Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Suriname 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Greenland 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Bahamas, The 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Papua New Guinea 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Brunei Darussalam 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Solomon Islands 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.9 3.3
United Arab Emirates 2.9 3.4 3.7 4.1 4.2
Singapore 3.0 3.0 1.8 1.8 1.8
Norway 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.3
Oman 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Qatar 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.6
Belize 5.3 5.5 5.7 6.0 6.3
Lao PDR 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Canada 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Finland 7.8 7.9 8.0 7.9 7.8
Kuwait 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.9 8.0
Central African Republic 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.1 8.1
Sweden 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.1 8.2
Libya 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Guyana 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Bhutan 9.6 9.7 10.7 10.7 10.7
Seychelles 10.9 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Cayman Islands 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 11.4 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5
Bahrain 11.6 11.6 11.6 12.7 12.7
French Polynesia 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7
Equatorial Guinea 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9
Vanuatu 12.2 12.5 12.6 12.9 13.0
New Caledonia 12.9 12.7 12.5 12.6 12.6
Jordan 13.0 11.8 11.5 12.7 12.4
Trinidad and Tobago 14.0 15.0 15.8 15.8 15.8
Peru 14.8 17.1 17.1 17.2 17.2
American Samoa 15.0 15.0 15.0 16.0 16.0
Japan 15.7 15.6 15.5 15.4 15.3
Myanmar 15.9 16.0 15.9 15.9 16.0
Algeria 16.3 16.2 16.2 16.3 16.3
Cabo Verde 16.6 16.9 16.9 17.1 17.1
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Cyprus 17.4 17.5 17.4 17.3 17.2
Iceland 19.0 19.0 19.0 19.0 19.0
Samoa 19.2 19.1 19.1 18.4 18.4
Cameroon 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4
Benin 19.7 20.1 20.2 20.4 20.6
Gabon 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Antigua and Barbuda 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5
Timor-Leste 20.5 21.4 22.2 22.2 22.5
Vietnam 20.6 20.7 20.7 21.6 21.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 20.9 20.9 21.0 21.0 21.2
Iraq 21.1 21.1 22.0 21.8 22.6
Malaysia 21.2 22.0 22.8 23.4 24.0
Fiji 21.6 22.4 23.2 23.8 23.8
Chile 21.7 21.4 21.2 20.9 20.8
Korea, Rep. 22.3 22.1 21.9 21.6 21.5
Dominica 24.0 24.0 24.0 24.0 24.0
Indonesia 24.5 24.9 22.9 22.8 23.2
Venezuela, RB 24.7 24.8 24.8 24.5 24.5
Niger 24.8 26.1 26.9 27.6 27.6
Cambodia 25.1 25.2 25.5 25.6 25.7
Mali 26.3 26.3 26.3 26.4 27.2
Israel 26.6 26.8 26.7 26.7 26.7
Maldives 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7
Liberia 27.0 25.9 26.0 26.0 26.0
Ecuador 28.0 28.3 28.6 28.7 28.8
Zambia 28.1 28.0 28.0 28.3 28.5
Panama 28.2 28.6 28.7 28.9 28.9
Brazil 28.3 28.6 29.0 29.2 29.5
Nepal 29.0 29.0 29.0 29.1 29.1
Honduras 30.1 29.7 29.9 30.0 31.7
Congo, Rep. 30.9 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 31.4 28.6 28.6 28.6 28.6
Bolivia 32.7 32.7 33.0 33.1 33.4
St. Lucia 32.8 32.8 32.8 32.8 32.8
Nicaragua 33.2 33.4 33.7 34.2 34.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 33.3 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8
Zimbabwe 33.5 33.6 34.1 34.5 34.9
Pakistan 33.8 33.6 33.7 33.8 34.2
Burkina Faso 35.1 35.0 34.9 34.8 34.7
Guam 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0
Philippines 37.2 37.4 37.4 37.3 37.1
Sri Lanka 37.3 37.3 37.3 37.4 37.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 37.9 37.8 38.7 39.2 39.4
Grenada 38.2 38.2 35.3 35.3 35.3
Chad 38.3 38.4 38.4 38.4 38.4
Tanzania 38.4 38.4 38.4 38.2 38.3
Mauritania 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.5
