Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Greenland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Djibouti 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oman 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kuwait 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Mauritania 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4
United Arab Emirates 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4
Solomon Islands 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Suriname 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Papua New Guinea 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
New Caledonia 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
French Polynesia 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Brunei Darussalam 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4
Botswana 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Qatar 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9
Bahamas, The 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Namibia 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Cayman Islands 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Mongolia 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Libya 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Gabon 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Iceland 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Saudi Arabia 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6
Congo, Rep. 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
Somalia 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Vanuatu 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Mali 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Bolivia 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Sao Tome and Principe 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Andorra 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 4.3
Belize 1.9 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Seychelles 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Angola 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Norway 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Guyana 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Kiribati 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Chad 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6
Yemen, Rep. 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.9
Peru 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Bahrain 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9
Algeria 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Singapore 3.0 3.0 3.0 1.5 1.5
Central African Republic 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Bhutan 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.8 2.9
Malaysia 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Jordan 3.1 3.4 3.5 3.3 2.0
Lao PDR 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5
Colombia 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.1 3.0
Zambia 3.3 3.5 3.6 4.1 3.9
Venezuela, RB 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.2 3.2
Guam 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7
Liberia 4.0 4.0 4.2 4.2 3.6
Chile 4.5 4.1 4.1 4.1 3.8
Mozambique 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.4
Madagascar 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.7
Equatorial Guinea 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6
St. Lucia 5.4 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8
Canada 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
American Samoa 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Paraguay 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3
Sudan 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.4
Costa Rica 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.1 5.1
Ecuador 5.8 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.8
Grenada 8.8 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Brazil 5.9 5.9 6.0 6.0 6.1
Bermuda 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Australia 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.2
Samoa 6.1 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.7
Panama 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7
Sierra Leone 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Timor-Leste 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 7.4
Trinidad and Tobago 6.8 6.8 7.0 7.0 7.0
Sweden 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 7.1 7.1 7.1 6.1 6.1
