Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Greenland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Djibouti 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oman 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kuwait 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
Suriname 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Brunei Darussalam 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Solomon Islands 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Mauritania 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Papua New Guinea 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Botswana 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.7
United Arab Emirates 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5
New Caledonia 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4
French Polynesia 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.8
Bahamas, The 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.6
Namibia 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9
Cayman Islands 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Mongolia 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Libya 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Qatar 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.1
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Gabon 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Iceland 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3
Congo, Rep. 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Singapore 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Somalia 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Vanuatu 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Saudi Arabia 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Mali 1.7 1.7 1.8 2.5 2.6
Bolivia 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.2
Sao Tome and Principe 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 3.1
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Seychelles 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Palau 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Northern Mariana Islands 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Norway 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5
Angola 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Guyana 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Belize 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.6
Kiribati 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.9 2.9
Yemen, Rep. 2.9 2.9 2.6 3.1 3.1
Chad 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7
Colombia 3.0 2.7 2.8 2.6 2.6
Peru 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Bahrain 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8
Bhutan 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.5
Jordan 2.0 1.7 2.9 2.6 2.4
Venezuela, RB 3.2 3.2 2.9 2.9 2.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0
Malaysia 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0
Central African Republic 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Turkmenistan 3.2 3.4 3.6
Algeria 3.0 3.0 3.2 3.2 3.1
Chile 3.8 3.6 3.3 3.1 3.1
Lao PDR 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6
Liberia 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6
Guam 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7
Zambia 3.9 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.8
Andorra 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3
St. Lucia 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.1
Mozambique 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
Equatorial Guinea 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6
Madagascar 4.7 4.7 4.8 5.0 5.0
Costa Rica 5.1 5.1 4.9 4.5 4.5
Canada 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Dominica 6.7 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Sudan 5.4 5.4 5.4 6.2 6.3
Marshall Islands 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6
Paraguay 5.3 5.4 5.8 5.8 6.2
Puerto Rico 7.3 6.2 5.9 3.6 3.7
Grenada 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Ecuador 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.9
American Samoa 5.0 5.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Samoa 6.7 6.7 6.0 6.0 6.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1
Australia 6.2 5.9 6.1 6.0 6.2
Tajikistan 6.1 6.2 6.1
Brazil 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.3
Panama 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Sierra Leone 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Sweden 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.8 6.8
Kyrgyz Republic 6.9 7.0 6.8
Uruguay 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.3 7.3
Finland 7.4 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.6
