Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Suriname 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Greenland 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Bahamas, The 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Singapore 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Brunei Darussalam 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Papua New Guinea 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Solomon Islands 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3
Oman 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Norway 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.4 3.4
United Arab Emirates 4.4 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.8
Qatar 5.6 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.7
Belize 6.3 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.5
Lao PDR 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.6 7.7
Finland 7.9 7.4 7.3 7.5 7.6
Canada 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Sweden 8.2 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.9
Kuwait 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0
Central African Republic 8.1 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3
Seychelles 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7
Northern Mariana Islands 8.7 8.7 8.7 6.5
Guyana 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Libya 8.8 8.8 8.9 8.9 8.8
Palau 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Cayman Islands 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 11.5 11.4 11.4 11.3 11.3
French Polynesia 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7
Equatorial Guinea 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9
Jordan 12.1 12.6 11.9 12.0 12.1
Bahrain 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7
New Caledonia 12.6 12.7 12.9 13.0 13.1
Russian Federation 13.3 13.2 13.2 13.3 13.3
Vanuatu 13.1 13.5 13.7 13.8 14.1
Bhutan 12.7 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.3
Trinidad and Tobago 15.8 14.8 14.8 13.8 12.9
Japan 15.2 14.9 14.8 14.7 14.6
Cyprus 16.0 15.7 15.9 15.6 15.9
Myanmar 15.9 16.0 16.1 16.1 16.1
Peru 16.7 16.6 16.5 16.4 16.4
Algeria 16.6 16.6 16.6 16.7 16.7
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Cabo Verde 17.1 17.4 17.4 17.9 17.9
American Samoa 16.0 17.5 20.0 20.0 24.0
Samoa 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0
Iceland 19.0 18.9 18.9 18.9 18.9
Cameroon 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Gabon 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Antigua and Barbuda 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5
Chile 20.8 20.6 20.5 20.5 20.5
Korea, Rep. 21.2 20.7 20.3 20.1 19.9
Iraq 21.4 20.8 20.8 19.8 20.3
Vietnam 21.9 21.7 23.6 24.1 24.7
Korea, Dem. Rep. 22.0 22.0 21.2 21.2 21.2
Benin 21.3 22.3 24.0 25.6 27.0
Dominica 24.0 22.7 22.7 22.7 22.7
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 25.7 22.9 22.9 22.9 22.9
Timor-Leste 22.9 22.9 23.0 23.1 22.9
Indonesia 23.2 23.3 23.3 23.6 23.7
Estonia 26.0 23.4 23.7 24.1 24.6
Malaysia 24.0 24.0 24.0 24.0 24.0
Fiji 23.7 24.1 24.1 24.1 23.5
Venezuela, RB 24.5 24.5 24.5 24.5 24.5
Cambodia 25.9 25.9 25.9 25.9 26.2
Liberia 26.0 26.0 26.0 26.2 26.6
Israel 26.8 26.5 26.1 26.0 26.0
Maldives 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7
Slovenia 27.3 26.7 26.1 24.6 24.3
Niger 27.6 28.4 28.4 28.4 28.4
Panama 28.7 28.7 28.7 28.8 28.9
Zambia 28.9 28.9 29.4 29.6 29.6
Mali 28.9 29.0 30.0 30.9 30.9
Nepal 29.1 29.1 29.1 29.1 29.1
Ecuador 29.4 29.3 28.9 28.9 32.3
Latvia 40.8 29.5 30.1 28.5 28.1
Ethiopia 30.5 30.5 30.5 30.5 30.5
Brazil 29.7 30.6 30.6 30.7 30.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 30.8 30.8 28.2 28.2 28.2
Congo, Rep. 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.9 30.9
Honduras 31.5 31.1 31.1 30.3 30.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 32.1 32.1 32.1 32.1
Tajikistan 31.9 32.7 32.8 32.6 32.5
Bolivia 33.6 33.7 33.8 34.0 34.1
Malta 40.6 34.4 34.4 31.3 28.1
St. Lucia 32.8 34.4 29.5 27.9 27.9
Pakistan 34.4 34.4 34.6 35.0 35.0
Burkina Faso 34.5 34.5 34.9 36.2 36.4
Puerto Rico 34.8 34.8 34.8 32.8 30.7
Grenada 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3
Zimbabwe 35.4 35.8 36.3 37.0 37.5
Philippines 36.9 36.9 37.2 38.0 38.9
Guam 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0
