Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Suriname 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Greenland 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Bahamas, The 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3
Singapore 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Brunei Darussalam 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Papua New Guinea 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2
Faroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Solomon Islands 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.7
Norway 3.1 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.3
Oman 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.8
United Arab Emirates 4.7 4.8 4.8 6.2 6.6
Qatar 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7
Belize 6.4 6.5 6.5 6.6 6.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 7.6 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Finland 7.3 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.3
Canada 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.4
Lao PDR 7.4 7.6 7.6 7.7 7.8
Sweden 8.0 7.9 7.9 7.8 7.7
Bermuda 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0
Kuwait 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.1 8.3
Central African Republic 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.3 8.3
Seychelles 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7
Northern Mariana Islands 8.7 8.7 6.5 6.5 6.5
Guyana 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.7
Libya 8.9 8.9 8.8 8.8 8.8
Palau 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Cayman Islands 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 11.4 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
French Polynesia 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7
Equatorial Guinea 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9
Jordan 11.9 12.0 12.1 12.1 12.1
Bahrain 12.7 12.7 12.7 14.1 13.0
New Caledonia 12.9 13.0 13.1 13.3 13.4
Russian Federation 13.2 13.3 13.3 13.2 13.3
Vanuatu 13.7 13.8 14.1 14.2 14.4
Trinidad and Tobago 14.8 13.8 12.9 13.1 13.1
Bhutan 14.3 14.4 14.4 14.4 13.3
Japan 14.8 14.7 14.6 14.5 14.4
Cyprus 15.5 15.4 15.6 15.6 15.3
Myanmar 16.1 16.1 16.1 16.2 16.5
Algeria 16.6 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.8
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Peru 17.3 17.4 17.7 17.8 18.1
Cabo Verde 17.4 17.9 17.9 17.6 17.6
Samoa 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 17.0
Iceland 18.9 18.9 18.9 18.8 18.8
Cameroon 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4
Iraq 20.8 19.8 20.3 20.0 19.0
American Samoa 20.0 20.0 23.5 24.0 24.0
Gabon 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Antigua and Barbuda 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5
Chile 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.3 20.3
Korea, Rep. 20.8 20.6 20.4 20.3 20.5
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 21.2 21.2 21.2 21.2 21.2
Malaysia 21.5 21.5 21.4 21.4 21.4
Dominica 22.7 22.7 22.7 25.3 28.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 22.9 22.9 22.9 20.0 20.0
Timor-Leste 23.0 23.1 22.9 22.7 22.7
Indonesia 23.7 24.0 24.2 25.3 26.0
Fiji 24.1 24.1 23.5 23.4 23.4
Vietnam 23.6 24.1 24.7 25.8 28.2
Estonia 23.7 24.1 24.6 23.6 23.3
Venezuela, RB 24.5 24.5 24.5 24.5 24.5
Slovenia 26.1 24.6 24.3 24.8 25.7
Benin 24.0 25.6 27.0 27.6 28.3
Cambodia 25.9 25.9 26.2 26.3 27.0
Israel 26.1 26.0 26.0 25.8 26.2
Liberia 26.0 26.2 26.6 26.9 27.1
Maldives 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7 30.0
St. Lucia 28.5 27.9 25.4 25.2 23.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 28.2 28.2 28.2 28.2 25.6
Niger 28.4 28.4 28.4 29.2 29.2
Latvia 30.1 28.5 28.1 26.0 25.5
Panama 28.7 28.8 28.9 29.0 30.0
Ecuador 28.9 28.9 32.3 32.5 32.5
Nepal 29.4 29.5 29.5 29.6 29.6
Zambia 29.4 29.6 29.6 30.1 30.3
Honduras 31.1 30.3 30.3 29.8 26.2
Ethiopia 30.5 30.5 30.5 30.7 30.7
Congo, Rep. 30.8 30.9 30.9 30.9 30.9
Mali 30.0 30.9 30.9 30.9 31.6
Brazil 31.0 31.1 31.1 31.2 31.3
Malta 34.4 31.3 28.1 28.1 28.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 32.1 32.1 32.1 32.1 32.1
Tajikistan 32.8 32.6 32.5 32.6 32.7
Puerto Rico 34.8 32.8 30.7 29.3 27.9
Bolivia 33.9 34.0 34.1 34.2 34.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 34.6 34.6 34.6 38.5 36.5
Croatia 34.6 34.7 36.6 36.3 20.9