Zimbabwe 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 8.0
Trinidad and Tobago 7.0 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8
New Zealand 10.0 8.9 7.9 7.3 6.5
Russian Federation 8.1 7.9 7.8
Timor-Leste 7.4 8.1 8.1 8.4 8.7
Cote d'Ivoire 7.6 7.7 8.2 9.1 9.4
Guinea-Bissau 8.9 8.9 8.9 9.6 10.0
Antigua and Barbuda 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1
Kenya 8.8 9.0 9.3 8.9 9.6
Ethiopia 9.8 9.7 9.7 10.0 9.9
Argentina 9.7 9.7 9.8 9.8 9.9
Fiji 8.8 9.4 9.9 9.9 9.9
Slovenia 9.9 9.9 9.7
Tanzania 10.2 10.2 9.9 10.0 10.0
Indonesia 11.2 10.0 10.0 10.0 9.5
Maldives 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Cabo Verde 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2
Niger 8.7 9.5 10.3 10.3 10.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 10.3 10.3 10.3 12.8 12.8
Switzerland 10.2 10.3 10.3 10.4 10.6
Swaziland 10.5 10.6 10.4 10.3 10.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 9.3 10.2 10.4 10.6 10.6
Uzbekistan 10.5 10.5 10.5
South Africa 10.6 10.6 10.9 11.1 11.1
Lesotho 10.4 10.5 10.9 10.9 10.7
Nicaragua 10.8 10.8 11.0 11.2 11.2
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Guinea 11.6 11.5 11.4 11.3 11.2
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.4 8.6
Georgia 11.4 11.4 11.4
Mexico 11.2 11.5 11.6 11.6 11.6
Cyprus 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.8 10.8
Afghanistan 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.0 11.8
Iraq 11.4 12.3 12.1 12.8 11.5
Guatemala 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.4 12.6
Ghana 11.9 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.3
Jamaica 11.0 11.6 12.6 16.1 14.9
Cameroon 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6
Burkina Faso 12.8 12.7 12.6 12.5 12.3
Japan 13.1 13.0 12.9 12.8 12.8
Kazakhstan 13.0 13.0 12.8
China 13.2 13.3 13.1 12.9 12.9
Honduras 13.1 13.3 13.5 15.0 14.7
Sri Lanka 14.4 14.4 14.4 14.0 14.1
Benin 14.3 14.4 14.5 14.6 15.1
Ireland 15.1 14.9 14.6 14.8 14.7
Myanmar 14.6 14.6 14.6 14.7 14.6
Armenia 14.9 15.2 15.3
Senegal 16.1 15.4 15.8 15.7 15.8
Gambia, The 18.5 19.4 16.0 15.9 17.8
Israel 15.9 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.1
Nepal 16.2 16.3 16.3 16.3 16.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 16.7 16.7 16.7
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Vietnam 16.4 16.5 16.9 16.9 16.8
West Bank and Gaza 18.1 17.6 17.3 17.3 17.3
Austria 17.3 17.5 17.4 17.2 17.3
Lebanon 17.9 17.7 17.6 17.6 17.6
Philippines 18.4 18.4 18.2 18.1 17.9
Dominican Republic 18.6 18.6 18.6 18.6 18.6
Tunisia 18.7 18.7 18.7 19.2 18.2
Korea, Dem. Rep. 19.0 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.9
Korea, Rep. 20.2 20.0 19.7 19.4 19.1
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Morocco 19.5 19.5 20.0 20.2 20.4
United States 20.3 20.3 20.1 20.0 19.9
Azerbaijan 20.5 20.6 20.7
Cambodia 20.9 21.0 21.0 21.1 21.0
Albania 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1
Croatia 21.7 19.0 19.7
Greece 22.5 22.2 22.2 22.0 22.0
Tonga 22.2 22.2 22.2 22.2 22.2
Macedonia, FYR 23.8 23.9 23.9
Malawi 23.9 24.9 24.4 24.4 22.3
Portugal 25.6 25.2 24.9 24.5 24.0
Liechtenstein 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0
Uganda 25.0 25.1 25.2 25.2 25.3
Syrian Arab Republic 26.6 26.1 25.9 26.0 26.2
Netherlands 26.0 26.1 26.3 26.3 26.2
Estonia 26.3 25.1 22.4
Pakistan 26.6 26.6 26.7 27.1 27.2
United Kingdom 27.4 27.1 27.1 25.2 24.4
Latvia 27.1 27.1 27.5
Haiti 28.3 28.3 28.3 28.3 29.0
El Salvador 26.5 27.3 28.4 28.3 28.2
Italy 30.6 30.3 29.8 29.1 28.3
Belarus 30.0 30.1 30.7
Spain 30.7 30.6 30.4 30.0 29.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 30.8 30.8 30.8 30.8 26.9
Turkey 32.0 32.0 31.9 31.8 32.1
France 32.5 32.6 32.6 32.9 33.0
Germany 34.3 33.1 32.8 33.4 33.8
Nigeria 30.9 32.9 33.0 33.0 34.0
Cuba 31.6 32.0 33.3 33.8 34.3
Thailand 34.2 34.3 33.7 33.4 33.0
Isle of Man 35.3 34.9 34.6 34.2 33.9
Rwanda 35.7 35.7 35.7 34.5 28.4
Burundi 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2
Bulgaria 34.9 34.9 36.6 36.7 36.2
Barbados 37.2 37.2 37.2 37.2 37.2
Malta 37.5 37.5 37.5 37.5 37.5
Togo 38.6 38.6 38.6 40.4 40.4
Romania 41.2 41.1 40.8 40.7 40.7
Comoros 41.9 41.9 41.9 41.9 41.9
Lithuania 46.0 45.1 41.3
Poland 47.0 46.9 46.8 46.7 46.7
Mauritius 48.3 47.8 47.3 46.3 45.8
Hungary 56.2 56.3 52.8 52.8 52.8
Moldova 52.8 52.9 53.4
India 55.0 54.9 54.7 54.7 54.7
Ukraine 57.6 57.5 57.5
Denmark 60.4 60.1 59.8 59.7 55.7
Bangladesh 72.6 72.1 66.1 65.3 64.6
Tuvalu
Eritrea 4.9 4.3
Kosovo
South Sudan
Slovak Republic 32.5 32.5
Monaco
Serbia
Luxembourg
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Belgium
Macao SAR, China
Czech Republic 43.1 42.9
Curacao
St. Martin (French part)
Montenegro

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