Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Greenland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Djibouti 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oman 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kuwait 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4
Suriname 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Brunei Darussalam 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
New Caledonia 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Solomon Islands 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5
Papua New Guinea 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Mauritania 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
United Arab Emirates 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5
Bahamas, The 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Botswana 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4
French Polynesia 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Cayman Islands 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Mongolia 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8
Namibia 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Qatar 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Libya 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.0
Gabon 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Iceland 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Congo, Rep. 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Singapore 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Saudi Arabia 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7
Vanuatu 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Somalia 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Jordan 2.9 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.2
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Palau 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Northern Mariana Islands 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Seychelles 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Colombia 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3
Angola 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Guyana 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Kiribati 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Bolivia 2.4 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.8
Chile 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.4
Chad 2.7 2.7 2.9 2.9 2.9
Norway 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.4
Belize 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Bahrain 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 3.0
Venezuela, RB 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Peru 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3
Malaysia 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Central African Republic 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
St. Lucia 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.3 3.3
Yemen, Rep. 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Algeria 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2
Lao PDR 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6
Liberia 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.9 4.2
Eritrea 4.3 3.7 3.9 4.9 4.9
Turkmenistan 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.9
Guam 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7
Puerto Rico 3.7 3.7 4.2 5.8 6.2
Mali 2.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7
Bhutan 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8
Zambia 3.6 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.9
Dominica 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 5.3
Costa Rica 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.3
Sao Tome and Principe 4.2 4.2 5.2 5.2 6.3
Andorra 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.7 4.9
Equatorial Guinea 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6
Australia 5.2 4.7 5.2 5.7 5.9
Mozambique 4.6 4.8 5.0 5.1 5.0
Madagascar 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Canada 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Marshall Islands 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.7 5.7 4.8 4.8 4.8
Tajikistan 6.0 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.6
Ecuador 5.7 5.8 5.8 6.5 6.5
Grenada 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 2.9
New Zealand 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Samoa 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.8
Paraguay 6.5 6.5 6.5 7.2 7.4
Sierra Leone 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Panama 6.7 6.7 6.9 7.0 7.1
Sweden 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7
Brazil 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9
Finland 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.1
Sudan 6.8 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9
