Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Suriname 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Greenland 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Bahamas, The 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Singapore 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Brunei Darussalam 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Papua New Guinea 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2
Solomon Islands 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7
Norway 3.1 3.1 2.8 2.9 2.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.5
Oman 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
United Arab Emirates 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.8 6.2
Qatar 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7
Belize 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.5 6.6
Northern Mariana Islands 8.7 8.7 8.7 6.5 6.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 7.6 7.6 6.7 6.7 6.7
Finland 7.4 7.3 7.1 7.2 7.2
Canada 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.4
Lao PDR 7.4 7.4 7.6 7.7 7.8
Sweden 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.9 7.8
Kuwait 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.1
Central African Republic 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.3
Seychelles 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7
Libya 8.8 8.9 8.9 8.8 8.8
Guyana 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Palau 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Cayman Islands 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 11.4 11.4 11.3 11.3 11.3
French Polynesia 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7
Equatorial Guinea 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9
Jordan 12.6 11.9 12.0 12.1 12.1
Bahrain 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7 14.1
Trinidad and Tobago 14.8 14.8 13.8 12.9 13.1
New Caledonia 12.7 12.9 13.0 13.1 13.3
Russian Federation 13.2 13.2 13.3 13.3 13.2
Vanuatu 13.5 13.7 13.8 14.1 14.2
Bhutan 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.4 14.4
Japan 14.9 14.8 14.7 14.6 14.5
Cyprus 15.5 15.5 15.4 15.6 15.6
Myanmar 16.0 16.1 16.1 16.1 16.2
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Algeria 16.6 16.6 16.7 16.7 16.7
Peru 17.1 17.3 17.4 17.7 17.8
Cabo Verde 17.4 17.4 17.9 17.9 17.6
Samoa 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0
Iceland 18.9 18.9 18.9 18.9 18.8
Cameroon 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Gabon 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Iraq 20.8 20.8 19.8 20.3 20.0
Korea, Rep. 21.2 20.8 20.6 20.4 20.3
Antigua and Barbuda 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5
Chile 20.6 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.3
Korea, Dem. Rep. 22.0 21.2 21.2 21.2 21.2
Malaysia 21.5 21.5 21.5 21.4 21.4
Dominica 22.7 22.7 22.7 22.7 25.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 22.9 22.9 22.9 22.9 20.0
Timor-Leste 22.9 23.0 23.1 22.9 22.7
American Samoa 17.5 20.0 20.0 23.5 24.0
Fiji 24.1 24.1 24.1 23.5 23.4
Indonesia 23.7 23.7 24.0 24.2 25.3
Slovenia 26.7 26.1 24.6 24.3 24.8
Venezuela, RB 24.5 24.5 24.5 24.5 24.5
Estonia 23.4 23.7 24.1 24.6 23.6
Vietnam 21.7 23.6 24.1 24.7 25.8
St. Lucia 29.5 28.5 27.9 25.4 25.2
Israel 26.5 26.1 26.0 26.0 25.8
Cambodia 25.9 25.9 25.9 26.2 26.3
Liberia 26.0 26.0 26.2 26.6 26.9
Maldives 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7
Benin 22.3 24.0 25.6 27.0 27.6
Latvia 29.5 30.1 28.5 28.1 26.0
Malta 34.4 34.4 31.3 28.1 28.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 30.8 28.2 28.2 28.2 28.2
Niger 28.4 28.4 28.4 28.4 29.2
Panama 28.7 28.7 28.8 28.9 29.0
Nepal 29.3 29.4 29.5 29.5 29.6
Zambia 28.9 29.4 29.6 29.6 30.1
Honduras 31.1 31.1 30.3 30.3 29.8
Ethiopia 30.5 30.5 30.5 30.5 30.7
Puerto Rico 34.8 34.8 32.8 30.7 29.3
Mali 29.0 30.0 30.9 30.9 30.9
Congo, Rep. 30.8 30.8 30.9 30.9 30.9
Brazil 30.9 31.0 31.1 31.1 31.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 32.1 32.1 32.1 32.1 32.1
Ecuador 29.3 28.9 28.9 32.3 32.5
Tajikistan 32.7 32.8 32.6 32.5 32.6
Bolivia 33.8 33.9 34.0 34.1 34.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 38.5 34.6 34.6 34.6 38.5
Pakistan 34.4 34.6 35.0 35.0 34.9
Grenada 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3