Sri Lanka 37.0 37.1 37.1 37.1 37.1
Nicaragua 35.1 37.8 38.7 39.9 40.6
Tanzania 38.3 38.3 38.4 38.4 38.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 38.5 38.5 34.6 34.6 34.6
Chad 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.6 38.6
Mauritania 38.5 38.6 38.6 38.6 38.6
Sierra Leone 39.2 39.2 39.2 39.2 39.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 39.4 39.4 39.6 39.2 39.8
Switzerland 39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5
Costa Rica 41.0 40.1 39.1 38.2 37.5
Colombia 40.4 40.1 40.5 40.6 41.0
Andorra 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.4 39.8
Albania 41.1 41.1 41.3 41.4 41.6
Paraguay 40.4 41.4 47.9 48.3 49.3
Thailand 41.3 41.5 40.8 40.0 39.2
Austria 41.8 41.6 41.6 41.5 41.5
Croatia 41.4 41.7 34.6 34.7 36.6
Guatemala 42.1 42.1 42.1 42.2 41.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 42.7 42.6 42.5 42.5 42.4
Portugal 43.2 42.9 40.8 39.1 41.2
Armenia 42.1 43.7 45.9 46.8 46.6
Liechtenstein 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8
Georgia 44.6 43.9 43.7 43.7 43.8
Barbados 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2
Yemen, Rep. 44.9 45.0 45.0 44.9 44.9
Senegal 45.6 45.1 44.9 44.9 45.0
Malawi 43.2 45.4 46.5 47.0 48.6
Kiribati 45.7 45.7 45.7 45.7 42.0
Botswana 45.9 45.8 45.8 45.7 45.6
Tonga 44.4 45.8 45.8 43.1 43.1
United States 46.0 45.9 45.5 45.3 45.3
Jamaica 46.2 45.9 45.6 45.2 44.7
Belarus 46.1 46.0 46.0 45.9 45.9
Angola 46.1 46.1 46.1 46.1 46.1
Argentina 46.8 46.8 46.8 46.9 46.9
Sao Tome and Principe 45.8 46.9 46.9 47.9 47.9
Namibia 47.1 47.2 47.2 47.2 47.2
Kenya 47.8 47.8 46.5 46.7 46.5
Germany 49.6 49.7 49.7 49.6 49.8
Macedonia, FYR 51.0 50.6 50.7 50.5 50.8
Slovak Republic 50.9 50.9 50.8 50.8 50.8
Mauritius 51.7 51.2 50.7 50.2 50.2
Turkey 52.2 51.3 51.1 51.0 51.9
Italy 53.4 52.1 52.2 52.2 52.6
Guinea-Bissau 52.5 52.8 53.1 54.7 54.7
Dominican Republic 53.8 53.8 53.4 52.6 52.8
Azerbaijan 53.9 53.9 54.4 55.1 56.3
Lithuania 49.9 54.4 54.4 54.5 54.6
Kyrgyz Republic 54.1 54.4 55.5 55.6 55.7
Sudan 53.9 54.6 54.9 55.1 55.2
France 55.0 54.9 54.8 54.7 54.6
Gambia, The 55.0 55.0 55.0 55.0 54.5
Mexico 54.8 55.1 55.1 55.1 54.9
Czech Republic 55.4 55.4 55.4 55.4 55.4
Bulgaria 55.7 55.7 55.7 56.1 51.0
China 56.2 56.3 56.3 56.2 56.4
New Zealand 57.4 56.9 56.6 56.6 56.6
Guinea 57.2 57.1 56.6 56.2 55.8
Ghana 56.7 57.6 58.5 59.9 61.7
Haiti 57.9 57.7 57.7 61.3 61.3
Afghanistan 58.0 57.9 57.9 57.9 58.1
Netherlands 58.4 58.2 58.7 58.2 58.4
Spain 60.4 59.5 60.3 60.2 60.0
Lebanon 59.3 59.5 60.4 60.8 61.2
Tunisia 59.8 60.2 60.0 60.2 60.6
Rwanda 60.2 60.2 62.6 64.7 65.5
Australia 61.1 60.3 60.6 60.2 60.4
Uganda 60.6 60.7 60.9 60.9 61.3
Togo 60.7 60.7 62.5 63.4 64.9
India 60.9 60.8 60.8 60.8 60.9
Mozambique 60.8 60.9 61.0 61.2 61.3
Poland 61.5 61.2 60.7 60.6 60.6
Cuba 62.3 62.2 61.6 62.3 62.1
Cote d'Ivoire 61.9 62.3 62.3 61.9 61.9
West Bank and Gaza 61.5 62.5 61.8 61.5 58.0
Djibouti 60.4 62.6 63.9 64.8 64.8
Madagascar 62.7 62.7 62.9 64.5 66.2
Ireland 63.7 63.7 63.0 64.3 64.1
Denmark 63.4 64.2 64.0 63.4 63.0
Romania 64.5 64.5 64.4 64.5 64.2
Uzbekistan 65.0 65.0 65.0 65.0 64.3
Tuvalu 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Hungary 68.1 68.8 68.8 69.0 69.0
Morocco 69.4 68.9 69.4 69.2 69.4
Turkmenistan 68.9 68.9 68.9 68.9 69.0
El Salvador 70.2 70.2 67.0 67.9 70.0
Somalia 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2
Swaziland 71.0 71.0 71.0 71.1 71.1
Greece 71.1 71.1 71.2 69.7 68.1
United Kingdom 72.0 71.8 72.3 72.7 72.4
Bangladesh 71.9 72.0 71.7 71.9 72.5
Marshall Islands 72.2 72.2 72.2 72.2
Ukraine 72.3 72.2 72.2 72.2 71.8
Comoros 71.5 72.5 73.6 74.7 75.8
Isle of Man 72.5 73.2 73.9 74.6 75.4
Eritrea 73.3 73.3 72.7 72.9 73.9
Syrian Arab Republic 75.0 75.0 75.0 75.1 74.8
Mongolia 76.3 76.3 76.3 83.0 83.1
Lesotho 76.7 76.5 76.6 76.7 76.7
Moldova 77.6 77.6 77.6 77.6 77.7
Kazakhstan 82.1 79.3 78.3 77.7 76.8
Nigeria 79.8 80.0 78.1 76.8 78.8
South Africa 80.2 80.4 80.7 80.7 80.8
Saudi Arabia 80.8 80.8 80.7 80.8 80.8
Burundi 83.1 83.5 83.7 84.1 87.9
Uruguay 84.8 84.9 85.0 85.0 85.2
St. Martin (French part)
Hong Kong SAR, China
Montenegro
Belgium
South Sudan
Macao SAR, China
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Luxembourg
Kosovo
Monaco
Serbia
Curacao

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