Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Greenland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Djibouti 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oman 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kuwait 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
United Arab Emirates 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4
Mauritania 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4
Solomon Islands 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Suriname 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Papua New Guinea 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
New Caledonia 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
French Polynesia 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Brunei Darussalam 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4
Botswana 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Qatar 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9
Bahamas, The 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Namibia 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Cayman Islands 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Mongolia 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Libya 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Gabon 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Iceland 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Saudi Arabia 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6
Congo, Rep. 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
Somalia 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Vanuatu 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Mali 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Bolivia 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Sao Tome and Principe 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Andorra 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 4.3
Faroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Seychelles 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Belize 1.9 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Angola 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Norway 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Guyana 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Kiribati 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Chad 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6
Yemen, Rep. 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.9
Peru 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
Bahrain 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9
Algeria 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Singapore 3.0 3.0 3.0 1.5 1.5
Bhutan 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.8 2.9
Central African Republic 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Malaysia 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Colombia 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.1 3.0
Lao PDR 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5
Jordan 3.1 3.4 3.5 3.3 2.0
Venezuela, RB 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.2 3.2
Zambia 3.3 3.5 3.6 4.1 3.9
Guam 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7
Chile 4.5 4.1 4.1 4.1 3.8
Liberia 4.0 4.0 4.2 4.2 3.6
Mozambique 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.4
Equatorial Guinea 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6
Madagascar 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.7
St. Lucia 5.4 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8
Canada 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
American Samoa 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Paraguay 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3
Sudan 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.4
Costa Rica 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.1 5.1
Ecuador 5.8 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.8
Grenada 8.8 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Brazil 5.9 5.9 6.0 6.0 6.1
Bermuda 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Australia 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.2
Samoa 6.1 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.7
Panama 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7
Dominica 8.0 8.0 6.7 6.7 6.7
Timor-Leste 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 7.4
Sierra Leone 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Sweden 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9
