Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Suriname 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Greenland 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Bahamas, The 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3
Singapore 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Brunei Darussalam 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Papua New Guinea 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2
Solomon Islands 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.7
Norway 3.1 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.3
Oman 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.8
United Arab Emirates 4.7 4.8 4.8 6.2 6.6
Qatar 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7
Belize 6.4 6.5 6.5 6.6 6.5
Northern Mariana Islands 8.7 8.7 6.5 6.5 6.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 7.6 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Finland 7.3 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.3
Canada 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.4
Lao PDR 7.4 7.6 7.6 7.7 7.8
Sweden 8.0 7.9 7.9 7.8 7.7
Bermuda 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0
Kuwait 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.1 8.3
Central African Republic 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.3 8.3
Seychelles 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7
Libya 8.9 8.9 8.8 8.8 8.8
Guyana 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.7
Palau 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Cayman Islands 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 11.4 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
French Polynesia 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7
Equatorial Guinea 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9
Jordan 11.9 12.0 12.1 12.1 12.1
Bahrain 12.7 12.7 12.7 14.1 13.0
Trinidad and Tobago 14.8 13.8 12.9 13.1 13.1
New Caledonia 12.9 13.0 13.1 13.3 13.4
Russian Federation 13.2 13.3 13.3 13.2 13.3
Vanuatu 13.7 13.8 14.1 14.2 14.4
Bhutan 14.3 14.4 14.4 14.4 13.3
Japan 14.8 14.7 14.6 14.5 14.4
Cyprus 15.5 15.4 15.6 15.6 15.3
Myanmar 16.1 16.1 16.1 16.2 16.5
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Algeria 16.6 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.8
Peru 17.3 17.4 17.7 17.8 18.1
Cabo Verde 17.4 17.9 17.9 17.6 17.6
Samoa 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 17.0
Iceland 18.9 18.9 18.9 18.8 18.8
Cameroon 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4
Gabon 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Iraq 20.8 19.8 20.3 20.0 19.0
Korea, Rep. 20.8 20.6 20.4 20.3 20.5
Antigua and Barbuda 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5
Chile 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.3 20.3
Korea, Dem. Rep. 21.2 21.2 21.2 21.2 21.2
Malaysia 21.5 21.5 21.4 21.4 21.4
Dominica 22.7 22.7 22.7 25.3 28.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 22.9 22.9 22.9 20.0 20.0
Timor-Leste 23.0 23.1 22.9 22.7 22.7
American Samoa 20.0 20.0 23.5 24.0 24.0
Fiji 24.1 24.1 23.5 23.4 23.4
Indonesia 23.7 24.0 24.2 25.3 26.0
Slovenia 26.1 24.6 24.3 24.8 25.7
Venezuela, RB 24.5 24.5 24.5 24.5 24.5
Estonia 23.7 24.1 24.6 23.6 23.3
Vietnam 23.6 24.1 24.7 25.8 28.2
St. Lucia 28.5 27.9 25.4 25.2 23.3
Israel 26.1 26.0 26.0 25.8 26.2
Cambodia 25.9 25.9 26.2 26.3 27.0
Liberia 26.0 26.2 26.6 26.9 27.1
Maldives 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7 30.0
Benin 24.0 25.6 27.0 27.6 28.3
Latvia 30.1 28.5 28.1 26.0 25.5
Malta 34.4 31.3 28.1 28.1 28.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 28.2 28.2 28.2 28.2 25.6
Niger 28.4 28.4 28.4 29.2 29.2
Panama 28.7 28.8 28.9 29.0 30.0
Nepal 29.4 29.5 29.5 29.6 29.6
Zambia 29.4 29.6 29.6 30.1 30.3
Honduras 31.1 30.3 30.3 29.8 26.2
Ethiopia 30.5 30.5 30.5 30.7 30.7
Puerto Rico 34.8 32.8 30.7 29.3 27.9
Mali 30.0 30.9 30.9 30.9 31.6
Congo, Rep. 30.8 30.9 30.9 30.9 30.9
Brazil 31.0 31.1 31.1 31.2 31.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 32.1 32.1 32.1 32.1 32.1
Ecuador 28.9 28.9 32.3 32.5 32.5
Tajikistan 32.8 32.6 32.5 32.6 32.7
Bolivia 33.9 34.0 34.1 34.2 34.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 34.6 34.6 34.6 38.5 36.5
Grenada 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3
