Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Greenland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Djibouti 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0
Oman 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Suriname 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Brunei Darussalam 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.6
New Caledonia 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Mauritania 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Botswana 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.5
Mongolia 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5
Papua New Guinea 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7
Solomon Islands 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Kuwait 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Bahamas, The 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
United Arab Emirates 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.6
French Polynesia 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Cayman Islands 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Singapore 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9
Namibia 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Libya 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Qatar 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.2
Turks and Caicos Islands 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Gabon 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Iceland 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Congo, Rep. 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
New Zealand 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.7
Saudi Arabia 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Vanuatu 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Colombia 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.6
Chile 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.8
Bahrain 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.6
Jordan 2.4 2.1 2.2 1.6 1.7
Guyana 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Faeroe Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Somalia 2.2 2.2 1.8 1.6 1.8
Palau 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Seychelles 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Northern Mariana Islands 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Yemen, Rep. 2.5 2.4 2.6 2.6 2.4
Kiribati 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.0 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7
Angola 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.7
Norway 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8
Peru 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Venezuela, RB 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.1
Belize 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Central African Republic 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Algeria 3.1 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.1
St. Lucia 3.3 3.3 4.9 4.9 4.9
Bolivia 3.3 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6
Chad 3.0 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.4
Zambia 3.8 3.7 4.1 4.0 4.1
Guam 3.7 3.7 3.7 1.9 1.9
Samoa 4.2 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.2
Costa Rica 4.1 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9
Turkmenistan 3.6 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.0
Liberia 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.2
Bhutan 4.1 4.3 3.9 3.6 2.2
Lao PDR 4.3 4.5 4.8 4.6 5.6
Mali 4.1 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.7
Equatorial Guinea 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.7
Trinidad and Tobago 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.9
Canada 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9
Madagascar 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.5
Ecuador 5.1 5.2 5.0 4.8 5.0
Andorra 5.3 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.7
Tajikistan 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.3
Malaysia 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 5.7 5.7 2.9 2.9 2.9
Mozambique 5.8 5.7 6.1 6.1 6.1
Grenada 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9
Eritrea 5.9 6.1 6.6 6.6 6.6
Australia 6.2 6.4 6.2 5.7 5.7
Sweden 6.5 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.4
Dominica 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Kyrgyz Republic 7.0 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7
Georgia 6.8 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.7
Puerto Rico 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.0 6.8
Finland 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.4
Panama 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.3
Uruguay 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.7 9.5
Russian Federation 7.5 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Sudan 7.6 7.9 7.9 8.1 8.1
Brazil 7.9 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.3
