Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Suriname 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Greenland 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Bahamas, The 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Papua New Guinea 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0
Brunei Darussalam 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Solomon Islands 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.9 3.3
Singapore 3.0 3.0 1.8 1.8 1.8
Norway 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.3
United Arab Emirates 2.9 3.4 3.7 4.1 4.2
Oman 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Qatar 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.6
Belize 5.3 5.5 5.7 6.0 6.3
Lao PDR 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Canada 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Finland 7.8 7.9 8.0 7.9 7.8
Kuwait 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.9 8.0
Central African Republic 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.1 8.1
Sweden 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.1 8.2
Seychelles 10.9 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7
Libya 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Guyana 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Bhutan 9.6 9.7 10.7 10.7 10.7
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Cayman Islands 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 11.4 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5
Bahrain 11.6 11.6 11.6 12.7 12.7
French Polynesia 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7
Jordan 13.0 11.8 11.5 12.7 12.4
Equatorial Guinea 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9
Vanuatu 12.2 12.5 12.6 12.9 13.0
New Caledonia 12.9 12.7 12.5 12.6 12.6
American Samoa 15.0 15.0 15.0 16.0 16.0
Trinidad and Tobago 14.0 15.0 15.8 15.8 15.8
Japan 15.7 15.6 15.5 15.4 15.3
Myanmar 15.9 16.0 15.9 15.9 16.0
Algeria 16.3 16.2 16.2 16.3 16.3
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Cabo Verde 16.6 16.9 16.9 17.1 17.1
Peru 14.8 17.1 17.1 17.2 17.2
Cyprus 17.4 17.5 17.4 17.3 17.2
Iceland 19.0 19.0 19.0 19.0 19.0
Samoa 19.2 19.1 19.1 18.4 18.4
Cameroon 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Gabon 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Benin 19.7 20.1 20.2 20.4 20.6
Antigua and Barbuda 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5
Vietnam 20.6 20.7 20.7 21.6 21.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 20.9 20.9 21.0 21.0 21.2
Iraq 21.1 21.1 22.0 21.8 22.6
Chile 21.7 21.4 21.2 20.9 20.8
Timor-Leste 20.5 21.4 22.2 22.2 22.5
Malaysia 21.2 22.0 22.8 23.4 24.0
Korea, Rep. 22.3 22.1 21.9 21.6 21.5
Fiji 21.6 22.4 23.2 23.8 23.8
Dominica 24.0 24.0 24.0 24.0 24.0
Venezuela, RB 24.7 24.8 24.8 24.5 24.5
Indonesia 24.5 24.9 22.9 22.8 23.2
Cambodia 25.1 25.2 25.5 25.6 25.7
Liberia 27.0 25.9 26.0 26.0 26.0
Niger 24.8 26.1 26.9 27.6 27.6
Mali 26.3 26.3 26.3 26.4 27.2
Maldives 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7
Israel 26.6 26.8 26.7 26.7 26.7
Zambia 28.1 28.0 28.0 28.3 28.5
Ecuador 28.0 28.3 28.6 28.7 28.8
Brazil 28.3 28.6 29.0 29.2 29.5
Panama 28.2 28.6 28.7 28.9 28.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 31.4 28.6 28.6 28.6 28.6
Nepal 29.0 29.0 29.0 29.1 29.1
Honduras 30.1 29.7 29.9 30.0 31.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 33.3 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8
Congo, Rep. 30.9 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8
Bolivia 32.7 32.7 33.0 33.1 33.4
St. Lucia 32.8 32.8 32.8 32.8 32.8
Nicaragua 33.2 33.4 33.7 34.2 34.8
Zimbabwe 33.5 33.6 34.1 34.5 34.9
Pakistan 33.8 33.6 33.7 33.8 34.2
Burkina Faso 35.1 35.0 34.9 34.8 34.7
Guam 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0
Sri Lanka 37.3 37.3 37.3 37.4 37.0
Philippines 37.2 37.4 37.4 37.3 37.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 37.9 37.8 38.7 39.2 39.4
Grenada 38.2 38.2 35.3 35.3 35.3
Chad 38.3 38.4 38.4 38.4 38.4
Tanzania 38.4 38.4 38.4 38.2 38.3
Mauritania 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.5
