Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Mongolia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Botswana 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Namibia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Finland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sweden 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mauritania 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Niger 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Norway 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Eritrea 0.0 0.0
Chad 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Australia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Zambia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Somalia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ireland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sudan 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Saudi Arabia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
Kazakhstan 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kuwait 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mali 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Suriname 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Russian Federation 0.1 0.1 0.1
Guyana 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Lesotho 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Congo, Rep. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Turkmenistan 0.1 0.1 0.1
Oman 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
Central African Republic 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Bolivia 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
New Zealand 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Afghanistan 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Qatar 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Senegal 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Yemen, Rep. 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Libya 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Bahamas, The 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4
Denmark 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Paraguay 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Algeria 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
United States 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
United Kingdom 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
South Africa 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Burkina Faso 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Uruguay 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Zimbabwe 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Estonia 0.3 0.3 0.3
Lao PDR 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Mozambique 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Singapore 1.5 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Nepal 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4
New Caledonia 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Peru 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.6
Kyrgyz Republic 0.4 0.4 0.4
Chile 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
Argentina 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Latvia 0.4 0.4 0.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Angola 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Bhutan 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
United Arab Emirates 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5
Gambia, The 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Ethiopia 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5
Switzerland 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Iraq 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7
Gabon 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Cambodia 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7
Germany 1.3 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Swaziland 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Pakistan 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7
Belarus 0.9 0.7 0.7
Canada 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Lithuania 0.7 0.7 0.6
Cabo Verde 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.7
Brunei Darussalam 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Myanmar 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Jordan 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Kenya 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Venezuela, RB 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Uzbekistan 0.9 0.9 0.9
Tajikistan 0.9 0.9 0.9
Brazil 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9
China 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.0
Austria 1.0 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.9
Czech Republic 1.0 1.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Madagascar 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Slovak Republic 1.0 1.0
Benin 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.3
Netherlands 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.0
Tanzania 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Mexico 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Poland 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1
Japan 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Papua New Guinea 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Malawi 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Belize 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.5 1.5
Liberia 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Korea, Dem. Rep. 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.7
Colombia 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.8
Sierra Leone 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.7
Slovenia 1.8 1.7 1.7
Nicaragua 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8
Morocco 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9
Togo 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8
Korea, Rep. 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.9
Ukraine 1.9 1.9 1.8
Solomon Islands 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0
Cayman Islands 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Croatia 2.0 2.1 2.1
Armenia 2.1 2.1 2.3
Macedonia, FYR 2.2 2.1 2.0
Panama 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2
Northern Mariana Islands 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
France 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Bulgaria 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.2 2.0
Antigua and Barbuda 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Guinea 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4
Barbados 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Hungary 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5
Cameroon 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
India 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.6
Bangladesh 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7
Romania 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.9 2.7 2.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Mauritius 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.5
Honduras 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0
Malta 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Syrian Arab Republic 4.0 4.2 4.3 3.6 3.7
Equatorial Guinea 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6
Azerbaijan 3.7 3.7 3.7
Vietnam 3.2 3.2 3.7 3.8 4.1
Israel 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9
Turkey 3.9 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.0
Timor-Leste 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
Guinea-Bissau 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
Bahrain 2.9 2.9 4.2 4.2 4.2
Palau 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3
Fiji 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4
Albania 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6
Cuba 4.2 4.2 4.7 4.7 4.7
Georgia 4.8 4.8 4.8
Cyprus 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.5
Ecuador 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.1
Guatemala 4.5 4.5 4.5 5.2 5.2
Nigeria 4.3 4.6 4.8 5.3 5.4
Costa Rica 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.3 5.7
Puerto Rico 5.6 5.6 5.3 5.3 5.0
French Polynesia 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.5
Seychelles 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
Thailand 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.6 6.8
Indonesia 6.5 6.5 6.3 6.7 7.2
Trinidad and Tobago 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Ghana 6.6 6.7 6.7 7.0 7.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.7 3.8
Portugal 8.5 8.4 8.4 8.3 8.2
Vanuatu 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.4
Greece 8.3 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.4
Jamaica 9.2 9.2 9.2 9.2 10.2
Spain 9.7 9.7 9.5 9.4 9.4
Italy 10.1 10.0 9.8 9.6 9.6
Uganda 9.3 9.5 9.5 9.7 9.7
American Samoa 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
Dominican Republic 9.3 9.7 10.3 10.3 10.3
Haiti 11.6 11.6 10.9 10.9 10.9
Cote d'Ivoire 11.0 11.0 11.3 11.3 11.6
Rwanda 12.4 12.4 12.4 11.3 9.7
Samoa 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.3
Lebanon 11.9 12.2 12.3 12.3 12.4
Tunisia 12.5 12.7 12.7 12.6 12.8
El Salvador 12.5 12.7 12.7 12.8 13.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 15.4 15.4 15.4 12.8 12.8
Maldives 13.3 13.3 13.3 13.3 13.3
Moldova 14.2 13.6 13.1
Burundi 14.0 14.0 14.4 14.4 14.4
Philippines 14.8 14.8 14.8 14.8 14.8
Sri Lanka 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.9 15.9
Dominica 14.7 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0
Tonga 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7
Malaysia 16.9 17.0 17.0 17.3 17.6
Guam 18.5 18.5 18.5 18.5 18.5
West Bank and Gaza 19.1 19.3 19.3 19.3 19.3
Comoros 18.8 21.5 21.5 21.5 21.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 24.3 24.3 24.3 24.3
St. Lucia 26.2 24.6 24.6 24.6 24.6
Grenada 29.4 26.5 26.5 26.5 26.5
Sao Tome and Principe 40.6 40.6 40.6 40.6 41.7
Kiribati 45.7 45.7 45.7 43.2 43.2
Marshall Islands 44.4 44.4 44.4 44.4
Tuvalu 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7 66.7
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Luxembourg
South Sudan
Serbia
Greenland
Macao SAR, China
Djibouti
Aruba
St. Martin (French part)
Montenegro
Faeroe Islands
Liechtenstein
Monaco
Middle East (developing only)
Curacao
San Marino
Isle of Man
Bermuda
Iceland
Belgium
Turks and Caicos Islands
Andorra

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