Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Suriname 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Greenland 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Bahamas, The 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Singapore 3.0 3.0 1.8 1.8 1.8
Papua New Guinea 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0
Brunei Darussalam 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Solomon Islands 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5
Norway 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.9 3.3
Oman 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
United Arab Emirates 2.9 3.4 3.7 4.1 4.2
Qatar 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.6
Belize 5.3 5.5 5.7 6.0 6.3
Lao PDR 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
Canada 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Finland 7.8 7.9 8.0 7.9 7.8
Kuwait 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.9 8.0
Central African Republic 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.1 8.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1
Sweden 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.1 8.2
Northern Mariana Islands 8.7 8.7 8.7
Seychelles 10.9 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7
Libya 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Guyana 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Bhutan 9.7 9.7 10.8 10.8 10.8
Palau 10.9 10.9 10.9
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Cayman Islands 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 11.4 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5
French Polynesia 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7
Equatorial Guinea 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9
Jordan 13.0 11.8 11.5 12.7 12.4
New Caledonia 12.9 12.7 12.5 12.6 12.6
Bahrain 11.6 11.6 11.6 12.7 12.7
Vanuatu 12.2 12.5 12.6 12.9 13.0
Russian Federation 13.5 13.4
Japan 15.7 15.6 15.5 15.4 15.3
Trinidad and Tobago 14.0 15.0 15.8 15.8 15.8
Myanmar 15.9 16.0 15.9 15.9 16.0
American Samoa 15.0 15.0 15.0 16.0 16.0
Algeria 16.3 16.2 16.2 16.3 16.3
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Cabo Verde 16.6 16.9 16.9 17.1 17.1
Peru 14.8 17.1 17.1 17.2 17.2
Cyprus 17.5 17.4 17.2 17.3 17.2
Samoa 19.2 19.1 19.1 18.4 18.4
Iceland 19.0 19.0 19.0 19.0 19.0
Cameroon 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Gabon 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Antigua and Barbuda 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5
Benin 19.7 20.1 20.2 20.4 20.6
Chile 21.7 21.4 21.2 20.9 20.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 20.9 20.9 21.0 21.0 21.2
Malaysia 20.8 20.8 20.9 21.0 21.2
Vietnam 20.6 20.7 20.7 21.6 21.8
Korea, Rep. 22.8 22.6 22.4 22.1 22.0
Timor-Leste 20.5 21.4 22.2 22.2 22.5
Iraq 21.1 21.1 22.0 21.8 22.6
Indonesia 24.5 24.9 22.9 22.8 23.2
Fiji 21.6 22.4 23.2 23.8 23.8
Dominica 24.0 24.0 24.0 24.0 24.0
Venezuela, RB 24.7 24.8 24.8 24.5 24.5
Cambodia 25.1 25.2 25.5 25.6 25.7
Liberia 27.0 25.9 26.0 26.0 26.0
Israel 26.6 26.8 26.7 26.7 26.7
Maldives 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7
Mali 26.3 26.3 26.3 26.4 27.2
Niger 24.8 26.1 26.9 27.6 27.6
Slovenia 28.0 27.8
Zambia 28.1 28.0 28.0 28.3 28.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 31.4 28.6 28.6 28.6 28.6
Ecuador 28.0 28.3 28.6 28.7 28.8
Panama 28.2 28.6 28.7 28.9 28.9
Nepal 29.0 29.0 29.0 29.1 29.2
Brazil 28.6 28.9 29.3 29.5 29.8
Ethiopia 51.3 51.1 51.0 51.0 30.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 33.3 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8
Congo, Rep. 30.9 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8
Estonia 32.4 31.1
Honduras 30.1 29.7 29.9 30.0 31.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 32.1 32.1 32.1
St. Lucia 34.4 34.3 32.5 32.3 32.3
Tajikistan 32.1 32.5
Bolivia 32.7 32.7 33.0 33.1 33.4
Pakistan 33.8 33.6 33.7 33.8 34.2
Burkina Faso 35.1 35.0 34.9 34.8 34.7
Nicaragua 33.2 33.4 33.7 34.2 34.8
Zimbabwe 33.5 33.6 34.1 34.5 34.9
Puerto Rico 50.7 49.0 47.4 46.2 35.1
Grenada 38.2 38.2 35.3 35.3 35.3
