Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Greenland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Djibouti 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oman 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kuwait 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.6
Suriname 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Brunei Darussalam 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
New Caledonia 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Solomon Islands 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5
Papua New Guinea 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Mauritania 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
United Arab Emirates 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.7
Bahamas, The 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7
Botswana 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.6
French Polynesia 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Cayman Islands 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Mongolia 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8
Namibia 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Qatar 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Libya 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.0
Gabon 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Iceland 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Congo, Rep. 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Singapore 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Saudi Arabia 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Vanuatu 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Somalia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Jordan 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Seychelles 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Northern Mariana Islands 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Palau 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Colombia 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.5
Angola 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Guyana 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3
Kiribati 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Bolivia 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.9
Chile 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.4 2.4
Chad 2.7 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.7 2.8 2.8 3.0 2.8
Norway 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4
Belize 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Bahrain 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Venezuela, RB 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Peru 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4
Malaysia 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.9
Central African Republic 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
St. Lucia 3.1 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.3
Yemen, Rep. 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Algeria 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2
Lao PDR 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.8 4.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6
Liberia 3.6 3.8 3.9 4.2 4.2
Eritrea 3.7 3.9 4.9 4.9 5.5
Turkmenistan 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.9 4.1
Guam 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7
Puerto Rico 3.7 4.2 5.8 6.2 6.7
Mali 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7
Bhutan 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 2.7
Zambia 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.9 3.8
Dominica 4.0 4.0 4.0 5.3 6.7
Costa Rica 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.3 4.1
Sao Tome and Principe 4.2 5.2 5.2 6.3 6.3
Andorra 4.3 4.3 4.7 4.9 4.9
Equatorial Guinea 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6
Australia 4.7 5.2 5.7 5.9 6.2
Mozambique 4.8 5.0 5.1 5.0 5.0
Madagascar 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Canada 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Marshall Islands 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.7 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8
Tajikistan 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.6 5.6
Ecuador 5.8 5.8 6.5 6.5 6.5
Grenada 5.9 5.9 5.9 2.9 2.9
New Zealand 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.7
Samoa 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.8 4.9
Paraguay 6.5 6.5 7.2 7.4 7.6
Sierra Leone 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8
Panama 6.7 6.9 7.0 7.1 7.4
Sweden 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.6
Brazil 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9
Finland 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.2
Sudan 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.8