Burkina Faso 34.5 34.9 36.0 36.4 36.4
Croatia 41.7 34.6 34.7 36.6 36.3
Guam 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0
Sri Lanka 37.1 37.1 37.1 37.1 37.4
Costa Rica 40.1 39.1 38.2 37.5 37.0
Zimbabwe 35.8 36.8 37.3 37.5 38.4
Philippines 36.9 37.2 38.0 37.8 37.7
Tanzania 38.3 38.4 38.4 38.4 38.4
Mauritania 38.6 38.6 38.6 38.6 38.6
Chad 38.5 38.5 38.6 38.6 38.6
Sierra Leone 38.9 38.9 38.9 38.9 38.8
Thailand 41.5 40.8 40.0 39.2 39.2
Switzerland 40.0 39.9 39.9 39.8 39.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 39.4 39.6 39.2 39.8 39.1
Andorra 40.4 40.4 40.4 39.8 40.0
Nicaragua 37.8 38.7 40.0 40.8 41.7
Colombia 40.1 40.5 40.6 41.0 41.2
Portugal 42.9 40.8 39.1 41.2 42.2
Guatemala 42.1 42.1 42.2 41.3 41.4
Austria 41.6 41.6 41.5 41.5 41.1
Albania 41.1 41.3 41.4 41.6 41.8
Kiribati 45.7 45.7 45.7 42.0 42.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 42.6 42.5 42.5 42.4 41.3
Tonga 45.8 45.8 43.1 43.1 43.1
Liechtenstein 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8
Georgia 43.9 43.7 43.7 43.8 43.2
Barbados 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2 41.9
Jamaica 45.9 45.6 45.2 44.7 44.5
Yemen, Rep. 45.0 45.0 44.9 44.9 44.8
Senegal 45.1 44.9 44.9 45.0 45.3
United States 45.9 45.5 45.3 45.3 45.2
Botswana 45.8 45.8 45.7 45.6 45.6
Belarus 46.0 46.0 45.9 45.9 45.8
Angola 46.1 46.1 46.1 46.1 46.0
Kenya 47.8 46.5 46.7 46.5 47.2
Armenia 43.7 45.9 46.8 46.6 46.5
Argentina 46.8 46.8 46.9 46.9 46.9
Namibia 47.2 47.2 47.2 47.2 47.2
Sao Tome and Principe 46.9 46.9 47.9 47.9 49.0
Malawi 45.4 46.5 47.0 48.6 49.6
Paraguay 41.4 47.9 48.3 49.3 50.5
Germany 49.7 49.7 49.6 49.8 49.1
Mauritius 51.2 50.7 50.2 50.2 49.3
Macedonia, FYR 50.6 50.7 50.5 50.8 50.4
Slovak Republic 50.9 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8
Bulgaria 55.7 55.7 56.1 51.0 51.3
Turkey 51.3 51.1 51.0 51.9 52.4
Italy 52.1 52.2 52.2 52.6 53.7
Dominican Republic 53.8 53.4 52.6 52.8 52.1
Gambia, The 55.0 55.0 55.0 54.5 54.5
Lithuania 54.4 54.4 54.5 54.6 55.8
Guinea-Bissau 52.8 53.1 54.7 54.7 56.5
Mexico 54.6 54.7 54.7 54.7 54.7
France 55.1 55.0 54.9 54.8 54.7
Sudan 54.6 54.9 55.1 55.2 55.3
Czech Republic 55.4 55.4 55.4 55.4 55.4
Kyrgyz Republic 54.4 55.5 55.6 55.7 55.9
China 55.7 55.7 55.7 55.8 55.7
Guinea 57.1 56.6 56.2 55.8 55.1
Azerbaijan 53.9 54.4 55.1 56.3 56.7
New Zealand 56.9 56.6 56.6 56.6 56.6
West Bank and Gaza 62.5 61.8 61.5 58.0 60.5
Afghanistan 57.8 57.8 57.9 58.0 57.8
Netherlands 58.2 58.7 58.2 58.4 58.3
Spain 59.5 60.3 60.2 60.0 59.6
Poland 60.8 60.3 60.3 60.2 60.2
Australia 60.3 60.6 60.2 60.4 59.1
Tunisia 60.2 60.0 60.2 60.6 61.3
India 60.9 60.7 60.9 60.8 60.9
Lebanon 59.5 60.4 60.8 61.2 56.9
Uganda 60.7 60.9 60.9 61.3 61.4
Haiti 57.7 57.7 61.3 61.3 61.3
Mozambique 60.9 61.0 61.2 61.3 61.3
Ghana 57.6 58.5 59.9 61.7 62.3
Cote d'Ivoire 62.3 62.3 61.9 61.9 61.6
Cuba 62.2 61.6 62.3 62.1 62.0
Denmark 64.2 64.0 63.4 63.0 62.3
Ireland 63.7 63.0 64.3 64.1 64.1
Romania 64.5 64.4 64.5 64.2 64.4
Uzbekistan 65.0 65.0 65.0 64.3 64.3
Djibouti 62.6 63.9 64.8 64.8 66.9
Togo 60.7 62.5 63.4 64.9 66.7
Rwanda 60.2 62.6 64.7 65.5 67.3
Madagascar 62.7 62.9 64.5 66.2 67.9
Marshall Islands 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Tuvalu 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Greece 71.1 71.2 69.7 68.1 67.3
Hungary 68.8 68.8 69.0 69.0 68.9
Morocco 68.9 69.4 69.2 69.4 68.8
El Salvador 70.2 67.0 67.9 70.0 71.5
Somalia 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2
Swaziland 71.0 71.0 71.1 71.1 71.1
Ukraine 72.2 72.2 72.2 71.8 71.6
United Kingdom 71.8 72.3 72.7 72.4 71.2
Bangladesh 72.0 71.7 71.9 72.5 72.9
Eritrea 73.3 72.7 72.9 73.9 73.9
Burundi 79.3 77.6 76.0 74.5 73.5
Syrian Arab Republic 75.0 75.0 75.1 74.8 74.9
Isle of Man 73.2 73.9 74.6 75.4 76.1
Turkmenistan 75.5 75.5 75.5 75.5 75.6
Comoros 72.5 73.6 74.7 75.8 76.8
Nigeria 75.1 75.3 75.5 76.5 77.8
Lesotho 76.5 76.6 76.7 76.7 76.7
Kazakhstan 79.3 78.3 77.7 76.8 75.9
Moldova 77.6 77.6 77.6 77.7 77.7
South Africa 80.4 80.7 80.7 80.8 80.8
Saudi Arabia 80.8 80.7 80.8 80.8 80.8
Mongolia 76.3 76.3 83.0 83.1 83.9
Uruguay 84.9 85.0 85.0 85.2 85.2
Luxembourg
Curacao
South Sudan
Taiwan, China
Serbia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Macao SAR, China
Monaco
St. Martin (French part)
Montenegro
Belgium

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