Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Suriname 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Greenland 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Bahamas, The 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Singapore 3.0 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Papua New Guinea 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0
Brunei Darussalam 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Solomon Islands 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6
Norway 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.7 2.7 2.9 3.3 3.3
Oman 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
United Arab Emirates 3.4 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.4
Qatar 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.6 5.6
Belize 5.5 5.7 6.0 6.3 6.3
Lao PDR 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.3
Canada 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Finland 7.9 8.0 7.9 7.8 7.9
Kuwait 7.9 7.9 7.9 8.0 8.0
Central African Republic 8.0 8.0 8.1 8.1 8.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1
Sweden 8.3 8.2 8.1 8.2 8.2
Northern Mariana Islands 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7
Seychelles 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7
Libya 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Guyana 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Bhutan 9.7 10.8 10.8 10.8 12.8
Palau 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Cayman Islands 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5
French Polynesia 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7
Equatorial Guinea 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9
New Caledonia 12.7 12.5 12.6 12.6 12.6
Bahrain 11.6 11.6 12.7 12.7 12.7
Jordan 11.8 11.5 12.7 12.4 12.1
Vanuatu 12.5 12.6 12.9 13.0 13.1
Russian Federation 13.5 13.4 13.3
Japan 15.6 15.5 15.4 15.3 15.2
Trinidad and Tobago 15.0 15.8 15.8 15.8 15.8
Myanmar 16.0 15.9 15.9 16.0 15.9
American Samoa 15.0 15.0 16.0 16.0 16.0
Algeria 16.2 16.2 16.3 16.3 16.6
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Cabo Verde 16.9 16.9 17.1 17.1 17.1
Peru 17.1 17.1 17.2 17.2 16.9
Cyprus 17.4 17.2 17.3 17.2 15.5
Samoa 19.1 19.1 18.4 18.4 18.0
Iceland 19.0 19.0 19.0 19.0 19.0
Cameroon 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Gabon 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Benin 20.1 20.2 20.4 20.6 21.3
Antigua and Barbuda 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5
Chile 21.4 21.2 20.9 20.8 20.8
Malaysia 20.8 20.9 21.0 21.2 21.5
Korea, Dem. Rep. 20.9 21.0 21.0 21.2 22.0
Vietnam 20.7 20.7 21.6 21.8 21.9
Iraq 21.1 22.0 21.8 22.6 21.4
Korea, Rep. 22.6 22.4 22.1 22.0 21.7
Timor-Leste 21.4 22.2 22.2 22.5 22.9
Indonesia 24.9 22.9 22.8 23.2 23.2
Fiji 22.4 23.2 23.8 23.8 23.7
Dominica 24.0 24.0 24.0 24.0 24.0
Venezuela, RB 24.8 24.8 24.5 24.5 24.5
Cambodia 25.2 25.5 25.6 25.7 25.9
Liberia 25.9 26.0 26.0 26.0 26.0
Mali 26.3 26.3 26.4 27.2 28.9
Israel 26.8 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.8
Maldives 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7
Niger 26.1 26.9 27.6 27.6 27.6
Slovenia 28.0 27.8 27.3
Zambia 28.0 28.0 28.3 28.5 28.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 28.6 28.6 28.6 28.6 25.7
Ecuador 28.3 28.6 28.7 28.8 29.4
Panama 28.6 28.7 28.9 28.9 28.7
Nepal 29.0 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.2
Brazil 28.9 29.3 29.5 29.8 30.1
Honduras 29.7 29.9 30.0 31.7 31.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8
Congo, Rep. 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8
Tajikistan 32.1 32.5 31.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 32.1 32.1 32.1 32.1
St. Lucia 34.3 32.5 32.3 32.3 32.0
Estonia 32.4 31.1 26.0
Bolivia 32.7 33.0 33.1 33.4 33.6
Pakistan 33.6 33.7 33.8 34.2 34.4
Nicaragua 33.4 33.7 34.2 34.8 35.1
Zimbabwe 33.6 34.1 34.5 34.9 35.5
Burkina Faso 35.0 34.9 34.8 34.7 34.5
Grenada 38.2 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3
Guam 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0
Philippines 37.4 37.4 37.3 37.1 36.9
Sri Lanka 37.3 37.3 37.4 37.0 37.0
