Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993
Qatar 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
San Marino 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Greenland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oman 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Faeroe Islands 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Iceland 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Libya 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kuwait 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Djibouti 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Bahrain 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4
Mauritania 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Saudi Arabia 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Algeria 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Malta 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Yemen, Rep. 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Jordan 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Lesotho 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Niger 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4
West Bank and Gaza 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Iraq 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Syrian Arab Republic 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1
Afghanistan 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Aruba 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Maldives 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
United Arab Emirates 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.2
Pakistan 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1
Singapore 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
Haiti 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.1
Tunisia 4.1 4.3 4.4 4.5
Uruguay 5.3 5.5 5.8 6.1
Isle of Man 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1
Israel 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4
Comoros 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.8
Kenya 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Ireland 6.7 7.0 7.2 7.5
South Africa 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Mongolia 8.1 8.0 8.0 7.9
Netherlands 10.2 10.3 10.3 10.4
Chad 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.2
Namibia 10.6 10.6 10.5 10.4
Denmark 10.5 10.6 10.7 10.8
United Kingdom 10.8 10.9 10.9 11.0
Burundi 11.3 10.9 10.5 10.2
Morocco 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Bangladesh 11.5 11.5 11.4 11.4
Mali 11.5 11.5 11.4 11.3
Togo 12.6 12.2 11.9 11.5
Tonga 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Argentina 12.7 12.6 12.5 12.4
Turkey 12.6 12.6 12.7 12.8
Lebanon 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8
Rwanda 12.9 13.0 13.1 13.2
Somalia 13.2 13.1 13.0 12.8
Cabo Verde 14.3 14.9 15.5 16.2
Kiribati 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0
Ethiopia 15.2 15.1 14.9 14.7
French Polynesia 15.0 16.4 17.8 19.1
China 16.8 17.1 17.3 17.5
Cyprus 17.4 17.5 17.7 17.8
El Salvador 18.2 18.0 17.8 17.5
Nigeria 18.9 18.5 18.0 17.6
Mauritius 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.1
Barbados 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4
Cuba 19.2 19.5 19.9 20.2
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Australia 20.1 20.1 20.1 20.1
Hungary 20.0 20.2 20.3 20.4
Chile 20.5 20.6 20.7 20.8
India 21.5 21.6 21.6 21.7
Philippines 22.0 22.2 22.4 22.6
Uganda 23.8 23.3 22.9 22.5
Antigua and Barbuda 23.4 23.3 23.3 23.2
Madagascar 23.5 23.4 23.3 23.3
Botswana 24.2 24.0 23.8 23.6
Burkina Faso 25.0 24.8 24.6 24.4
Greece 25.6 25.8 26.1 26.3
Italy 25.8 26.1 26.3 26.6
France 26.5 26.7 26.8 27.0
Swaziland 27.4 27.7 28.0 28.2
Romania 27.8 27.8 27.8 27.8
Fragile and conflict affected situations 28.0 27.9 27.8 27.6
Sao Tome and Principe 28.1 28.1 28.1 28.1
Spain 27.7 28.3 28.9 29.6
Albania 28.8 28.7 28.6 28.6
Switzerland 28.8 28.9 29.0 29.1
Poland 29.2 29.2 29.3 29.3
Guinea 29.6 29.4 29.3 29.1
Vietnam 28.8 29.5 30.2 30.9
