Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Suriname 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Greenland 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Bahamas, The 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Singapore 3.0 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Papua New Guinea 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0
Brunei Darussalam 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Solomon Islands 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6
Norway 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.7 2.7 2.9 3.3 3.3
Oman 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
United Arab Emirates 3.4 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.4
Qatar 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.6 5.6
Belize 5.5 5.7 6.0 6.3 6.3
Lao PDR 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.3
Canada 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Finland 7.9 8.0 7.9 7.8 7.9
Kuwait 7.9 7.9 7.9 8.0 8.0
Central African Republic 8.0 8.0 8.1 8.1 8.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1
Sweden 8.3 8.2 8.1 8.2 8.2
Northern Mariana Islands 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7
Seychelles 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7
Libya 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Guyana 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Bhutan 9.7 10.8 10.8 10.8 12.8
Palau 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Cayman Islands 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5
French Polynesia 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7
Equatorial Guinea 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9
Jordan 11.8 11.5 12.7 12.4 12.1
New Caledonia 12.7 12.5 12.6 12.6 12.6
Bahrain 11.6 11.6 12.7 12.7 12.7
Vanuatu 12.5 12.6 12.9 13.0 13.1
Russian Federation 13.5 13.4 13.3
Japan 15.6 15.5 15.4 15.3 15.2
Trinidad and Tobago 15.0 15.8 15.8 15.8 15.8
Myanmar 16.0 15.9 15.9 16.0 15.9
American Samoa 15.0 15.0 16.0 16.0 16.0
Algeria 16.2 16.2 16.3 16.3 16.6
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Cabo Verde 16.9 16.9 17.1 17.1 17.1
Peru 17.1 17.1 17.2 17.2 16.9
Cyprus 17.4 17.2 17.3 17.2 15.5
Samoa 19.1 19.1 18.4 18.4 18.0
Iceland 19.0 19.0 19.0 19.0 19.0
Cameroon 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Gabon 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Antigua and Barbuda 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5
Benin 20.1 20.2 20.4 20.6 21.3
Chile 21.4 21.2 20.9 20.8 20.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 20.9 21.0 21.0 21.2 22.0
Malaysia 20.8 20.9 21.0 21.2 21.5
Vietnam 20.7 20.7 21.6 21.8 21.9
Korea, Rep. 22.6 22.4 22.1 22.0 21.7
Timor-Leste 21.4 22.2 22.2 22.5 22.9
Iraq 21.1 22.0 21.8 22.6 21.4
Indonesia 24.9 22.9 22.8 23.2 23.2
Fiji 22.4 23.2 23.8 23.8 23.7
Dominica 24.0 24.0 24.0 24.0 24.0
Venezuela, RB 24.8 24.8 24.5 24.5 24.5
Cambodia 25.2 25.5 25.6 25.7 25.9
Liberia 25.9 26.0 26.0 26.0 26.0
Israel 26.8 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.8
Maldives 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7
Mali 26.3 26.3 26.4 27.2 28.9
Niger 26.1 26.9 27.6 27.6 27.6
Slovenia 28.0 27.8 27.3
Zambia 28.0 28.0 28.3 28.5 28.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 28.6 28.6 28.6 28.6 25.7
Ecuador 28.3 28.6 28.7 28.8 29.4
Panama 28.6 28.7 28.9 28.9 28.7
Nepal 29.0 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.2
Brazil 28.9 29.3 29.5 29.8 30.1
Ethiopia 51.1 51.0 51.0 30.5 30.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8
Congo, Rep. 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8
Estonia 32.4 31.1 26.0
Honduras 29.7 29.9 30.0 31.7 31.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 32.1 32.1 32.1 32.1
St. Lucia 34.3 32.5 32.3 32.3 32.0
Tajikistan 32.1 32.5 31.9
Bolivia 32.7 33.0 33.1 33.4 33.6
Pakistan 33.6 33.7 33.8 34.2 34.4
Burkina Faso 35.0 34.9 34.8 34.7 34.5
Nicaragua 33.4 33.7 34.2 34.8 35.1
Zimbabwe 33.6 34.1 34.5 34.9 35.5
Puerto Rico 49.0 47.4 46.2 35.1 34.8
Grenada 38.2 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3
Sri Lanka 37.3 37.3 37.4 37.0 37.0
