Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Greenland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Djibouti 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oman 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kuwait 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
Suriname 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Brunei Darussalam 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Mauritania 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Solomon Islands 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
United Arab Emirates 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5
Papua New Guinea 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
New Caledonia 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4
French Polynesia 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.8
Botswana 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.7
Bahamas, The 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.6
Namibia 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9
Cayman Islands 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Qatar 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.1
Mongolia 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Libya 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Gabon 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Iceland 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3
Congo, Rep. 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Singapore 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Saudi Arabia 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Somalia 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Vanuatu 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Mali 1.7 1.7 1.8 2.5 2.6
Bolivia 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.2
Jordan 2.0 1.7 2.9 2.6 2.4
Sao Tome and Principe 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 3.1
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Seychelles 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Belize 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.9 2.9
Angola 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Norway 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5
Guyana 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Kiribati 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Chad 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7
Peru 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Yemen, Rep. 2.9 2.9 2.6 3.1 3.1
Bhutan 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.5
Bahrain 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0
Algeria 3.0 3.0 3.2 3.2 3.1
Colombia 3.0 2.7 2.8 2.6 2.6
Central African Republic 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Malaysia 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0
Venezuela, RB 3.2 3.2 2.9 2.9 2.9
Lao PDR 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.6
Liberia 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6
Guam 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7
Chile 3.8 3.6 3.3 3.1 3.1
Zambia 3.9 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.8
Andorra 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3
Mozambique 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
Equatorial Guinea 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6
Madagascar 4.7 4.7 4.8 5.0 5.0
St. Lucia 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.1
American Samoa 5.0 5.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Canada 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Costa Rica 5.1 5.1 4.9 4.5 4.5
Paraguay 5.3 5.4 5.8 5.8 6.2
Sudan 5.4 5.4 5.4 6.2 6.3
Ecuador 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.9
Grenada 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1
Brazil 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.3
Australia 6.2 5.9 6.1 6.0 6.2
Dominica 6.7 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Panama 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Samoa 6.7 6.7 6.0 6.0 6.0
Sierra Leone 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Sweden 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.8 6.8
Trinidad and Tobago 7.0 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Uruguay 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.3
Puerto Rico 7.3 6.2 5.9 3.6 3.7
Timor-Leste 7.4 8.1 8.1 8.4 8.7
Finland 7.4 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.6
Zimbabwe 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 8.0
Cote d'Ivoire 7.6 7.7 8.2 9.1 9.4
Niger 8.7 9.5 10.3 10.3 10.3
Fiji 8.8 9.4 9.9 9.9 9.9
Kenya 8.8 9.0 9.3 8.9 9.6
Guinea-Bissau 8.9 8.9 8.9 9.6 10.0