Sri Lanka 37.3 37.3 37.3 37.4 37.0
Guam 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0
Philippines 37.2 37.4 37.4 37.3 37.1
Tanzania 38.4 38.4 38.4 38.2 38.3
Chad 38.3 38.4 38.4 38.4 38.4
Mauritania 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.5
Sierra Leone 39.1 39.1 39.1 39.0 38.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 37.9 37.8 38.7 39.2 39.4
Switzerland 40.7 40.6 40.5 40.4 40.3
Latvia 40.7 40.4
Andorra 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.4
Colombia 40.7 40.6 40.5 40.5 40.5
Malta 40.6 40.6 40.6 40.6 40.6
Croatia 43.0 40.6
Albania 40.5 40.9 41.1 41.1 41.1
Costa Rica 46.6 45.1 43.8 42.3 41.4
Armenia 41.1 41.5
Thailand 41.8 41.9 42.1 41.8 41.6
Guatemala 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 41.8
Austria 43.0 42.4 42.7 42.4 41.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 43.1 42.9
Portugal 43.8 43.3 42.8 42.4 43.3
Paraguay 43.1 43.2 43.3 43.7 43.7
Sao Tome and Principe 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8
Liechtenstein 50.0 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8
Barbados 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2
Tonga 44.4 44.4 44.4 44.4 44.4
Yemen, Rep. 44.5 44.7 44.8 44.5 44.9
Georgia 46.5 45.0
Malawi 44.2 44.7 45.8 45.3 45.3
Senegal 45.8 46.1 45.2 45.6 45.5
Kiribati 48.1 48.1 48.1 48.1 45.7
Botswana 45.9 45.9 45.7 45.6 45.8
Belarus 46.3 46.1
Angola 46.0 46.0 46.1 46.1 46.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 46.2 46.2 46.2 46.2 46.2
United States 46.6 46.6 46.6 46.4 46.2
Jamaica 44.0 44.0 44.0 44.0 46.4
Argentina 46.6 46.6 46.6 46.7 46.7
Namibia 47.0 47.0 47.0 47.0 47.0
Kenya 47.5 47.0 47.2 47.6 47.2
Germany 51.7 51.6 49.1 48.6 49.2
Slovak Republic 50.9
Macedonia, FYR 51.4 51.0
Turkey 51.8 51.6 52.1 51.8 51.9
Guinea-Bissau 51.1 51.5 51.5 51.5 52.2
Mauritius 55.2 54.7 54.2 53.7 52.7
Kyrgyz Republic 52.6 52.8
Lithuania 54.1 53.2
Sudan 51.7 51.7 51.8 52.2 53.3
Azerbaijan 53.4 53.6
Dominican Republic 54.7 52.8 53.2 53.8 53.8
Italy 57.3 57.3 54.6 54.3 54.1
Mexico 53.5 54.1 54.6 54.6 54.6
Gambia, The 57.9 57.9 58.5 55.1 55.0
China 53.2 53.9 54.5 54.8 55.2
France 56.1 55.9 55.7 55.5 55.3
Bulgaria 55.8 55.7 55.7 55.6 55.3
Czech Republic 55.4
Ghana 54.9 55.4 55.9 55.9 56.3
Haiti 58.0 57.9 57.9 57.1 57.1
Guinea 57.2 57.5 57.2 57.2 57.2
Afghanistan 58.3 58.3 58.3 58.3 58.1
Netherlands 59.4 59.4 59.0 58.8 58.9
Lebanon 59.0 59.1 59.2 59.2 59.2
Australia 60.8 60.5 60.3 60.7 59.9
Spain 61.5 61.0 60.8 60.6 60.1
Djibouti 56.1 56.0 57.6 59.1 60.4
New Zealand 61.7 61.5 61.2 60.6 60.5
Uganda 59.4 59.9 60.2 60.3 60.5
Tunisia 55.8 55.6 59.3 60.2 60.6
Togo 57.7 58.7 58.7 58.7 60.7
Mozambique 60.6 60.6 60.7 60.7 60.7
India 61.0 61.0 61.1 61.0 61.0
Poland 61.4 61.4 61.2 61.2 61.1
Cote d'Ivoire 59.2 59.5 59.6 60.4 61.3
West Bank and Gaza 62.6 62.3 61.8 61.5 61.5
Cuba 63.1 62.8 62.9 63.1 62.7
Madagascar 62.4 62.5 62.5 62.5 62.7
Ireland 82.1 82.0 64.5 64.1 63.9
Romania 64.3 64.4 64.5 64.5 64.5
Denmark 65.4 65.8 65.3 65.0 64.6
Uzbekistan 65.2 65.0
Tuvalu 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Marshall Islands 66.7 66.7 66.7
Hungary 72.1 72.0 71.9 68.3 68.2
Morocco 67.4 68.0 68.0 68.6 68.8
El Salvador 67.9 68.1 68.9 70.0 70.0
Rwanda 75.2 76.2 76.1 74.5 70.1
Somalia 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2
Swaziland 73.5 72.0 71.3 71.1 71.0
Greece 71.5 71.5 71.1 71.1 71.1
Nigeria 67.2 67.6 70.2 70.8 71.4
Comoros 68.8 68.8 71.5 71.5 71.5
Isle of Man 68.6 69.5 70.2 70.9 71.6
Ukraine 72.4 72.3
United Kingdom 75.7 75.2 75.0 74.7 72.5
Bangladesh 80.2 79.8 79.3 73.4 72.6
Eritrea 73.3
Syrian Arab Republic 73.4 73.4 73.5 74.1 74.2
Turkmenistan 75.2 75.4
Mongolia 80.8 80.9 81.2 79.6 76.7
Lesotho 75.9 76.4 76.5 76.9 76.9
Moldova 77.9 77.6
South Africa 78.6 78.8 79.1 79.5 79.9
Saudi Arabia 55.0 57.4 57.5 57.6 80.8
Kazakhstan 82.0 82.1
Burundi 82.0 82.2 82.2 82.6 82.7
Uruguay 84.7 84.7 84.7 84.8 84.8
Macao SAR, China
Kosovo
South Sudan
St. Martin (French part)
Belgium
Montenegro
Luxembourg
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Monaco
Serbia
Curacao

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