Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Greenland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Djibouti 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oman 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kuwait 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
Suriname 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Brunei Darussalam 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Solomon Islands 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Mauritania 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
United Arab Emirates 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5
Papua New Guinea 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
New Caledonia 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4
Botswana 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.7
French Polynesia 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.8
Qatar 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.1
Bahamas, The 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.6
Namibia 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9
Cayman Islands 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Mongolia 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Libya 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Gabon 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Iceland 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3
Congo, Rep. 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Singapore 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Somalia 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Vanuatu 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Saudi Arabia 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Mali 1.7 1.7 1.8 2.5 2.6
Jordan 2.0 1.7 2.9 2.6 2.4
Bolivia 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.2
Sao Tome and Principe 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 3.1
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Palau 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Seychelles 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Northern Mariana Islands 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.9 2.9
Angola 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Belize 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.6
Norway 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5
Guyana 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Kiribati 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Chad 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7
Colombia 3.0 2.7 2.8 2.6 2.6
Peru 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Bhutan 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.5
Yemen, Rep. 2.9 2.9 2.6 3.1 3.1
Bahrain 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0
Algeria 3.0 3.0 3.2 3.2 3.1
Central African Republic 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Malaysia 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0
Venezuela, RB 3.2 3.2 2.9 2.9 2.9
Lao PDR 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6
Chile 3.8 3.6 3.3 3.1 3.1
Liberia 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6
Guam 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7
Zambia 3.9 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.8
Andorra 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3
Mozambique 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
St. Lucia 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.1
Equatorial Guinea 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6
Madagascar 4.7 4.7 4.8 5.0 5.0
American Samoa 5.0 5.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Canada 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Costa Rica 5.1 5.1 4.9 4.5 4.5
Dominica 6.7 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Sudan 5.4 5.4 5.4 6.2 6.3
Paraguay 5.3 5.4 5.8 5.8 6.2
Marshall Islands 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6
Grenada 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Ecuador 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.9
Australia 6.2 5.9 6.1 6.0 6.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1
Puerto Rico 7.3 6.2 5.9 3.6 3.7
Brazil 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.3
Panama 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Samoa 6.7 6.7 6.0 6.0 6.0
Sierra Leone 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Sweden 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.8 6.8
Uruguay 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.3
Finland 7.4 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.6
