Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Greenland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Djibouti 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oman 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
New Caledonia 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Suriname 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4
Brunei Darussalam 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Papua New Guinea 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Mauritania 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Solomon Islands 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6
Kuwait 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7
Botswana 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.3
Bahamas, The 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
United Arab Emirates 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8
Mongolia 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.5
French Polynesia 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Cayman Islands 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Namibia 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Libya 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Qatar 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0
Gabon 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Iceland 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Congo, Rep. 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Singapore 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 0.9
Vanuatu 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Somalia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.9 2.0
Saudi Arabia 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Jordan 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.0
Northern Mariana Islands 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Seychelles 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Palau 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Guyana 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Chile 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.0
Angola 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6
Kiribati 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Colombia 2.3 2.5 2.2 2.0 2.0
Bhutan 3.8 2.6 2.8 2.8 2.8
Bolivia 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.2
Belize 2.8 2.8 2.8 3.1 3.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.0 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.9
Bahrain 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.4
Chad 2.9 2.9 3.1 2.9 3.0
Norway 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Peru 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Yemen, Rep. 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.4
Grenada 2.9 2.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Venezuela, RB 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Central African Republic 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Algeria 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2
St. Lucia 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3
Turkmenistan 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6
Guam 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7
Mali 3.7 3.8 3.8 4.0 4.9
Zambia 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.9
Lao PDR 3.8 3.8 3.8 4.1 4.2
Liberia 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9
Costa Rica 4.3 4.1 4.1 3.9 4.1
Equatorial Guinea 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6
Andorra 4.9 4.9 5.1 5.3 5.3
Samoa 5.8 4.9 4.9 4.6 4.6
Mozambique 5.0 5.0 5.1 5.7 5.7
Madagascar 5.0 5.0 5.1 5.1 5.1
Canada 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Malaysia 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Eritrea 4.9 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.9
Marshall Islands 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6
Tajikistan 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6
New Zealand 5.9 5.7 5.7 1.8 1.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7
Australia 5.9 6.2 6.5 6.2 6.1
Sao Tome and Principe 6.3 6.3 7.3 7.3 8.3
Ecuador 6.5 6.5 6.0 5.5 5.2
Sweden 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.5
Dominica 5.3 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Puerto Rico 6.2 6.7 7.3 7.7 7.3
Trinidad and Tobago 6.8 6.8 5.8 5.8 5.8
Brazil 6.8 6.8 7.0 7.3 7.6
Sudan 6.9 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.6
Sierra Leone 6.8 6.8 9.4 12.4 13.1
Kyrgyz Republic 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.0
Finland 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.3
Panama 7.1 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Russian Federation 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.5 7.5
Paraguay 7.4 7.6 7.8 8.1 8.3
Uruguay 7.7 7.8 7.8 7.4 7.4