Grenada 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3
Burkina Faso 34.9 36.0 36.4 36.4 35.7
Guam 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0
Sri Lanka 37.1 37.1 37.1 37.4 37.5
Zimbabwe 36.8 37.3 37.5 38.4 38.9
Philippines 37.2 38.0 37.8 37.7 37.7
Tanzania 37.8 38.0 38.2 38.3 38.4
Costa Rica 39.1 38.2 37.5 37.0 36.0
Mauritania 38.6 38.6 38.6 38.6 38.6
Chad 38.5 38.6 38.6 38.6 38.6
Sierra Leone 38.9 38.9 38.9 38.8 38.9
Portugal 40.8 39.1 41.2 42.2 41.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 39.6 39.2 39.8 39.1 38.6
Switzerland 39.9 39.9 39.8 39.7 39.6
Nicaragua 38.7 40.0 40.8 41.7 42.7
Thailand 40.8 40.0 39.2 39.2 38.8
Andorra 40.4 40.4 39.8 40.0 40.0
Colombia 40.5 40.6 41.0 41.2 40.4
Austria 41.5 41.4 41.3 40.6 40.8
Albania 41.3 41.4 41.6 41.8 41.8
Guatemala 42.1 42.2 41.3 41.4 41.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 42.4 42.3 42.2 41.1 41.6
Tonga 45.8 43.1 43.1 43.1 41.7
Georgia 43.7 43.7 43.8 43.2 43.2
Liechtenstein 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8
Barbados 44.2 44.2 44.2 41.9 41.9
Senegal 46.3 44.8 43.6 47.3 46.9
Yemen, Rep. 45.0 44.9 44.9 44.8 44.8
Jamaica 45.6 45.2 44.7 44.5 44.2
United States 45.5 45.3 45.3 45.2 45.2
Kiribati 45.7 45.7 42.0 42.0 42.0
Botswana 45.8 45.7 45.6 45.6 45.8
Belarus 46.0 45.9 45.9 45.8 45.6
Angola 46.1 46.1 46.1 46.0 46.0
Kenya 46.5 46.7 46.5 47.2 46.9
Armenia 45.9 46.8 46.6 46.5 46.5
Argentina 46.8 46.9 46.9 46.9 47.0
Malawi 46.5 47.0 48.6 49.6 50.2
Namibia 47.2 47.2 47.2 47.2 47.2
Pakistan 46.9 47.6 47.7 47.7 47.6
Sao Tome and Principe 46.9 47.9 47.9 49.0 51.0
Paraguay 47.9 48.3 49.3 50.5 51.2
Germany 49.7 49.6 49.8 49.1 48.9
Mauritius 50.7 50.2 50.2 49.3 49.8
Macedonia, FYR 50.7 50.5 50.8 50.4 48.6
Slovak Republic 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.7
Turkey 51.1 51.0 51.9 52.4 52.6
Dominican Republic 53.3 51.7 51.9 51.1 52.0
Italy 52.2 52.2 52.6 53.7 53.2
Lithuania 54.4 54.5 54.6 55.8 54.5
Guinea-Bissau 53.1 54.7 54.7 56.5 57.9
Mexico 54.7 54.7 54.7 54.7 54.7
France 55.0 54.9 54.8 54.7 54.5
Gambia, The 55.0 55.0 54.5 54.5 54.5
Sudan 54.9 55.1 55.2 55.3 55.4
Azerbaijan 54.4 55.1 56.3 56.7 57.4
Czech Republic 55.4 55.4 55.4 55.4 55.4
Kyrgyz Republic 55.5 55.6 55.7 55.9 55.9
China 55.7 55.7 55.8 55.7 55.6
Bulgaria 55.7 56.1 51.0 51.3 50.5
Guinea 56.6 56.2 55.8 55.1 54.9
New Zealand 56.6 56.6 56.6 56.6 58.5
Afghanistan 57.8 57.9 58.0 57.8 57.8
Netherlands 58.7 58.2 58.4 58.3 57.9
Ghana 58.5 59.9 61.7 62.3 63.4
Tunisia 60.0 60.2 60.6 61.3 61.5
Australia 60.6 60.2 60.4 59.1 59.3
Spain 60.3 60.2 60.0 59.6 59.7
Poland 60.3 60.3 60.2 60.2 60.1
Lebanon 60.4 60.8 61.2 56.9 58.2
India 60.7 60.9 60.8 60.9 60.9
Uganda 60.9 60.9 61.3 61.4 62.6
Mozambique 61.0 61.2 61.3 61.3 61.2
Haiti 57.7 61.3 61.3 61.3 61.3
West Bank and Gaza 61.8 61.5 58.0 60.5 61.8
Cote d'Ivoire 62.3 61.9 61.9 61.6 61.6
Cuba 61.6 62.3 62.1 62.0 61.0
Denmark 64.0 63.4 63.0 62.3 62.4
Togo 62.5 63.4 64.9 66.7 66.7
Ireland 63.0 64.3 64.1 64.1 64.0
Madagascar 62.9 64.5 66.2 67.9 69.6
Romania 64.4 64.5 64.2 64.4 64.7
Rwanda 62.6 64.7 65.5 67.3 67.7
Djibouti 63.9 64.8 64.8 66.9 69.1
Uzbekistan 65.0 65.0 64.3 64.3 64.2
Tuvalu 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Marshall Islands 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Comoros 66.6 67.7 69.9 70.9 71.5
El Salvador 67.0 67.9 70.0 71.5 72.4
Hungary 68.8 69.0 69.0 68.9 65.3
Morocco 69.4 69.2 69.4 68.8 68.7
Greece 71.2 69.7 68.1 67.3 66.2
Somalia 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2
Swaziland 71.0 71.1 71.1 71.1 71.1
Bangladesh 71.7 71.9 72.5 72.9 72.2
Ukraine 72.2 72.2 71.8 71.6 71.5
United Kingdom 72.3 72.7 72.4 71.2 70.1
Eritrea 72.7 72.9 73.9 73.9 74.6
Isle of Man 73.9 74.6 75.4 76.1 76.8
Syrian Arab Republic 75.0 75.1 74.8 74.9 74.6
Nigeria 75.3 75.5 76.5 77.8 78.3
Turkmenistan 75.5 75.5 75.5 75.6 75.5
Burundi 77.6 76.0 74.5 73.5 72.7
Lesotho 76.6 76.7 76.7 76.7 76.9
Moldova 77.6 77.6 77.7 77.7 77.4
Kazakhstan 79.8 79.9 79.8 79.7 79.8
South Africa 80.7 80.7 80.8 80.8 80.9
Saudi Arabia 80.7 80.8 80.8 80.8 80.8
Mongolia 76.3 83.0 83.1 83.9 84.0
Uruguay 85.4 85.4 85.4 85.4 85.5
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Serbia
Montenegro
Belgium 45.9
Curacao
St. Martin (French part)
South Sudan
Macao SAR, China
Monaco
Luxembourg 49.4

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