Country name 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Suriname 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Greenland 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Bahamas, The 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Singapore 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Papua New Guinea 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1
Brunei Darussalam 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 1.9
Faroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Solomon Islands 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6
Norway 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.8 3.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.7 3.0 3.3 3.3 3.3
Oman 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
United Arab Emirates 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.4 4.6
Qatar 5.3 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.6
Bermuda 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 8.0
Belize 5.7 6.0 6.3 6.3 6.4
Lao PDR 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.4
Canada 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5
Finland 8.0 7.9 7.8 7.9 7.4
Kuwait 7.9 7.9 8.0 8.0 8.0
Central African Republic 8.0 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 7.6
Sweden 8.2 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.0
Seychelles 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7
Northern Mariana Islands 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7
Libya 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Guyana 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Bhutan 10.8 10.8 10.8 12.8 14.2
Palau 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Cayman Islands 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.4
French Polynesia 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7
Equatorial Guinea 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9 11.9
Jordan 11.5 12.7 12.4 12.1 12.6
New Caledonia 12.5 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.7
Bahrain 11.6 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7
Vanuatu 12.6 12.9 13.0 13.1 13.5
Russian Federation 13.5 13.4 13.3 13.2
Japan 15.5 15.4 15.3 15.2 14.9
Trinidad and Tobago 15.8 15.8 15.8 15.8 14.8
Myanmar 15.9 15.9 16.0 15.9 16.0
American Samoa 15.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 17.5
Algeria 16.2 16.3 16.3 16.6 16.6
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Cabo Verde 16.9 17.1 17.1 17.1 17.4
Peru 17.1 17.2 17.2 16.9 17.1
Cyprus 17.2 17.3 17.2 15.5 15.5
Samoa 19.1 18.4 18.4 18.0 18.0
Iceland 19.0 19.0 19.0 19.0 18.9
Cameroon 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4
Gabon 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Antigua and Barbuda 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5
Benin 20.2 20.4 20.6 21.3 22.3
Chile 21.2 20.9 20.8 20.8 20.6
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 21.0 21.0 21.2 22.0 22.0
Malaysia 20.9 21.0 21.2 21.5 21.5
Vietnam 20.7 21.6 21.8 21.9 21.7
Korea, Rep. 22.4 22.1 22.0 21.7 21.2
Timor-Leste 22.2 22.2 22.5 22.9 22.9
Iraq 22.0 21.8 22.6 21.4 20.8
Indonesia 22.9 22.8 23.2 23.2 23.7
Fiji 23.2 23.8 23.8 23.7 24.1
Dominica 24.0 24.0 24.0 24.0 22.7
Venezuela, RB 24.8 24.5 24.5 24.5 24.5
Cambodia 25.5 25.6 25.7 25.9 25.9
Liberia 26.0 26.0 26.0 26.0 26.0
Israel 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.8 26.5
Maldives 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7 26.7
Mali 26.3 26.4 27.2 28.9 29.0
Niger 26.9 27.6 27.6 27.6 28.4
Slovenia 28.0 27.8 27.3 26.7
Zambia 28.0 28.3 28.5 28.9 28.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 28.6 28.6 28.6 25.7 22.9
Ecuador 28.6 28.7 28.8 29.4 29.3
Panama 28.7 28.9 28.9 28.7 28.7
Nepal 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.2 29.3
Brazil 29.3 29.5 29.8 30.1 30.9
Ethiopia 51.0 51.0 30.5 30.5 30.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8
Congo, Rep. 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8
Estonia 32.4 31.1 26.0 23.4
Honduras 29.9 30.0 31.7 31.5 31.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 32.1 32.1 32.1 32.1 32.1
St. Lucia 32.5 32.3 32.3 32.0 29.5
Tajikistan 32.1 32.5 31.9 32.7
Bolivia 33.0 33.1 33.4 33.6 33.8
Burkina Faso 34.9 34.8 34.7 34.5 34.5
Nicaragua 33.7 34.2 34.8 35.1 37.8
Zimbabwe 34.1 34.5 34.9 35.5 35.8
Puerto Rico 47.4 46.2 35.1 34.8 34.8
