Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Greenland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Djibouti 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oman 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kuwait 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Suriname 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Brunei Darussalam 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
New Caledonia 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Solomon Islands 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Papua New Guinea 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Mauritania 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
United Arab Emirates 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4
Bahamas, The 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Botswana 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4
French Polynesia 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Cayman Islands 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Mongolia 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9
Namibia 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Libya 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.0
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Qatar 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Gabon 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Iceland 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Congo, Rep. 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Singapore 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Vanuatu 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Somalia 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7
Saudi Arabia 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Bolivia 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.6 2.7
Seychelles 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Jordan 2.4 2.9 2.0 2.1 2.2
Angola 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Guyana 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Kiribati 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Colombia 2.6 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3
Mali 2.6 2.7 3.7 3.7 3.7
Belize 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8
Chad 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.9 2.9
Peru 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Bahrain 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Venezuela, RB 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Norway 2.9 3.2 3.3 2.9 3.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Chile 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.7
Yemen, Rep. 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Central African Republic 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Sao Tome and Principe 3.1 4.2 4.2 5.2 5.2
Algeria 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2
Turkmenistan 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Bhutan 3.5 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.8
Lao PDR 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7
Liberia 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.9
Guam 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7
Puerto Rico 3.7 3.7 3.7 4.2 5.8
Zambia 3.8 3.6 3.9 3.8 3.6
Andorra 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.7
Eritrea 4.3 4.3 3.7 3.9 4.9
Costa Rica 4.5 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.1
Mozambique 4.5 4.6 4.8 5.0 5.1
Equatorial Guinea 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6
Madagascar 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Canada 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Dominica 5.3 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
Malaysia 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Ecuador 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.8 6.5
Grenada 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
American Samoa 6.0 7.5 10.0 10.0 12.0
Samoa 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Tajikistan 6.1 6.0 5.8 5.8 5.6
Australia 6.2 5.2 4.7 5.2 5.7
Paraguay 6.2 6.5 6.5 6.5 7.2
Brazil 6.2 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8
Sudan 6.3 6.8 7.0 7.0 6.9
New Zealand 6.5 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9
Panama 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.9 7.0
Sweden 6.8 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.8
Sierra Leone 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Kyrgyz Republic 6.8 6.6 7.1 7.1 7.1
Uruguay 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.7
Finland 7.5 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.2
Trinidad and Tobago 7.8 7.8 7.8 6.8 6.8
Russian Federation 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.8 7.7
