Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Qatar 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
San Marino 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Greenland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oman 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Faeroe Islands 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Iceland 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Libya 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kuwait 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Djibouti 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Mauritania 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Bahrain 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
Saudi Arabia 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Algeria 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Malta 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Yemen, Rep. 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Jordan 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Kazakhstan 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Lesotho 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Niger 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3
West Bank and Gaza 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Iraq 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9
Afghanistan 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Syrian Arab Republic 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2
Aruba 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Tajikistan 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Maldives 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
United Arab Emirates 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.2
Pakistan 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1
Singapore 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
Haiti 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1
Kyrgyz Republic 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4
Tunisia 4.1 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6
Uruguay 5.3 5.5 5.8 6.1 6.4
Comoros 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.6
Isle of Man 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1
Israel 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5
Kenya 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Uzbekistan 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.3
Ireland 6.7 7.0 7.2 7.5 7.7
South Africa 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Mongolia 8.1 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.9
Turkmenistan 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Moldova 9.7 9.7 9.7 9.7
Chad 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.2 10.2
Netherlands 10.2 10.3 10.3 10.4 10.4
Namibia 10.6 10.6 10.5 10.4 10.3
Burundi 11.3 10.9 10.5 10.2 9.8
Denmark 10.5 10.6 10.7 10.8 10.9
United Kingdom 10.8 10.9 10.9 11.0 11.1
Azerbaijan 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.2
Morocco 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Mali 11.5 11.5 11.4 11.3 11.3
Bangladesh 11.5 11.5 11.4 11.4 11.4
Togo 12.6 12.2 11.9 11.5 11.1
Armenia 12.2 11.9 11.7 11.6
Argentina 12.7 12.6 12.5 12.4 12.3
Tonga 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Turkey 12.6 12.6 12.7 12.8 12.8
Lebanon 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8
Somalia 13.2 13.1 13.0 12.8 12.7
Rwanda 12.9 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3
Ethiopia 15.2 15.1 14.9 14.7 14.6
Kiribati 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0
Cabo Verde 14.3 14.9 15.5 16.2 16.7
Ukraine 16.0 16.1 16.1 16.2
China 16.7 16.9 17.2 17.4 17.6
Cyprus 17.4 17.5 17.7 17.8 17.9
French Polynesia 15.0 16.4 17.8 19.1 20.5
El Salvador 18.2 18.0 17.8 17.5 17.3
Nigeria 18.9 18.5 18.0 17.6 17.1
Mauritius 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.1
Barbados 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4
Cuba 19.2 19.5 19.9 20.2 20.6
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Australia 20.1 20.1 20.1 20.1 20.1
Hungary 20.0 20.2 20.3 20.4 20.5
Chile 20.5 20.6 20.7 20.8 20.8
India 21.5 21.6 21.6 21.7 21.7
Philippines 22.0 22.2 22.4 22.6 22.8
Uganda 23.8 23.3 22.9 22.5 22.0
Antigua and Barbuda 23.4 23.3 23.3 23.2 23.1
Madagascar 23.5 23.4 23.3 23.3 23.2
Botswana 24.2 24.0 23.8 23.6 23.4
Burkina Faso 25.0 24.8 24.6 24.4 24.1
Norway 25.0 25.0 25.1 25.1 25.2
Greece 25.6 25.8 26.1 26.3 26.5
Italy 25.8 26.1 26.3 26.6 26.9
France 26.5 26.7 26.8 27.0 27.1
Romania 27.8 27.8 27.8 27.8 27.8
