Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Greenland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Djibouti 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oman 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kuwait 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4
Suriname 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Brunei Darussalam 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
New Caledonia 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Papua New Guinea 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Solomon Islands 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5
Mauritania 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
United Arab Emirates 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5
Bahamas, The 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Botswana 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4
French Polynesia 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Cayman Islands 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Mongolia 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8
Namibia 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Libya 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.0
Qatar 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Gabon 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Iceland 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Congo, Rep. 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Singapore 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Vanuatu 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Somalia 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Saudi Arabia 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Colombia 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3
Seychelles 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Palau 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Northern Mariana Islands 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Bolivia 2.4 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.8
Angola 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Guyana 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Kiribati 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Norway 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.4
Chad 2.7 2.7 2.9 2.9 2.9
Belize 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Mali 2.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7
Bahrain 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 3.0
Chile 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.4
Jordan 2.9 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.2
Peru 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3
Venezuela, RB 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Malaysia 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Yemen, Rep. 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Central African Republic 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Algeria 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2
St. Lucia 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.3 3.3
Zambia 3.6 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6
Lao PDR 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.8
Liberia 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.9 4.2
Bhutan 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8
Turkmenistan 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.9
Guam 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7
Puerto Rico 3.7 3.7 4.2 5.8 6.2
Dominica 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 5.3
Sao Tome and Principe 4.2 4.2 5.2 5.2 6.3
Andorra 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.7 4.9
Costa Rica 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.3
Eritrea 4.3 3.7 3.9 4.9 4.9
Equatorial Guinea 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6
Mozambique 4.6 4.8 5.0 5.1 5.0
Madagascar 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Canada 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Australia 5.2 4.7 5.2 5.7 5.9
Marshall Islands 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6
Ecuador 5.7 5.8 5.8 6.5 6.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.7 5.7 4.8 4.8 4.8
Grenada 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 2.9
New Zealand 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Samoa 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.8
Tajikistan 6.0 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.6
Paraguay 6.5 6.5 6.5 7.2 7.4
Kyrgyz Republic 6.6 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Sierra Leone 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Panama 6.7 6.7 6.9 7.0 7.1
Sweden 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7
Sudan 6.8 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9
Brazil 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9
Finland 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.1
