Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Suriname 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Greenland 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Bahamas, The 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Singapore 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Brunei Darussalam 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Papua New Guinea 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Solomon Islands 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7
Norway 3.1 3.1 2.8 2.9 2.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.5
Oman 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
United Arab Emirates 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.8 6.2
Qatar 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7
Belize 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.5 6.6
Lao PDR 7.4 7.4 7.6 7.7 7.8
Finland 7.4 7.3 7.1 7.2 7.2
Canada 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 7.6 7.6 6.7 6.7 6.7
Sweden 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.9 7.8
Kuwait 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.1
Central African Republic 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.3
Seychelles 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7
Northern Mariana Islands 8.7 8.7 8.7 6.5 6.5
Guyana 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Libya 8.8 8.9 8.9 8.8 8.8
Palau 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Cayman Islands 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 11.4 11.4 11.3 11.3 11.3
French Polynesia 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7
Equatorial Guinea 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9
Jordan 12.6 11.9 12.0 12.1 12.1
Bahrain 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 14.1
New Caledonia 12.7 12.9 13.0 13.1 13.3
Russian Federation 13.2 13.2 13.3 13.3 13.2
Vanuatu 13.5 13.7 13.8 14.1 14.2
Bhutan 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.4 14.4
Trinidad and Tobago 14.8 14.8 13.8 12.9 13.1
Japan 14.9 14.8 14.7 14.6 14.5
Cyprus 15.5 15.5 15.4 15.6 15.6
Myanmar 16.0 16.1 16.1 16.1 16.2
Algeria 16.6 16.6 16.7 16.7 16.7
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Peru 17.1 17.3 17.4 17.7 17.8
Cabo Verde 17.4 17.4 17.9 17.9 17.6
American Samoa 17.5 20.0 20.0 23.5 24.0
Samoa 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0
Iceland 18.9 18.9 18.9 18.9 18.8
Cameroon 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Gabon 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Antigua and Barbuda 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5
Chile 20.6 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.3
Iraq 20.8 20.8 19.8 20.3 20.0
Korea, Rep. 21.2 20.8 20.6 20.4 20.3
Malaysia 21.5 21.5 21.5 21.4 21.4
Vietnam 21.7 23.6 24.1 24.7 25.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 22.0 21.2 21.2 21.2 21.2
Benin 22.3 24.0 25.6 27.0 27.6
Dominica 22.7 22.7 22.7 22.7 25.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 22.9 22.9 22.9 22.9 20.0
Timor-Leste 22.9 23.0 23.1 22.9 22.7
Estonia 23.4 23.7 24.1 24.6 23.6
Indonesia 23.7 23.7 24.0 24.2 25.3
Fiji 24.1 24.1 24.1 23.5 23.4
Venezuela, RB 24.5 24.5 24.5 24.5 24.5
Cambodia 25.9 25.9 25.9 26.2 26.3
Liberia 26.0 26.0 26.2 26.6 26.9
Israel 26.5 26.1 26.0 26.0 25.8
Maldives 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7
Slovenia 26.7 26.1 24.6 24.3 24.8
Niger 28.4 28.4 28.4 28.4 29.2
Panama 28.7 28.7 28.8 28.9 29.0
Zambia 28.9 29.4 29.6 29.6 30.1
Mali 29.0 30.0 30.9 30.9 30.9
Ecuador 29.3 28.9 28.9 32.3 32.5
Nepal 29.3 29.4 29.5 29.5 29.6
Latvia 29.5 30.1 28.5 28.1 26.0
St. Lucia 29.5 28.5 27.9 25.4 25.2
Ethiopia 30.5 30.5 30.5 30.5 30.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 30.8 28.2 28.2 28.2 28.2
Congo, Rep. 30.8 30.8 30.9 30.9 30.9
Brazil 30.9 31.0 31.1 31.1 31.2
Honduras 31.1 31.1 30.3 30.3 29.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 32.1 32.1 32.1 32.1 32.1
Tajikistan 32.7 32.8 32.6 32.5 32.6
Bolivia 33.8 33.9 34.0 34.1 34.2
Malta 34.4 34.4 31.3 28.1 28.1
Pakistan 34.4 34.6 35.0 35.0 34.9
Burkina Faso 34.5 34.9 36.0 36.4 36.4
Puerto Rico 34.8 34.8 32.8 30.7 29.3
Grenada 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3
Zimbabwe 35.8 36.8 37.3 37.5 38.4
Philippines 36.9 37.2 38.0 37.8 37.7