Antigua and Barbuda 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 9.3 10.2 10.4 10.6 10.6
Argentina 9.7 9.7 9.8 9.8 9.9
Ethiopia 9.8 9.7 9.7 10.0 9.9
Maldives 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
New Zealand 10.0 8.9 7.9 7.3 6.5
Tanzania 10.2 10.2 9.9 10.0 10.0
Cabo Verde 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2
Switzerland 10.2 10.3 10.3 10.4 10.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 10.3 10.3 10.3 12.8 12.8
Lesotho 10.4 10.5 10.9 10.9 10.7
Swaziland 10.5 10.6 10.4 10.3 10.3
South Africa 10.6 10.6 10.9 11.1 11.1
Nicaragua 10.8 10.8 11.0 11.2 11.2
Jamaica 11.0 11.6 12.6 16.1 14.9
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Mexico 11.2 11.5 11.6 11.6 11.6
Indonesia 11.2 10.0 10.0 10.0 9.5
Cyprus 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.8 10.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.4 8.6
Iraq 11.4 12.3 12.1 12.8 11.5
Guinea 11.6 11.5 11.4 11.3 11.2
Ghana 11.9 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.3
Afghanistan 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.0 11.8
Guatemala 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.4 12.6
Cameroon 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6
Burkina Faso 12.8 12.7 12.6 12.5 12.3
Honduras 13.1 13.3 13.5 15.0 14.7
Japan 13.1 13.0 12.9 12.8 12.8
China 13.2 13.3 13.1 12.9 12.9
Benin 14.3 14.4 14.5 14.6 15.1
Sri Lanka 14.4 14.4 14.4 14.0 14.1
Myanmar 14.6 14.6 14.6 14.7 14.6
Ireland 15.1 14.9 14.6 14.8 14.7
Israel 15.9 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.1
Senegal 16.1 15.4 15.8 15.7 15.8
Nepal 16.2 16.3 16.3 16.3 16.3
Vietnam 16.4 16.5 16.9 16.9 16.8
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Austria 17.3 17.5 17.4 17.2 17.3
Lebanon 17.9 17.7 17.6 17.6 17.6
West Bank and Gaza 18.1 17.6 17.3 17.3 17.3
Philippines 18.4 18.4 18.2 18.1 17.9
Gambia, The 18.5 19.4 16.0 15.9 17.8
Dominican Republic 18.6 18.6 18.6 18.6 18.6
Tunisia 18.7 18.7 18.7 19.2 18.2
Korea, Dem. Rep. 19.0 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.9
Morocco 19.5 19.5 20.0 20.2 20.4
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Korea, Rep. 20.2 20.0 19.7 19.4 19.1
United States 20.3 20.3 20.1 20.0 19.9
Cambodia 20.9 21.0 21.0 21.1 21.0
Albania 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1
Tonga 22.2 22.2 22.2 22.2 22.2
Greece 22.5 22.2 22.2 22.0 22.0
Malawi 23.9 24.9 24.4 24.4 22.3
Liechtenstein 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0
Uganda 25.0 25.1 25.2 25.2 25.3
Portugal 25.6 25.2 24.9 24.5 24.0
Netherlands 26.0 26.1 26.3 26.3 26.2
El Salvador 26.5 27.3 28.4 28.3 28.2
Pakistan 26.6 26.6 26.7 27.1 27.2
Syrian Arab Republic 26.6 26.1 25.9 26.0 26.2
United Kingdom 27.4 27.1 27.1 25.2 24.4
Haiti 28.3 28.3 28.3 28.3 29.0
Italy 30.6 30.3 29.8 29.1 28.3
Spain 30.7 30.6 30.4 30.0 29.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8 26.9
Nigeria 30.9 32.9 33.0 33.0 34.0
Cuba 31.6 32.0 33.3 33.8 34.3
Turkey 32.0 32.0 31.9 31.8 32.1
France 32.5 32.6 32.6 32.9 33.0
Thailand 34.2 34.3 33.7 33.4 33.0
Germany 34.3 33.1 32.8 33.4 33.8
Bulgaria 34.9 34.9 36.6 36.7 36.2
Isle of Man 35.3 34.9 34.6 34.2 33.9
Rwanda 35.7 35.7 35.7 34.5 28.4
Burundi 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2
Barbados 37.2 37.2 37.2 37.2 37.2
Malta 37.5 37.5 37.5 37.5 37.5
Togo 38.6 38.6 38.6 40.4 40.4
Romania 41.2 41.1 40.8 40.7 40.7
Comoros 41.9 41.9 41.9 41.9 41.9
Poland 47.0 46.9 46.8 46.7 46.7
Mauritius 48.3 47.8 47.3 46.3 45.8
India 55.0 54.9 54.7 54.7 54.7
Hungary 56.2 56.3 52.8 52.8 52.8
Denmark 60.4 60.1 59.8 59.7 55.7
Bangladesh 72.6 72.1 66.1 65.3 64.6
Belarus 30.0 30.1 30.7
South Sudan
Macao SAR, China
Estonia 26.3 25.1 22.4
Northern Mariana Islands 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
St. Martin (French part)
Marshall Islands 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6
Azerbaijan 20.5 20.6 20.7
Palau 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Moldova 52.8 52.9 53.4
Luxembourg
Czech Republic 43.1 42.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 16.7 16.7 16.7
Curacao
Uzbekistan 10.5 10.5 10.5
Georgia 11.4 11.4 11.4
Eritrea 4.9 4.3
Croatia 21.7 19.0 19.7
Lithuania 46.0 45.1 41.3
Serbia
Turkmenistan 3.2 3.4 3.6
Tajikistan 6.1 6.2 6.1
Tuvalu
Russian Federation 8.1 7.9 7.8
Ukraine 57.6 57.5 57.5
Kazakhstan 13.0 13.0 12.8
Macedonia, FYR 23.8 23.9 23.9
Kosovo
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6
Kyrgyz Republic 6.9 7.0 6.8
Belgium
Latvia 27.1 27.1 27.5
Montenegro
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 32.5 32.5
Monaco
Armenia 14.9 15.2 15.3
Slovenia 9.9 9.9 9.7

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