Kyrgyz Republic 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Uruguay 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.8
Russian Federation 7.7 7.8 7.7 7.6 7.6
Trinidad and Tobago 7.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Bermuda 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0
Kenya 8.2 8.5 8.2 9.0 8.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 8.6 8.6 8.6 5.7 5.7
Timor-Leste 8.7 8.5 8.4 8.1 8.1
Zimbabwe 8.8 9.0 8.8 9.2 9.3
Antigua and Barbuda 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1
Cote d'Ivoire 9.4 9.1 9.1 8.8 8.8
Slovenia 9.5 8.6 8.5 8.5 8.6
Guinea-Bissau 9.6 9.6 9.2 10.0 10.7
Fiji 9.9 9.9 9.3 9.3 9.3
Indonesia 9.9 10.2 10.3 10.9 11.3
Ethiopia 9.9 9.9 10.0 10.0 10.0
Argentina 9.9 10.0 10.0 10.1 10.1
American Samoa 10.0 10.0 12.0 12.5 12.5
Maldives 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Tanzania 10.2 10.1 9.8 9.8 9.7
Swaziland 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3
Cabo Verde 10.4 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 10.5 10.1 10.3 10.0 9.2
Uzbekistan 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5
Lesotho 10.6 10.7 10.7 10.7 10.9
Switzerland 10.6 10.5 10.5 10.4 10.3
Guinea 10.7 10.2 9.7 9.0 8.7
Cyprus 10.7 10.6 10.8 10.9 10.6
Iraq 11.0 10.1 10.6 10.4 9.4
Niger 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Georgia 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.4 11.4
South Africa 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.4
Mexico 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.8 11.8
Afghanistan 11.7 11.8 11.9 11.7 11.8
Kazakhstan 12.2 12.1 11.9 11.9 11.2
Cameroon 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6
Japan 12.6 12.5 12.4 12.4 12.3
Guatemala 12.7 12.8 12.9 13.0 13.0
China 12.7 12.7 12.8 12.7 12.6
Burkina Faso 12.7 13.8 14.3 14.3 13.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8
Nicaragua 13.7 14.5 15.0 15.4 15.9
Ghana 14.1 15.8 16.7 16.9 17.4
Sri Lanka 14.1 14.2 14.2 14.4 14.6
Honduras 14.3 13.6 13.6 13.1 9.5
Jamaica 14.3 13.9 13.4 13.2 12.9
Myanmar 14.6 14.6 14.6 14.8 15.2
Ireland 15.4 15.0 15.7 15.6 15.6
Israel 15.5 15.5 15.5 15.4 15.6
Armenia 15.8 16.0 16.0 15.8 15.8
Nepal 16.4 16.4 16.4 16.4 16.4
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Senegal 16.7 15.3 13.9 17.7 17.3
Latvia 17.0 17.3 17.0 15.9 15.6
Vietnam 17.1 17.4 17.7 18.4 19.9
Austria 17.1 17.0 16.9 16.5 16.7
Benin 17.3 18.6 20.0 20.4 21.1
Philippines 17.6 17.4 17.2 17.1 16.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 17.6 17.6 18.6 18.6 19.5
Croatia 17.6 17.6 19.5 19.1 15.1
West Bank and Gaza 17.8 17.4 14.0 16.4 16.9
Lebanon 17.9 18.1 18.3 12.6 12.6
Korea, Rep. 18.1 17.9 17.7 17.6 17.8
Tunisia 18.3 18.3 18.5 18.7 18.4
Gambia, The 18.8 20.3 19.8 23.7 27.7
Korea, Dem. Rep. 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.1
Dominican Republic 19.4 17.8 18.0 17.6 18.6
United States 19.5 19.4 19.3 19.1 19.1
Morocco 20.4 20.1 20.2 19.8 19.6
Estonia 20.9 20.9 20.9 20.3 19.9
Cambodia 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0
Albania 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1
Azerbaijan 21.4 21.6 21.8 22.1 22.1
Greece 21.8 21.6 21.6 21.4 21.3
Portugal 21.9 20.6 20.8 18.7 17.8
Tonga 22.2 20.8 20.8 20.8 20.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 23.1 23.1 23.1 26.9 26.9
Macedonia, FYR 23.9 23.6 23.1 23.1 21.8
Liechtenstein 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0
United Kingdom 25.2 26.3 25.8 24.5 24.3
Uganda 25.3 25.3 25.4 25.5 26.5
Malawi 25.5 26.0 27.6 28.6 29.2
Syrian Arab Republic 25.8 26.0 25.6 25.6 24.7
Netherlands 26.5 26.7 26.8 27.1 27.0
El Salvador 27.3 27.3 29.0 30.5 31.4
Italy 28.3 28.1 28.3 29.1 28.8
Spain 28.9 28.6 27.4 27.0 26.9
Haiti 29.0 32.7 32.7 32.7 32.7
Rwanda 30.4 32.4 33.2 35.1 36.5
Belarus 30.7 30.4 30.5 30.5 30.2
Malta 31.3 28.1 25.0 25.0 25.0
Turkey 31.9 31.6 31.8 31.5 31.0
Slovak Republic 32.3 32.2 32.2 32.0 31.8
Thailand 32.4 31.8 31.2 31.1 30.6
Cuba 32.4 33.8 33.3 33.6 32.6
Isle of Man 33.2 32.8 32.5 32.1 31.8
France 33.2 33.4 33.5 33.5 33.5
Germany 33.9 33.9 34.0 33.9 33.8
Comoros 34.9 34.9 34.9 34.9 34.9
Nigeria 36.3 36.5 37.3 38.4 38.4
Burundi 36.6 37.0 37.0 37.4 37.4
Barbados 37.2 37.2 37.2 34.9 34.9
Bulgaria 38.0 38.9 32.0 32.3 31.9
Pakistan 39.6 40.3 40.4 40.4 40.3
Romania 40.7 40.7 40.6 40.6 40.8
Czech Republic 42.2 42.1 42.2 42.1 42.0
Togo 42.3 42.8 44.3 46.1 46.0
Mauritius 44.8 44.3 44.8 43.8 44.3
Poland 45.7 45.7 45.9 45.9 45.7
Lithuania 45.7 45.9 46.1 47.1 45.9
Hungary 53.5 53.7 53.7 53.6 51.4
India 54.2 54.4 54.3 54.1 54.1
Moldova 54.3 54.3 54.6 55.1 55.6
Denmark 54.7 55.7 55.8 54.1 53.8
Ukraine 57.3 57.1 56.7 56.4 56.2
Bangladesh 64.2 64.5 64.9 64.8 64.1
Tuvalu
Curacao
Macao SAR, China
South Sudan
Montenegro
Belgium 28.5
Monaco
Luxembourg 23.9
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Serbia
St. Martin (French part)

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