Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Greenland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Djibouti 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oman 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kuwait 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Suriname 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Brunei Darussalam 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
New Caledonia 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Botswana 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4
United Arab Emirates 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4
Papua New Guinea 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Solomon Islands 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Mauritania 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Bahamas, The 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
French Polynesia 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Cayman Islands 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Mongolia 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9
Namibia 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Libya 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.0
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Qatar 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Gabon 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Iceland 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Congo, Rep. 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Singapore 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Vanuatu 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Somalia 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7
Saudi Arabia 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Jordan 2.4 2.9 2.0 2.1 2.2
Northern Mariana Islands 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Palau 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Seychelles 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Colombia 2.6 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3
Angola 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Guyana 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
Kiribati 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Chile 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.7
Bolivia 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.6 2.7
Belize 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8
Peru 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Bahrain 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Chad 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.9 2.9
Venezuela, RB 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Norway 2.9 3.2 3.3 2.9 3.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Yemen, Rep. 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Central African Republic 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Algeria 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2
St. Lucia 8.2 8.2 3.3 3.3 3.3
Turkmenistan 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6
Zambia 3.8 3.6 3.9 3.8 3.6
Guam 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7
Lao PDR 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7
Mali 2.6 2.7 3.7 3.7 3.7
Bhutan 3.5 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.8
Liberia 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.9
Dominica 5.3 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
Costa Rica 4.5 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.1
Equatorial Guinea 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6
Andorra 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.7
Eritrea 4.3 4.3 3.7 3.9 4.9
Madagascar 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Canada 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Mozambique 4.5 4.6 4.8 5.0 5.1
Sao Tome and Principe 3.1 4.2 4.2 5.2 5.2
Malaysia 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Marshall Islands 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6
Tajikistan 6.1 6.0 5.8 5.8 5.6
Australia 6.2 5.2 4.7 5.2 5.7
Puerto Rico 3.7 3.7 3.7 4.2 5.8
Grenada 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
New Zealand 6.5 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9
Samoa 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
Ecuador 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.8 6.5
Sierra Leone 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Sweden 6.8 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.8
Trinidad and Tobago 7.8 7.8 7.8 6.8 6.8
Brazil 6.2 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8
Sudan 6.3 6.8 7.0 7.0 6.9
Panama 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.9 7.0
Kyrgyz Republic 6.8 6.6 7.1 7.1 7.1
Paraguay 6.2 6.5 6.5 6.5 7.2