Trinidad and Tobago 6.8 6.8 7.0 7.0 7.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 7.1 7.1 7.1 6.1 6.1
Uruguay 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.1
Zimbabwe 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5
Finland 7.4 7.5 7.4 7.4 7.4
Niger 7.7 7.5 7.5 7.6 8.7
Cote d'Ivoire 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.6
Fiji 6.6 7.1 7.7 8.2 8.8
Guinea-Bissau 8.9 8.5 8.2 8.5 8.9
Kenya 8.1 8.2 8.6 9.3 8.8
Puerto Rico 7.2 7.1 8.7 7.9 7.3
Antigua and Barbuda 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1
New Zealand 9.8 9.9 9.6 9.6 10.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 9.3 9.5 9.6 9.5 9.3
Argentina 9.9 9.8 9.6 9.7 9.7
Cabo Verde 9.4 9.4 9.9 9.9 10.2
Maldives 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Ethiopia 10.5 10.3 10.1 9.9 9.8
Mexico 9.4 9.9 10.1 10.6 11.2
Tanzania 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2
Switzerland 10.2 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3
Swaziland 9.0 9.5 10.3 11.2 10.5
South Africa 10.4 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6
Jamaica 10.6 10.6 10.6 11.1 11.0
Nicaragua 10.1 10.4 10.6 10.8 10.8
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Lesotho 9.5 10.7 11.2 9.9 10.4
Cyprus 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.3 11.4
Ghana 10.5 11.0 11.4 11.4 11.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.4
Indonesia 11.1 11.7 11.7 11.5 11.2
Guinea 12.0 11.9 11.8 11.7 11.6
Afghanistan 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1
Iraq 12.0 12.0 12.1 11.4 11.4
Guatemala 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1
Cameroon 12.5 12.5 12.6 12.6 12.6
Burkina Faso 11.1 11.2 12.8 12.9 12.8
Honduras 13.0 12.9 12.8 12.9 13.1
China 12.8 12.8 12.9 13.0 13.2
Japan 13.2 13.2 13.2 13.1 13.1
Benin 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.3
Sri Lanka 14.1 14.3 14.3 14.4 14.4
Myanmar 14.7 14.6 14.6 14.6 14.6
Ireland 14.6 14.2 14.9 15.3 15.1
Israel 15.6 15.7 15.7 15.6 15.9
Senegal 16.1 16.1 16.1 16.1 16.1
Nepal 16.1 16.2 16.2 16.2 16.2
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Vietnam 17.1 17.0 16.8 16.6 16.4
Austria 17.4 17.4 17.7 17.7 17.3
Lebanon 19.6 18.4 18.2 18.0 17.9
Philippines 18.1 18.2 18.2 18.3 18.4
West Bank and Gaza 17.9 18.1 18.3 18.4 18.1
Morocco 17.8 18.3 18.3 18.9 19.5
Tunisia 19.5 19.2 18.9 18.7 18.7
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 19.0 19.0 19.0 19.0 19.0
Cambodia 14.7 17.0 19.5 20.9 20.9
Gambia, The 17.5 18.2 19.7 17.9 18.5
United States 20.5 20.3 20.3 20.3 20.3
Dominican Republic 22.2 20.5 20.5 20.6 18.6
Korea, Rep. 20.8 20.8 20.7 20.5 20.2
Albania 21.5 21.5 21.5 21.2 21.1
Greece 22.3 22.3 22.2 22.4 22.5
Tonga 22.2 22.2 22.2 22.2 22.2
Malawi 22.8 22.8 22.8 23.3 23.9
Liechtenstein 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0
Uganda 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0
Netherlands 25.0 25.5 25.7 25.9 26.0
Portugal 26.2 26.1 26.0 26.0 25.6
El Salvador 25.1 25.1 26.1 26.1 26.5
Syrian Arab Republic 27.3 27.1 26.2 26.1 26.6
Haiti 28.3 28.3 28.3 28.3 28.3
United Kingdom 28.7 28.7 28.5 27.7 27.4
Italy 30.9 30.8 30.5 30.6 30.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8
Nigeria 30.6 30.6 30.9 30.8 30.9
Spain 31.2 31.2 31.2 31.1 30.7
Cuba 30.3 31.0 31.5 31.7 31.6
Turkey 31.9 32.4 32.2 32.3 32.0
France 32.9 33.2 32.5 32.3 32.5
Germany 34.3 34.2 34.2 34.2 34.3
Rwanda 33.8 34.1 34.4 34.5 35.7
Thailand 34.9 35.1 34.7 34.4 34.2
Bulgaria 34.5 34.6 34.7 34.8 34.9
Comoros 34.9 34.9 34.9 34.9 34.9
Isle of Man 36.7 36.3 36.0 35.6 35.3
Burundi 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2
Barbados 37.2 37.2 37.2 37.2 37.2
Malta 37.5 37.5 37.5 37.5 37.5
Togo 36.8 37.1 37.7 37.7 38.6
Pakistan 39.1 40.5 38.8 39.4 38.6
Romania 43.4 43.8 43.9 41.2 41.2
Poland 47.3 47.3 47.2 47.1 47.0
Mauritius 49.3 49.3 49.3 48.8 48.3
India 55.0 54.9 54.8 55.0 55.0
Hungary 56.1 56.2 56.2 56.2 56.2
Denmark 61.2 60.8 60.4 60.0 60.4
Bangladesh 70.4 70.9 73.3 73.4 72.6
Estonia
Eritrea
Ukraine
St. Martin (French part)
Turkmenistan
South Sudan
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Monaco
Luxembourg
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Tuvalu
Czech Republic
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Curacao
Belgium
Serbia
Palau
Kazakhstan
Macao SAR, China
Tajikistan
Northern Mariana Islands
Croatia
Macedonia, FYR
Russian Federation
Marshall Islands
Kyrgyz Republic
Moldova
Latvia
Uzbekistan
Lithuania
Belarus
Azerbaijan
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Montenegro
Armenia
Georgia

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