Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Suriname 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Greenland 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Bahamas, The 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Singapore 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Brunei Darussalam 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Papua New Guinea 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Solomon Islands 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7
Norway 3.1 3.1 2.8 2.9 2.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.5
Oman 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
United Arab Emirates 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.8 6.2
Qatar 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7
Belize 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.5 6.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 7.6 7.6 6.7 6.7 6.7
Finland 7.4 7.3 7.1 7.2 7.2
Canada 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.4
Lao PDR 7.4 7.4 7.6 7.7 7.8
Sweden 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.9 7.8
Kuwait 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.1
Central African Republic 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.3
Seychelles 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7
Northern Mariana Islands 8.7 8.7 8.7 6.5 6.5
Guyana 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Libya 8.8 8.9 8.9 8.8 8.8
Palau 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Cayman Islands 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 11.4 11.4 11.3 11.3 11.3
French Polynesia 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7
Equatorial Guinea 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9
Jordan 12.6 11.9 12.0 12.1 12.1
Bahrain 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 14.1
New Caledonia 12.7 12.9 13.0 13.1 13.3
Russian Federation 13.2 13.2 13.3 13.3 13.2
Vanuatu 13.5 13.7 13.8 14.1 14.2
Trinidad and Tobago 14.8 14.8 13.8 12.9 13.1
Bhutan 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.4 14.4
Japan 14.9 14.8 14.7 14.6 14.5
Cyprus 15.5 15.5 15.4 15.6 15.6
Myanmar 16.0 16.1 16.1 16.1 16.2
Algeria 16.6 16.6 16.7 16.7 16.7
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Peru 17.1 17.3 17.4 17.7 17.8
Cabo Verde 17.4 17.4 17.9 17.9 17.6
Samoa 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0
Iceland 18.9 18.9 18.9 18.9 18.8
Cameroon 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4
Iraq 20.8 20.8 19.8 20.3 20.0
American Samoa 17.5 20.0 20.0 23.5 24.0
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Gabon 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Antigua and Barbuda 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5
Chile 20.6 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.3
Korea, Rep. 21.2 20.8 20.6 20.4 20.3
Korea, Dem. Rep. 22.0 21.2 21.2 21.2 21.2
Malaysia 21.5 21.5 21.5 21.4 21.4
Dominica 22.7 22.7 22.7 22.7 25.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 22.9 22.9 22.9 22.9 20.0
Timor-Leste 22.9 23.0 23.1 22.9 22.7
Indonesia 23.7 23.7 24.0 24.2 25.3
Fiji 24.1 24.1 24.1 23.5 23.4
Vietnam 21.7 23.6 24.1 24.7 25.8
Estonia 23.4 23.7 24.1 24.6 23.6
Venezuela, RB 24.5 24.5 24.5 24.5 24.5
Slovenia 26.7 26.1 24.6 24.3 24.8
Benin 22.3 24.0 25.6 27.0 27.6
Cambodia 25.9 25.9 25.9 26.2 26.3
Israel 26.5 26.1 26.0 26.0 25.8
Liberia 26.0 26.0 26.2 26.6 26.9
Maldives 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7
St. Lucia 29.5 28.5 27.9 25.4 25.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 30.8 28.2 28.2 28.2 28.2
Niger 28.4 28.4 28.4 28.4 29.2
Latvia 29.5 30.1 28.5 28.1 26.0
Panama 28.7 28.7 28.8 28.9 29.0
Ecuador 29.3 28.9 28.9 32.3 32.5
Nepal 29.3 29.4 29.5 29.5 29.6
Zambia 28.9 29.4 29.6 29.6 30.1
Honduras 31.1 31.1 30.3 30.3 29.8
Ethiopia 30.5 30.5 30.5 30.5 30.7
Congo, Rep. 30.8 30.8 30.9 30.9 30.9
Mali 29.0 30.0 30.9 30.9 30.9
Brazil 30.9 31.0 31.1 31.1 31.2
Malta 34.4 34.4 31.3 28.1 28.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 32.1 32.1 32.1 32.1 32.1
Tajikistan 32.7 32.8 32.6 32.5 32.6
Puerto Rico 34.8 34.8 32.8 30.7 29.3
Bolivia 33.8 33.9 34.0 34.1 34.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 38.5 34.6 34.6 34.6 38.5
Croatia 41.7 34.6 34.7 36.6 36.3
Pakistan 34.4 34.6 35.0 35.0 34.9