Guam 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0
Sri Lanka 37.1 37.1 37.1 37.1 37.4
Nicaragua 37.8 38.7 40.0 40.8 41.7
Tanzania 38.3 38.4 38.4 38.4 38.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 38.5 34.6 34.6 34.6 38.5
Chad 38.5 38.5 38.6 38.6 38.6
Mauritania 38.6 38.6 38.6 38.6 38.6
Sierra Leone 38.9 38.9 38.9 38.9 38.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 39.4 39.6 39.2 39.8 39.1
Switzerland 40.0 39.9 39.9 39.8 39.7
Costa Rica 40.1 39.1 38.2 37.5 37.0
Colombia 40.1 40.5 40.6 41.0 41.2
Andorra 40.4 40.4 40.4 39.8 40.0
Albania 41.1 41.3 41.4 41.6 41.8
Paraguay 41.4 47.9 48.3 49.3 50.5
Thailand 41.5 40.8 40.0 39.2 39.2
Austria 41.6 41.6 41.5 41.5 41.1
Croatia 41.7 34.6 34.7 36.6 36.3
Guatemala 42.1 42.1 42.2 41.3 41.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 42.6 42.5 42.5 42.4 41.3
Portugal 42.9 40.8 39.1 41.2 42.2
Armenia 43.7 45.9 46.8 46.6 46.5
Liechtenstein 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8
Georgia 43.9 43.7 43.7 43.8 43.2
Barbados 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2 41.9
Yemen, Rep. 45.0 45.0 44.9 44.9 44.8
Senegal 45.1 44.9 44.9 45.0 45.3
Malawi 45.4 46.5 47.0 48.6 49.6
Kiribati 45.7 45.7 45.7 42.0 42.0
Botswana 45.8 45.8 45.7 45.6 45.6
Tonga 45.8 45.8 43.1 43.1 43.1
United States 45.9 45.5 45.3 45.3 45.2
Jamaica 45.9 45.6 45.2 44.7 44.5
Belarus 46.0 46.0 45.9 45.9 45.8
Angola 46.1 46.1 46.1 46.1 46.0
Argentina 46.8 46.8 46.9 46.9 46.9
Sao Tome and Principe 46.9 46.9 47.9 47.9 49.0
Namibia 47.2 47.2 47.2 47.2 47.2
Kenya 47.8 46.5 46.7 46.5 47.2
Germany 49.7 49.7 49.6 49.8 49.1
Macedonia, FYR 50.6 50.7 50.5 50.8 50.4
Slovak Republic 50.9 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8
Mauritius 51.2 50.7 50.2 50.2 49.3
Turkey 51.3 51.1 51.0 51.9 52.4
Italy 52.1 52.2 52.2 52.6 53.7
Guinea-Bissau 52.8 53.1 54.7 54.7 56.5
Dominican Republic 53.8 53.4 52.6 52.8 52.1
Azerbaijan 53.9 54.4 55.1 56.3 56.7
Lithuania 54.4 54.4 54.5 54.6 55.8
Kyrgyz Republic 54.4 55.5 55.6 55.7 55.9
Sudan 54.6 54.9 55.1 55.2 55.3
Mexico 54.6 54.7 54.7 54.7 54.7
Gambia, The 55.0 55.0 55.0 54.5 54.5
France 55.1 55.0 54.9 54.8 54.7
Czech Republic 55.4 55.4 55.4 55.4 55.4
China 55.7 55.7 55.7 55.8 55.7
Bulgaria 55.7 55.7 56.1 51.0 51.3
New Zealand 56.9 56.6 56.6 56.6 56.6
Guinea 57.1 56.6 56.2 55.8 55.1
Ghana 57.6 58.5 59.9 61.7 62.3
Haiti 57.7 57.7 61.3 61.3 61.3
Afghanistan 57.8 57.8 57.9 58.0 57.8
Netherlands 58.2 58.7 58.2 58.4 58.3
Spain 59.5 60.3 60.2 60.0 59.6
Lebanon 59.5 60.4 60.8 61.2 56.9
Tunisia 60.2 60.0 60.2 60.6 61.3
Rwanda 60.2 62.6 64.7 65.5 67.3
Australia 60.3 60.6 60.2 60.4 59.1
Uganda 60.7 60.9 60.9 61.3 61.4
Togo 60.7 62.5 63.4 64.9 66.7
Poland 60.8 60.3 60.3 60.2 60.2
India 60.9 60.7 60.9 60.8 60.9
Mozambique 60.9 61.0 61.2 61.3 61.3
Cuba 62.2 61.6 62.3 62.1 62.0
Cote d'Ivoire 62.3 62.3 61.9 61.9 61.6
West Bank and Gaza 62.5 61.8 61.5 58.0 60.5
Djibouti 62.6 63.9 64.8 64.8 66.9
Madagascar 62.7 62.9 64.5 66.2 67.9
Ireland 63.7 63.0 64.3 64.1 64.1
Denmark 64.2 64.0 63.4 63.0 62.3
Romania 64.5 64.4 64.5 64.2 64.4
Uzbekistan 65.0 65.0 65.0 64.3 64.3
Tuvalu 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Marshall Islands 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Hungary 68.8 68.8 69.0 69.0 68.9
Morocco 68.9 69.4 69.2 69.4 68.8
El Salvador 70.2 67.0 67.9 70.0 71.5
Somalia 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2
Swaziland 71.0 71.0 71.1 71.1 71.1
Greece 71.1 71.2 69.7 68.1 67.3
United Kingdom 71.8 72.3 72.7 72.4 71.2
Bangladesh 72.0 71.7 71.9 72.5 72.9
Ukraine 72.2 72.2 72.2 71.8 71.6
Comoros 72.5 73.6 74.7 75.8 76.8
Isle of Man 73.2 73.9 74.6 75.4 76.1
Eritrea 73.3 72.7 72.9 73.9 73.9
Syrian Arab Republic 75.0 75.0 75.1 74.8 74.9
Nigeria 75.1 75.3 75.5 76.5 77.8
Turkmenistan 75.5 75.5 75.5 75.5 75.6
Mongolia 76.3 76.3 83.0 83.1 83.9
Lesotho 76.5 76.6 76.7 76.7 76.7
Moldova 77.6 77.6 77.6 77.7 77.7
Burundi 79.3 77.6 76.0 74.5 73.5
Kazakhstan 79.3 78.3 77.7 76.8 75.9
South Africa 80.4 80.7 80.7 80.8 80.8
Saudi Arabia 80.8 80.7 80.8 80.8 80.8
Uruguay 84.9 85.0 85.0 85.2 85.2
St. Martin (French part)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Macao SAR, China
Taiwan, China
Serbia
Monaco
Luxembourg
South Sudan
Curacao
Montenegro
Belgium

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