Burkina Faso 34.9 36.0 36.4 36.4 35.7
Croatia 34.6 34.7 36.6 36.3 20.9
Guam 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0
Sri Lanka 37.1 37.1 37.1 37.4 37.5
Costa Rica 39.1 38.2 37.5 37.0 36.0
Zimbabwe 36.8 37.3 37.5 38.4 38.9
Philippines 37.2 38.0 37.8 37.7 37.7
Tanzania 37.8 38.0 38.2 38.3 38.4
Mauritania 38.6 38.6 38.6 38.6 38.6
Chad 38.5 38.6 38.6 38.6 38.6
Sierra Leone 38.9 38.9 38.9 38.8 38.9
Thailand 40.8 40.0 39.2 39.2 38.8
Switzerland 39.9 39.9 39.8 39.7 39.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 39.6 39.2 39.8 39.1 38.6
Andorra 40.4 40.4 39.8 40.0 40.0
Nicaragua 38.7 40.0 40.8 41.7 42.7
Colombia 40.5 40.6 41.0 41.2 40.4
Portugal 40.8 39.1 41.2 42.2 41.9
Guatemala 42.1 42.2 41.3 41.4 41.7
Austria 41.5 41.4 41.3 40.6 40.8
Albania 41.3 41.4 41.6 41.8 41.8
Kiribati 45.7 45.7 42.0 42.0 42.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 42.4 42.3 42.2 41.1 41.6
Tonga 45.8 43.1 43.1 43.1 41.7
Senegal 46.3 44.8 43.6 47.3 46.9
Liechtenstein 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8
Georgia 43.7 43.7 43.8 43.2 43.2
Barbados 44.2 44.2 44.2 41.9 41.9
Jamaica 45.6 45.2 44.7 44.5 44.2
Yemen, Rep. 45.0 44.9 44.9 44.8 44.8
United States 45.5 45.3 45.3 45.2 45.2
Botswana 45.8 45.7 45.6 45.6 45.8
Belarus 46.0 45.9 45.9 45.8 45.6
Angola 46.1 46.1 46.1 46.0 46.0
Kenya 46.5 46.7 46.5 47.2 46.9
Armenia 45.9 46.8 46.6 46.5 46.5
Argentina 46.8 46.9 46.9 46.9 47.0
Namibia 47.2 47.2 47.2 47.2 47.2
Pakistan 46.9 47.6 47.7 47.7 47.6
Sao Tome and Principe 46.9 47.9 47.9 49.0 51.0
Malawi 46.5 47.0 48.6 49.6 50.2
Paraguay 47.9 48.3 49.3 50.5 51.2
Germany 49.7 49.6 49.8 49.1 48.9
Mauritius 50.7 50.2 50.2 49.3 49.8
Macedonia, FYR 50.7 50.5 50.8 50.4 48.6
Slovak Republic 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.8 50.7
Bulgaria 55.7 56.1 51.0 51.3 50.5
Turkey 51.1 51.0 51.9 52.4 52.6
Dominican Republic 53.3 51.7 51.9 51.1 52.0
Italy 52.2 52.2 52.6 53.7 53.2
Gambia, The 55.0 55.0 54.5 54.5 54.5
Lithuania 54.4 54.5 54.6 55.8 54.5
Guinea-Bissau 53.1 54.7 54.7 56.5 57.9
Mexico 54.7 54.7 54.7 54.7 54.7
France 55.0 54.9 54.8 54.7 54.5
Sudan 54.9 55.1 55.2 55.3 55.4
Czech Republic 55.4 55.4 55.4 55.4 55.4
Kyrgyz Republic 55.5 55.6 55.7 55.9 55.9
China 55.7 55.7 55.8 55.7 55.6
Guinea 56.6 56.2 55.8 55.1 54.9
Azerbaijan 54.4 55.1 56.3 56.7 57.4
New Zealand 56.6 56.6 56.6 56.6 58.5
West Bank and Gaza 61.8 61.5 58.0 60.5 61.8
Afghanistan 57.8 57.9 58.0 57.8 57.8
Netherlands 58.7 58.2 58.4 58.3 57.9
Spain 60.3 60.2 60.0 59.6 59.7
Poland 60.3 60.3 60.2 60.2 60.1
Australia 60.6 60.2 60.4 59.1 59.3
Tunisia 60.0 60.2 60.6 61.3 61.5
India 60.7 60.9 60.8 60.9 60.9
Lebanon 60.4 60.8 61.2 56.9 58.2
Uganda 60.9 60.9 61.3 61.4 62.6
Haiti 57.7 61.3 61.3 61.3 61.3
Mozambique 61.0 61.2 61.3 61.3 61.2
Ghana 58.5 59.9 61.7 62.3 63.4
Cote d'Ivoire 62.3 61.9 61.9 61.6 61.6
Cuba 61.6 62.3 62.1 62.0 61.0
Denmark 64.0 63.4 63.0 62.3 62.4
Ireland 63.0 64.3 64.1 64.1 64.0
Romania 64.4 64.5 64.2 64.4 64.7
Uzbekistan 65.0 65.0 64.3 64.3 64.2
Djibouti 63.9 64.8 64.8 66.9 69.1
Togo 62.5 63.4 64.9 66.7 66.7
Rwanda 62.6 64.7 65.5 67.3 67.7
Madagascar 62.9 64.5 66.2 67.9 69.6
Tuvalu 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Marshall Islands 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Greece 71.2 69.7 68.1 67.3 66.2
Hungary 68.8 69.0 69.0 68.9 65.3
Morocco 69.4 69.2 69.4 68.8 68.7
Comoros 66.6 67.7 69.9 70.9 71.5
El Salvador 67.0 67.9 70.0 71.5 72.4
Somalia 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2
Swaziland 71.0 71.1 71.1 71.1 71.1
Ukraine 72.2 72.2 71.8 71.6 71.5
United Kingdom 72.3 72.7 72.4 71.2 70.1
Bangladesh 71.7 71.9 72.5 72.9 72.2
Eritrea 72.7 72.9 73.9 73.9 74.6
Burundi 77.6 76.0 74.5 73.5 72.7
Syrian Arab Republic 75.0 75.1 74.8 74.9 74.6
Isle of Man 73.9 74.6 75.4 76.1 76.8
Turkmenistan 75.5 75.5 75.5 75.6 75.5
Nigeria 75.3 75.5 76.5 77.8 78.3
Lesotho 76.6 76.7 76.7 76.7 76.9
Moldova 77.6 77.6 77.7 77.7 77.4
Kazakhstan 79.8 79.9 79.8 79.7 79.8
South Africa 80.7 80.7 80.8 80.8 80.9
Saudi Arabia 80.7 80.8 80.8 80.8 80.8
Mongolia 76.3 83.0 83.1 83.9 84.0
Uruguay 85.4 85.4 85.4 85.4 85.5
Macao SAR, China
Serbia
Monaco
Belgium 45.9
Montenegro
St. Martin (French part)
Curacao
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
South Sudan
Luxembourg 49.4

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