Sierra Leone 39.4 39.4 39.4 39.3 39.2
Switzerland 50.5 39.5 39.6 39.5 39.5
Guatemala 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 41.8
Andorra 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.4
Malta 40.6 40.6 40.6 40.6 40.6
Colombia 40.7 40.6 40.5 40.5 40.5
Albania 40.5 40.9 41.1 41.1 41.1
Thailand 41.8 41.9 42.1 41.8 41.6
Austria 43.0 42.4 42.7 42.4 41.9
Paraguay 43.1 43.2 43.3 43.7 43.7
Portugal 43.8 43.3 42.8 42.4 43.3
Liechtenstein 50.0 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8
Sao Tome and Principe 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8
Jamaica 44.0 44.0 44.0 44.0 46.4
Barbados 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2
Tonga 44.4 44.4 44.4 44.4 44.4
Malawi 44.2 44.7 45.8 45.3 45.3
Yemen, Rep. 44.5 44.7 44.8 44.5 44.9
Costa Rica 46.6 45.1 43.8 42.3 41.4
Botswana 45.9 45.9 45.7 45.6 45.8
Angola 46.0 46.0 46.1 46.1 46.1
Senegal 45.8 46.1 45.2 45.6 45.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 46.2 46.2 46.2 46.2 46.2
Argentina 46.6 46.6 46.6 46.7 46.7
United States 46.6 46.6 46.6 46.4 46.2
Namibia 47.0 47.0 47.0 47.0 47.0
Kenya 47.5 47.0 47.2 47.6 47.2
Kiribati 48.1 48.1 48.1 48.1 45.7
Puerto Rico 50.7 49.0 47.4 46.2 35.1
Ethiopia 51.3 51.1 51.0 51.0 30.5
Guinea-Bissau 51.1 51.5 51.5 51.5 52.2
Turkey 51.8 51.6 52.1 51.8 51.9
Germany 51.7 51.6 49.1 48.6 49.2
Sudan 51.7 51.7 51.8 52.2 53.3
Dominican Republic 54.7 52.8 53.2 53.8 53.8
Mexico 53.0 53.4 53.8 54.1 54.5
China 53.7 54.2 54.8 55.3 55.6
Mauritius 55.2 54.7 54.2 53.7 52.7
Ghana 54.9 55.4 55.9 55.9 56.3
Tunisia 55.8 55.6 59.3 60.2 60.6
Bulgaria 55.8 55.7 55.7 55.6 55.3
France 56.0 55.8 55.6 55.4 55.1
Djibouti 56.1 56.0 57.6 59.1 60.4
Italy 57.3 57.3 54.6 54.3 54.1
Saudi Arabia 55.0 57.4 57.5 57.6 80.8
Guinea 57.2 57.5 57.2 57.2 57.2
Gambia, The 57.9 57.9 58.5 55.1 55.0
Haiti 58.0 57.9 57.9 57.1 57.1
Afghanistan 58.3 58.3 58.3 58.3 58.2
Togo 57.7 58.7 58.7 58.7 60.7
Lebanon 59.0 59.1 59.2 59.2 59.2
Netherlands 59.4 59.4 59.0 58.8 58.9
Cote d'Ivoire 59.2 59.5 59.6 60.4 61.3
Uganda 59.4 59.9 60.2 60.3 60.5
Australia 60.8 60.5 60.3 60.7 59.9
Mozambique 60.6 60.6 60.7 60.7 60.7
India 61.0 60.9 60.9 60.9 60.9
Spain 61.5 61.0 60.8 60.6 60.1
New Zealand 61.7 61.5 61.2 60.6 60.5
Poland 61.8 61.7 61.6 61.6 61.5
West Bank and Gaza 62.6 62.3 61.8 61.5 61.5
Madagascar 62.4 62.5 62.5 62.5 62.7
Cuba 63.1 62.8 62.9 63.1 62.7
Romania 64.3 64.4 64.5 64.5 64.5
Denmark 65.4 65.8 65.3 65.0 64.6
Tuvalu 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Morocco 67.4 68.0 68.0 68.6 68.8
El Salvador 67.9 68.1 68.9 70.0 70.0
Comoros 68.8 68.8 71.5 71.5 71.5
Isle of Man 68.6 69.5 70.2 70.9 71.6
Somalia 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2
Greece 71.5 71.5 71.1 71.1 71.1
Swaziland 73.5 72.0 71.3 71.1 71.0
Hungary 72.1 72.0 71.9 68.3 68.2
Syrian Arab Republic 73.4 73.4 73.5 74.1 74.2
United Kingdom 75.7 75.2 75.0 74.7 72.5
Rwanda 75.2 76.2 76.1 74.5 70.1
Lesotho 75.9 76.4 76.5 76.9 76.9
South Africa 78.6 78.8 79.1 79.5 79.9
Nigeria 78.9 79.1 79.4 79.6 79.7
Bangladesh 80.2 79.8 79.3 73.4 72.6
Mongolia 80.8 80.9 81.2 79.6 76.7
Ireland 82.1 82.0 64.5 64.1 63.9
Burundi 82.9 82.7 82.7 83.1 83.1
Uruguay 84.7 84.7 84.7 84.8 84.8
Marshall Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Slovak Republic 50.9
Macedonia, FYR 51.4 51.0
Croatia 43.0 40.6
St. Martin (French part)
Kazakhstan 82.0 82.1
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao
Serbia
Moldova 77.9 77.6
Hong Kong SAR, China
Montenegro
Lithuania 54.1 53.2
Russian Federation 13.5 13.4
Luxembourg
Czech Republic 55.4
Georgia 46.5 45.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Belgium
Turkmenistan 68.6 68.7
South Sudan
Monaco
Slovenia 28.0 27.8
Ukraine 72.4 72.3
Eritrea 73.3
Kyrgyz Republic 52.6 52.8
Uzbekistan 65.2 65.0
Kosovo
Latvia 40.7 40.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 43.1 42.9
Palau
Belarus 46.3 46.1
Macao SAR, China
Estonia 32.4 31.1
Azerbaijan 53.4 53.6
Tajikistan 32.1 32.5
Armenia 41.1 41.5

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