Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Qatar 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
San Marino 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Greenland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oman 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Faeroe Islands 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Libya 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Iceland 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
Kuwait 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
Djibouti 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Mauritania 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Bahrain 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.6
Saudi Arabia 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Algeria 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Malta 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Yemen, Rep. 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Jordan 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Niger 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1
Kazakhstan 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Lesotho 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
West Bank and Gaza 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Iraq 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Afghanistan 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Syrian Arab Republic 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3
Aruba 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Tajikistan 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Pakistan 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
Maldives 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
United Arab Emirates 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.6
Singapore 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
Haiti 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0
Kyrgyz Republic 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.5
Tunisia 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.3
Comoros 5.4 5.2 4.9 4.7 4.5
Isle of Man 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1
Kenya 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Israel 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 7.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Uruguay 6.7 6.9 7.2 7.5 7.8
Uzbekistan 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.5
South Africa 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Mongolia 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.6 7.6
Ireland 8.0 8.2 8.5 8.7 9.0
Turkmenistan 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Burundi 9.5 9.1 8.8 8.4 8.1
Moldova 9.8 9.8 9.8 9.8 9.8
Chad 10.1 10.0 10.0 9.9 9.8
Namibia 10.2 10.1 10.0 9.9 9.8
Togo 10.8 10.4 10.0 9.7 9.3
Netherlands 10.4 10.5 10.5 10.6 10.6
Denmark 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4
Mali 11.2 11.1 11.1 11.0 10.9
United Kingdom 11.2 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5
Azerbaijan 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.3 11.3
Morocco 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.2
Armenia 11.4 11.3 11.1 11.0 10.8
Bangladesh 11.4 11.4 11.3 11.3 11.3
Argentina 12.2 12.1 12.0 11.9 11.7
Somalia 12.6 12.5 12.3 12.2 12.1
Tonga 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Lebanon 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8
Turkey 12.9 12.9 13.0 13.1 13.1
Rwanda 13.4 13.5 13.6 13.7 13.8
Ethiopia 14.4 14.3 14.1 14.0 13.8
Kiribati 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0
Eritrea 15.8 15.8 15.7 15.7 15.6
Nigeria 16.7 16.2 15.8 15.3 14.9
Ukraine 16.2 16.3 16.3 16.3 16.4
El Salvador 17.1 16.9 16.7 16.5 16.2
Cabo Verde 17.3 18.0 18.6 19.2 19.8
China 17.8 18.0 18.2 18.4 18.6
Cyprus 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.5
Mauritius 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.1
Barbados 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Australia 20.1 20.1 20.1 20.2 20.2
Hungary 20.6 20.8 20.9 21.0 21.1
Chile 20.9 21.0 21.1 21.1 21.2
Uganda 21.6 21.1 20.7 20.2 19.8
Cuba 20.9 21.3 21.6 22.0 22.3
India 21.7 21.8 21.8 21.9 21.9
Botswana 23.2 23.0 22.7 22.5 22.3
Madagascar 23.1 23.0 22.9 22.8 22.7
Antigua and Barbuda 23.1 23.0 22.9 22.9 22.8
Philippines 23.0 23.1 23.3 23.5 23.7
French Polynesia 21.9 23.2 24.6 26.0 27.3
Burkina Faso 23.9 23.7 23.5 23.3 23.1
Norway 25.2 25.3 25.3 25.4 25.4
Greece 26.8 27.0 27.2 27.5 27.7
Italy 27.1 27.4 27.7 27.9 28.2
France 27.3 27.4 27.6 27.7 27.9
Romania 27.8 27.7 27.7 27.7 27.7
Sao Tome and Principe 28.1 28.1 28.1 28.1 28.1
Albania 28.4 28.4 28.3 28.2 28.1