Grenada 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3
Burkina Faso 34.5 34.9 36.0 36.4 36.4
Guam 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0
Sri Lanka 37.1 37.1 37.1 37.1 37.4
Zimbabwe 35.8 36.8 37.3 37.5 38.4
Philippines 36.9 37.2 38.0 37.8 37.7
Costa Rica 40.1 39.1 38.2 37.5 37.0
Tanzania 38.3 38.4 38.4 38.4 38.4
Mauritania 38.6 38.6 38.6 38.6 38.6
Chad 38.5 38.5 38.6 38.6 38.6
Sierra Leone 38.9 38.9 38.9 38.9 38.8
Portugal 42.9 40.8 39.1 41.2 42.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 39.4 39.6 39.2 39.8 39.1
Switzerland 40.0 39.9 39.9 39.8 39.7
Nicaragua 37.8 38.7 40.0 40.8 41.7
Thailand 41.5 40.8 40.0 39.2 39.2
Andorra 40.4 40.4 40.4 39.8 40.0
Colombia 40.1 40.5 40.6 41.0 41.2
Albania 41.1 41.3 41.4 41.6 41.8
Austria 41.6 41.6 41.5 41.5 41.1
Guatemala 42.1 42.1 42.2 41.3 41.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 42.6 42.5 42.5 42.4 41.3
Tonga 45.8 45.8 43.1 43.1 43.1
Georgia 43.9 43.7 43.7 43.8 43.2
Liechtenstein 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8
Barbados 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2 41.9
Yemen, Rep. 45.0 45.0 44.9 44.9 44.8
Senegal 45.1 44.9 44.9 45.0 45.3
Jamaica 45.9 45.6 45.2 44.7 44.5
United States 45.9 45.5 45.3 45.3 45.2
Kiribati 45.7 45.7 45.7 42.0 42.0
Botswana 45.8 45.8 45.7 45.6 45.6
Belarus 46.0 46.0 45.9 45.9 45.8
Angola 46.1 46.1 46.1 46.1 46.0
Kenya 47.8 46.5 46.7 46.5 47.2
Armenia 43.7 45.9 46.8 46.6 46.5
Argentina 46.8 46.8 46.9 46.9 46.9
Malawi 45.4 46.5 47.0 48.6 49.6
Namibia 47.2 47.2 47.2 47.2 47.2
Sao Tome and Principe 46.9 46.9 47.9 47.9 49.0
Paraguay 41.4 47.9 48.3 49.3 50.5
Germany 49.7 49.7 49.6 49.8 49.1
Mauritius 51.2 50.7 50.2 50.2 49.3
Macedonia, FYR 50.6 50.7 50.5 50.8 50.4
Slovak Republic 50.9 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8
Turkey 51.3 51.1 51.0 51.9 52.4
Italy 52.1 52.2 52.2 52.6 53.7
Dominican Republic 53.8 53.4 52.6 52.8 52.1
Lithuania 54.4 54.4 54.5 54.6 55.8
Guinea-Bissau 52.8 53.1 54.7 54.7 56.5
Mexico 54.6 54.7 54.7 54.7 54.7
France 55.1 55.0 54.9 54.8 54.7
Gambia, The 55.0 55.0 55.0 54.5 54.5
Sudan 54.6 54.9 55.1 55.2 55.3
Azerbaijan 53.9 54.4 55.1 56.3 56.7
Czech Republic 55.4 55.4 55.4 55.4 55.4
Kyrgyz Republic 54.4 55.5 55.6 55.7 55.9
China 55.7 55.7 55.7 55.8 55.7
Bulgaria 55.7 55.7 56.1 51.0 51.3
Guinea 57.1 56.6 56.2 55.8 55.1
New Zealand 56.9 56.6 56.6 56.6 56.6
Afghanistan 57.8 57.8 57.9 58.0 57.8
Netherlands 58.2 58.7 58.2 58.4 58.3
Ghana 57.6 58.5 59.9 61.7 62.3
Tunisia 60.2 60.0 60.2 60.6 61.3
Australia 60.3 60.6 60.2 60.4 59.1
Spain 59.5 60.3 60.2 60.0 59.6
Poland 60.8 60.3 60.3 60.2 60.2
Lebanon 59.5 60.4 60.8 61.2 56.9
India 60.9 60.7 60.9 60.8 60.9
Uganda 60.7 60.9 60.9 61.3 61.4
Mozambique 60.9 61.0 61.2 61.3 61.3
Haiti 57.7 57.7 61.3 61.3 61.3
West Bank and Gaza 62.5 61.8 61.5 58.0 60.5
Cote d'Ivoire 62.3 62.3 61.9 61.9 61.6
Cuba 62.2 61.6 62.3 62.1 62.0
Denmark 64.2 64.0 63.4 63.0 62.3
Togo 60.7 62.5 63.4 64.9 66.7
Ireland 63.7 63.0 64.3 64.1 64.1
Madagascar 62.7 62.9 64.5 66.2 67.9
Romania 64.5 64.4 64.5 64.2 64.4
Rwanda 60.2 62.6 64.7 65.5 67.3
Djibouti 62.6 63.9 64.8 64.8 66.9
Uzbekistan 65.0 65.0 65.0 64.3 64.3
Marshall Islands 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Tuvalu 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
El Salvador 70.2 67.0 67.9 70.0 71.5
Hungary 68.8 68.8 69.0 69.0 68.9
Morocco 68.9 69.4 69.2 69.4 68.8
Greece 71.1 71.2 69.7 68.1 67.3
Somalia 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2
Swaziland 71.0 71.0 71.1 71.1 71.1
Bangladesh 72.0 71.7 71.9 72.5 72.9
Ukraine 72.2 72.2 72.2 71.8 71.6
United Kingdom 71.8 72.3 72.7 72.4 71.2
Eritrea 73.3 72.7 72.9 73.9 73.9
Isle of Man 73.2 73.9 74.6 75.4 76.1
Comoros 72.5 73.6 74.7 75.8 76.8
Syrian Arab Republic 75.0 75.0 75.1 74.8 74.9
Nigeria 75.1 75.3 75.5 76.5 77.8
Turkmenistan 75.5 75.5 75.5 75.5 75.6
Burundi 79.3 77.6 76.0 74.5 73.5
Lesotho 76.5 76.6 76.7 76.7 76.7
Moldova 77.6 77.6 77.6 77.7 77.7
Kazakhstan 79.3 78.3 77.7 76.8 75.9
South Africa 80.4 80.7 80.7 80.8 80.8
Saudi Arabia 80.8 80.7 80.8 80.8 80.8
Mongolia 76.3 76.3 83.0 83.1 83.9
Uruguay 84.9 85.0 85.0 85.2 85.2
Belgium
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
South Sudan
Luxembourg
Monaco
St. Martin (French part)
Macao SAR, China
Curacao
Kosovo
Montenegro
Serbia

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