Tanzania 38.4 38.4 38.2 38.3 38.3
Chad 38.4 38.4 38.4 38.4 38.5
Mauritania 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.5
Sierra Leone 39.1 39.1 39.0 38.9 38.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 37.8 38.7 39.2 39.4 39.4
Guatemala 40.0 40.0 40.0 41.8 42.1
Switzerland 40.6 40.5 40.4 40.3 40.1
Andorra 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.4
Colombia 40.6 40.5 40.5 40.5 40.4
Malta 40.6 40.6 40.6 40.6 40.6
Latvia 40.7 40.4 40.8
Armenia 41.1 41.5 42.1
Albania 40.9 41.1 41.1 41.1 41.1
Thailand 41.9 42.1 41.8 41.6 41.3
Costa Rica 45.1 43.8 42.3 41.4 41.0
Austria 42.4 42.7 42.4 41.9 41.8
Portugal 43.3 42.8 42.4 43.3 43.2
Croatia 43.0 40.6 41.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 43.1 42.9 42.7
Paraguay 43.2 43.3 43.7 43.7 40.4
Sao Tome and Principe 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8 45.8
Liechtenstein 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8
Jamaica 44.0 44.0 44.0 46.4 46.2
Barbados 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2
Tonga 44.4 44.4 44.4 44.4 44.4
Yemen, Rep. 44.7 44.8 44.5 44.9 44.9
Malawi 44.7 45.8 45.3 45.3 43.2
Senegal 46.1 45.2 45.6 45.5 45.6
Botswana 45.9 45.7 45.6 45.8 45.9
Angola 46.0 46.1 46.1 46.1 46.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 46.2 46.2 46.2 46.2 38.5
Puerto Rico 49.0 47.4 46.2 35.1 34.8
Belarus 46.3 46.1 46.1
United States 46.6 46.6 46.4 46.2 46.0
Georgia 46.5 45.0 44.6
Argentina 46.6 46.6 46.7 46.7 46.8
Namibia 47.0 47.0 47.0 47.0 47.1
Kenya 47.0 47.2 47.6 47.2 47.8
Kiribati 48.1 48.1 48.1 45.7 45.7
Germany 51.6 49.1 48.6 49.2 49.6
Ethiopia 51.1 51.0 51.0 30.5 30.5
Macedonia, FYR 51.4 51.0 51.0
Guinea-Bissau 51.5 51.5 51.5 52.2 52.5
Turkey 51.6 52.1 51.8 51.9 52.2
Sudan 51.7 51.8 52.2 53.3 53.9
Kyrgyz Republic 52.6 52.8 54.1
Azerbaijan 53.4 53.6 53.9
Mauritius 54.7 54.2 53.7 52.7 51.7
Dominican Republic 52.8 53.2 53.8 53.8 53.8
Lithuania 54.1 53.2 49.9
Italy 57.3 54.6 54.3 54.1 53.4
Mexico 54.1 54.6 54.6 54.6 54.6
China 53.9 54.5 54.8 55.2 55.7
Gambia, The 57.9 58.5 55.1 55.0 55.0
France 55.9 55.7 55.5 55.3 55.2
Bulgaria 55.7 55.7 55.6 55.3 55.7
Ghana 55.4 55.9 55.9 56.3 56.7
Haiti 57.9 57.9 57.1 57.1 57.9
Guinea 57.5 57.2 57.2 57.2 57.2
Saudi Arabia 57.4 57.5 57.6 80.8 80.8
Afghanistan 58.3 58.3 58.3 58.1 57.9
Togo 58.7 58.7 58.7 60.7 60.7
Netherlands 59.4 59.0 58.8 58.9 58.4
Djibouti 56.0 57.6 59.1 60.4 60.4
Lebanon 59.1 59.2 59.2 59.2 59.3
Tunisia 55.6 59.3 60.2 60.6 59.8
Uganda 59.9 60.2 60.3 60.5 60.6
Cote d'Ivoire 59.5 59.6 60.4 61.3 61.9
New Zealand 61.5 61.2 60.6 60.5 57.4
Spain 61.0 60.8 60.6 60.1 60.4
Australia 60.5 60.3 60.7 59.9 61.1
Mozambique 60.6 60.7 60.7 60.7 60.8
India 61.0 61.1 61.0 61.0 61.0
Poland 61.4 61.2 61.2 61.1 61.1
West Bank and Gaza 62.3 61.8 61.5 61.5 61.5
Madagascar 62.5 62.5 62.5 62.7 62.7
Cuba 62.8 62.9 63.1 62.7 62.3
Ireland 82.0 64.5 64.1 63.9 63.7
Romania 64.4 64.5 64.5 64.5 64.5
Denmark 65.8 65.3 65.0 64.6 63.4
Uzbekistan 65.2 65.0 65.0
Tuvalu 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Marshall Islands 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Hungary 72.0 71.9 68.3 68.2 68.1
Morocco 68.0 68.0 68.6 68.8 69.4
El Salvador 68.1 68.9 70.0 70.0 70.2
Somalia 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2
Nigeria 67.6 70.2 70.8 71.4 72.7
Isle of Man 69.5 70.2 70.9 71.6 72.5
Swaziland 72.0 71.3 71.1 71.0 71.0
Greece 71.5 71.1 71.1 71.1 71.1
Comoros 68.8 71.5 71.5 71.5 71.5
Ukraine 72.4 72.3 72.3
Bangladesh 79.8 79.3 73.4 72.6 71.9
Syrian Arab Republic 73.4 73.5 74.1 74.2 75.0
Rwanda 76.2 76.1 74.5 70.1 60.2
United Kingdom 75.2 75.0 74.7 72.5 72.0
Turkmenistan 75.2 75.4 75.4
Lesotho 76.4 76.5 76.9 76.9 76.7
Moldova 77.9 77.6 77.6
South Africa 78.8 79.1 79.5 79.9 80.2
Mongolia 80.9 81.2 79.6 76.7 76.3
Kazakhstan 82.0 82.1 82.1
Burundi 82.2 82.2 82.6 82.7 80.7
Uruguay 84.7 84.7 84.8 84.8 84.8
Eritrea 73.3 73.3
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 50.9 50.9
St. Martin (French part)
South Sudan
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Curacao
Montenegro
Kosovo
Monaco
Belgium
Czech Republic 55.4 55.4
Serbia

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