Zimbabwe 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 8.0
Cote d'Ivoire 7.6 7.7 8.2 9.1 9.4
Trinidad and Tobago 7.0 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
Timor-Leste 7.4 8.1 8.1 8.4 8.7
Guinea-Bissau 8.9 8.9 8.9 9.6 10.0
New Zealand 10.0 8.9 7.9 7.3 6.5
Kenya 8.8 9.0 9.3 8.9 9.6
Antigua and Barbuda 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1
Fiji 8.8 9.4 9.9 9.9 9.9
Niger 8.7 9.5 10.3 10.3 10.3
Ethiopia 9.8 9.7 9.7 10.0 9.9
Argentina 9.7 9.7 9.8 9.8 9.9
Indonesia 11.2 10.0 10.0 10.0 9.5
Maldives 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Tanzania 10.2 10.2 9.9 10.0 10.0
Cabo Verde 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 9.3 10.2 10.4 10.6 10.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 10.3 10.3 10.3 12.8 12.8
Switzerland 10.2 10.3 10.3 10.4 10.6
Lesotho 10.4 10.5 10.9 10.9 10.7
South Africa 10.6 10.6 10.9 11.1 11.1
Swaziland 10.5 10.6 10.4 10.3 10.3
Nicaragua 10.8 10.8 11.0 11.2 11.2
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.4 8.6
Cyprus 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.8 10.8
Guinea 11.6 11.5 11.4 11.3 11.2
Mexico 11.2 11.5 11.6 11.6 11.6
Jamaica 11.0 11.6 12.6 16.1 14.9
Afghanistan 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.0 11.8
Guatemala 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.4 12.6
Ghana 11.9 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.3
Iraq 11.4 12.3 12.1 12.8 11.5
Cameroon 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6
Burkina Faso 12.8 12.7 12.6 12.5 12.3
Japan 13.1 13.0 12.9 12.8 12.8
China 13.2 13.3 13.1 12.9 12.9
Honduras 13.1 13.3 13.5 15.0 14.7
Benin 14.3 14.4 14.5 14.6 15.1
Sri Lanka 14.4 14.4 14.4 14.0 14.1
Myanmar 14.6 14.6 14.6 14.7 14.6
Ireland 15.1 14.9 14.6 14.8 14.7
Senegal 16.1 15.4 15.8 15.7 15.8
Israel 15.9 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.1
Nepal 16.2 16.3 16.3 16.3 16.3
Vietnam 16.4 16.5 16.9 16.9 16.8
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Austria 17.3 17.5 17.4 17.2 17.3
West Bank and Gaza 18.1 17.6 17.3 17.3 17.3
Lebanon 17.9 17.7 17.6 17.6 17.6
Philippines 18.4 18.4 18.2 18.1 17.9
Dominican Republic 18.6 18.6 18.6 18.6 18.6
Tunisia 18.7 18.7 18.7 19.2 18.2
Korea, Dem. Rep. 19.0 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.9
Gambia, The 18.5 19.4 16.0 15.9 17.8
Morocco 19.5 19.5 20.0 20.2 20.4
Korea, Rep. 20.2 20.0 19.7 19.4 19.1
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
United States 20.3 20.3 20.1 20.0 19.9
Cambodia 20.9 21.0 21.0 21.1 21.0
Albania 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1
Tonga 22.2 22.2 22.2 22.2 22.2
Greece 22.5 22.2 22.2 22.0 22.0
Malawi 23.9 24.9 24.4 24.4 22.3
Liechtenstein 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0
Uganda 25.0 25.1 25.2 25.2 25.3
Portugal 25.6 25.2 24.9 24.5 24.0
Netherlands 26.0 26.1 26.3 26.3 26.2
Syrian Arab Republic 26.6 26.1 25.9 26.0 26.2
Pakistan 26.6 26.6 26.7 27.1 27.2
United Kingdom 27.4 27.1 27.1 25.2 24.4
El Salvador 26.5 27.3 28.4 28.3 28.2
Haiti 28.3 28.3 28.3 28.3 29.0
Italy 30.6 30.3 29.8 29.1 28.3
Spain 30.7 30.6 30.4 30.0 29.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8 26.9
Cuba 31.6 32.0 33.3 33.8 34.3
Turkey 32.0 32.0 31.9 31.8 32.1
France 32.5 32.6 32.6 32.9 33.0
Nigeria 30.9 32.9 33.0 33.0 34.0
Germany 34.3 33.1 32.8 33.4 33.8
Thailand 34.2 34.3 33.7 33.4 33.0
Isle of Man 35.3 34.9 34.6 34.2 33.9
Bulgaria 34.9 34.9 36.6 36.7 36.2
Rwanda 35.7 35.7 35.7 34.5 28.4
Burundi 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2
Barbados 37.2 37.2 37.2 37.2 37.2
Malta 37.5 37.5 37.5 37.5 37.5
Togo 38.6 38.6 38.6 40.4 40.4
Romania 41.2 41.1 40.8 40.7 40.7
Comoros 41.9 41.9 41.9 41.9 41.9
Poland 47.0 46.9 46.8 46.7 46.7
Mauritius 48.3 47.8 47.3 46.3 45.8
India 55.0 54.9 54.7 54.7 54.7
Hungary 56.2 56.3 52.8 52.8 52.8
Denmark 60.4 60.1 59.8 59.7 55.7
Bangladesh 72.6 72.1 66.1 65.3 64.6
Slovenia 9.9 9.9 9.7
Kyrgyz Republic 6.9 7.0 6.8
Moldova 52.8 52.9 53.4
St. Martin (French part)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Czech Republic 43.1 42.9
Belgium
Curacao
Slovak Republic 32.5 32.5
Eritrea 4.9 4.3
Kazakhstan 13.0 13.0 12.8
Armenia 14.9 15.2 15.3
Uzbekistan 10.5 10.5 10.5
Estonia 26.3 25.1 22.4
Kosovo
Croatia 21.7 19.0 19.7
Turkmenistan 3.2 3.4 3.6
South Sudan
Tuvalu
Russian Federation 8.1 7.9 7.8
Ukraine 57.6 57.5 57.5
Georgia 11.4 11.4 11.4
Serbia
Luxembourg
Bosnia and Herzegovina 16.7 16.7 16.7
Macao SAR, China
Monaco
Macedonia, FYR 23.8 23.9 23.9
Belarus 30.0 30.1 30.7
Latvia 27.1 27.1 27.5
Lithuania 46.0 45.1 41.3
Azerbaijan 20.5 20.6 20.7
Tajikistan 6.1 6.2 6.1
Montenegro

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