Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
San Marino 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Qatar 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Greenland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oman 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Faeroe Islands 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Libya 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Iceland 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Kuwait 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3
Djibouti 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Mauritania 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3
Bahrain 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Saudi Arabia 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Algeria 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Malta 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Yemen, Rep. 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Jordan 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Niger 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1
Kazakhstan 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Lesotho 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
West Bank and Gaza 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Iraq 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Afghanistan 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Syrian Arab Republic 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3
Aruba 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Tajikistan 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Pakistan 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Maldives 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
United Arab Emirates 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6
Singapore 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
Haiti 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0
Kyrgyz Republic 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.5
Tunisia 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.1
Comoros 5.6 5.4 5.2 4.9 4.7
Isle of Man 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1
Kenya 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3
Israel 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Uruguay 6.4 6.7 6.9 7.2 7.5
Uzbekistan 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5
South Africa 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Mongolia 7.9 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.6
Ireland 7.7 8.0 8.2 8.5 8.7
Turkmenistan 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Burundi 9.8 9.5 9.1 8.8 8.4
Moldova 9.7 9.8 9.8 9.8 9.8
Chad 10.2 10.1 10.0 10.0 9.9
Namibia 10.3 10.2 10.1 10.0 9.9
Togo 11.1 10.8 10.4 10.0 9.7
Netherlands 10.4 10.4 10.5 10.5 10.6
Denmark 10.9 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3
Mali 11.3 11.2 11.1 11.1 11.0
United Kingdom 11.1 11.2 11.2 11.3 11.4
Azerbaijan 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.3
Morocco 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Armenia 11.6 11.4 11.3 11.1 11.0
Bangladesh 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.3 11.3
Argentina 12.3 12.2 12.1 12.0 11.9
Somalia 12.7 12.6 12.5 12.3 12.2
Tonga 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Lebanon 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8
Turkey 12.8 12.9 12.9 13.0 13.1
Rwanda 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.6 13.7
Ethiopia 14.6 14.4 14.3 14.1 14.0
Kiribati 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0
Eritrea 15.9 15.8 15.8 15.7 15.7
Nigeria 17.1 16.7 16.2 15.8 15.3
Ukraine 16.2 16.2 16.3 16.3 16.3
El Salvador 17.3 17.1 16.9 16.7 16.5
Cabo Verde 16.7 17.3 18.0 18.6 19.2
Cyprus 17.9 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3
China 17.7 17.9 18.1 18.3 18.6
Mauritius 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.1
Barbados 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Australia 20.1 20.1 20.1 20.1 20.2
Hungary 20.5 20.6 20.8 20.9 21.0
Chile 20.8 20.9 21.0 21.1 21.1
Uganda 22.0 21.6 21.1 20.7 20.2
Cuba 20.6 20.9 21.3 21.6 22.0
India 21.7 21.7 21.8 21.8 21.9
Botswana 23.4 23.2 23.0 22.7 22.5
Madagascar 23.2 23.1 23.0 22.9 22.8
Antigua and Barbuda 23.1 23.1 23.0 22.9 22.9
Philippines 22.8 23.0 23.1 23.3 23.5
French Polynesia 20.5 21.9 23.2 24.6 26.0
Burkina Faso 24.1 23.9 23.7 23.5 23.3
Greece 26.5 26.8 27.0 27.2 27.5
Fragile and conflict affected situations 27.4 27.3 27.1 27.0 26.8
Italy 26.9 27.1 27.4 27.7 27.9
France 27.1 27.3 27.4 27.6 27.7
Romania 27.8 27.8 27.7 27.7 27.7
Sao Tome and Principe 28.1 28.1 28.1 28.1 28.1
Albania 28.5 28.4 28.4 28.3 28.2
Guinea 29.0 28.8 28.7 28.5 28.4