Uruguay 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.7 7.7
American Samoa 7.5 10.0 10.0 12.0 12.5
Russian Federation 7.8 7.7 7.8 7.7 7.6
Trinidad and Tobago 7.8 7.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Zimbabwe 8.0 8.8 9.0 8.8 9.2
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.6 5.7
Timor-Leste 8.7 8.7 8.5 8.4 8.1
Antigua and Barbuda 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1
Cote d'Ivoire 9.4 9.4 9.1 9.1 8.8
Kenya 9.6 8.2 8.5 8.2 9.0
Indonesia 9.6 9.9 10.2 10.3 10.9
Slovenia 9.7 9.5 8.6 8.5 8.5
Fiji 9.9 9.9 9.9 9.3 9.3
Argentina 9.9 9.9 10.0 10.0 10.1
Ethiopia 9.9 9.9 9.9 10.0 10.0
Guinea-Bissau 10.0 9.6 9.6 9.2 10.0
Maldives 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Tanzania 10.0 10.2 10.1 9.8 9.8
Swaziland 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3
Cabo Verde 10.4 10.4 10.9 10.9 10.9
Uzbekistan 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5
Lesotho 10.5 10.6 10.7 10.7 10.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 10.7 10.5 10.1 10.3 10.0
Switzerland 10.7 10.6 10.5 10.5 10.4
Cyprus 10.7 10.7 10.6 10.8 10.9
Iraq 11.0 11.0 10.1 10.6 10.4
Niger 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0
Georgia 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.4
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Guinea 11.1 10.7 10.2 9.7 9.0
South Africa 11.1 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Mexico 11.6 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.8
Afghanistan 11.7 11.7 11.8 11.9 11.7
Kazakhstan 11.8 10.7 9.8 9.0 8.1
Burkina Faso 12.4 12.7 13.8 14.3 14.3
Cameroon 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6
Guatemala 12.6 12.7 12.8 12.9 13.0
Japan 12.7 12.6 12.5 12.4 12.4
China 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.8 12.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8
Ghana 13.2 14.1 15.8 16.7 16.9
Nicaragua 13.7 13.7 14.5 15.0 15.4
Sri Lanka 14.1 14.1 14.2 14.2 14.4
Honduras 14.3 14.3 13.6 13.6 13.1
Jamaica 14.6 14.3 13.9 13.4 13.2
Myanmar 14.6 14.6 14.6 14.6 14.8
Ireland 15.0 15.4 15.0 15.7 15.6
Armenia 15.3 15.8 16.0 16.0 15.8
Senegal 15.3 15.4 15.4 15.4 15.6
Benin 15.9 17.3 18.6 20.0 20.4
Israel 15.9 15.5 15.5 15.5 15.4
Latvia 16.1 17.0 17.3 17.0 15.9
Nepal 16.3 16.4 16.4 16.4 16.4
Vietnam 16.6 17.1 17.4 17.7 18.4
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 16.7 17.6 17.6 18.6 18.6
Austria 17.1 17.1 17.1 17.0 17.0
Lebanon 17.6 17.9 18.1 18.3 12.6
Philippines 17.7 17.6 17.4 17.2 17.1
Gambia, The 18.3 18.8 20.3 19.8 23.7
Tunisia 18.3 18.3 18.3 18.5 18.7
West Bank and Gaza 18.4 17.8 17.4 14.0 16.4
Korea, Rep. 18.5 18.1 17.9 17.7 17.6
Dominican Republic 18.6 18.6 17.8 18.0 17.6
United States 19.9 19.5 19.4 19.3 19.1
Korea, Dem. Rep. 19.9 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.1
Croatia 20.0 17.6 17.6 19.5 19.1
Morocco 20.0 20.4 20.1 20.2 19.8
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Estonia 20.6 20.9 20.9 20.9 20.3
Azerbaijan 20.7 21.4 21.6 21.8 22.1
Cambodia 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0
Albania 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1
Greece 21.9 21.8 21.6 21.6 21.4
Tonga 22.2 22.2 20.8 20.8 20.8
Portugal 23.5 21.9 20.6 20.8 18.7
Macedonia, FYR 23.8 23.9 23.6 23.1 23.1
Malawi 24.4 25.5 26.0 27.6 28.6
United Kingdom 24.5 25.2 26.3 25.8 24.5
Liechtenstein 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0
Uganda 25.3 25.3 25.3 25.4 25.5
Syrian Arab Republic 26.1 25.8 26.0 25.6 25.6
Netherlands 26.1 26.5 26.7 26.8 27.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 26.9 23.1 23.1 23.1 26.9
Pakistan 27.2 27.4 27.7 27.7 27.5
El Salvador 28.1 27.3 27.3 29.0 30.5
Spain 28.1 28.9 28.6 27.4 27.0
Italy 28.2 28.3 28.1 28.3 29.1
Rwanda 28.4 30.4 32.4 33.2 35.1
Haiti 29.0 29.0 32.7 32.7 32.7
Belarus 30.7 30.7 30.4 30.5 30.5
Malta 31.3 31.3 28.1 25.0 25.0
Turkey 32.0 31.9 31.6 31.8 31.5
Slovak Republic 32.4 32.3 32.2 32.2 32.0
Thailand 33.0 32.4 31.8 31.2 31.1
France 33.2 33.2 33.4 33.5 33.5
Isle of Man 33.5 33.2 32.8 32.5 32.1
Germany 33.9 33.9 33.9 34.0 33.9
Cuba 34.3 32.4 33.8 33.3 33.6
Nigeria 36.1 36.3 36.5 37.3 38.4
Bulgaria 36.1 38.0 38.9 32.0 32.3
Burundi 36.6 36.6 37.0 37.0 37.4
Barbados 37.2 37.2 37.2 37.2 34.9
Togo 40.4 42.3 42.8 44.3 46.1
Romania 40.7 40.7 40.7 40.6 40.6
Comoros 41.9 41.9 41.9 41.9 41.9
Czech Republic 42.7 42.2 42.1 42.2 42.1
Mauritius 45.3 44.8 44.3 44.8 43.8
Lithuania 45.7 45.7 45.9 46.1 47.1
Poland 46.4 45.7 45.7 45.9 45.9
Hungary 53.5 53.5 53.7 53.7 53.6
Moldova 53.8 54.3 54.3 54.6 55.1
India 54.5 54.2 54.4 54.3 54.1
Denmark 54.7 54.7 55.7 55.8 54.1
Ukraine 57.5 57.3 57.1 56.7 56.4
Bangladesh 64.6 64.2 64.5 64.9 64.8
Macao SAR, China
South Sudan
Taiwan, China
Tuvalu
Curacao
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Serbia
St. Martin (French part)
Luxembourg
Monaco
Belgium
Montenegro

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