New Zealand 29.3 29.5 29.7 29.9
Norway 30.0 30.1 30.1 30.2
Bulgaria 30.1 30.1 30.2 30.2
Germany 30.8 30.9 31.0 31.1
Jamaica 31.8 31.8 31.8 31.7
Sudan 32.1 31.9 31.7 31.4
Ghana 32.7 32.1 31.5 30.9
Cote d'Ivoire 32.1 32.2 32.2 32.2
United States 32.4 32.4 32.4 32.5
Nepal 33.7 33.0 32.4 31.8
Tuvalu 33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3
Andorra 34.0 34.0 34.0 34.0
Canada 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1
Puerto Rico 32.4 34.4 36.3 38.3
Mexico 36.2 36.0 35.8 35.6
Vanuatu 36.1 36.1 36.1 36.1
Turks and Caicos Islands 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2
Portugal 36.4 36.5 36.6 36.7
Nicaragua 37.5 36.9 36.3 35.8
Sri Lanka 37.5 37.0 36.6 36.2
Central African Republic 37.2 37.2 37.1 37.1
Thailand 38.3 38.2 38.1 37.9
Liechtenstein 40.6 40.6 41.3 41.3
Dominican Republic 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8
Malawi 41.3 41.0 40.6 40.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 42.3 42.3 42.3 42.3
Sierra Leone 43.5 43.3 43.0 42.7
Guatemala 44.3 43.8 43.3 42.8
Gambia, The 43.7 43.9 44.1 44.2
Austria 45.8 45.9 45.9 46.0
New Caledonia 45.9 45.9 45.9 45.9
Tanzania 46.8 46.4 45.9 45.5
Trinidad and Tobago 46.9 46.8 46.6 46.5
Samoa 45.9 47.4 48.8 50.3
Guam 47.9 47.9 47.9 47.9
Senegal 48.6 48.3 48.1 47.9
Angola 48.9 48.8 48.7 48.6
Ecuador 49.9 49.2 48.5 47.8
Costa Rica 50.2 49.8 49.5 49.1
Grenada 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Panama 51.0 50.4 49.9 49.3
Benin 51.1 50.5 49.8 49.2
Liberia 51.2 50.9 50.6 50.2
Cameroon 51.4 51.0 50.5 50.0
Bahamas, The 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4
Cayman Islands 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7
Fiji 52.2 52.3 52.5 52.6
Paraguay 53.3 52.8 52.4 51.9
Peru 54.8 54.7 54.7 54.6
Mozambique 55.2 54.9 54.6 54.3
Colombia 56.3 56.3 56.2 56.1
Zimbabwe 57.3 56.4 55.6 54.8
Bolivia 58.0 57.7 57.5 57.2
Venezuela, RB 59.0 58.7 58.3 58.0
Myanmar 60.0 59.3 58.7 58.0
Timor-Leste 65.0 64.2 63.5 62.7
Indonesia 65.4 64.4 63.3 62.3
Korea, Rep. 64.5 64.4 64.4 64.3
Bhutan 64.6 64.8 65.0 65.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 64.9 65.1 65.2 65.4
Equatorial Guinea 66.3 65.9 65.5 65.1
Dominica 66.7 66.3 66.0 65.6
Congo, Rep. 66.5 66.5 66.4 66.4
Sweden 66.5 66.5 66.5 66.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 67.4 66.9 66.4 65.9
Korea, Dem. Rep. 68.1 67.1 66.0 64.9
Brazil 68.0 67.6 67.3 66.9
Malaysia 68.1 67.9 67.6 67.4
Japan 68.4 68.4 68.4 68.4
Belize 69.5 69.1 68.7 68.3
Papua New Guinea 69.6 69.3 69.0 68.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 70.7 70.6 70.5 70.3
Zambia 71.0 70.8 70.6 70.4
Honduras 72.7 71.2 69.6 68.0
Finland 71.9 72.1 72.2 72.4
St. Lucia 71.8 72.3 72.8 73.2
Cambodia 73.3 72.5 71.7 71.0
Lao PDR 75.0 74.7 74.3 74.0
Guyana 77.2 77.2 77.2 77.2
Brunei Darussalam 78.4 78.1 77.8 77.5
Guinea-Bissau 78.8 78.5 78.1 77.8
Solomon Islands 83.0 82.8 82.6 82.4
Gabon 85.4 85.4 85.4 85.4
Seychelles 88.5 88.5 88.5 88.5
American Samoa 92.0 91.8 91.6 91.5
Suriname 94.7 94.7 94.7 94.7
Belgium
Northern Mariana Islands
Ukraine 16.0 16.1 16.1
Montenegro 40.4
Turkmenistan 8.8 8.8 8.8
Monaco 0.0
Croatia 33.1 33.2 33.3
St. Martin (French part)
Palau
Moldova 9.7 9.7 9.7
Slovak Republic 40.0 40.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Czech Republic 34.0 34.1
Russian Federation 49.4 49.4 49.4
South Sudan
Serbia 26.4
Azerbaijan 11.2 11.2 11.2
Marshall Islands
Hong Kong SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR 35.9 36.2 36.4
Slovenia 59.0 59.4 59.7
Macao SAR, China
Georgia 40.0 40.0 39.9
Luxembourg
Estonia 49.3 50.0 50.4
Tajikistan 2.9 2.9 2.9
Eritrea 16.0 15.9
Lithuania 31.0 31.3 31.4
Curacao
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Uzbekistan 7.2 7.2 7.3
Kyrgyz Republic 4.4 4.4 4.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 43.3 43.2 43.2
Kosovo
Belarus 38.4 38.8 39.1
Kazakhstan 1.3 1.3 1.3
Armenia 12.2 11.9 11.7
Central Europe and the Baltics 31.9 31.5 32.1
Latvia 51.0 51.2 51.3

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