Sao Tome and Principe 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.9 9.4
Kazakhstan 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.4
Paraguay 8.5 8.7 8.9 9.2 9.4
Slovenia 8.7 8.7 8.8 8.7 8.9
Cote d'Ivoire 8.8 8.8 8.8 9.1 9.1
Antigua and Barbuda 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1
Kenya 9.2 9.2 9.3 9.3 9.3
Fiji 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.3
Honduras 9.4 9.4 9.4 9.4 9.1
Guinea-Bissau 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Maldives 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Zimbabwe 9.8 10.0 10.4 10.4 10.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 10.0 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5
Switzerland 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2
Uzbekistan 10.6 10.3 10.3 10.2 10.2
Swaziland 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3 10.3
Lesotho 10.2 10.6 10.0 10.7 11.8
South Africa 11.0 10.9 10.4 10.4 10.6
Tanzania 10.7 11.0 11.0 11.3 12.8
Aruba 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Marshall Islands 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1
Guinea 10.4 11.2 11.2 11.4 11.6
Niger 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.8 11.8
Timor-Leste 11.4 11.4 11.4 10.8 11.8
Cabo Verde 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7
Jamaica 12.3 11.8 11.8 11.5 11.1
Iraq 10.3 11.9 11.0 11.3 9.1
Japan 12.0 12.0 11.9 11.9 11.8
Afghanistan 12.0 12.0 11.9 11.9 11.9
Argentina 11.2 12.0 12.7 13.3 12.8
Indonesia 13.6 12.1 11.9 12.1 12.5
Ethiopia 10.9 12.4 12.9 13.4 14.0
Cameroon 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6
China 13.1 12.7 12.7 11.7 11.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8
Mexico 12.9 12.9 12.6 12.6 12.9
Guatemala 14.9 13.1 14.1 14.7 12.4
Cyprus 12.2 13.3 12.4 11.9 8.9
Lebanon 13.3 13.9 13.3 13.1 12.0
Estonia 12.2 13.9 13.2 14.1 14.1
Portugal 16.8 14.0 13.8 12.0 12.8
Israel 14.4 14.4 14.0 14.1 13.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 26.9 15.3 15.3 15.3 15.4
Myanmar 15.2 15.4 15.8 16.2 16.4
Croatia 15.1 15.6 15.7 15.2 15.4
Greece 20.4 16.0 20.0 16.4 19.9
Armenia 16.0 16.0 15.9 15.9 15.8
Nepal 16.4 16.4 16.4 16.4 16.4
West Bank and Gaza 16.9 16.4 15.6 14.5 13.8
Senegal 15.8 16.5 15.5 15.5 19.0
American Samoa 16.5 16.5 16.5 15.0 14.8
San Marino 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Philippines 16.8 16.8 17.1 17.4 17.8
Austria 16.8 16.8 16.8 16.8 16.7
Korea, Rep. 17.1 17.0 16.7 16.5 16.1
Dominican Republic 17.0 17.0 17.0 17.0 16.6
Nicaragua 16.2 17.0 16.4 16.2 15.8
Ireland 17.5 17.2 16.7 15.4 16.0
Sri Lanka 14.4 17.5 16.7 15.9 19.1
Latvia 16.2 17.6 19.4 19.1 18.8
Tunisia 18.0 17.6 17.8 17.6 18.2
Ghana 17.6 17.6 18.5 18.9 19.8
Macedonia, FYR 18.1 17.6 17.3 17.1 16.8
Burkina Faso 16.8 17.9 17.2 17.9 22.3
United States 18.2 18.0 17.5 17.7 17.8
Sierra Leone 15.7 18.1 20.8 14.1 15.1
Morocco 18.4 18.2 18.1 18.1 18.0
Korea, Dem. Rep. 19.1 19.5 19.5 19.5 19.5
Albania 21.1 19.6 21.3 21.1 22.3
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 14.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20.2 20.1 20.1 20.0 19.8
Vietnam 20.9 20.5 20.5 20.3 20.3
Tonga 20.8 20.8 20.8 20.8 20.8
Cambodia 21.0 21.0 21.5 21.5 22.1
Azerbaijan 22.3 22.3 22.3 22.4 22.5
Luxembourg 23.9 23.2 23.2 23.6 23.9
United Kingdom 24.1 23.7 25.2 25.2 24.8
Benin 24.4 23.9 22.2 22.2 23.1
Liechtenstein 24.4 24.4 23.8 23.8 23.8
Syrian Arab Republic 25.9 25.5 25.4 25.8 25.6
Malta 28.1 25.6 25.0 25.0 25.0
Spain 26.1 25.9 25.5 25.2 25.0
Italy 27.1 26.4 25.1 24.4 25.4
Belarus 27.4 27.3 27.3 27.2 27.2
Pakistan 27.6 27.6 27.9 27.3 26.5
Belgium 27.7 27.8 27.8 27.7 27.9
Slovak Republic 29.0 28.9 28.6 28.6 28.7
Bulgaria 30.5 29.2 28.5 28.4 28.4
Thailand 29.8 29.8 29.8 29.8 29.8
Uganda 29.8 29.8 30.5 31.3 32.3
Barbados 30.2 30.2 30.2 30.2 30.2
Lithuania 25.8 30.4 30.0 29.3 29.7
Turkey 31.0 31.0 29.9 28.6 28.0
Isle of Man 31.8 31.2 49.1 48.2 47.9
Gambia, The 31.1 32.6 29.0 29.9 36.8
Haiti 32.7 32.7 32.7 38.1 36.3
Netherlands 33.4 32.9 31.7 31.4 31.6
France 33.7 33.8 33.7 33.7 33.5
El Salvador 33.5 33.9 29.2 30.4 33.1
Malawi 31.8 33.9 35.0 31.8 36.1
Germany 34.1 34.1 34.0 34.1 34.2
Cuba 34.8 34.5 34.1 33.6 32.9
Burundi 38.4 37.2 37.0 36.2 36.6
Nigeria 36.2 38.4 40.6 41.2 40.6
Togo 42.7 38.6 38.6 42.5 43.0
Romania 38.8 39.1 38.9 37.7 37.9
Poland 41.4 39.6 40.6 41.1 41.3
Czech Republic 41.6 41.5 41.4 41.4 41.3
Mauritius 42.9 41.9 40.9 39.9 39.4
Comoros 43.0 43.0 43.0 43.0 43.0
Rwanda 45.4 45.2 45.7 44.6 48.7
Hungary 51.3 51.3 51.3 51.2 51.2
India 53.6 53.5 53.4 53.2 53.1
Denmark 53.5 55.0 55.3 54.3 56.6
Moldova 56.0 55.7 55.3 55.4 55.4
Ukraine 56.1 56.0 56.0 56.0 56.1
Bangladesh 62.6 60.8 60.5 60.0 59.9
Macao SAR, China
Tuvalu
St. Martin (French part)
South Sudan
Serbia 37.9 37.7 37.8
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Kosovo 27.6
Montenegro 12.9 12.9 12.9
Curacao
Monaco
Hong Kong SAR, China

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