Zimbabwe 7.9 8.0 8.2 8.7 8.7
St. Lucia 8.2 8.2 3.3 3.3 3.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.6
Timor-Leste 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.5 8.4
Antigua and Barbuda 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1
Cote d'Ivoire 9.4 9.4 9.4 9.1 9.1
Indonesia 9.5 9.6 9.9 10.2 10.3
Kenya 9.6 9.6 8.2 8.5 8.2
Slovenia 9.7 9.7 9.5 8.6 8.5
Fiji 9.9 9.9 9.9 9.9 9.3
Argentina 9.9 9.9 9.9 10.0 10.0
Ethiopia 9.9 9.9 9.9 9.9 10.0
Guinea-Bissau 10.0 10.0 9.6 9.6 9.2
Maldives 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Tanzania 10.0 10.0 10.2 10.1 9.8
Cabo Verde 10.2 10.4 10.4 10.9 10.9
Switzerland 10.3 10.6 10.6 10.5 10.4
Niger 10.3 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0
Swaziland 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3
Uzbekistan 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 10.6 10.7 10.5 10.1 10.3
Lesotho 10.7 10.5 10.6 10.7 10.7
Cyprus 10.9 10.7 10.7 10.6 10.9
South Africa 11.1 11.1 11.3 11.3 11.3
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Nicaragua 11.2 13.7 13.7 14.5 15.0
Guinea 11.2 11.1 10.7 10.2 9.7
Georgia 11.4 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4
Iraq 11.5 11.0 11.0 10.1 10.6
Afghanistan 11.8 11.7 11.7 11.8 11.9
Ghana 12.3 13.2 14.1 15.8 16.7
Burkina Faso 12.3 12.4 12.8 14.1 14.3
Cameroon 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6
Guatemala 12.6 12.6 12.7 12.8 12.9
Japan 12.8 12.7 12.6 12.5 12.4
Mexico 12.8 12.9 12.9 12.9 12.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8
Kazakhstan 12.8 11.8 10.7 9.8 9.0
China 13.1 13.1 13.0 12.9 13.0
Sri Lanka 14.1 14.1 14.1 14.2 14.2
Myanmar 14.6 14.6 14.6 14.6 14.6
Ireland 14.7 15.0 15.4 15.0 15.7
Honduras 14.7 14.3 14.3 13.6 13.6
Jamaica 14.9 14.6 14.3 13.9 13.4
Benin 15.1 15.9 17.3 18.6 20.0
Armenia 15.3 15.3 15.8 16.0 16.0
Senegal 15.8 15.3 15.4 15.4 15.4
Israel 16.1 15.9 15.5 15.5 15.5
Nepal 16.3 16.3 16.3 16.3 16.3
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 16.7 16.7 17.6 17.6 18.6
Vietnam 16.8 16.6 17.1 17.4 17.7
Austria 17.3 17.1 17.1 17.1 17.0
West Bank and Gaza 17.3 18.4 17.8 17.4 14.0
Lebanon 17.6 17.6 17.9 18.1 18.3
Gambia, The 17.8 18.3 18.8 20.3 19.8
Philippines 17.9 17.7 17.6 17.4 17.2
Tunisia 18.2 18.3 18.3 18.3 18.5
Dominican Republic 18.6 18.6 18.6 17.8 18.0
Korea, Rep. 18.7 18.1 17.7 17.4 17.3
Croatia 19.7 20.0 17.6 17.6 19.5
United States 19.9 19.9 19.5 19.4 19.3
Korea, Dem. Rep. 19.9 19.9 19.1 19.1 19.1
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Morocco 20.4 20.0 20.4 20.1 20.2
Azerbaijan 20.7 20.7 21.4 21.6 21.8
Cambodia 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0
Albania 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1
Greece 22.0 21.9 21.8 21.6 21.6
Tonga 22.2 22.2 22.2 20.8 20.8
Malawi 22.3 24.4 25.5 26.0 27.6
Estonia 22.4 20.6 20.9 20.9 20.9
Macedonia, FYR 23.9 23.8 23.9 23.6 23.1
Portugal 24.0 23.5 21.9 20.6 20.8
United Kingdom 24.4 24.5 25.2 26.3 25.8
Liechtenstein 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0
Uganda 25.3 25.3 25.3 25.3 25.4
Syrian Arab Republic 26.2 26.1 25.8 26.0 25.6
Netherlands 26.2 26.1 26.5 26.7 26.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 26.9 26.9 23.1 23.1 23.1
Pakistan 27.2 27.2 27.4 27.7 27.7
Latvia 27.5 16.1 17.0 17.3 17.0
El Salvador 28.2 28.1 27.3 27.3 29.0
Italy 28.3 28.2 28.3 28.1 28.3
Rwanda 28.4 28.4 30.4 32.4 33.2
Haiti 29.0 29.0 29.0 32.7 32.7
Spain 29.6 28.1 28.9 28.6 27.4
Belarus 30.7 30.7 30.7 30.4 30.5
Turkey 32.1 32.0 31.9 31.6 31.8
Slovak Republic 32.5 32.4 32.3 32.2 32.2
Thailand 33.0 33.0 32.4 31.8 31.2
Nigeria 33.1 33.3 31.5 31.0 32.9
France 33.4 33.4 33.4 33.5 33.5
Germany 33.8 33.9 33.9 33.9 34.0
Isle of Man 33.9 33.5 33.2 32.8 32.5
Cuba 34.3 34.3 32.4 33.8 33.3
Bulgaria 36.2 36.1 38.0 38.9 32.0
Burundi 36.2 36.6 36.6 37.0 37.0
Barbados 37.2 37.2 37.2 37.2 37.2
Malta 37.5 31.3 31.3 28.1 25.0
Togo 40.4 40.4 42.3 42.8 44.3
Romania 40.7 40.7 40.7 40.7 40.6
Lithuania 41.3 45.7 45.7 45.9 46.1
Comoros 41.9 41.9 41.9 41.9 41.9
Czech Republic 42.9 42.7 42.2 42.1 42.2
Mauritius 45.8 45.3 44.8 44.3 44.8
Poland 47.0 46.7 46.0 46.0 46.2
Hungary 52.8 53.5 53.5 53.7 53.7
Moldova 53.4 53.8 54.3 54.3 54.6
India 54.5 54.4 54.3 54.3 54.3
Denmark 55.7 54.7 54.7 55.7 55.8
Ukraine 57.5 57.5 57.3 57.1 56.7
Bangladesh 64.6 64.6 64.2 64.5 64.9
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6
Montenegro
Macao SAR, China
Serbia
Marshall Islands 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6
Monaco
Belgium
Kosovo
St. Martin (French part)
Northern Mariana Islands 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Luxembourg
South Sudan
Curacao
Palau 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Tuvalu
Hong Kong SAR, China

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