Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
San Marino 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Qatar 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Greenland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oman 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Faeroe Islands 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Libya 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Iceland 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Kuwait 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3
Djibouti 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Mauritania 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3
Bahrain 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Saudi Arabia 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Algeria 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Malta 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Yemen, Rep. 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Jordan 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Kazakhstan 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Niger 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1
Lesotho 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
West Bank and Gaza 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Iraq 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Afghanistan 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Syrian Arab Republic 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3
Aruba 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Tajikistan 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Maldives 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Pakistan 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
United Arab Emirates 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6
Singapore 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
Haiti 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0
Kyrgyz Republic 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.5
Tunisia 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.1
Comoros 5.6 5.4 5.2 4.9 4.7
Isle of Man 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1
Uruguay 6.4 6.7 6.9 7.2 7.5
Kenya 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3
Israel 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Uzbekistan 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5
South Africa 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Ireland 7.7 8.0 8.2 8.5 8.7
Mongolia 7.9 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.6
Turkmenistan 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Moldova 9.7 9.8 9.8 9.8 9.8
Burundi 9.8 9.5 9.1 8.8 8.4
Chad 10.2 10.1 10.0 10.0 9.9
Namibia 10.3 10.2 10.1 10.0 9.9
Netherlands 10.4 10.4 10.5 10.5 10.6
Denmark 10.9 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3
United Kingdom 11.1 11.2 11.2 11.3 11.4
Togo 11.1 10.8 10.4 10.0 9.7
Azerbaijan 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.3
Mali 11.3 11.2 11.1 11.1 11.0
Morocco 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Bangladesh 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.3 11.3
Armenia 11.6 11.4 11.3 11.1 11.0
Argentina 12.3 12.2 12.1 12.0 11.9
Tonga 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Somalia 12.7 12.6 12.5 12.3 12.2
Lebanon 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8
Turkey 12.8 12.9 12.9 13.0 13.1
Rwanda 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.6 13.7
Ethiopia 14.6 14.4 14.3 14.1 14.0
Kiribati 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0
Eritrea 15.9 15.8 15.8 15.7 15.7
Ukraine 16.2 16.2 16.3 16.3 16.3
Cabo Verde 16.7 17.3 18.0 18.6 19.2
Nigeria 17.1 16.7 16.2 15.8 15.3
El Salvador 17.3 17.1 16.9 16.7 16.5
China 17.7 17.9 18.1 18.3 18.6
Cyprus 17.9 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3
Mauritius 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.1
Barbados 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Australia 20.1 20.1 20.1 20.1 20.2
French Polynesia 20.5 21.9 23.2 24.6 26.0
Hungary 20.5 20.6 20.8 20.9 21.0
Cuba 20.6 20.9 21.3 21.6 22.0
Chile 20.8 20.9 21.0 21.1 21.1
India 21.7 21.7 21.8 21.8 21.9
Uganda 22.0 21.6 21.1 20.7 20.2
Philippines 22.8 23.0 23.1 23.3 23.5
Antigua and Barbuda 23.1 23.1 23.0 22.9 22.9
Madagascar 23.2 23.1 23.0 22.9 22.8
Botswana 23.4 23.2 23.0 22.7 22.5
Burkina Faso 24.1 23.9 23.7 23.5 23.3
Greece 26.5 26.8 27.0 27.2 27.5
Italy 26.9 27.1 27.4 27.7 27.9
France 27.1 27.3 27.4 27.6 27.7
Fragile and conflict affected situations 27.4 27.3 27.1 27.0 26.8
Romania 27.8 27.8 27.7 27.7 27.7
Sao Tome and Principe 28.1 28.1 28.1 28.1 28.1
Albania 28.5 28.4 28.4 28.3 28.2
