Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Greenland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Djibouti 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oman 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kuwait 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4
Suriname 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Brunei Darussalam 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
New Caledonia 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Botswana 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4
United Arab Emirates 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5
Papua New Guinea 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Solomon Islands 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5
Mauritania 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Bahamas, The 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
French Polynesia 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Cayman Islands 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Mongolia 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8
Namibia 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Libya 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.0
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Qatar 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Gabon 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Iceland 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Congo, Rep. 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Singapore 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Vanuatu 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Somalia 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Saudi Arabia 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Jordan 2.9 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.2
Northern Mariana Islands 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Seychelles 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Palau 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Colombia 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3
Angola 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Guyana 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Norway 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.4
Kiribati 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Chile 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.4
Bolivia 2.4 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.8
Belize 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Bahrain 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 3.0
Chad 2.7 2.7 2.9 2.9 2.9
Venezuela, RB 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Malaysia 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Yemen, Rep. 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9
Central African Republic 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Peru 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3
Algeria 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2
St. Lucia 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.3 3.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6
Zambia 3.6 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.9
Turkmenistan 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.9
Guam 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7
Mali 2.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7
Lao PDR 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.8
Bhutan 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8
Liberia 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.9 4.2
Dominica 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 5.3
Costa Rica 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.3
Equatorial Guinea 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6
Andorra 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.7 4.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.7 5.7 4.8 4.8 4.8
Eritrea 4.3 3.7 3.9 4.9 4.9
Madagascar 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Canada 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Mozambique 4.6 4.8 5.0 5.1 5.0
Sao Tome and Principe 4.2 4.2 5.2 5.2 6.3
Marshall Islands 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6
Tajikistan 6.0 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.6
Australia 5.2 4.7 5.2 5.7 5.9
Puerto Rico 3.7 3.7 4.2 5.8 6.2
Grenada 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 2.9
New Zealand 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Samoa 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.8
Ecuador 5.7 5.8 5.8 6.5 6.5
Sierra Leone 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Sweden 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.7
Trinidad and Tobago 7.8 7.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Brazil 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9
Sudan 6.8 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.9
Panama 6.7 6.7 6.9 7.0 7.1
