Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Qatar 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
San Marino 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Greenland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oman 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Faeroe Islands 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Libya 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Iceland 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Djibouti 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Kuwait 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3
Mauritania 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3
Bahrain 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Saudi Arabia 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Algeria 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Malta 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Yemen, Rep. 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Jordan 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Niger 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1
Kazakhstan 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Lesotho 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
West Bank and Gaza 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Iraq 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Afghanistan 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Aruba 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Syrian Arab Republic 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3
Pakistan 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Tajikistan 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Maldives 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Singapore 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
United Arab Emirates 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6
Haiti 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0
Kyrgyz Republic 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.5
Comoros 5.6 5.4 5.2 4.9 4.7
Tunisia 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.1
Isle of Man 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1
Kenya 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3
Israel 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Uruguay 6.4 6.7 6.9 7.2 7.5
Uzbekistan 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5
South Africa 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Mongolia 7.9 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.6
Ireland 7.7 8.0 8.2 8.5 8.7
Burundi 9.8 9.5 9.1 8.8 8.4
Turkmenistan 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Moldova 9.7 9.8 9.8 9.8 9.8
Chad 10.2 10.1 10.0 10.0 9.9
Namibia 10.3 10.2 10.1 10.0 9.9
Togo 11.1 10.8 10.4 10.0 9.7
Netherlands 10.4 10.4 10.5 10.5 10.6
Mali 11.3 11.2 11.1 11.1 11.0
Armenia 11.6 11.4 11.3 11.1 11.0
Denmark 10.9 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3
Azerbaijan 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.3
Morocco 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
United Kingdom 11.1 11.2 11.2 11.3 11.4
Bangladesh 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.3 11.3
Argentina 12.3 12.2 12.1 12.0 11.9
Somalia 12.7 12.6 12.5 12.3 12.2
Tonga 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Lebanon 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8
Turkey 12.8 12.9 12.9 13.0 13.1
Rwanda 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.6 13.7
Ethiopia 14.6 14.4 14.3 14.1 14.0
Kiribati 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0
Eritrea 15.9 15.8 15.8 15.7 15.7
Nigeria 17.1 16.7 16.2 15.8 15.3
Ukraine 16.2 16.2 16.3 16.3 16.3
El Salvador 17.3 17.1 16.9 16.7 16.5
Cyprus 17.9 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3
China 17.7 17.9 18.1 18.3 18.6
Cabo Verde 16.7 17.3 18.0 18.6 19.2
Mauritius 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.1
Barbados 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Australia 20.1 20.1 20.1 20.1 20.2
Uganda 22.0 21.6 21.1 20.7 20.2
Hungary 20.5 20.6 20.8 20.9 21.0
Chile 20.8 20.9 21.0 21.1 21.1
Cuba 20.6 20.9 21.3 21.6 22.0
India 21.7 21.7 21.8 21.8 21.9
Botswana 23.4 23.2 23.0 22.7 22.5
Madagascar 23.2 23.1 23.0 22.9 22.8
Antigua and Barbuda 23.1 23.1 23.0 22.9 22.9
Philippines 22.8 23.0 23.1 23.3 23.5
Burkina Faso 24.1 23.9 23.7 23.5 23.3
French Polynesia 20.5 21.9 23.2 24.6 26.0
Greece 26.5 26.8 27.0 27.2 27.5
France 27.1 27.3 27.4 27.6 27.7
Italy 26.9 27.1 27.4 27.7 27.9
Romania 27.8 27.8 27.7 27.7 27.7
Sao Tome and Principe 28.1 28.1 28.1 28.1 28.1
Albania 28.5 28.4 28.4 28.3 28.2
Guinea 29.0 28.8 28.7 28.5 28.4
Ghana 30.4 29.8 29.2 28.6 28.0