Guinea 28.8 28.7 28.5 28.4 28.2
Swaziland 28.8 29.0 29.3 29.6 29.8
Ghana 29.8 29.2 28.6 28.0 27.4
Poland 29.3 29.3 29.4 29.5 29.5
Switzerland 29.7 29.8 29.9 30.0 30.1
Nepal 30.5 29.8 29.2 28.6 27.9
Bulgaria 30.3 30.3 30.4 30.4 30.5
New Zealand 30.4 30.6 30.8 31.0 31.2
Sudan 30.9 30.7 30.4 30.2 29.9
Germany 31.2 31.3 31.4 31.5 31.6
Spain 30.8 31.5 32.1 32.7 33.4
Jamaica 31.6 31.6 31.6 31.5 31.5
Lithuania 31.6 31.7 31.9 32.0 32.1
Cote d'Ivoire 32.3 32.3 32.4 32.4 32.4
United States 32.6 32.6 32.6 32.7 32.7
Vietnam 32.4 33.1 33.8 34.6 35.3
Tuvalu 33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3
Croatia 33.4 33.4 33.5 33.6 33.7
Nicaragua 34.6 34.0 33.4 32.9 32.3
Andorra 34.0 34.0 34.0 34.0 34.0
Czech Republic 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1
Canada 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1
Sri Lanka 35.3 34.9 34.5 34.1 33.6
Mexico 35.2 35.1 34.9 34.7 34.5
Vanuatu 36.1 36.1 36.1 36.1 36.1
Turks and Caicos Islands 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2
Macedonia, FYR 36.8 36.9 37.1 37.3 37.5
Central African Republic 37.0 37.0 36.9 36.9 36.8
Portugal 36.9 37.0 37.1 37.2 37.3
Thailand 37.7 37.6 37.5 37.4 37.3
Malawi 39.6 39.2 38.9 38.5 38.2
Belarus 39.6 39.8 40.1 40.3 40.5
Georgia 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.8
Slovak Republic 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9
Dominican Republic 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8
Guatemala 41.8 41.3 40.8 40.3 39.8
Sierra Leone 41.8 41.6 41.3 41.0 40.8
Liechtenstein 41.9 41.9 42.5 42.5 43.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 42.3 42.3 42.3 42.3 42.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 43.1 43.0 43.0 42.9 42.9
Tanzania 44.6 44.1 43.7 43.2 42.7
Puerto Rico 42.3 44.3 46.3 48.3 50.3
Gambia, The 44.6 44.8 45.0 45.2 45.4
Ecuador 46.3 45.6 44.9 49.3 48.5
New Caledonia 45.9 45.9 45.9 45.9 45.9
Trinidad and Tobago 46.2 46.1 46.0 45.8 45.7
Austria 46.2 46.2 46.3 46.4 46.5
Senegal 47.4 47.2 46.9 46.7 46.5
Benin 48.0 47.4 46.7 46.1 45.5
Panama 48.2 47.6 47.0 46.5 45.9
Guam 47.9 47.9 47.9 47.9 47.9
Costa Rica 48.4 48.0 47.6 47.3 46.9
Angola 48.4 48.3 48.2 48.1 48.0
Cameroon 49.1 48.6 48.2 47.7 47.3
Liberia 49.6 49.3 49.0 48.7 48.4
Russian Federation 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4
Grenada 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Paraguay 51.0 50.6 50.1 49.6 49.2
Bahamas, The 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4
Estonia 51.1 51.5 51.8 52.2 52.6
Cayman Islands 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7
Latvia 51.6 51.7 51.8 51.9 52.0
Zimbabwe 53.1 52.2 51.4 50.5 49.7
Fiji 52.9 53.1 53.2 53.4 53.5
Mozambique 53.8 53.5 53.2 52.9 52.7
Peru 54.4 54.4 54.3 54.2 54.1
Samoa 53.2 54.6 56.1 57.5 59.0
Colombia 55.9 55.8 55.7 55.6 55.5
Myanmar 56.7 56.0 55.3 54.7 54.0
Bolivia 56.7 56.5 56.2 56.0 55.7
Venezuela, RB 57.4 57.0 56.7 56.4 56.0
Indonesia 60.2 59.1 58.0 57.0 55.9
Slovenia 60.1 60.3 60.6 60.8 61.0
Timor-Leste 61.2 60.4 59.7 58.9 58.2
Korea, Dem. Rep. 62.8 61.8 60.7 59.7 58.6
Honduras 64.9 63.4 61.8 60.2 58.7
Equatorial Guinea 64.2 63.8 63.4 63.0 62.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 65.0 64.5 64.0 63.5 63.1
Dominica 64.9 64.5 64.1 63.9 63.5
Korea, Rep. 65.6 65.5 65.4 65.4 65.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 65.8 65.9 66.1 66.3 66.5
Congo, Rep. 66.3 66.2 66.2 66.2 66.1
Sweden 66.6 66.6 66.7 66.7 66.7
Malaysia 66.9 66.7 66.4 66.2 66.0
Brazil 67.0 66.7 66.4 66.0 65.7
Belize 67.4 67.0 66.6 66.1 65.7
Papua New Guinea 68.1 67.8 67.5 67.2 66.8
Japan 68.3 68.3 68.3 68.3 68.3
Cambodia 69.4 68.6 67.8 67.0 66.2
Zambia 69.9 69.7 69.5 69.2 69.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 70.0 69.9 69.8 69.6 69.5
Marshall Islands 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2
Northern Mariana Islands 71.3 70.9 70.6 70.2 69.8
Lao PDR 73.3 73.0 72.6 72.3 72.0
Finland 72.8 73.0 73.2 73.4 73.5
St. Lucia 74.2 74.7 75.1 75.6 76.1
Brunei Darussalam 76.9 76.5 76.2 75.9 75.6
Guinea-Bissau 77.1 76.8 76.4 76.1 75.7
Guyana 77.2 77.2 77.2 77.2 77.2
Bhutan 77.6 77.9 78.1 78.4 78.7
Solomon Islands 82.0 81.8 81.6 81.4 81.2
Palau 84.6 84.8 85.2 85.4 85.7
Gabon 85.4 85.4 85.4 85.4 85.4
Seychelles 88.5 88.5 88.5 88.5 88.5
American Samoa 91.1 91.0 90.8 90.6 90.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 91.0 91.1 91.1 91.1 91.2
Suriname 94.7 94.7 94.7 94.7 94.7
Curacao
Belgium
Kosovo
Monaco
St. Martin (French part)
Serbia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Luxembourg
Montenegro
Macao SAR, China
Hong Kong SAR, China
South Sudan

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