Kyrgyz Republic 6.6 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.1
Finland 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.1
Paraguay 6.5 6.5 6.5 7.2 7.4
Russian Federation 7.8 7.7 7.8 7.7 7.6
Uruguay 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.7 7.7
Kenya 9.6 8.2 8.5 8.2 9.0
Timor-Leste 8.7 8.7 8.5 8.4 8.1
Slovenia 9.7 9.5 8.6 8.5 8.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.6 5.7
Zimbabwe 8.0 8.8 9.0 8.8 9.2
Kazakhstan 11.8 10.7 9.8 9.0 8.1
Antigua and Barbuda 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1
Cote d'Ivoire 9.4 9.4 9.1 9.1 8.8
Guinea-Bissau 10.0 9.6 9.6 9.2 10.0
Fiji 9.9 9.9 9.9 9.3 9.3
Guinea 11.1 10.7 10.2 9.7 9.0
Tanzania 10.0 10.2 10.1 9.8 9.8
Ethiopia 9.9 9.9 9.9 10.0 10.0
Maldives 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Argentina 9.9 9.9 10.0 10.0 10.1
Indonesia 9.6 9.9 10.2 10.3 10.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 10.7 10.5 10.1 10.3 10.0
Swaziland 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3
Switzerland 10.7 10.6 10.5 10.5 10.4
Uzbekistan 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5
Iraq 11.0 11.0 10.1 10.6 10.4
Lesotho 10.5 10.6 10.7 10.7 10.7
Cyprus 10.7 10.7 10.6 10.8 10.9
Cabo Verde 10.4 10.4 10.9 10.9 10.9
Niger 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
South Africa 11.1 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Georgia 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.4
Mexico 11.6 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.8
Afghanistan 11.7 11.7 11.8 11.9 11.7
American Samoa 7.5 10.0 10.0 12.0 12.5
Japan 12.7 12.6 12.5 12.4 12.4
Cameroon 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6
China 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.8 12.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8
Guatemala 12.6 12.7 12.8 12.9 13.0
Jamaica 14.6 14.3 13.9 13.4 13.2
Honduras 14.3 14.3 13.6 13.6 13.1
West Bank and Gaza 18.4 17.8 17.4 14.0 16.4
Sri Lanka 14.1 14.1 14.2 14.2 14.4
Burkina Faso 12.4 12.7 13.8 14.3 14.3
Myanmar 14.6 14.6 14.6 14.6 14.8
Nicaragua 13.7 13.7 14.5 15.0 15.4
Senegal 15.3 15.4 15.4 15.4 15.6
Israel 15.9 15.5 15.5 15.5 15.4
Ireland 15.0 15.4 15.0 15.7 15.6
Armenia 15.3 15.8 16.0 16.0 15.8
Nepal 16.3 16.4 16.4 16.4 16.4
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Ghana 13.2 14.1 15.8 16.7 16.9
Latvia 16.1 17.0 17.3 17.0 15.9
Austria 17.1 17.1 17.1 17.0 17.0
Philippines 17.7 17.6 17.4 17.2 17.1
Vietnam 16.6 17.1 17.4 17.7 18.4
Korea, Rep. 18.5 18.1 17.9 17.7 17.6
Dominican Republic 18.6 18.6 17.8 18.0 17.6
Lebanon 17.6 17.9 18.1 18.3 12.6
Tunisia 18.3 18.3 18.3 18.5 18.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 16.7 17.6 17.6 18.6 18.6
Korea, Dem. Rep. 19.9 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.1
United States 19.9 19.5 19.4 19.3 19.1
Croatia 20.0 17.6 17.6 19.5 19.1
Gambia, The 18.3 18.8 20.3 19.8 23.7
Benin 15.9 17.3 18.6 20.0 20.4
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Morocco 20.0 20.4 20.1 20.2 19.8
Portugal 23.5 21.9 20.6 20.8 18.7
Tonga 22.2 22.2 20.8 20.8 20.8
Estonia 20.6 20.9 20.9 20.9 20.3
Cambodia 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0
Albania 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1
Greece 21.9 21.8 21.6 21.6 21.4
Azerbaijan 20.7 21.4 21.6 21.8 22.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 26.9 23.1 23.1 23.1 26.9
Macedonia, FYR 23.8 23.9 23.6 23.1 23.1
Liechtenstein 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0
Malta 31.3 31.3 28.1 25.0 25.0
Uganda 25.3 25.3 25.3 25.4 25.5
Syrian Arab Republic 26.1 25.8 26.0 25.6 25.6
United Kingdom 24.5 25.2 26.3 25.8 24.5
Netherlands 26.1 26.5 26.7 26.8 27.1
Spain 28.1 28.9 28.6 27.4 27.0
Malawi 24.4 25.5 26.0 27.6 28.6
Pakistan 27.2 27.4 27.7 27.7 27.5
Italy 28.2 28.3 28.1 28.3 29.1
El Salvador 28.1 27.3 27.3 29.0 30.5
Belarus 30.7 30.7 30.4 30.5 30.5
Thailand 33.0 32.4 31.8 31.2 31.1
Turkey 32.0 31.9 31.6 31.8 31.5
Bulgaria 36.1 38.0 38.9 32.0 32.3
Slovak Republic 32.4 32.3 32.2 32.2 32.0
Isle of Man 33.5 33.2 32.8 32.5 32.1
Haiti 29.0 29.0 32.7 32.7 32.7
Rwanda 28.4 30.4 32.4 33.2 35.1
Cuba 34.3 32.4 33.8 33.3 33.6
France 33.2 33.2 33.4 33.5 33.5
Germany 33.9 33.9 33.9 34.0 33.9
Burundi 36.6 36.6 37.0 37.0 37.4
Barbados 37.2 37.2 37.2 37.2 34.9
Nigeria 36.1 36.3 36.5 37.3 38.4
Romania 40.7 40.7 40.7 40.6 40.6
Comoros 41.9 41.9 41.9 41.9 41.9
Czech Republic 42.7 42.2 42.1 42.2 42.1
Togo 40.4 42.3 42.8 44.3 46.1
Mauritius 45.3 44.8 44.3 44.8 43.8
Poland 46.4 45.7 45.7 45.9 45.9
Lithuania 45.7 45.7 45.9 46.1 47.1
Hungary 53.5 53.5 53.7 53.7 53.6
India 54.5 54.2 54.4 54.3 54.1
Moldova 53.8 54.3 54.3 54.6 55.1
Denmark 54.7 54.7 55.7 55.8 54.1
Ukraine 57.5 57.3 57.1 56.7 56.4
Bangladesh 64.6 64.2 64.5 64.9 64.8
Curacao
Montenegro
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Serbia
Tuvalu
Macao SAR, China
Belgium
Kosovo
Luxembourg
Monaco
South Sudan
St. Martin (French part)

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