Guam 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0
Philippines 37.4 37.4 37.3 37.1 36.9
Tanzania 38.4 38.4 38.2 38.3 38.3
Chad 38.4 38.4 38.4 38.4 38.5
Mauritania 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.5
Sierra Leone 39.1 39.1 39.0 38.9 38.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 37.8 38.7 39.2 39.4 39.4
Switzerland 40.6 40.5 40.4 40.3 40.1
Latvia 40.7 40.4 40.8
Andorra 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.4
Colombia 40.6 40.5 40.5 40.5 40.4
Malta 40.6 40.6 40.6 40.6 40.6
Croatia 43.0 40.6 41.4
Albania 40.9 41.1 41.1 41.1 41.1
Costa Rica 45.1 43.8 42.3 41.4 41.0
Armenia 41.1 41.5 42.1
Thailand 41.9 42.1 41.8 41.6 41.3
Guatemala 40.0 40.0 40.0 41.8 42.1
Austria 42.4 42.7 42.4 41.9 41.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 43.1 42.9 42.7
Portugal 43.3 42.8 42.4 43.3 43.2
Paraguay 43.2 43.3 43.7 43.7 40.4
Sao Tome and Principe 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8 45.8
Liechtenstein 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8
Barbados 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2
Tonga 44.4 44.4 44.4 44.4 44.4
Yemen, Rep. 44.7 44.8 44.5 44.9 44.9
Georgia 46.5 45.0 44.6
Malawi 44.7 45.8 45.3 45.3 43.2
Senegal 46.1 45.2 45.6 45.5 45.6
Kiribati 48.1 48.1 48.1 45.7 45.7
Botswana 45.9 45.7 45.6 45.8 45.9
Belarus 46.3 46.1 46.1
Angola 46.0 46.1 46.1 46.1 46.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 46.2 46.2 46.2 46.2 38.5
United States 46.6 46.6 46.4 46.2 46.0
Jamaica 44.0 44.0 44.0 46.4 46.2
Argentina 46.6 46.6 46.7 46.7 46.8
Namibia 47.0 47.0 47.0 47.0 47.1
Kenya 47.0 47.2 47.6 47.2 47.8
Germany 51.6 49.1 48.6 49.2 49.6
Slovak Republic 50.9 50.9
Macedonia, FYR 51.4 51.0 51.0
Turkey 51.6 52.1 51.8 51.9 52.2
Guinea-Bissau 51.5 51.5 51.5 52.2 52.5
Mauritius 54.7 54.2 53.7 52.7 51.7
Kyrgyz Republic 52.6 52.8 54.1
Lithuania 54.1 53.2 49.9
Sudan 51.7 51.8 52.2 53.3 53.9
Azerbaijan 53.4 53.6 53.9
Dominican Republic 52.8 53.2 53.8 53.8 53.8
Italy 57.3 54.6 54.3 54.1 53.4
Mexico 54.1 54.6 54.6 54.6 54.6
Gambia, The 57.9 58.5 55.1 55.0 55.0
China 53.9 54.5 54.8 55.2 55.7
France 55.9 55.7 55.5 55.3 55.2
Bulgaria 55.7 55.7 55.6 55.3 55.7
Czech Republic 55.4 55.4
Ghana 55.4 55.9 55.9 56.3 56.7
Haiti 57.9 57.9 57.1 57.1 57.9
Guinea 57.5 57.2 57.2 57.2 57.2
Afghanistan 58.3 58.3 58.3 58.1 57.9
Netherlands 59.4 59.0 58.8 58.9 58.4
Lebanon 59.1 59.2 59.2 59.2 59.3
Australia 60.5 60.3 60.7 59.9 61.1
Spain 61.0 60.8 60.6 60.1 60.4
Djibouti 56.0 57.6 59.1 60.4 60.4
New Zealand 61.5 61.2 60.6 60.5 57.4
Uganda 59.9 60.2 60.3 60.5 60.6
Tunisia 55.6 59.3 60.2 60.6 59.8
Togo 58.7 58.7 58.7 60.7 60.7
Mozambique 60.6 60.7 60.7 60.7 60.8
India 61.0 61.1 61.0 61.0 61.0
Poland 61.4 61.2 61.2 61.1 61.1
Cote d'Ivoire 59.5 59.6 60.4 61.3 61.9
West Bank and Gaza 62.3 61.8 61.5 61.5 61.5
Cuba 62.8 62.9 63.1 62.7 62.3
Madagascar 62.5 62.5 62.5 62.7 62.7
Ireland 82.0 64.5 64.1 63.9 63.7
Romania 64.4 64.5 64.5 64.5 64.5
Denmark 65.8 65.3 65.0 64.6 63.4
Uzbekistan 65.2 65.0 65.0
Tuvalu 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Marshall Islands 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Hungary 72.0 71.9 68.3 68.2 68.1
Morocco 68.0 68.0 68.6 68.8 69.4
El Salvador 68.1 68.9 70.0 70.0 70.2
Rwanda 76.2 76.1 74.5 70.1 60.2
Somalia 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2
Swaziland 72.0 71.3 71.1 71.0 71.0
Greece 71.5 71.1 71.1 71.1 71.1
Nigeria 67.6 70.2 70.8 71.4 72.7
Comoros 68.8 71.5 71.5 71.5 71.5
Isle of Man 69.5 70.2 70.9 71.6 72.5
Ukraine 72.4 72.3 72.3
United Kingdom 75.2 75.0 74.7 72.5 72.0
Bangladesh 79.8 79.3 73.4 72.6 71.9
Eritrea 73.3 73.3
Syrian Arab Republic 73.4 73.5 74.1 74.2 75.0
Turkmenistan 75.2 75.4 75.4
Mongolia 80.9 81.2 79.6 76.7 76.3
Lesotho 76.4 76.5 76.9 76.9 76.7
Moldova 77.9 77.6 77.6
South Africa 78.8 79.1 79.5 79.9 80.2
Saudi Arabia 57.4 57.5 57.6 80.8 80.8
Kazakhstan 82.0 82.1 82.1
Burundi 82.2 82.2 82.6 82.7 80.7
Uruguay 84.7 84.7 84.8 84.8 84.8
Macao SAR, China
Kosovo
South Sudan
St. Martin (French part)
Belgium
Montenegro
Luxembourg
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Monaco
Serbia
Curacao

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