Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Suriname 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Greenland 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Bahamas, The 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Singapore 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Brunei Darussalam 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Papua New Guinea 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Solomon Islands 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Norway 2.8 3.1 3.1 2.8 2.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3
Oman 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
United Arab Emirates 4.4 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.8
Qatar 5.6 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.7
Belize 6.3 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.5
Lao PDR 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.6 7.7
Finland 7.9 7.4 7.3 7.1 7.2
Canada 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.1 7.6 7.6 6.7 6.7
Sweden 8.2 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.9
Kuwait 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0
Central African Republic 8.1 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3
Seychelles 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7
Northern Mariana Islands 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7 6.5
Guyana 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Libya 8.8 8.8 8.9 8.9 8.8
Palau 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Cayman Islands 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 11.5 11.4 11.4 11.3 11.3
French Polynesia 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7
Equatorial Guinea 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9
Jordan 12.1 12.6 11.9 12.0 12.1
Bahrain 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7
New Caledonia 12.6 12.7 12.9 13.0 13.1
Russian Federation 13.3 13.2 13.2 13.3 13.3
Vanuatu 13.1 13.5 13.7 13.8 14.1
Bhutan 12.8 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.4
Trinidad and Tobago 15.8 14.8 14.8 13.8 12.9
Japan 15.2 14.9 14.8 14.7 14.6
Cyprus 15.5 15.5 15.5 15.4 15.6
Myanmar 15.9 16.0 16.1 16.1 16.1
Algeria 16.6 16.6 16.6 16.7 16.7
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Peru 16.9 17.1 17.3 17.4 17.7
Cabo Verde 17.1 17.4 17.4 17.9 17.9
American Samoa 16.0 17.5 20.0 20.0 23.5
Samoa 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0
Iceland 19.0 18.9 18.9 18.9 18.9
Cameroon 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Gabon 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Antigua and Barbuda 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5
Chile 20.8 20.6 20.5 20.5 20.5
Iraq 21.4 20.8 20.8 19.8 20.3
Korea, Rep. 21.7 21.2 20.8 20.6 20.4
Malaysia 21.5 21.5 21.5 21.5 21.4
Vietnam 21.9 21.7 23.6 24.1 24.7
Korea, Dem. Rep. 22.0 22.0 21.2 21.2 21.2
Benin 21.3 22.3 24.0 25.6 27.0
Dominica 24.0 22.7 22.7 22.7 22.7
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 25.7 22.9 22.9 22.9 22.9
Timor-Leste 22.9 22.9 23.0 23.1 22.9
Estonia 26.0 23.4 23.7 24.1 24.6
Indonesia 23.2 23.7 23.7 24.0 24.2
Fiji 23.7 24.1 24.1 24.1 23.5
Venezuela, RB 24.5 24.5 24.5 24.5 24.5
Cambodia 25.9 25.9 25.9 25.9 26.2
Liberia 26.0 26.0 26.0 26.2 26.6
Israel 26.8 26.5 26.1 26.0 26.0
Maldives 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7
Slovenia 27.3 26.7 26.1 24.6 24.3
Niger 27.6 28.4 28.4 28.4 28.4
Panama 28.7 28.7 28.7 28.8 28.9
Zambia 28.9 28.9 29.4 29.6 29.6
Mali 28.9 29.0 30.0 30.9 30.9
Ecuador 29.4 29.3 28.9 28.9 32.3
Nepal 29.2 29.3 29.4 29.5 29.5
Latvia 40.8 29.5 30.1 28.5 28.1
St. Lucia 32.0 29.5 28.5 27.9 25.4
Ethiopia 30.5 30.5 30.5 30.5 30.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 30.8 30.8 28.2 28.2 28.2
Congo, Rep. 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.9 30.9
Brazil 30.1 30.9 31.0 31.1 31.1
Honduras 31.5 31.1 31.1 30.3 30.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 32.1 32.1 32.1 32.1 32.1
Tajikistan 31.9 32.7 32.8 32.6 32.5
Bolivia 33.6 33.8 33.9 34.0 34.1
Malta 40.6 34.4 34.4 31.3 28.1
Pakistan 34.4 34.4 34.6 35.0 35.0
Burkina Faso 34.5 34.5 34.9 36.0 36.4
Puerto Rico 34.8 34.8 34.8 32.8 30.7
Grenada 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3
Zimbabwe 35.5 35.8 36.8 37.3 37.5
Philippines 36.9 36.9 37.2 38.0 37.8