Finland 7.5 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.2
Russian Federation 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.8 7.7
Uruguay 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.7
Kenya 9.6 9.6 8.2 8.5 8.2
Timor-Leste 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.5 8.4
Slovenia 9.7 9.7 9.5 8.6 8.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.6
Zimbabwe 7.9 8.0 8.2 8.7 8.7
Kazakhstan 12.8 11.8 10.7 9.8 9.0
Antigua and Barbuda 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1
Cote d'Ivoire 9.4 9.4 9.4 9.1 9.1
Guinea-Bissau 10.0 10.0 9.6 9.6 9.2
Fiji 9.9 9.9 9.9 9.9 9.3
Guinea 11.2 11.1 10.7 10.2 9.7
Tanzania 10.0 10.0 10.2 10.1 9.8
Ethiopia 9.9 9.9 9.9 9.9 10.0
Maldives 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Argentina 9.9 9.9 9.9 10.0 10.0
Indonesia 9.5 9.6 9.9 10.2 10.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 10.6 10.7 10.5 10.1 10.3
Swaziland 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3
Switzerland 10.3 10.6 10.6 10.5 10.4
Uzbekistan 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5
Iraq 11.5 11.0 11.0 10.1 10.6
Lesotho 10.7 10.5 10.6 10.7 10.7
Cabo Verde 10.2 10.4 10.4 10.9 10.9
Cyprus 10.9 10.7 10.7 10.6 10.9
Niger 10.3 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
South Africa 11.1 11.1 11.3 11.3 11.3
Georgia 11.4 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4
Afghanistan 11.8 11.7 11.7 11.8 11.9
American Samoa 6.0 7.5 10.0 10.0 12.0
Japan 12.8 12.7 12.6 12.5 12.4
Cameroon 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8
Guatemala 12.6 12.6 12.7 12.8 12.9
Mexico 12.8 12.9 12.9 12.9 12.9
China 13.1 13.1 13.0 12.9 13.0
Jamaica 14.9 14.6 14.3 13.9 13.4
Honduras 14.7 14.3 14.3 13.6 13.6
West Bank and Gaza 17.3 18.4 17.8 17.4 14.0
Sri Lanka 14.1 14.1 14.1 14.2 14.2
Burkina Faso 12.3 12.4 12.8 14.1 14.3
Myanmar 14.6 14.6 14.6 14.6 14.6
Nicaragua 11.2 13.7 13.7 14.5 15.0
Senegal 15.8 15.3 15.4 15.4 15.4
Israel 16.1 15.9 15.5 15.5 15.5
Ireland 14.7 15.0 15.4 15.0 15.7
Armenia 15.3 15.3 15.8 16.0 16.0
Nepal 16.3 16.3 16.3 16.3 16.3
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Ghana 12.3 13.2 14.1 15.8 16.7
Latvia 27.5 16.1 17.0 17.3 17.0
Austria 17.3 17.1 17.1 17.1 17.0
Philippines 17.9 17.7 17.6 17.4 17.2
Korea, Rep. 18.7 18.1 17.7 17.4 17.3
Vietnam 16.8 16.6 17.1 17.4 17.7
Dominican Republic 18.6 18.6 18.6 17.8 18.0
Lebanon 17.6 17.6 17.9 18.1 18.3
Tunisia 18.2 18.3 18.3 18.3 18.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 16.7 16.7 17.6 17.6 18.6
Korea, Dem. Rep. 19.9 19.9 19.1 19.1 19.1
United States 19.9 19.9 19.5 19.4 19.3
Croatia 19.7 20.0 17.6 17.6 19.5
Gambia, The 17.8 18.3 18.8 20.3 19.8
Benin 15.1 15.9 17.3 18.6 20.0
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Morocco 20.4 20.0 20.4 20.1 20.2
Portugal 24.0 23.5 21.9 20.6 20.8
Tonga 22.2 22.2 22.2 20.8 20.8
Estonia 22.4 20.6 20.9 20.9 20.9
Cambodia 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0
Albania 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1
Greece 22.0 21.9 21.8 21.6 21.6
Azerbaijan 20.7 20.7 21.4 21.6 21.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 26.9 26.9 23.1 23.1 23.1
Macedonia, FYR 23.9 23.8 23.9 23.6 23.1
Malta 37.5 31.3 31.3 28.1 25.0
Liechtenstein 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0
Uganda 25.3 25.3 25.3 25.3 25.4
Syrian Arab Republic 26.2 26.1 25.8 26.0 25.6
United Kingdom 24.4 24.5 25.2 26.3 25.8
Netherlands 26.2 26.1 26.5 26.7 26.8
Spain 29.6 28.1 28.9 28.6 27.4
Malawi 22.3 24.4 25.5 26.0 27.6
Pakistan 27.2 27.2 27.4 27.7 27.7
Italy 28.3 28.2 28.3 28.1 28.3
El Salvador 28.2 28.1 27.3 27.3 29.0
Belarus 30.7 30.7 30.7 30.4 30.5
Thailand 33.0 33.0 32.4 31.8 31.2
Turkey 32.1 32.0 31.9 31.6 31.8
Bulgaria 36.2 36.1 38.0 38.9 32.0
Slovak Republic 32.5 32.4 32.3 32.2 32.2
Isle of Man 33.9 33.5 33.2 32.8 32.5
Haiti 29.0 29.0 29.0 32.7 32.7
Nigeria 33.1 33.3 31.5 31.0 32.9
Rwanda 28.4 28.4 30.4 32.4 33.2
Cuba 34.3 34.3 32.4 33.8 33.3
France 33.4 33.4 33.4 33.5 33.5
Germany 33.8 33.9 33.9 33.9 34.0
Burundi 36.2 36.6 36.6 37.0 37.0
Barbados 37.2 37.2 37.2 37.2 37.2
Romania 40.7 40.7 40.7 40.7 40.6
Comoros 41.9 41.9 41.9 41.9 41.9
Czech Republic 42.9 42.7 42.2 42.1 42.2
Togo 40.4 40.4 42.3 42.8 44.3
Mauritius 45.8 45.3 44.8 44.3 44.8
Lithuania 41.3 45.7 45.7 45.9 46.1
Poland 47.0 46.7 46.0 46.0 46.2
Hungary 52.8 53.5 53.5 53.7 53.7
India 54.5 54.4 54.3 54.3 54.3
Moldova 53.4 53.8 54.3 54.3 54.6
Denmark 55.7 54.7 54.7 55.7 55.8
Ukraine 57.5 57.5 57.3 57.1 56.7
Bangladesh 64.6 64.6 64.2 64.5 64.9
Macao SAR, China
Montenegro
South Sudan
Curacao
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Hong Kong SAR, China
Serbia
Belgium
Tuvalu
Kosovo
Monaco
Luxembourg
St. Martin (French part)

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