Grenada 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3
Tanzania 36.6 36.6 36.8 37.1 37.5
Sri Lanka 37.3 37.4 37.0 37.0 37.1
Guam 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0
Philippines 37.4 37.3 37.1 36.9 36.9
Chad 38.4 38.4 38.4 38.5 38.5
Mauritania 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.6
Sierra Leone 39.1 39.0 38.9 38.9 38.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 38.7 39.2 39.4 39.4 39.4
Switzerland 40.5 40.4 40.3 40.1 40.0
Latvia 40.7 40.4 40.8 29.5
Andorra 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.4 40.4
Colombia 40.5 40.5 40.5 40.4 40.1
Malta 40.6 40.6 40.6 40.6 34.4
Croatia 43.0 40.6 41.4 41.7
Albania 41.1 41.1 41.1 41.1 41.1
Costa Rica 43.8 42.3 41.4 41.0 40.1
Armenia 41.1 41.5 42.1 43.7
Thailand 42.1 41.8 41.6 41.3 41.5
Austria 42.6 42.3 41.8 41.8 41.6
Guatemala 40.0 40.0 41.8 42.1 42.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 43.0 42.8 42.6 42.5
Portugal 42.8 42.4 43.3 43.2 42.9
Paraguay 43.3 43.7 43.7 40.4 41.4
Sao Tome and Principe 43.8 43.8 43.8 45.8 46.9
Liechtenstein 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8 43.8
Barbados 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2 44.2
Tonga 44.4 44.4 44.4 44.4 45.8
Yemen, Rep. 44.8 44.5 44.9 44.9 45.0
Georgia 46.5 45.0 44.6 43.9
Malawi 45.8 45.3 45.3 43.2 45.4
Kiribati 48.1 48.1 45.7 45.7 45.7
Botswana 45.7 45.6 45.8 45.9 45.8
Senegal 45.2 45.6 45.8 46.3 45.8
Belarus 46.3 46.1 46.1 46.0
Angola 46.1 46.1 46.1 46.1 46.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 46.2 46.2 46.2 38.5 38.5
United States 46.6 46.4 46.2 46.0 45.9
Pakistan 45.8 45.9 46.4 46.4 46.7
Jamaica 44.0 44.0 46.4 46.2 45.9
Argentina 46.6 46.7 46.7 46.8 46.8
Namibia 47.0 47.0 47.0 47.1 47.2
Kenya 47.2 47.6 47.2 47.8 47.8
Germany 49.1 48.6 49.2 49.6 49.7
Slovak Republic 50.9 50.9 50.9
Macedonia, FYR 51.4 51.0 51.0 50.6
Turkey 52.1 51.8 51.9 52.2 51.3
Guinea-Bissau 51.5 51.5 52.2 52.5 52.8
Dominican Republic 52.7 52.7 52.7 52.7 53.3
Mauritius 54.2 53.7 52.7 51.7 51.2
Kyrgyz Republic 52.6 52.8 54.1 54.4
Lithuania 54.1 53.2 49.9 54.4
Sudan 51.8 52.2 53.3 53.9 54.6
Azerbaijan 53.4 53.6 53.9 53.9
Italy 54.6 54.3 54.1 53.4 52.1
Mexico 54.6 54.6 54.6 54.6 54.6
Gambia, The 58.5 55.1 55.0 55.0 55.0
China 54.5 54.8 55.2 55.7 55.7
France 55.7 55.5 55.3 55.2 55.1
Bulgaria 55.7 55.6 55.3 55.7 55.7
Czech Republic 55.4 55.4 55.4
Ghana 55.9 55.9 56.3 56.7 57.6
Haiti 57.9 57.1 57.1 57.9 57.7
Guinea 57.2 57.2 57.2 57.2 57.1
Afghanistan 58.3 58.3 58.1 57.9 57.8
Netherlands 59.0 58.8 58.9 58.4 58.2
Lebanon 59.2 59.2 59.2 59.3 59.5
Australia 60.3 60.7 59.9 61.1 60.3
Spain 60.8 60.6 60.1 60.4 59.5
Djibouti 57.6 59.1 60.4 60.4 62.6
New Zealand 61.2 60.6 60.5 57.4 56.9
Uganda 60.2 60.3 60.5 60.6 60.7
Tunisia 59.3 60.2 60.6 59.8 60.2
Togo 58.7 58.7 60.7 60.7 60.7
Mozambique 60.7 60.7 60.7 60.8 60.9
India 61.1 61.0 61.0 61.0 60.9
Poland 61.2 61.2 61.1 61.1 60.8
Cote d'Ivoire 59.6 60.4 61.3 61.9 62.3
West Bank and Gaza 61.8 61.5 61.5 61.5 62.5
Comoros 61.3 61.8 61.8 64.5 65.6
Cuba 62.9 63.1 62.7 62.3 62.2
Madagascar 62.5 62.5 62.7 62.7 62.7
Ireland 64.5 64.1 63.9 63.7 63.7
Romania 64.5 64.5 64.5 64.5 64.5
Denmark 65.3 65.0 64.6 63.4 64.2
Uzbekistan 65.2 65.0 65.0 65.0
Tuvalu 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Marshall Islands 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Hungary 71.9 68.3 68.2 68.1 68.8
Morocco 68.0 68.6 68.8 69.4 68.9
El Salvador 68.9 70.0 70.0 70.2 70.2
Rwanda 76.1 74.5 70.1 60.2 60.2
Somalia 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2
Swaziland 71.3 71.1 71.0 71.0 71.0
Greece 71.1 71.1 71.1 71.1 71.1
Nigeria 70.2 70.8 71.4 72.7 75.1
Isle of Man 70.2 70.9 71.6 72.5 73.2
Ukraine 72.4 72.3 72.3 72.2
United Kingdom 75.0 74.7 72.5 72.0 71.8
Bangladesh 79.3 73.4 72.6 71.9 72.0
Eritrea 73.3 73.3 73.3
Syrian Arab Republic 73.5 74.1 74.2 75.0 75.0
Turkmenistan 75.2 75.4 75.4 75.5
Mongolia 81.2 79.6 76.7 76.3 76.3
Lesotho 76.5 76.9 76.9 76.7 76.5
Moldova 77.9 77.6 77.6 77.6
South Africa 79.1 79.5 79.9 80.2 80.4
Saudi Arabia 57.5 57.6 80.8 80.8 80.8
Kazakhstan 82.0 82.1 82.1 80.4
Burundi 82.2 82.6 82.7 80.7 79.3
Uruguay 85.3 85.3 85.3 85.3 85.4
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao
South Sudan
Serbia
Monaco
Macao SAR, China
St. Martin (French part)
Belgium
Montenegro
Luxembourg

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