Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Greenland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Djibouti 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oman 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kuwait 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Mauritania 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
United Arab Emirates 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Solomon Islands 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4
Suriname 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4
Papua New Guinea 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
New Caledonia 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
French Polynesia 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Brunei Darussalam 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Botswana 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Qatar 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8
Bahamas, The 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Namibia 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Cayman Islands 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Mongolia 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9
Libya 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Gabon 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Iceland 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Saudi Arabia 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4
Congo, Rep. 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Somalia 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Vanuatu 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Mali 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Bolivia 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Sao Tome and Principe 1.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Andorra 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Belize 2.0 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.2
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Seychelles 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Angola 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Guyana 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Kiribati 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Chad 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Yemen, Rep. 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Peru 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.7
Norway 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9
Bahrain 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Algeria 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0
Singapore 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Central African Republic 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.1
Bhutan 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0
Jordan 2.4 3.1 3.1 3.4 3.5
Lao PDR 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
Colombia 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3
Zambia 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.6
Venezuela, RB 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.5
Guam 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7
Liberia 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.2
Chile 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.1 4.1
Mozambique 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3
Malaysia 3.7 3.9 4.1 4.3 4.6
Madagascar 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6
Equatorial Guinea 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6
Canada 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
American Samoa 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Paraguay 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.1
Sudan 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.4
Costa Rica 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.5
Ecuador 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.9
Brazil 5.6 5.6 5.8 5.9 5.9
Grenada 8.8 8.8 8.8 5.9 5.9
Australia 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1
Samoa 6.0 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.4
Panama 6.2 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.5
Timor-Leste 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Sierra Leone 6.6 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.8
Trinidad and Tobago 7.4 6.8 6.8 6.8 7.0
Sweden 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0
Puerto Rico 7.4 7.1 7.2 7.1 8.7
Fiji 6.0 6.6 6.6 7.1 7.7
Zimbabwe 6.9 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3
Uruguay 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.2
Niger 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.5 7.5
Finland 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.5 7.4
Cote d'Ivoire 7.2 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.6
Dominica 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 6.7
Kenya 6.5 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.6
St. Lucia 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2
Guinea-Bissau 10.1 10.3 8.9 8.5 8.2
Antigua and Barbuda 6.8 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1
Cabo Verde 9.4 9.4 9.4 9.4 9.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 9.0 9.1 9.3 9.5 9.6
Swaziland 9.8 9.0 9.0 9.5 10.3
Switzerland 9.8 9.8 9.8 9.8 9.8
Argentina 9.9 9.9 9.9 9.8 9.6
New Zealand 9.7 9.6 9.8 9.9 9.6
Maldives 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Tanzania 9.0 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3
Ethiopia 10.9 10.8 10.5 10.3 10.1
South Africa 10.2 10.2 10.4 10.3 10.4
Nicaragua 10.0 10.1 10.1 10.4 10.6
Jamaica 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6
Lesotho 9.8 10.0 9.5 10.7 11.2
Ghana 10.1 10.5 10.5 11.0 11.4
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Cyprus 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.3
Burkina Faso 10.7 10.8 11.0 11.2 12.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 14.3 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.4
Indonesia 9.9 10.8 11.1 11.7 11.7
Guinea 12.2 12.1 12.0 11.9 11.8
Iraq 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.1
Afghanistan 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1
Guatemala 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1
Mexico 11.9 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3
Cameroon 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.6
Honduras 13.1 13.0 13.0 12.9 12.8
China 12.0 13.0 13.0 13.0 13.1
Japan 13.3 13.2 13.2 13.2 13.2
Benin 13.9 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3
Ireland 15.1 14.9 14.6 14.2 14.9
Sri Lanka 13.9 14.0 14.1 14.3 14.3
Myanmar 14.7 14.7 14.7 14.6 14.6
Israel 15.2 15.1 15.6 15.7 15.7
Nepal 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0
Senegal 16.2 16.2 16.1 16.1 16.1
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Vietnam 17.9 17.3 17.1 17.0 16.8
Cambodia 11.6 13.0 14.7 17.0 19.5
Austria 17.5 17.6 17.5 17.5 17.7
West Bank and Gaza 17.9 17.8 17.9 18.1 18.3
Philippines 17.7 17.9 18.1 18.2 18.2
Gambia, The 16.7 16.7 17.5 18.2 19.7
Morocco 17.6 17.7 17.8 18.3 18.3
Lebanon 20.3 19.9 19.6 18.4 18.2
Korea, Dem. Rep. 19.0 19.0 19.0 19.0 19.0
Tunisia 20.1 19.8 19.5 19.2 18.9
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
United States 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.3 20.3
Korea, Rep. 20.4 20.3 20.3 20.3 20.2
Dominican Republic 22.2 22.2 22.2 20.5 20.5
Albania 21.5 21.5 21.5 21.5 21.5
Tonga 22.2 22.2 22.2 22.2 22.2
Greece 22.7 22.4 22.3 22.3 22.2
Malawi 21.7 21.7 22.8 22.8 22.8
Liechtenstein 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0
Uganda 24.0 24.5 25.0 25.0 25.0
El Salvador 23.2 24.1 25.1 25.1 26.1
Netherlands 24.2 24.5 25.0 25.5 25.7
Portugal 26.3 26.2 26.2 26.1 26.0
Pakistan 25.9 26.2 26.3 26.6 27.8
Syrian Arab Republic 27.8 27.4 27.3 27.1 26.2
Haiti 28.3 28.3 28.3 28.3 28.3
United Kingdom 28.6 28.9 28.7 28.7 28.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8
Italy 30.9 30.8 30.9 30.8 30.5
Cuba 28.9 29.5 30.3 31.0 31.5
Spain 31.3 31.2 31.2 31.2 31.2
Nigeria 31.1 31.3 31.6 31.8 32.0
Turkey 31.8 32.0 31.9 32.4 32.2
France 32.5 32.7 32.9 33.2 32.5
Rwanda 33.2 33.5 33.8 34.1 34.4
Germany 34.2 34.2 34.3 34.2 34.2
Bulgaria 34.4 34.4 34.5 34.6 34.7
Thailand 34.1 34.6 34.9 35.1 34.7
Burundi 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2
Isle of Man 37.4 37.0 36.7 36.3 36.0
Togo 36.8 36.8 36.8 37.1 37.7
Barbados 37.2 37.2 37.2 37.2 37.2
Malta 37.5 37.5 37.5 37.5 37.5
Comoros 40.3 40.8 41.4 41.4 41.4
Romania 43.1 43.3 43.4 43.8 43.9
Poland 47.7 47.7 47.6 47.6 47.5
Mauritius 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3 49.3
India 54.9 54.9 54.9 54.9 54.8
Hungary 55.9 56.0 56.1 56.2 56.2
Denmark 61.6 61.4 61.2 60.8 60.4
Bangladesh 70.6 70.3 70.4 70.9 73.3
Uzbekistan
Hong Kong SAR, China
Kyrgyz Republic
Slovak Republic
Latvia
Serbia
Estonia
South Sudan
St. Martin (French part)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Eritrea
Marshall Islands
Lithuania
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Luxembourg
Belgium
Georgia
Macedonia, FYR
Montenegro
Northern Mariana Islands
Armenia
Turkmenistan
Kazakhstan
Tuvalu
Tajikistan
Ukraine
Macao SAR, China
Russian Federation
Kosovo
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Croatia
Moldova
Slovenia
Belarus
Czech Republic
Curacao
Azerbaijan
Palau
Monaco

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