Kyrgyz Republic 6.6 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Uruguay 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.7 7.7
Russian Federation 7.8 7.7 7.8 7.7 7.6
Trinidad and Tobago 7.8 7.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Kenya 9.6 8.2 8.5 8.2 9.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.6 5.7
Timor-Leste 8.7 8.7 8.5 8.4 8.1
Zimbabwe 8.0 8.8 9.0 8.8 9.2
Antigua and Barbuda 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1
Cote d'Ivoire 9.4 9.4 9.1 9.1 8.8
Slovenia 9.7 9.5 8.6 8.5 8.5
Guinea-Bissau 10.0 9.6 9.6 9.2 10.0
Fiji 9.9 9.9 9.9 9.3 9.3
Indonesia 9.6 9.9 10.2 10.3 10.9
Ethiopia 9.9 9.9 9.9 10.0 10.0
Argentina 9.9 9.9 10.0 10.0 10.1
Maldives 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
American Samoa 7.5 10.0 10.0 12.0 12.5
Tanzania 10.0 10.2 10.1 9.8 9.8
Swaziland 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3
Cabo Verde 10.4 10.4 10.9 10.9 10.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 10.7 10.5 10.1 10.3 10.0
Uzbekistan 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5
Lesotho 10.5 10.6 10.7 10.7 10.7
Switzerland 10.7 10.6 10.5 10.5 10.4
Guinea 11.1 10.7 10.2 9.7 9.0
Cyprus 10.7 10.7 10.6 10.8 10.9
Kazakhstan 11.8 10.7 9.8 9.0 8.1
Iraq 11.0 11.0 10.1 10.6 10.4
Niger 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Georgia 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.4
South Africa 11.1 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Mexico 11.6 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.8
Afghanistan 11.7 11.7 11.8 11.9 11.7
Cameroon 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6
Japan 12.7 12.6 12.5 12.4 12.4
Guatemala 12.6 12.7 12.8 12.9 13.0
China 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.8 12.7
Burkina Faso 12.4 12.7 13.8 14.3 14.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8
Nicaragua 13.7 13.7 14.5 15.0 15.4
Ghana 13.2 14.1 15.8 16.7 16.9
Sri Lanka 14.1 14.1 14.2 14.2 14.4
Honduras 14.3 14.3 13.6 13.6 13.1
Jamaica 14.6 14.3 13.9 13.4 13.2
Myanmar 14.6 14.6 14.6 14.6 14.8
Ireland 15.0 15.4 15.0 15.7 15.6
Senegal 15.3 15.4 15.4 15.4 15.6
Israel 15.9 15.5 15.5 15.5 15.4
Armenia 15.3 15.8 16.0 16.0 15.8
Nepal 16.3 16.4 16.4 16.4 16.4
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Latvia 16.1 17.0 17.3 17.0 15.9
Vietnam 16.6 17.1 17.4 17.7 18.4
Austria 17.1 17.1 17.1 17.0 17.0
Benin 15.9 17.3 18.6 20.0 20.4
Philippines 17.7 17.6 17.4 17.2 17.1
Croatia 20.0 17.6 17.6 19.5 19.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 16.7 17.6 17.6 18.6 18.6
West Bank and Gaza 18.4 17.8 17.4 14.0 16.4
Lebanon 17.6 17.9 18.1 18.3 12.6
Korea, Rep. 18.5 18.1 17.9 17.7 17.6
Tunisia 18.3 18.3 18.3 18.5 18.7
Dominican Republic 18.6 18.6 17.8 18.0 17.6
Gambia, The 18.3 18.8 20.3 19.8 23.7
Korea, Dem. Rep. 19.9 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.1
United States 19.9 19.5 19.4 19.3 19.1
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Morocco 20.0 20.4 20.1 20.2 19.8
Estonia 20.6 20.9 20.9 20.9 20.3
Cambodia 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0
Albania 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1
Azerbaijan 20.7 21.4 21.6 21.8 22.1
Greece 21.9 21.8 21.6 21.6 21.4
Portugal 23.5 21.9 20.6 20.8 18.7
Tonga 22.2 22.2 20.8 20.8 20.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 26.9 23.1 23.1 23.1 26.9
Macedonia, FYR 23.8 23.9 23.6 23.1 23.1
Liechtenstein 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0
United Kingdom 24.5 25.2 26.3 25.8 24.5
Uganda 25.3 25.3 25.3 25.4 25.5
Malawi 24.4 25.5 26.0 27.6 28.6
Syrian Arab Republic 26.1 25.8 26.0 25.6 25.6
Netherlands 26.1 26.5 26.7 26.8 27.1
El Salvador 28.1 27.3 27.3 29.0 30.5
Pakistan 27.2 27.4 27.7 27.7 27.5
Italy 28.2 28.3 28.1 28.3 29.1
Spain 28.1 28.9 28.6 27.4 27.0
Haiti 29.0 29.0 32.7 32.7 32.7
Rwanda 28.4 30.4 32.4 33.2 35.1
Belarus 30.7 30.7 30.4 30.5 30.5
Malta 31.3 31.3 28.1 25.0 25.0
Turkey 32.0 31.9 31.6 31.8 31.5
Slovak Republic 32.4 32.3 32.2 32.2 32.0
Thailand 33.0 32.4 31.8 31.2 31.1
Cuba 34.3 32.4 33.8 33.3 33.6
Isle of Man 33.5 33.2 32.8 32.5 32.1
France 33.2 33.2 33.4 33.5 33.5
Germany 33.9 33.9 33.9 34.0 33.9
Nigeria 36.1 36.3 36.5 37.3 38.4
Burundi 36.6 36.6 37.0 37.0 37.4
Barbados 37.2 37.2 37.2 37.2 34.9
Bulgaria 36.1 38.0 38.9 32.0 32.3
Romania 40.7 40.7 40.7 40.6 40.6
Comoros 41.9 41.9 41.9 41.9 41.9
Czech Republic 42.7 42.2 42.1 42.2 42.1
Togo 40.4 42.3 42.8 44.3 46.1
Mauritius 45.3 44.8 44.3 44.8 43.8
Poland 46.4 45.7 45.7 45.9 45.9
Lithuania 45.7 45.7 45.9 46.1 47.1
Hungary 53.5 53.5 53.7 53.7 53.6
India 54.5 54.2 54.4 54.3 54.1
Moldova 53.8 54.3 54.3 54.6 55.1
Denmark 54.7 54.7 55.7 55.8 54.1
Ukraine 57.5 57.3 57.1 56.7 56.4
Bangladesh 64.6 64.2 64.5 64.9 64.8
Tuvalu
Curacao
Kosovo
Macao SAR, China
Serbia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Belgium
Monaco
St. Martin (French part)
Luxembourg
Montenegro
South Sudan

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