Sierra Leone 39.4 39.4 39.4 39.3 39.2
Guatemala 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 41.8
Andorra 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.4
Albania 40.5 40.9 41.1 41.1 41.1
Malta 40.6 40.6 40.6 40.6 40.6
Colombia 40.7 40.6 40.5 40.5 40.5
Thailand 41.8 41.9 42.1 41.8 41.6
Austria 43.0 42.4 42.7 42.4 41.9
Paraguay 43.1 43.2 43.3 43.7 43.7
Sao Tome and Principe 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8
Portugal 43.8 43.3 42.8 42.4 43.3
Jamaica 44.0 44.0 44.0 44.0 46.4
Malawi 44.2 44.7 45.8 45.3 45.3
Barbados 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2
Tonga 44.4 44.4 44.4 44.4 44.4
Yemen, Rep. 44.5 44.7 44.8 44.5 44.9
Senegal 45.8 46.1 45.2 45.6 45.5
Botswana 45.9 45.9 45.7 45.6 45.8
Angola 46.0 46.0 46.1 46.1 46.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 46.2 46.2 46.2 46.2 46.2
Costa Rica 46.6 45.1 43.8 42.3 41.4
Argentina 46.6 46.6 46.6 46.7 46.7
United States 46.6 46.6 46.6 46.4 46.2
Namibia 47.0 47.0 47.0 47.0 47.0
Kenya 47.5 47.0 47.2 47.6 47.2
Kiribati 48.1 48.1 48.1 48.1 45.7
Liechtenstein 50.0 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8
Switzerland 50.5 39.5 39.6 39.5 39.5
Puerto Rico 50.7 49.0 47.4 46.2 35.1
Guinea-Bissau 51.1 51.5 51.5 51.5 52.2
Ethiopia 51.3 51.1 51.0 51.0 30.5
Sudan 51.7 51.7 51.8 52.2 53.3
Germany 51.7 51.6 49.1 48.6 49.2
Turkey 51.8 51.6 52.1 51.8 51.9
Mexico 53.0 53.4 53.8 54.1 54.5
China 53.7 54.2 54.8 55.3 55.6
Dominican Republic 54.7 52.8 53.2 53.8 53.8
Ghana 54.9 55.4 55.9 55.9 56.3
Saudi Arabia 55.0 57.4 57.5 57.6 80.8
Mauritius 55.2 54.7 54.2 53.7 52.7
Bulgaria 55.8 55.7 55.7 55.6 55.3
Tunisia 55.8 55.6 59.3 60.2 60.6
France 56.0 55.8 55.6 55.4 55.1
Djibouti 56.1 56.0 57.6 59.1 60.4
Guinea 57.2 57.5 57.2 57.2 57.2
Italy 57.3 57.3 54.6 54.3 54.1
Togo 57.7 58.7 58.7 58.7 60.7
Gambia, The 57.9 57.9 58.5 55.1 55.0
Haiti 58.0 57.9 57.9 57.1 57.1
Afghanistan 58.3 58.3 58.3 58.3 58.2
Lebanon 59.0 59.1 59.2 59.2 59.2
Cote d'Ivoire 59.2 59.5 59.6 60.4 61.3
Netherlands 59.4 59.4 59.0 58.8 58.9
Uganda 59.4 59.9 60.2 60.3 60.5
Mozambique 60.6 60.6 60.7 60.7 60.7
Australia 60.8 60.5 60.3 60.7 59.9
India 61.0 60.9 60.9 60.9 60.9
Spain 61.5 61.0 60.8 60.6 60.1
New Zealand 61.7 61.5 61.2 60.6 60.5
Poland 61.8 61.7 61.6 61.6 61.5
Madagascar 62.4 62.5 62.5 62.5 62.7
West Bank and Gaza 62.6 62.3 61.8 61.5 61.5
Cuba 63.1 62.8 62.9 63.1 62.7
Romania 64.3 64.4 64.5 64.5 64.5
Denmark 65.4 65.8 65.3 65.0 64.6
Tuvalu 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Morocco 67.4 68.0 68.0 68.6 68.8
El Salvador 67.9 68.1 68.9 70.0 70.0
Isle of Man 68.6 69.5 70.2 70.9 71.6
Comoros 68.8 68.8 71.5 71.5 71.5
Somalia 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2
Greece 71.5 71.5 71.1 71.1 71.1
Hungary 72.1 72.0 71.9 68.3 68.2
Syrian Arab Republic 73.4 73.4 73.5 74.1 74.2
Swaziland 73.5 72.0 71.3 71.1 71.0
Rwanda 75.2 76.2 76.1 74.5 70.1
United Kingdom 75.7 75.2 75.0 74.7 72.5
Lesotho 75.9 76.4 76.5 76.9 76.9
South Africa 78.6 78.8 79.1 79.5 79.9
Nigeria 78.9 79.1 79.4 79.6 79.7
Bangladesh 80.2 79.8 79.3 73.4 72.6
Mongolia 80.8 80.9 81.2 79.6 76.7
Ireland 82.1 82.0 64.5 64.1 63.9
Burundi 82.9 82.7 82.7 83.1 83.1
Uruguay 84.7 84.7 84.7 84.8 84.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Northern Mariana Islands
Montenegro
South Sudan
Croatia 43.0 40.6
St. Martin (French part)
Kazakhstan 82.0 82.1
Russian Federation 13.5 13.4
Curacao
Lithuania 54.1 53.2
Monaco
Hong Kong SAR, China
Macao SAR, China
Serbia
Marshall Islands
Latvia 40.7 40.4
Czech Republic 55.4
Belgium
Moldova 77.9 77.6
Kosovo
Turkmenistan 68.6 68.7
Palau
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovenia 28.0 27.8
Ukraine 72.4 72.3
Slovak Republic 50.9
Kyrgyz Republic 52.6 52.8
Uzbekistan 65.2 65.0
Luxembourg
Georgia 46.5 45.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 43.1 42.9
Macedonia, FYR 51.4 51.0
Belarus 46.3 46.1
Tajikistan 32.1 32.5
Estonia 32.4 31.1
Azerbaijan 53.4 53.6
Eritrea 73.3
Armenia 41.1 41.5

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