgium
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 32.1 32.1 32.1 32.1
Palau 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9

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