Kazakhstan 8.1 8.0 8.2 8.4 8.4
Timor-Leste 8.1 8.1 9.8 9.8 10.1
Slovenia 8.5 8.6 8.6 8.3 8.6
Kenya 9.0 8.6 9.0 8.9 9.0
Guinea 9.0 8.7 9.0 9.7 10.1
Cote d'Ivoire 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.5
Antigua and Barbuda 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 10.0 9.2 9.7 9.8 9.9
Zimbabwe 9.1 9.3 9.3 9.4 9.4
Fiji 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.3
Iraq 10.4 9.4 9.8 10.6 10.3
Honduras 13.1 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5
Tanzania 9.8 9.7 9.6 9.7 9.6
Ethiopia 10.0 10.0 10.7 9.6 10.9
Maldives 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Argentina 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.2 10.5
Switzerland 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.2 10.2
Swaziland 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3
Uzbekistan 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.6
Cyprus 10.9 10.6 10.6 10.8 12.4
Guinea-Bissau 10.0 10.7 10.7 10.0 9.6
Lesotho 10.7 10.9 10.9 9.9 9.9
Cabo Verde 10.9 10.9 11.4 11.7 11.7
Niger 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.1
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Indonesia 10.9 11.3 11.2 11.1 12.4
South Africa 11.3 11.4 11.3 11.3 11.2
Georgia 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.5 11.5
Afghanistan 11.7 11.8 11.8 11.8 11.9
Japan 12.4 12.3 12.2 12.1 12.1
American Samoa 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 16.7
Cameroon 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6
Lebanon 12.6 12.6 11.7 12.7 13.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8
Mexico 12.9 12.9 12.9 12.9 12.9
Jamaica 13.2 12.9 12.9 12.5 12.5
China 13.0 13.0 12.9 12.8 12.5
Guatemala 13.0 13.0 13.1 13.3 18.1
Burkina Faso 14.6 13.5 16.8 17.2 18.6
Sri Lanka 14.4 14.6 14.6 14.9 15.1
Croatia 19.1 15.1 15.3 15.3 15.5
Myanmar 14.8 15.2 15.3 15.1 15.1
Latvia 15.9 15.6 15.4 15.6 15.4
Israel 15.4 15.6 15.8 16.1 15.4
Ireland 15.6 15.6 17.2 17.1 17.2
Armenia 15.8 15.8 16.0 16.0 16.0
Senegal 15.6 15.8 16.2 16.1 15.5
Nicaragua 15.4 15.9 16.0 16.6 17.0
Nepal 16.3 16.4 16.4 16.4 16.4
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Philippines 17.1 16.9 16.7 16.6 16.4
West Bank and Gaza 16.4 16.9 16.9 16.9 16.8
Austria 17.0 17.0 16.8 16.8 16.8
Ghana 16.9 17.4 17.8 18.4 18.4
Korea, Rep. 17.2 17.4 17.5 17.3 17.1
Portugal 18.7 17.8 17.5 17.6 16.7
Dominican Republic 17.6 18.0 18.0 18.0 17.0
Tunisia 18.7 18.4 17.9 17.8 18.0
Korea, Dem. Rep. 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.1
United States 19.1 19.1 19.1 18.9 18.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 18.6 19.6 19.8 19.5 19.9
Morocco 19.8 19.6 19.0 18.8 20.3
Estonia 20.3 19.9 16.0 14.5 12.9
Vietnam 18.4 19.9 21.4 21.3 21.2
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Tonga 20.8 20.8 20.8 20.8 20.8
Cambodia 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0
Albania 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1
Benin 20.4 21.1 21.7 22.6 23.5
Greece 21.4 21.3 21.1 21.1 15.8
Macedonia, FYR 23.1 21.8 22.3 19.6 18.5
Azerbaijan 22.1 22.1 22.2 22.2 22.2
Luxembourg 23.9 23.9 23.9 23.9
United Kingdom 24.5 24.3 23.4 23.9 23.4
Syrian Arab Republic 25.6 24.7 25.2 25.0 25.2
Malta 25.0 25.0 28.1 28.1 29.1
Liechtenstein 25.0 25.0 24.4 24.4 24.4
Uganda 25.5 26.5 27.0 28.0 29.3
Spain 27.0 26.9 26.2 25.9 26.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 26.9 26.9 26.9 26.9 26.9
Netherlands 27.1 27.0 26.8 27.1 26.8
Pakistan 27.5 27.6 27.9 28.0 28.0
Gambia, The 23.7 27.7 31.6 27.7 30.6
Belgium 28.5 27.9 27.5 27.6
Italy 29.1 28.8 28.4 28.2 27.1
Malawi 28.6 29.2 30.2 30.2 31.8
Belarus 30.5 30.2 28.4 27.7 27.5
Thailand 31.1 30.6 30.5 30.1 29.8
Turkey 31.5 31.0 30.9 31.2 30.4
El Salvador 30.5 31.4 33.8 33.3 32.9
Isle of Man 32.1 31.8 31.4 32.5 30.9
Slovak Republic 32.0 31.8 30.0 29.3 29.4
Bulgaria 32.3 31.9 31.3 30.8 30.6
Cuba 33.6 32.6 33.0 35.7 35.3
Haiti 32.7 32.7 32.7 32.7 32.7
Nigeria 32.9 32.9 32.9 35.1 35.1
France 33.5 33.7 33.7 33.7 33.7
Germany 33.9 33.8 33.9 33.8 33.9
Barbados 34.9 34.9 34.9 32.6 32.6
Rwanda 35.1 36.5 40.5 45.2 44.3
Burundi 37.4 37.4 38.0 38.4 38.6
Romania 40.6 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8
Czech Republic 42.1 42.0 41.9 41.8 41.7
Comoros 41.9 43.0 43.0 43.0 43.0
Mauritius 43.8 44.3 44.8 43.8 43.3
Lithuania 47.1 45.9 26.0 26.1 24.3
Togo 46.1 46.0 43.2 43.7 43.2
Poland 46.2 46.0 44.6 42.5 41.1
Hungary 53.6 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.3
Denmark 54.1 53.8 54.0 53.6 53.4
India 54.2 54.7 53.9 53.8 53.8
Moldova 55.1 55.6 56.2 56.1 56.1
Ukraine 56.4 56.2 56.2 56.2 56.1
Bangladesh 64.8 64.1 63.8 63.4 63.2
Serbia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
St. Martin (French part)
Curacao
Macao SAR, China
Hong Kong SAR, China
Montenegro
Tuvalu
Monaco
Kosovo
South Sudan

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