Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Greenland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Djibouti 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oman 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
New Caledonia 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Suriname 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4
Brunei Darussalam 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Kuwait 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7
Botswana 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.3
Papua New Guinea 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Mauritania 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Solomon Islands 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6
United Arab Emirates 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8
Bahamas, The 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Mongolia 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.5
French Polynesia 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Cayman Islands 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Namibia 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Libya 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Qatar 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0
Gabon 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Iceland 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Congo, Rep. 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Singapore 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 0.9
Vanuatu 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Somalia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.9 2.0
Saudi Arabia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Jordan 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.0
Palau 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Northern Mariana Islands 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Seychelles 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Colombia 2.3 2.5 2.2 2.0 2.0
Angola 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6
Chile 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.0
Guyana 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Kiribati 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Bolivia 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.2
Belize 2.8 2.8 2.8 3.1 3.1
Bahrain 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.4
Peru 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Chad 2.9 2.9 3.1 2.9 3.0
Norway 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Yemen, Rep. 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.4
Venezuela, RB 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.9
Grenada 2.9 2.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.0 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.9
Central African Republic 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Algeria 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2
St. Lucia 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3
Turkmenistan 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6
Guam 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7
Mali 3.7 3.8 3.8 4.0 4.9
Lao PDR 3.8 3.8 3.8 4.1 4.2
Bhutan 3.8 2.6 2.8 2.8 2.8
Zambia 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.9
Liberia 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9
Costa Rica 4.3 4.1 4.1 3.9 4.1
Equatorial Guinea 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6
Andorra 4.9 4.9 5.1 5.3 5.3
Eritrea 4.9 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.9
Madagascar 5.0 5.0 5.1 5.1 5.1
Mozambique 5.0 5.0 5.1 5.7 5.7
Canada 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Dominica 5.3 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Malaysia 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Marshall Islands 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6
Tajikistan 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7
Samoa 5.8 4.9 4.9 4.6 4.6
New Zealand 5.9 5.7 5.7 1.8 1.6
Australia 5.9 6.2 6.5 6.2 6.1
Puerto Rico 6.2 6.7 7.3 7.7 7.3
Sao Tome and Principe 6.3 6.3 7.3 7.3 8.3
Ecuador 6.5 6.5 6.0 5.5 5.2
Sweden 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5
Sierra Leone 6.8 6.8 9.4 12.4 13.1
Trinidad and Tobago 6.8 6.8 5.8 5.8 5.8
Brazil 6.8 6.8 7.0 7.3 7.6
Sudan 6.9 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.6
Panama 7.1 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Finland 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.3
Kyrgyz Republic 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.0
Paraguay 7.4 7.6 7.8 8.1 8.3
Russian Federation 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.5 7.5
Uruguay 7.7 7.8 7.8 7.4 7.4
Timor-Leste 8.1 8.1 9.8 9.8 10.1
Kazakhstan 8.1 8.0 8.2 8.4 8.4
