Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Suriname 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Greenland 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Bahamas, The 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Singapore 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Brunei Darussalam 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Papua New Guinea 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Solomon Islands 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7
Norway 3.1 3.1 2.8 2.9 2.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.5
Oman 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
United Arab Emirates 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.8 6.2
Qatar 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7
Belize 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.5 6.6
Finland 7.4 7.3 7.1 7.2 7.2
Lao PDR 7.4 7.4 7.6 7.7 7.8
Canada 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 7.6 7.6 6.7 6.7 6.7
Kuwait 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.1
Sweden 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.9 7.8
Central African Republic 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.3
Northern Mariana Islands 8.7 8.7 8.7 6.5 6.5
Seychelles 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7
Guyana 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Libya 8.8 8.9 8.9 8.8 8.8
Palau 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Cayman Islands 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 11.4 11.4 11.3 11.3 11.3
French Polynesia 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7
Equatorial Guinea 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9
Jordan 12.6 11.9 12.0 12.1 12.1
Bahrain 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 14.1
New Caledonia 12.7 12.9 13.0 13.1 13.3
Russian Federation 13.2 13.2 13.3 13.3 13.2
Vanuatu 13.5 13.7 13.8 14.1 14.2
Bhutan 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.4 14.4
Japan 14.9 14.8 14.7 14.6 14.5
Trinidad and Tobago 14.8 14.8 13.8 12.9 13.1
Cyprus 15.5 15.5 15.4 15.6 15.6
Myanmar 16.0 16.1 16.1 16.1 16.2
Algeria 16.6 16.6 16.7 16.7 16.7
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Peru 17.1 17.3 17.4 17.7 17.8
Cabo Verde 17.4 17.4 17.9 17.9 17.6
Samoa 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0
Iceland 18.9 18.9 18.9 18.9 18.8
Cameroon 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
American Samoa 17.5 20.0 20.0 23.5 24.0
Gabon 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Antigua and Barbuda 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5
Chile 20.6 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.3
Iraq 20.8 20.8 19.8 20.3 20.0
Korea, Rep. 21.2 20.8 20.6 20.4 20.3
Korea, Dem. Rep. 22.0 21.2 21.2 21.2 21.2
Malaysia 21.5 21.5 21.5 21.4 21.4
Dominica 22.7 22.7 22.7 22.7 25.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 22.9 22.9 22.9 22.9 20.0
Timor-Leste 22.9 23.0 23.1 22.9 22.7
Vietnam 21.7 23.6 24.1 24.7 25.8
Estonia 23.4 23.7 24.1 24.6 23.6
Indonesia 23.7 23.7 24.0 24.2 25.3
Benin 22.3 24.0 25.6 27.0 27.6
Fiji 24.1 24.1 24.1 23.5 23.4
Venezuela, RB 24.5 24.5 24.5 24.5 24.5
Cambodia 25.9 25.9 25.9 26.2 26.3
Liberia 26.0 26.0 26.2 26.6 26.9
Israel 26.5 26.1 26.0 26.0 25.8
Slovenia 26.7 26.1 24.6 24.3 24.8
Maldives 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 30.8 28.2 28.2 28.2 28.2
Niger 28.4 28.4 28.4 28.4 29.2
St. Lucia 29.5 28.5 27.9 25.4 25.2
Panama 28.7 28.7 28.8 28.9 29.0
Ecuador 29.3 28.9 28.9 32.3 32.5
Nepal 29.3 29.4 29.5 29.5 29.6
Zambia 28.9 29.4 29.6 29.6 30.1
Mali 29.0 30.0 30.9 30.9 30.9
Latvia 29.5 30.1 28.5 28.1 26.0
Ethiopia 30.5 30.5 30.5 30.5 30.7
Congo, Rep. 30.8 30.8 30.9 30.9 30.9
Brazil 30.9 31.0 31.1 31.1 31.2
Honduras 31.1 31.1 30.3 30.3 29.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 32.1 32.1 32.1 32.1 32.1
Tajikistan 32.7 32.8 32.6 32.5 32.6
Bolivia 33.8 33.9 34.0 34.1 34.2
Malta 34.4 34.4 31.3 28.1 28.1
Croatia 41.7 34.6 34.7 36.6 36.3
Pakistan 34.4 34.6 35.0 35.0 34.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 38.5 34.6 34.6 34.6 38.5
Puerto Rico 34.8 34.8 32.8 30.7 29.3
Burkina Faso 34.5 34.9 36.0 36.4 36.4
Grenada 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3