Swaziland 27.4 27.7 28.0 28.2 28.5
Sao Tome and Principe 28.1 28.1 28.1 28.1 28.1
Albania 28.8 28.7 28.6 28.6 28.5
Spain 27.7 28.3 28.9 29.6 30.2
Poland 29.0 29.1 29.1 29.2 29.2
Guinea 29.6 29.4 29.3 29.1 29.0
Switzerland 29.1 29.2 29.3 29.4 29.6
New Zealand 29.3 29.5 29.7 29.9 30.1
Bulgaria 30.1 30.1 30.2 30.2 30.2
Vietnam 28.8 29.5 30.2 30.9 31.7
Germany 30.8 30.9 31.0 31.1 31.2
Lithuania 31.0 31.3 31.4 31.5
Ghana 32.7 32.1 31.5 30.9 30.4
Sudan 32.1 31.9 31.7 31.4 31.2
Jamaica 31.8 31.8 31.8 31.7 31.7
Cote d'Ivoire 32.1 32.2 32.2 32.2 32.3
Nepal 33.7 33.0 32.4 31.8 31.1
United States 32.4 32.4 32.4 32.5 32.5
Croatia 33.1 33.2 33.3 33.3
Tuvalu 33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3
Andorra 34.0 34.0 34.0 34.0 34.0
Canada 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1
Mexico 36.2 36.0 35.8 35.6 35.4
Vanuatu 36.1 36.1 36.1 36.1 36.1
Turks and Caicos Islands 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2
Macedonia, FYR 35.9 36.2 36.4 36.6
Nicaragua 37.5 36.9 36.3 35.8 35.2
Puerto Rico 32.4 34.4 36.3 38.3 40.3
Portugal 36.4 36.5 36.6 36.7 36.8
Sri Lanka 37.5 37.0 36.6 36.2 35.8
Central African Republic 37.2 37.2 37.1 37.1 37.1
Thailand 38.3 38.2 38.1 37.9 37.8
Belarus 38.4 38.8 39.1 39.3
Georgia 40.0 40.0 39.9 39.9
Malawi 41.3 41.0 40.6 40.3 39.9
Dominican Republic 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8
Liechtenstein 40.6 40.6 41.3 41.3 41.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 42.3 42.3 42.3 42.3 42.3
Sierra Leone 43.2 42.9 42.7 42.4 42.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 43.3 43.2 43.2 43.1
Guatemala 44.3 43.8 43.3 42.8 42.3
Gambia, The 43.7 43.9 44.1 44.2 44.4
New Caledonia 45.9 45.9 45.9 45.9 45.9
Tanzania 46.8 46.4 45.9 45.5 45.0
Austria 45.8 45.9 45.9 46.0 46.1
Trinidad and Tobago 46.9 46.8 46.6 46.5 46.4
Guam 47.9 47.9 47.9 47.9 47.9
Senegal 48.6 48.3 48.1 47.9 47.6
Ecuador 49.9 49.2 48.5 47.8 47.1
Angola 48.9 48.8 48.7 48.6 48.5
Samoa 45.9 47.4 48.8 50.3 51.7
Russian Federation 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4
Costa Rica 50.2 49.8 49.5 49.1 48.7
Benin 51.1 50.5 49.8 49.2 48.6
Panama 51.0 50.4 49.9 49.3 48.7
Grenada 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Estonia 49.3 50.0 50.4 50.7
Cameroon 51.4 51.0 50.5 50.0 49.6
Liberia 51.2 50.9 50.6 50.2 49.9
Latvia 51.0 51.2 51.3 51.5
Bahamas, The 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4
Cayman Islands 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7
Paraguay 53.3 52.8 52.4 51.9 51.5
Fiji 52.2 52.3 52.5 52.6 52.8
Mozambique 55.2 54.9 54.6 54.3 54.0
Peru 54.8 54.7 54.7 54.6 54.5
Zimbabwe 57.3 56.4 55.6 54.8 53.9
Colombia 56.3 56.3 56.2 56.1 56.0
Bolivia 58.0 57.7 57.5 57.2 57.0
Venezuela, RB 59.0 58.7 58.3 58.0 57.7
Myanmar 60.0 59.3 58.7 58.0 57.3
Slovenia 59.0 59.4 59.7 59.9
Indonesia 65.4 64.4 63.3 62.3 61.2
Timor-Leste 65.0 64.2 63.5 62.7 62.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 64.9 65.1 65.2 65.4 65.6
Bhutan 65.0 65.2 65.4 65.6 77.3
Equatorial Guinea 66.3 65.9 65.5 65.1 64.6
Korea, Rep. 66.0 66.0 65.9 65.8 65.7
Dominica 66.7 66.3 66.0 65.6 65.2
Korea, Dem. Rep. 68.1 67.1 66.0 64.9 63.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 67.4 66.9 66.4 65.9 65.5
Congo, Rep. 66.5 66.5 66.4 66.4 66.3
Sweden 66.5 66.5 66.5 66.6 66.6
Malaysia 68.1 67.9 67.6 67.4 67.1
Brazil 68.8 68.4 68.1 67.7 67.4
Japan 68.4 68.4 68.4 68.4 68.3
Belize 69.5 69.1 68.7 68.3 67.8
Papua New Guinea 69.6 69.3 69.0 68.7 68.4
Honduras 72.7 71.2 69.6 68.0 66.5
Marshall Islands 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 70.7 70.6 70.5 70.3 70.2
Zambia 71.0 70.8 70.6 70.4 70.1
Cambodia 73.3 72.5 71.7 71.0 70.2
Finland 71.9 72.1 72.2 72.4 72.6
Northern Mariana Islands 72.7 72.3 72.0 71.6
St. Lucia 71.8 72.3 72.8 73.2 73.7
Lao PDR 75.0 74.7 74.3 74.0 73.7
Guyana 77.2 77.2 77.2 77.2 77.2
Brunei Darussalam 78.4 78.1 77.8 77.5 77.2
Guinea-Bissau 78.8 78.5 78.1 77.8 77.4
Solomon Islands 83.0 82.8 82.6 82.4 82.2
Palau 83.3 83.6 83.9 84.2
Gabon 85.4 85.4 85.4 85.4 85.4
Seychelles 88.5 88.5 88.5 88.5 88.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 90.9 90.9 91.0 91.0
American Samoa 92.0 91.8 91.6 91.5 91.3
Suriname 94.7 94.7 94.7 94.7 94.7
Luxembourg
Monaco 0.0
Czech Republic 34.0 34.1 34.1
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Serbia 26.4
St. Martin (French part)
Curacao
Montenegro 40.4
Slovak Republic 40.0 40.0 40.0
Hong Kong SAR, China
Macao SAR, China
Eritrea 16.0 15.9 15.9
Belgium
Kosovo
South Sudan

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