Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Greenland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Djibouti 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oman 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kuwait 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Mauritania 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Suriname 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4
United Arab Emirates 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Papua New Guinea 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Solomon Islands 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4
New Caledonia 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
French Polynesia 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Brunei Darussalam 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Qatar 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8
Botswana 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Bahamas, The 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Namibia 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Cayman Islands 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Mongolia 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9
Libya 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Gabon 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Saudi Arabia 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4
Iceland 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Congo, Rep. 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Somalia 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Vanuatu 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Mali 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Bolivia 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Belize 2.0 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.2
Sao Tome and Principe 1.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Andorra 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Seychelles 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Angola 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Norway 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.4
Guyana 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Kiribati 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Chad 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Yemen, Rep. 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Peru 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.7
Bahrain 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Algeria 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Singapore 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Central African Republic 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.1
Bhutan 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0
Jordan 2.4 3.1 3.1 3.4 3.5
Malaysia 3.0 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
Zambia 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.6
Colombia 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3
Lao PDR 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
Venezuela, RB 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.5
Guam 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7
Liberia 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.2
Mozambique 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3
Chile 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.1 4.1
Madagascar 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6
Equatorial Guinea 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6
Paraguay 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.1
Canada 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
American Samoa 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Sudan 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.4
St. Lucia 5.7 5.4 5.4 4.9 4.9
Costa Rica 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.5
Ecuador 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.9
Brazil 5.6 5.7 5.9 5.9 6.0
Australia 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1
Samoa 6.0 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.4
Panama 6.2 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.5
Fiji 6.0 6.6 6.6 7.1 7.7
Sierra Leone 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.7
Timor-Leste 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Trinidad and Tobago 7.4 6.8 6.8 6.8 7.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Sweden 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0
Zimbabwe 6.9 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3
Uruguay 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.2
Puerto Rico 7.4 7.1 7.2 7.1 8.7
Finland 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.5 7.4
Cote d'Ivoire 7.2 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.6
Niger 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.5 7.5
Dominica 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 6.7
Kenya 6.5 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.6
Grenada 8.8 8.8 8.8 5.9 5.9
Guinea-Bissau 10.1 10.3 8.9 8.5 8.2
Swaziland 9.8 9.0 9.0 9.5 10.3
Antigua and Barbuda 6.8 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 9.0 9.1 9.3 9.5 9.6
Cabo Verde 9.4 9.4 9.4 9.4 9.9
Mexico 9.4 9.6 9.4 9.9 10.1
Lesotho 9.8 10.0 9.5 10.7 11.2
New Zealand 9.7 9.6 9.8 9.9 9.6
Argentina 9.9 9.9 9.9 9.8 9.6
Maldives 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Nicaragua 10.0 10.1 10.1 10.4 10.6
Tanzania 9.0 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2
Switzerland 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.1 10.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3
South Africa 10.2 10.2 10.4 10.3 10.4
Ethiopia 10.9 10.8 10.5 10.3 10.1
Ghana 10.1 10.5 10.5 11.0 11.4
Jamaica 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6
Burkina Faso 10.7 10.9 11.1 11.2 12.8
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Indonesia 9.9 10.8 11.1 11.7 11.7
Cyprus 12.4 11.1 11.2 11.2 11.2
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 14.3 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.4
Guinea 12.2 12.1 12.0 11.9 11.8
Iraq 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.1
Afghanistan 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1
Guatemala 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1
Cameroon 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.6
China 12.1 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.9
Honduras 13.1 13.0 13.0 12.9 12.8
Japan 13.3 13.2 13.2 13.2 13.2
Benin 13.9 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3
Sri Lanka 13.9 14.0 14.1 14.3 14.3
Ireland 15.1 14.9 14.6 14.2 14.9
Myanmar 14.7 14.7 14.7 14.6 14.6
Cambodia 11.6 13.0 14.7 17.0 19.5
Israel 15.2 15.1 15.6 15.7 15.7
Nepal 16.1 16.1 16.1 16.2 16.2
Senegal 16.2 16.2 16.1 16.1 16.1
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Vietnam 17.9 17.3 17.1 17.0 16.8
Austria 17.5 17.6 17.5 17.5 17.7
Gambia, The 16.7 16.7 17.5 18.2 19.7
Morocco 17.6 17.7 17.8 18.3 18.3
West Bank and Gaza 17.9 17.8 17.9 18.1 18.3
Philippines 17.7 17.9 18.1 18.2 18.2
Korea, Dem. Rep. 19.0 19.0 19.0 19.0 19.0
Tunisia 20.1 19.8 19.5 19.2 18.9
Lebanon 20.3 19.9 19.6 18.4 18.2
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
United States 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.3 20.3
Korea, Rep. 20.9 20.8 20.8 20.8 20.7
Albania 21.5 21.5 21.5 21.5 21.5
Tonga 22.2 22.2 22.2 22.2 22.2
Dominican Republic 22.2 22.2 22.2 20.5 20.5
Greece 22.7 22.4 22.3 22.3 22.2
Malawi 21.7 21.7 22.8 22.8 22.8
Netherlands 24.2 24.5 25.0 25.5 25.7
Liechtenstein 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0
Uganda 24.0 24.5 25.0 25.0 25.0
El Salvador 23.2 24.1 25.1 25.1 26.1
Portugal 26.3 26.2 26.2 26.1 26.0
Pakistan 25.9 26.2 26.3 26.6 27.8
Syrian Arab Republic 27.8 27.4 27.3 27.1 26.2
Haiti 28.3 28.3 28.3 28.3 28.3
United Kingdom 28.6 28.9 28.7 28.7 28.5
Cuba 28.9 29.5 30.3 31.0 31.5
Nigeria 23.1 25.3 30.6 30.6 30.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8
Italy 30.9 30.8 30.9 30.8 30.5
Spain 31.3 31.2 31.2 31.2 31.2
Turkey 31.8 32.0 31.9 32.4 32.2
France 32.5 32.7 32.9 33.2 32.5
Rwanda 33.2 33.5 33.8 34.1 34.4
Germany 34.2 34.2 34.3 34.2 34.2
Bulgaria 34.4 34.4 34.5 34.6 34.7
Thailand 34.1 34.6 34.9 35.1 34.7
Burundi 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2
Isle of Man 37.4 37.0 36.7 36.3 36.0
Togo 36.8 36.8 36.8 37.1 37.7
Barbados 37.2 37.2 37.2 37.2 37.2
Malta 37.5 37.5 37.5 37.5 37.5
Comoros 40.3 40.8 41.4 41.4 41.4
Romania 43.1 43.3 43.4 43.8 43.9
Poland 47.5 47.4 47.3 47.3 47.2
Mauritius 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3
India 55.0 55.0 55.0 54.9 54.8
Hungary 55.9 56.0 56.1 56.2 56.2
Denmark 61.6 61.4 61.2 60.8 60.4
Bangladesh 70.6 70.3 70.4 70.9 73.3
Montenegro
Lithuania
Kazakhstan
Luxembourg
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Uzbekistan
Estonia
Croatia
Eritrea
Georgia
Macao SAR, China
Moldova
Macedonia, FYR
Belgium
Latvia
Marshall Islands
Serbia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Kyrgyz Republic
Turkmenistan
Kosovo
Tuvalu
Tajikistan
Ukraine
Curacao
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Russian Federation
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Slovenia
Monaco
Slovak Republic
Belarus
Azerbaijan
Czech Republic
Palau
Armenia
South Sudan

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