Zimbabwe 35.8 36.8 37.3 37.5 38.4
Guam 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0
Sri Lanka 37.1 37.1 37.1 37.1 37.4
Philippines 36.9 37.2 38.0 37.8 37.7
Tanzania 38.3 38.4 38.4 38.4 38.4
Chad 38.5 38.5 38.6 38.6 38.6
Mauritania 38.6 38.6 38.6 38.6 38.6
Nicaragua 37.8 38.7 40.0 40.8 41.7
Sierra Leone 38.9 38.9 38.9 38.9 38.8
Costa Rica 40.1 39.1 38.2 37.5 37.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 39.4 39.6 39.2 39.8 39.1
Switzerland 40.0 39.9 39.9 39.8 39.7
Andorra 40.4 40.4 40.4 39.8 40.0
Colombia 40.1 40.5 40.6 41.0 41.2
Portugal 42.9 40.8 39.1 41.2 42.2
Thailand 41.5 40.8 40.0 39.2 39.2
Albania 41.1 41.3 41.4 41.6 41.8
Austria 41.6 41.6 41.5 41.5 41.1
Guatemala 42.1 42.1 42.2 41.3 41.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 42.6 42.5 42.5 42.4 41.3
Georgia 43.9 43.7 43.7 43.8 43.2
Liechtenstein 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8
Barbados 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2 41.9
Senegal 45.1 44.9 44.9 45.0 45.3
Yemen, Rep. 45.0 45.0 44.9 44.9 44.8
United States 45.9 45.5 45.3 45.3 45.2
Jamaica 45.9 45.6 45.2 44.7 44.5
Kiribati 45.7 45.7 45.7 42.0 42.0
Botswana 45.8 45.8 45.7 45.6 45.6
Tonga 45.8 45.8 43.1 43.1 43.1
Armenia 43.7 45.9 46.8 46.6 46.5
Belarus 46.0 46.0 45.9 45.9 45.8
Angola 46.1 46.1 46.1 46.1 46.0
Malawi 45.4 46.5 47.0 48.6 49.6
Kenya 47.8 46.5 46.7 46.5 47.2
Argentina 46.8 46.8 46.9 46.9 46.9
Sao Tome and Principe 46.9 46.9 47.9 47.9 49.0
Namibia 47.2 47.2 47.2 47.2 47.2
Paraguay 41.4 47.9 48.3 49.3 50.5
Germany 49.7 49.7 49.6 49.8 49.1
Macedonia, FYR 50.6 50.7 50.5 50.8 50.4
Mauritius 51.2 50.7 50.2 50.2 49.3
Slovak Republic 50.9 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8
Turkey 51.3 51.1 51.0 51.9 52.4
Italy 52.1 52.2 52.2 52.6 53.7
Guinea-Bissau 52.8 53.1 54.7 54.7 56.5
Dominican Republic 53.8 53.4 52.6 52.8 52.1
Azerbaijan 53.9 54.4 55.1 56.3 56.7
Lithuania 54.4 54.4 54.5 54.6 55.8
Mexico 54.6 54.7 54.7 54.7 54.7
Sudan 54.6 54.9 55.1 55.2 55.3
France 55.1 55.0 54.9 54.8 54.7
Gambia, The 55.0 55.0 55.0 54.5 54.5
Czech Republic 55.4 55.4 55.4 55.4 55.4
Kyrgyz Republic 54.4 55.5 55.6 55.7 55.9
China 55.7 55.7 55.7 55.8 55.7
Bulgaria 55.7 55.7 56.1 51.0 51.3
New Zealand 56.9 56.6 56.6 56.6 56.6
Guinea 57.1 56.6 56.2 55.8 55.1
Haiti 57.7 57.7 61.3 61.3 61.3
Afghanistan 57.8 57.8 57.9 58.0 57.8
Ghana 57.6 58.5 59.9 61.7 62.3
Netherlands 58.2 58.7 58.2 58.4 58.3
Tunisia 60.2 60.0 60.2 60.6 61.3
Poland 60.8 60.3 60.3 60.2 60.2
Spain 59.5 60.3 60.2 60.0 59.6
Lebanon 59.5 60.4 60.8 61.2 56.9
Australia 60.3 60.6 60.2 60.4 59.1
India 60.9 60.7 60.9 60.8 60.9
Uganda 60.7 60.9 60.9 61.3 61.4
Mozambique 60.9 61.0 61.2 61.3 61.3
Cuba 62.2 61.6 62.3 62.1 62.0
West Bank and Gaza 62.5 61.8 61.5 58.0 60.5
Cote d'Ivoire 62.3 62.3 61.9 61.9 61.6
Togo 60.7 62.5 63.4 64.9 66.7
Rwanda 60.2 62.6 64.7 65.5 67.3
Madagascar 62.7 62.9 64.5 66.2 67.9
Ireland 63.7 63.0 64.3 64.1 64.1
Djibouti 62.6 63.9 64.8 64.8 66.9
Denmark 64.2 64.0 63.4 63.0 62.3
Romania 64.5 64.4 64.5 64.2 64.4
Uzbekistan 65.0 65.0 65.0 64.3 64.3
Marshall Islands 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Tuvalu 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
El Salvador 70.2 67.0 67.9 70.0 71.5
Hungary 68.8 68.8 69.0 69.0 68.9
Morocco 68.9 69.4 69.2 69.4 68.8
Somalia 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2
Swaziland 71.0 71.0 71.1 71.1 71.1
Greece 71.1 71.2 69.7 68.1 67.3
Bangladesh 72.0 71.7 71.9 72.5 72.9
Ukraine 72.2 72.2 72.2 71.8 71.6
United Kingdom 71.8 72.3 72.7 72.4 71.2
Eritrea 73.3 72.7 72.9 73.9 73.9
Comoros 72.5 73.6 74.7 75.8 76.8
Isle of Man 73.2 73.9 74.6 75.4 76.1
Syrian Arab Republic 75.0 75.0 75.1 74.8 74.9
Nigeria 75.1 75.3 75.5 76.5 77.8
Turkmenistan 75.5 75.5 75.5 75.5 75.6
Mongolia 76.3 76.3 83.0 83.1 83.9
Lesotho 76.5 76.6 76.7 76.7 76.7
Burundi 79.3 77.6 76.0 74.5 73.5
Moldova 77.6 77.6 77.6 77.7 77.7
Kazakhstan 79.3 78.3 77.7 76.8 75.9
South Africa 80.4 80.7 80.7 80.8 80.8
Saudi Arabia 80.8 80.7 80.8 80.8 80.8
Uruguay 84.9 85.0 85.0 85.2 85.2
Curacao
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Montenegro
Macao SAR, China
Luxembourg
South Sudan
St. Martin (French part)
Middle East (developing only)
Belgium
Monaco
Serbia

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