Nepal 31.1 30.5 29.8 29.2 28.6
Swaziland 28.5 28.8 29.0 29.3 29.6
Switzerland 29.2 29.3 29.4 29.5 29.6
Poland 29.4 29.5 29.5 29.6 29.6
Bulgaria 30.2 30.3 30.3 30.4 30.4
Norway 30.2 30.3 30.3 30.4 30.5
Sudan 31.2 30.9 30.7 30.4 30.2
New Zealand 30.1 30.4 30.6 30.8 31.0
Germany 31.2 31.2 31.3 31.4 31.5
Jamaica 31.7 31.6 31.6 31.6 31.5
Lithuania 31.5 31.6 31.7 31.9 32.0
Spain 30.2 30.8 31.5 32.1 32.7
Cote d'Ivoire 32.3 32.3 32.3 32.4 32.4
United States 32.5 32.6 32.6 32.6 32.7
Tuvalu 33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3
Nicaragua 35.2 34.6 34.0 33.4 32.9
Croatia 33.3 33.4 33.4 33.5 33.6
Vietnam 31.7 32.4 33.1 33.8 34.6
Andorra 34.0 34.0 34.0 34.0 34.0
Czech Republic 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1
Canada 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1
Sri Lanka 35.8 35.3 34.9 34.5 34.1
Mexico 35.4 35.2 35.1 34.9 34.7
Vanuatu 36.1 36.1 36.1 36.1 36.1
Turks and Caicos Islands 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2
Central African Republic 37.1 37.0 37.0 36.9 36.9
Portugal 36.8 36.9 37.0 37.1 37.2
Macedonia, FYR 36.6 36.8 36.9 37.1 37.3
Thailand 37.8 37.7 37.6 37.5 37.4
Malawi 39.9 39.6 39.2 38.9 38.5
Georgia 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9
Slovak Republic 40.0 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9
Belarus 39.3 39.6 39.8 40.1 40.3
Guatemala 42.3 41.8 41.3 40.8 40.3
Dominican Republic 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8
Sierra Leone 42.4 42.2 41.9 41.6 41.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 42.3 42.3 42.3 42.3 42.3
Liechtenstein 41.9 41.9 41.9 42.5 42.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 43.1 43.1 43.0 43.0 42.9
Tanzania 45.0 44.6 44.1 43.7 43.2
Ecuador 47.1 46.3 45.6 44.9 49.3
Gambia, The 44.4 44.6 44.8 45.0 45.2
New Caledonia 45.9 45.9 45.9 45.9 45.9
Trinidad and Tobago 46.4 46.2 46.1 46.0 45.8
Austria 46.1 46.2 46.2 46.3 46.4
Puerto Rico 40.3 42.3 44.3 46.3 48.3
Benin 48.6 48.0 47.4 46.7 46.1
Senegal 47.6 47.4 47.2 46.9 46.7
Panama 48.7 48.2 47.6 47.0 46.5
Costa Rica 48.7 48.4 48.0 47.6 47.3
Guam 47.9 47.9 47.9 47.9 47.9
Cameroon 49.6 49.1 48.6 48.2 47.7
Angola 48.5 48.4 48.3 48.2 48.1
Liberia 49.9 49.6 49.3 49.0 48.7
Russian Federation 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4
Grenada 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Paraguay 51.5 51.0 50.6 50.1 49.6
Zimbabwe 53.9 53.1 52.2 51.4 50.5
Bahamas, The 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4
Cayman Islands 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7
Latvia 51.5 51.6 51.7 51.8 51.9
Estonia 50.7 51.1 51.5 51.8 52.2
Fiji 52.8 52.9 53.1 53.2 53.4
Mozambique 54.0 53.8 53.5 53.2 52.9
Peru 54.5 54.4 54.4 54.3 54.2
Myanmar 57.3 56.7 56.0 55.3 54.7
Colombia 56.0 55.9 55.8 55.7 55.6
Samoa 51.7 53.2 54.6 56.1 57.5
Bolivia 57.0 56.7 56.5 56.2 56.0
Venezuela, RB 57.7 57.4 57.0 56.7 56.4
Indonesia 61.2 60.2 59.1 58.0 57.0
Timor-Leste 62.0 61.2 60.4 59.7 58.9
Slovenia 59.9 60.1 60.3 60.6 60.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 63.9 62.8 61.8 60.7 59.7
Honduras 66.5 64.9 63.4 61.8 60.2
Equatorial Guinea 64.6 64.2 63.8 63.4 63.0
Korea, Rep. 64.2 64.1 64.0 63.9 63.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 65.5 65.0 64.5 64.0 63.5
Dominica 65.2 64.9 64.5 64.1 63.9
Brazil 66.6 66.2 65.9 65.6 65.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 65.6 65.8 65.9 66.1 66.3
Congo, Rep. 66.3 66.3 66.2 66.2 66.2
Malaysia 67.1 66.9 66.7 66.4 66.2
Belize 67.8 67.4 67.0 66.6 66.1
Sweden 66.6 66.6 66.6 66.7 66.7
Papua New Guinea 68.4 68.1 67.8 67.5 67.2
Cambodia 70.2 69.4 68.6 67.8 67.0
Japan 68.3 68.3 68.3 68.3 68.3
Zambia 70.1 69.9 69.7 69.5 69.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 70.2 70.0 69.9 69.8 69.6
Marshall Islands 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2
Northern Mariana Islands 71.3 70.9 70.6 70.2
Lao PDR 73.7 73.3 73.0 72.6 72.3
Finland 72.6 72.8 73.0 73.2 73.4
St. Lucia 73.7 74.2 74.7 75.1 75.6
Brunei Darussalam 77.2 76.9 76.5 76.2 75.9
Guinea-Bissau 77.4 77.1 76.8 76.4 76.1
Guyana 77.2 77.2 77.2 77.2 77.2
Bhutan 76.8 77.1 77.3 77.6 77.8
Solomon Islands 82.2 82.0 81.8 81.6 81.4
Palau 84.6 84.8 85.2 85.4
Gabon 85.4 85.4 85.4 85.4 85.4
Seychelles 88.5 88.5 88.5 88.5 88.5
American Samoa 91.3 91.1 91.0 90.8 90.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 91.0 91.1 91.1 91.1
Suriname 94.7 94.7 94.7 94.7 94.7
Serbia
Curacao
Montenegro
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Kosovo
St. Martin (French part)
Luxembourg
Monaco
Belgium
Macao SAR, China
Hong Kong SAR, China
South Sudan

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