Guam 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0
Sri Lanka 37.0 37.1 37.1 37.1 37.1
Nicaragua 35.1 37.8 38.7 40.0 40.8
Tanzania 38.3 38.3 38.4 38.4 38.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 38.5 38.5 34.6 34.6 34.6
Chad 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.6 38.6
Mauritania 38.5 38.6 38.6 38.6 38.6
Sierra Leone 38.9 38.9 38.9 38.9 38.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 39.4 39.4 39.6 39.2 39.8
Switzerland 40.1 40.0 39.9 39.9 39.8
Costa Rica 41.0 40.1 39.1 38.2 37.5
Colombia 40.4 40.1 40.5 40.6 41.0
Andorra 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.4 39.8
Albania 41.1 41.1 41.3 41.4 41.6
Paraguay 40.4 41.4 47.9 48.3 49.3
Thailand 41.3 41.5 40.8 40.0 39.2
Austria 41.8 41.6 41.6 41.5 41.5
Croatia 41.4 41.7 34.6 34.7 36.6
Guatemala 42.1 42.1 42.1 42.2 41.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 42.7 42.6 42.5 42.5 42.4
Portugal 43.2 42.9 40.8 39.1 41.2
Armenia 42.1 43.7 45.9 46.8 46.6
Liechtenstein 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8
Georgia 44.6 43.9 43.7 43.7 43.8
Barbados 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2
Yemen, Rep. 44.9 45.0 45.0 44.9 44.9
Senegal 45.6 45.1 44.9 44.9 45.0
Malawi 43.2 45.4 46.5 47.0 48.6
Kiribati 45.7 45.7 45.7 45.7 42.0
Botswana 45.9 45.8 45.8 45.7 45.6
Tonga 44.4 45.8 45.8 43.1 43.1
United States 46.0 45.9 45.5 45.3 45.3
Jamaica 46.2 45.9 45.6 45.2 44.7
Belarus 46.1 46.0 46.0 45.9 45.9
Angola 46.1 46.1 46.1 46.1 46.1
Argentina 46.8 46.8 46.8 46.9 46.9
Sao Tome and Principe 45.8 46.9 46.9 47.9 47.9
Namibia 47.1 47.2 47.2 47.2 47.2
Kenya 47.8 47.8 46.5 46.7 46.5
Germany 49.6 49.7 49.7 49.6 49.8
Macedonia, FYR 51.0 50.6 50.7 50.5 50.8
Slovak Republic 50.9 50.9 50.8 50.8 50.8
Mauritius 51.7 51.2 50.7 50.2 50.2
Turkey 52.2 51.3 51.1 51.0 51.9
Italy 53.4 52.1 52.2 52.2 52.6
Guinea-Bissau 52.5 52.8 53.1 54.7 54.7
Dominican Republic 53.8 53.8 53.4 52.6 52.8
Azerbaijan 53.9 53.9 54.4 55.1 56.3
Lithuania 49.9 54.4 54.4 54.5 54.6
Kyrgyz Republic 54.1 54.4 55.5 55.6 55.7
Sudan 53.9 54.6 54.9 55.1 55.2
Mexico 54.6 54.6 54.7 54.7 54.7
Gambia, The 55.0 55.0 55.0 55.0 54.5
France 55.2 55.1 55.0 54.9 54.8
Czech Republic 55.4 55.4 55.4 55.4 55.4
China 55.7 55.7 55.7 55.7 55.8
Bulgaria 55.7 55.7 55.7 56.1 51.0
New Zealand 57.4 56.9 56.6 56.6 56.6
Guinea 57.2 57.1 56.6 56.2 55.8
Ghana 56.7 57.6 58.5 59.9 61.7
Haiti 57.9 57.7 57.7 61.3 61.3
Afghanistan 57.9 57.8 57.8 57.9 58.0
Netherlands 58.4 58.2 58.7 58.2 58.4
Spain 60.4 59.5 60.3 60.2 60.0
Lebanon 59.3 59.5 60.4 60.8 61.2
Tunisia 59.8 60.2 60.0 60.2 60.6
Rwanda 60.2 60.2 62.6 64.7 65.5
Australia 61.1 60.3 60.6 60.2 60.4
Uganda 60.6 60.7 60.9 60.9 61.3
Togo 60.7 60.7 62.5 63.4 64.9
Poland 61.1 60.8 60.3 60.3 60.2
India 61.0 60.9 60.7 60.9 60.8
Mozambique 60.8 60.9 61.0 61.2 61.3
Cuba 62.3 62.2 61.6 62.3 62.1
Cote d'Ivoire 61.9 62.3 62.3 61.9 61.9
West Bank and Gaza 61.5 62.5 61.8 61.5 58.0
Djibouti 60.4 62.6 63.9 64.8 64.8
Madagascar 62.7 62.7 62.9 64.5 66.2
Ireland 63.7 63.7 63.0 64.3 64.1
Denmark 63.4 64.2 64.0 63.4 63.0
Romania 64.5 64.5 64.4 64.5 64.2
Uzbekistan 65.0 65.0 65.0 65.0 64.3
Marshall Islands 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Tuvalu 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Hungary 68.1 68.8 68.8 69.0 69.0
Morocco 69.4 68.9 69.4 69.2 69.4
El Salvador 70.2 70.2 67.0 67.9 70.0
Somalia 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2
Swaziland 71.0 71.0 71.0 71.1 71.1
Greece 71.1 71.1 71.2 69.7 68.1
United Kingdom 72.0 71.8 72.3 72.7 72.4
Bangladesh 71.9 72.0 71.7 71.9 72.5
Ukraine 72.3 72.2 72.2 72.2 71.8
Comoros 71.5 72.5 73.6 74.7 75.8
Isle of Man 72.5 73.2 73.9 74.6 75.4
Eritrea 73.3 73.3 72.7 72.9 73.9
Syrian Arab Republic 75.0 75.0 75.0 75.1 74.8
Nigeria 72.7 75.1 75.3 75.5 76.5
Turkmenistan 75.4 75.5 75.5 75.5 75.5
Mongolia 76.3 76.3 76.3 83.0 83.1
Lesotho 76.7 76.5 76.6 76.7 76.7
Moldova 77.6 77.6 77.6 77.6 77.7
Burundi 80.7 79.3 77.6 76.0 74.5
Kazakhstan 82.1 79.3 78.3 77.7 76.8
South Africa 80.2 80.4 80.7 80.7 80.8
Saudi Arabia 80.8 80.8 80.7 80.8 80.8
Uruguay 84.8 84.9 85.0 85.0 85.2
Belgium
Montenegro
Macao SAR, China
Curacao
Luxembourg
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Kosovo
St. Martin (French part)
Monaco
Serbia
South Sudan

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