Swaziland 28.5 28.8 29.0 29.3 29.6
Guinea 29.0 28.8 28.7 28.5 28.4
Switzerland 29.2 29.3 29.4 29.5 29.6
Poland 29.4 29.5 29.5 29.6 29.6
New Zealand 30.1 30.4 30.6 30.8 31.0
Spain 30.2 30.8 31.5 32.1 32.7
Norway 30.2 30.3 30.3 30.4 30.5
Bulgaria 30.2 30.3 30.3 30.4 30.4
Ghana 30.4 29.8 29.2 28.6 28.0
Nepal 31.1 30.5 29.8 29.2 28.6
Germany 31.2 31.2 31.3 31.4 31.5
Sudan 31.2 30.9 30.7 30.4 30.2
Lithuania 31.5 31.6 31.7 31.9 32.0
Vietnam 31.7 32.4 33.1 33.8 34.6
Jamaica 31.7 31.6 31.6 31.6 31.5
Central Europe and the Baltics 32.1 32.2 32.3 32.3 32.4
Cote d'Ivoire 32.3 32.3 32.3 32.4 32.4
United States 32.5 32.6 32.6 32.6 32.7
Tuvalu 33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3
Croatia 33.3 33.4 33.4 33.5 33.6
Andorra 34.0 34.0 34.0 34.0 34.0
Czech Republic 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1
Canada 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1
Nicaragua 35.2 34.6 34.0 33.4 32.9
Mexico 35.4 35.2 35.1 34.9 34.7
Sri Lanka 35.8 35.3 34.9 34.5 34.1
Vanuatu 36.1 36.1 36.1 36.1 36.1
Turks and Caicos Islands 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2
Macedonia, FYR 36.6 36.8 36.9 37.1 37.3
Portugal 36.8 36.9 37.0 37.1 37.2
Central African Republic 37.1 37.0 37.0 36.9 36.9
Thailand 37.8 37.7 37.6 37.5 37.4
Belarus 39.3 39.6 39.8 40.1 40.3
Malawi 39.9 39.6 39.2 38.9 38.5
Georgia 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9
Slovak Republic 40.0 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9
Puerto Rico 40.3 42.3 44.3 46.3 48.3
Dominican Republic 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8
Liechtenstein 41.9 41.9 41.9 42.5 42.5
Guatemala 42.3 41.8 41.3 40.8 40.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 42.3 42.3 42.3 42.3 42.3
Sierra Leone 42.4 42.2 41.9 41.6 41.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 43.1 43.1 43.0 43.0 42.9
Gambia, The 44.4 44.6 44.8 45.0 45.2
Tanzania 45.0 44.6 44.1 43.7 43.2
New Caledonia 45.9 45.9 45.9 45.9 45.9
Austria 46.1 46.2 46.2 46.3 46.4
Trinidad and Tobago 46.4 46.2 46.1 46.0 45.8
Ecuador 47.1 46.3 45.6 44.9 49.3
Senegal 47.6 47.4 47.2 46.9 46.7
Guam 47.9 47.9 47.9 47.9 47.9
Angola 48.5 48.4 48.3 48.2 48.1
Benin 48.6 48.0 47.4 46.7 46.1
Panama 48.7 48.2 47.6 47.0 46.5
Costa Rica 48.7 48.4 48.0 47.6 47.3
Russian Federation 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4
Cameroon 49.6 49.1 48.6 48.2 47.7
Liberia 49.9 49.6 49.3 49.0 48.7
Grenada 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Estonia 50.7 51.1 51.5 51.8 52.2
Bahamas, The 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4
Paraguay 51.5 51.0 50.6 50.1 49.6
Latvia 51.5 51.6 51.7 51.8 51.9
Cayman Islands 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7
Samoa 51.7 53.2 54.6 56.1 57.5
Fiji 52.8 52.9 53.1 53.2 53.4
Zimbabwe 53.9 53.1 52.2 51.4 50.5
Mozambique 54.0 53.8 53.5 53.2 52.9
Peru 54.5 54.4 54.4 54.3 54.2
Colombia 56.0 55.9 55.8 55.7 55.6
Bolivia 57.0 56.7 56.5 56.2 56.0
Myanmar 57.3 56.7 56.0 55.3 54.7
Venezuela, RB 57.7 57.4 57.0 56.7 56.4
Slovenia 59.9 60.1 60.3 60.6 60.8
Indonesia 61.2 60.2 59.1 58.0 57.0
Timor-Leste 62.0 61.2 60.4 59.7 58.9
Korea, Dem. Rep. 63.9 62.8 61.8 60.7 59.7
Korea, Rep. 64.2 64.1 64.0 63.9 63.9
Equatorial Guinea 64.6 64.2 63.8 63.4 63.0
Dominica 65.2 64.9 64.5 64.1 63.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 65.5 65.0 64.5 64.0 63.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 65.6 65.8 65.9 66.1 66.3
Congo, Rep. 66.3 66.3 66.2 66.2 66.2
Honduras 66.5 64.9 63.4 61.8 60.2
Brazil 66.6 66.2 65.9 65.6 65.2
Sweden 66.6 66.6 66.6 66.7 66.7
Malaysia 67.1 66.9 66.7 66.4 66.2
Belize 67.8 67.4 67.0 66.6 66.1
Japan 68.3 68.3 68.3 68.3 68.3
Papua New Guinea 68.4 68.1 67.8 67.5 67.2
Zambia 70.1 69.9 69.7 69.5 69.2
Cambodia 70.2 69.4 68.6 67.8 67.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 70.2 70.0 69.9 69.8 69.6
Finland 72.6 72.8 73.0 73.2 73.4
Lao PDR 73.7 73.3 73.0 72.6 72.3
St. Lucia 73.7 74.2 74.7 75.1 75.6
Bhutan 76.8 77.1 77.3 77.6 77.8
Brunei Darussalam 77.2 76.9 76.5 76.2 75.9
Guyana 77.2 77.2 77.2 77.2 77.2
Guinea-Bissau 77.4 77.1 76.8 76.4 76.1
Solomon Islands 82.2 82.0 81.8 81.6 81.4
Gabon 85.4 85.4 85.4 85.4 85.4
Seychelles 88.5 88.5 88.5 88.5 88.5
American Samoa 91.3 91.1 91.0 90.8 90.6
Suriname 94.7 94.7 94.7 94.7 94.7
Serbia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 91.0 91.1 91.1 91.1
Palau 84.6 84.8 85.2 85.4
South Sudan
Monaco
Hong Kong SAR, China
Kosovo
Montenegro
Luxembourg
Northern Mariana Islands 71.3 70.9 70.6 70.2
Macao SAR, China
St. Martin (French part)
Belgium
Curacao
Marshall Islands 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)

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