Puerto Rico 7.2 7.1 8.7 7.9 7.3
Fiji 6.6 7.1 7.7 8.2 8.8
Zimbabwe 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5
Uruguay 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.1
Finland 7.4 7.5 7.4 7.4 7.4
Niger 7.7 7.5 7.5 7.6 8.7
Cote d'Ivoire 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6
Dominica 8.0 8.0 6.7 6.7 6.7
Kenya 8.1 8.2 8.6 9.3 8.8
Guinea-Bissau 8.9 8.5 8.2 8.5 8.9
Antigua and Barbuda 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1
Cabo Verde 9.4 9.4 9.9 9.9 10.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 9.3 9.5 9.6 9.5 9.3
Swaziland 9.0 9.5 10.3 11.2 10.5
Argentina 9.9 9.8 9.6 9.7 9.7
Mexico 9.4 9.9 10.1 10.6 11.2
New Zealand 9.8 9.9 9.6 9.6 10.0
Maldives 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Switzerland 10.2 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.2
Tanzania 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3
Ethiopia 10.5 10.3 10.1 9.9 9.8
South Africa 10.4 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6
Nicaragua 10.1 10.4 10.6 10.8 10.8
Jamaica 10.6 10.6 10.6 11.1 11.0
Lesotho 9.5 10.7 11.2 9.9 10.4
Ghana 10.5 11.0 11.4 11.4 11.9
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Cyprus 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.3 11.4
Burkina Faso 11.1 11.2 12.8 12.9 12.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.4
Indonesia 11.1 11.7 11.7 11.5 11.2
Guinea 12.0 11.9 11.8 11.7 11.6
Iraq 12.0 12.0 12.1 11.4 11.4
Afghanistan 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1
Guatemala 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1
Cameroon 12.5 12.5 12.6 12.6 12.6
China 12.8 12.8 12.9 13.0 13.2
Honduras 13.0 12.9 12.8 12.9 13.1
Japan 13.2 13.2 13.2 13.1 13.1
Benin 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.3
Ireland 14.6 14.2 14.9 15.3 15.1
Sri Lanka 14.1 14.3 14.3 14.4 14.4
Myanmar 14.7 14.6 14.6 14.6 14.6
Israel 15.6 15.7 15.7 15.6 15.9
Senegal 16.1 16.1 16.1 16.1 16.1
Nepal 16.1 16.2 16.2 16.2 16.2
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Vietnam 17.1 17.0 16.8 16.6 16.4
Cambodia 14.7 17.0 19.5 20.9 20.9
Austria 17.4 17.4 17.7 17.7 17.3
West Bank and Gaza 17.9 18.1 18.3 18.4 18.1
Philippines 18.1 18.2 18.2 18.3 18.4
Gambia, The 17.5 18.2 19.7 17.9 18.5
Morocco 17.8 18.3 18.3 18.9 19.5
Lebanon 19.6 18.4 18.2 18.0 17.9
Korea, Dem. Rep. 19.0 19.0 19.0 19.0 19.0
Tunisia 19.5 19.2 18.9 18.7 18.7
United States 20.5 20.3 20.3 20.3 20.3
Dominican Republic 22.2 20.5 20.5 20.6 18.6
Korea, Rep. 20.8 20.8 20.7 20.5 20.2
Albania 21.5 21.5 21.5 21.2 21.1
Tonga 22.2 22.2 22.2 22.2 22.2
Greece 22.3 22.3 22.2 22.4 22.5
Malawi 22.8 22.8 22.8 23.3 23.9
Liechtenstein 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0
Uganda 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0
El Salvador 25.1 25.1 26.1 26.1 26.5
Netherlands 25.0 25.5 25.7 25.9 26.0
Portugal 26.2 26.1 26.0 26.0 25.6
Syrian Arab Republic 27.3 27.1 26.2 26.1 26.6
Haiti 28.3 28.3 28.3 28.3 28.3
United Kingdom 28.7 28.7 28.5 27.7 27.4
Nigeria 30.6 30.6 30.9 30.8 30.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8
Italy 30.9 30.8 30.5 30.6 30.6
Cuba 30.3 31.0 31.5 31.7 31.6
Spain 31.2 31.2 31.2 31.1 30.7
Turkey 31.9 32.4 32.2 32.3 32.0
France 32.9 33.2 32.5 32.3 32.5
Rwanda 33.8 34.1 34.4 34.5 35.7
Germany 34.3 34.2 34.2 34.2 34.3
Bulgaria 34.5 34.6 34.7 34.8 34.9
Comoros 34.9 34.9 34.9 34.9 34.9
Thailand 34.9 35.1 34.7 34.4 34.2
Burundi 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2
Isle of Man 36.7 36.3 36.0 35.6 35.3
Togo 36.8 37.1 37.7 37.7 38.6
Barbados 37.2 37.2 37.2 37.2 37.2
Malta 37.5 37.5 37.5 37.5 37.5
Pakistan 39.1 40.5 38.8 39.4 38.6
Romania 43.4 43.8 43.9 41.2 41.2
Poland 47.3 47.3 47.2 47.1 47.0
Mauritius 49.3 49.3 49.3 48.8 48.3
India 55.0 54.9 54.8 55.0 55.0
Hungary 56.1 56.2 56.2 56.2 56.2
Denmark 61.2 60.8 60.4 60.0 60.4
Bangladesh 70.4 70.9 73.3 73.4 72.6
Luxembourg
Moldova
Macao SAR, China
Tuvalu
Georgia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
St. Martin (French part)
Estonia
Turkmenistan
Eritrea
Ukraine
Macedonia, FYR
Russian Federation
Palau
Belarus
Northern Mariana Islands
Lithuania
Czech Republic
Montenegro
Kyrgyz Republic
Latvia
Tajikistan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Curacao
Serbia
Slovak Republic
Monaco
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Uzbekistan
Slovenia
Belgium
Azerbaijan
Kazakhstan
Marshall Islands
Croatia
Armenia
South Sudan

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