Swaziland 28.5 28.8 29.0 29.3 29.6
Ghana 30.4 29.8 29.2 28.6 28.0
Switzerland 29.2 29.3 29.4 29.5 29.6
Poland 29.4 29.5 29.5 29.6 29.6
Nepal 31.1 30.5 29.8 29.2 28.6
Bulgaria 30.2 30.3 30.3 30.4 30.4
Norway 30.2 30.3 30.3 30.4 30.5
New Zealand 30.1 30.4 30.6 30.8 31.0
Sudan 31.2 30.9 30.7 30.4 30.2
Germany 31.2 31.2 31.3 31.4 31.5
Spain 30.2 30.8 31.5 32.1 32.7
Jamaica 31.7 31.6 31.6 31.6 31.5
Lithuania 31.5 31.6 31.7 31.9 32.0
Central Europe and the Baltics 32.1 32.2 32.3 32.3 32.4
Cote d'Ivoire 32.3 32.3 32.3 32.4 32.4
United States 32.5 32.6 32.6 32.6 32.7
Vietnam 31.7 32.4 33.1 33.8 34.6
Tuvalu 33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3
Croatia 33.3 33.4 33.4 33.5 33.6
Nicaragua 35.2 34.6 34.0 33.4 32.9
Andorra 34.0 34.0 34.0 34.0 34.0
Czech Republic 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1
Canada 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1
Sri Lanka 35.8 35.3 34.9 34.5 34.1
Mexico 35.4 35.2 35.1 34.9 34.7
Vanuatu 36.1 36.1 36.1 36.1 36.1
Turks and Caicos Islands 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2
Macedonia, FYR 36.6 36.8 36.9 37.1 37.3
Central African Republic 37.1 37.0 37.0 36.9 36.9
Portugal 36.8 36.9 37.0 37.1 37.2
Thailand 37.8 37.7 37.6 37.5 37.4
Malawi 39.9 39.6 39.2 38.9 38.5
Belarus 39.3 39.6 39.8 40.1 40.3
Georgia 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9
Slovak Republic 40.0 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9
Dominican Republic 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8
Guatemala 42.3 41.8 41.3 40.8 40.3
Liechtenstein 41.9 41.9 41.9 42.5 42.5
Sierra Leone 42.4 42.2 41.9 41.6 41.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 42.3 42.3 42.3 42.3 42.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 43.1 43.1 43.0 43.0 42.9
Tanzania 45.0 44.6 44.1 43.7 43.2
Puerto Rico 40.3 42.3 44.3 46.3 48.3
Gambia, The 44.4 44.6 44.8 45.0 45.2
Ecuador 47.1 46.3 45.6 44.9 49.3
New Caledonia 45.9 45.9 45.9 45.9 45.9
Trinidad and Tobago 46.4 46.2 46.1 46.0 45.8
Austria 46.1 46.2 46.2 46.3 46.4
Senegal 47.6 47.4 47.2 46.9 46.7
Benin 48.6 48.0 47.4 46.7 46.1
Panama 48.7 48.2 47.6 47.0 46.5
Guam 47.9 47.9 47.9 47.9 47.9
Costa Rica 48.7 48.4 48.0 47.6 47.3
Angola 48.5 48.4 48.3 48.2 48.1
Cameroon 49.6 49.1 48.6 48.2 47.7
Liberia 49.9 49.6 49.3 49.0 48.7
Russian Federation 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4
Grenada 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Paraguay 51.5 51.0 50.6 50.1 49.6
Bahamas, The 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4
Estonia 50.7 51.1 51.5 51.8 52.2
Cayman Islands 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7
Latvia 51.5 51.6 51.7 51.8 51.9
Zimbabwe 53.9 53.1 52.2 51.4 50.5
Fiji 52.8 52.9 53.1 53.2 53.4
Mozambique 54.0 53.8 53.5 53.2 52.9
Peru 54.5 54.4 54.4 54.3 54.2
Samoa 51.7 53.2 54.6 56.1 57.5
Colombia 56.0 55.9 55.8 55.7 55.6
Myanmar 57.3 56.7 56.0 55.3 54.7
Bolivia 57.0 56.7 56.5 56.2 56.0
Venezuela, RB 57.7 57.4 57.0 56.7 56.4
Indonesia 61.2 60.2 59.1 58.0 57.0
Slovenia 59.9 60.1 60.3 60.6 60.8
Timor-Leste 62.0 61.2 60.4 59.7 58.9
Korea, Dem. Rep. 63.9 62.8 61.8 60.7 59.7
Honduras 66.5 64.9 63.4 61.8 60.2
Equatorial Guinea 64.6 64.2 63.8 63.4 63.0
Korea, Rep. 64.2 64.1 64.0 63.9 63.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 65.5 65.0 64.5 64.0 63.5
Dominica 65.2 64.9 64.5 64.1 63.9
Brazil 66.6 66.2 65.9 65.6 65.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 65.6 65.8 65.9 66.1 66.3
Congo, Rep. 66.3 66.3 66.2 66.2 66.2
Sweden 66.6 66.6 66.6 66.7 66.7
Malaysia 67.1 66.9 66.7 66.4 66.2
Belize 67.8 67.4 67.0 66.6 66.1
Papua New Guinea 68.4 68.1 67.8 67.5 67.2
Japan 68.3 68.3 68.3 68.3 68.3
Cambodia 70.2 69.4 68.6 67.8 67.0
Zambia 70.1 69.9 69.7 69.5 69.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 70.2 70.0 69.9 69.8 69.6
Marshall Islands 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2
Northern Mariana Islands 71.3 70.9 70.6 70.2
Lao PDR 73.7 73.3 73.0 72.6 72.3
Finland 72.6 72.8 73.0 73.2 73.4
St. Lucia 73.7 74.2 74.7 75.1 75.6
Brunei Darussalam 77.2 76.9 76.5 76.2 75.9
Guinea-Bissau 77.4 77.1 76.8 76.4 76.1
Guyana 77.2 77.2 77.2 77.2 77.2
Bhutan 76.8 77.1 77.3 77.6 77.8
Solomon Islands 82.2 82.0 81.8 81.6 81.4
Palau 84.6 84.8 85.2 85.4
Gabon 85.4 85.4 85.4 85.4 85.4
Seychelles 88.5 88.5 88.5 88.5 88.5
American Samoa 91.3 91.1 91.0 90.8 90.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 91.0 91.1 91.1 91.1
Suriname 94.7 94.7 94.7 94.7 94.7
Luxembourg
South Sudan
Serbia
Belgium
Kosovo
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
St. Martin (French part)
Macao SAR, China
Monaco
Curacao
Hong Kong SAR, China
Montenegro

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