Slovenia 8.5 8.6 8.6 8.3 8.6
Cote d'Ivoire 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.5
Guinea 9.0 8.7 9.0 9.7 10.1
Kenya 9.0 8.6 9.0 8.9 9.0
Antigua and Barbuda 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1
Zimbabwe 9.1 9.3 9.3 9.4 9.4
Fiji 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.3
Tanzania 9.8 9.7 9.6 9.7 9.6
Guinea-Bissau 10.0 10.7 10.7 10.0 9.6
Ethiopia 10.0 10.0 10.7 9.6 10.9
Maldives 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 10.0 9.2 9.7 9.8 9.9
Argentina 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.2 10.5
Swaziland 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3
Switzerland 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.2 10.2
Iraq 10.4 9.4 9.8 10.6 10.3
Uzbekistan 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.6
Lesotho 10.7 10.9 10.9 9.9 9.9
Indonesia 10.9 11.3 11.2 11.1 12.4
Cabo Verde 10.9 10.9 11.4 11.7 11.7
Cyprus 10.9 10.6 10.6 10.8 12.4
Niger 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.1
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
South Africa 11.3 11.4 11.3 11.3 11.2
Georgia 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.5 11.5
Afghanistan 11.7 11.8 11.8 11.8 11.9
Japan 12.4 12.3 12.2 12.1 12.1
American Samoa 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 16.7
Cameroon 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6
Lebanon 12.6 12.6 11.7 12.7 13.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8
Mexico 12.9 12.9 12.9 12.9 12.9
Guatemala 13.0 13.0 13.1 13.3 18.1
China 13.0 13.0 12.9 12.8 12.5
Honduras 13.1 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5
Jamaica 13.2 12.9 12.9 12.5 12.5
Sri Lanka 14.4 14.6 14.6 14.9 15.1
Burkina Faso 14.6 13.5 16.8 17.2 18.6
Myanmar 14.8 15.2 15.3 15.1 15.1
Nicaragua 15.4 15.9 16.0 16.6 17.0
Israel 15.4 15.6 15.8 16.1 15.4
Ireland 15.6 15.6 17.2 17.1 17.2
Senegal 15.6 15.8 16.2 16.1 15.5
Armenia 15.8 15.8 16.0 16.0 16.0
Latvia 15.9 15.6 15.4 15.6 15.4
Nepal 16.3 16.4 16.4 16.4 16.4
West Bank and Gaza 16.4 16.9 16.9 16.9 16.8
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Ghana 16.9 17.4 17.8 18.4 18.4
Austria 17.0 17.0 16.8 16.8 16.8
Philippines 17.1 16.9 16.7 16.6 16.4
Korea, Rep. 17.2 17.4 17.5 17.3 17.1
Dominican Republic 17.6 18.0 18.0 18.0 17.0
Vietnam 18.4 19.9 21.4 21.3 21.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 18.6 19.6 19.8 19.5 19.9
Tunisia 18.7 18.4 17.9 17.8 18.0
Portugal 18.7 17.8 17.5 17.6 16.7
Korea, Dem. Rep. 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.1
Croatia 19.1 15.1 15.3 15.3 15.5
United States 19.1 19.1 19.1 18.9 18.7
Morocco 19.8 19.6 19.0 18.8 20.3
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Estonia 20.3 19.9 16.0 14.5 12.9
Benin 20.4 21.1 21.7 22.6 23.5
Tonga 20.8 20.8 20.8 20.8 20.8
Cambodia 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0
Albania 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1
Greece 21.4 21.3 21.1 21.1 15.8
Azerbaijan 22.1 22.1 22.2 22.2 22.2
Macedonia, FYR 23.1 21.8 22.3 19.6 18.5
Gambia, The 23.7 27.7 31.6 27.7 30.6
United Kingdom 24.5 24.3 23.4 23.9 23.4
Malta 25.0 25.0 28.1 28.1 29.1
Liechtenstein 25.0 25.0 24.4 24.4 24.4
Uganda 25.5 26.5 27.0 28.0 29.3
Syrian Arab Republic 25.6 24.7 25.2 25.0 25.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 26.9 26.9 26.9 26.9 26.9
Spain 27.0 26.9 26.2 25.9 26.1
Netherlands 27.1 27.0 26.8 27.1 26.8
Pakistan 27.5 27.6 27.9 28.0 28.0
Malawi 28.6 29.2 30.2 30.2 31.8
Italy 29.1 28.8 28.4 28.2 27.1
El Salvador 30.5 31.4 33.8 33.3 32.9
Belarus 30.5 30.2 28.4 27.7 27.5
Thailand 31.1 30.6 30.5 30.1 29.8
Turkey 31.5 31.0 30.9 31.2 30.4
Slovak Republic 32.0 31.8 30.0 29.3 29.4
Isle of Man 32.1 31.8 31.4 32.5 30.9
Bulgaria 32.3 31.9 31.3 30.8 30.6
Haiti 32.7 32.7 32.7 32.7 32.7
Nigeria 32.9 32.9 32.9 35.1 35.1
France 33.5 33.7 33.7 33.7 33.7
Cuba 33.6 32.6 33.0 35.7 35.3
Germany 33.9 33.8 33.9 33.8 33.9
Barbados 34.9 34.9 34.9 32.6 32.6
Rwanda 35.1 36.5 40.5 45.2 44.3
Burundi 37.4 37.4 38.0 38.4 38.6
Romania 40.6 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8
Comoros 41.9 43.0 43.0 43.0 43.0
Czech Republic 42.1 42.0 41.9 41.8 41.7
Mauritius 43.8 44.3 44.8 43.8 43.3
Togo 46.1 46.0 43.2 43.7 43.2
Poland 46.2 46.0 44.6 42.5 41.1
Lithuania 47.1 45.9 26.0 26.1 24.3
Hungary 53.6 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.3
Denmark 54.1 53.8 54.0 53.6 53.4
India 54.2 54.7 53.9 53.8 53.8
Moldova 55.1 55.6 56.2 56.1 56.1
Ukraine 56.4 56.2 56.2 56.2 56.1
Bangladesh 64.8 64.1 63.8 63.4 63.2
Luxembourg 23.9 23.9 23.9 23.9
South Sudan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao
Serbia
St. Martin (French part)
Kosovo
Montenegro
Belgium 28.5 27.9 27.5 27.6
Monaco
Hong Kong SAR, China
Macao SAR, China
Tuvalu

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