Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
San Marino 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Qatar 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Greenland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oman 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Faroe Islands 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Libya 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Djibouti 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3
Kuwait 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
Iceland 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
Mauritania 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Bahrain 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Saudi Arabia 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Algeria 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Yemen, Rep. 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Malta 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Jordan 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Niger 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0
Kazakhstan 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Lesotho 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
West Bank and Gaza 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Iraq 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Afghanistan 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Syrian Arab Republic 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.4
Aruba 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
Pakistan 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7
Tajikistan 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Maldives 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3
United Arab Emirates 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.7
Haiti 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
Kyrgyz Republic 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.5
Tunisia 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.3 5.4
Mali 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.8
Chad 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7
Isle of Man 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 5.3
Israel 6.7 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.1
Uruguay 6.5 6.8 7.2 7.5 7.8
Kenya 7.1 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.2
Uzbekistan 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.6
South Africa 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Mongolia 7.8 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.5
Ireland 8.2 8.5 8.7 9.0 9.2
Burundi 9.1 8.8 8.4 8.1 7.7
Turkmenistan 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Moldova 9.8 9.8 9.8 9.8 9.9
Namibia 10.1 10.0 9.9 9.8 9.8
Togo 10.4 10.0 9.7 9.3 8.9
Azerbaijan 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.5 10.6
Netherlands 10.5 10.5 10.6 10.6 10.7
Morocco 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.2
Bangladesh 11.4 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Armenia 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7
Argentina 12.1 12.0 11.9 11.7 11.6
United Kingdom 11.9 12.0 12.1 12.1 12.2
Somalia 12.5 12.3 12.2 12.1 12.0
Sudan 12.5 12.4 12.3 12.3 12.2
Tonga 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Lebanon 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8
Turkey 12.9 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.2
Denmark 13.4 13.5 13.6 13.7 13.8
Rwanda 13.5 13.6 13.7 13.8 13.9
Ethiopia 14.3 14.1 14.0 13.8 13.7
Barbados 14.7 14.7 14.7 14.7 14.0
Kiribati 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 14.8
Eritrea 15.8 15.7 15.7 15.6 15.6
Nigeria 16.2 15.8 15.3 14.9 14.4
Ukraine 16.3 16.3 16.3 16.4 16.4
El Salvador 16.9 16.7 16.5 16.2 16.0
Australia 16.8 16.8 16.8 16.8 16.8
China 18.0 18.2 18.4 18.6 18.9
Cyprus 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.5 18.6
St. Martin (French part) 18.4 18.4 18.4 18.4 18.4
Cabo Verde 18.0 18.6 19.2 19.8 20.3
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Mauritius 20.5 20.5 20.6 20.6 20.7
Uganda 21.1 20.7 20.2 19.8 19.4
Hungary 20.8 21.0 21.1 21.2 21.4
Chile 21.0 21.1 21.1 21.2 21.3
Cuba 21.3 21.6 22.0 22.3 22.7
India 21.8 21.8 21.9 21.9 22.0
Madagascar 22.9 22.7 22.6 22.5 22.4
Botswana 23.0 22.7 22.5 22.3 22.1
Antigua and Barbuda 23.0 22.9 22.9 22.8 22.7
Philippines 22.9 23.1 23.3 23.4 23.6
Burkina Faso 23.7 23.5 23.3 23.1 22.8
Singapore 24.4 24.4 24.4 24.4 23.9
French Polynesia 23.2 24.6 26.0 27.3 28.7
Comoros 25.0 24.8 24.6 24.4 24.2
Greece 27.0 27.2 27.5 27.7 27.9
France 27.3 27.5 27.6 27.8 27.9
Italy 27.4 27.7 27.9 28.2 28.5
Romania 27.7 27.7 27.7 27.7 27.7
Albania 28.4 28.3 28.2 28.1 28.1
Serbia 28.3 28.3 28.3 28.3 28.3
Dominican Republic 27.6 28.4 29.2 30.0 30.8
Guinea 28.7 28.5 28.4 28.2 28.1
Nepal 29.8 29.2 28.6 27.9 27.2
Swaziland 29.0 29.3 29.6 29.8 30.1
Poland 29.3 29.4 29.5 29.5 29.6
Switzerland 29.8 29.9 30.0 30.1 30.2
Bulgaria 30.3 30.4 30.4 30.5 30.5
Thailand 30.9 31.5 32.1 32.7 33.3
Jamaica 31.6 31.6 31.5 31.5 31.5
Lithuania 31.7 31.9 32.0 32.1 32.2
Spain 31.5 32.1 32.7 33.4 34.0
Cote d'Ivoire 32.3 32.4 32.4 32.4 32.5
Germany 32.5 32.5 32.5 32.5 32.5
United States 33.1 33.1 33.1 33.1 33.1
Norway 33.2 33.2 33.2 33.2 33.2
Tuvalu 33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3
Nicaragua 34.0 33.4 32.9 32.3 31.7
Croatia 33.4 33.5 33.6 33.7 33.7
Vietnam 33.1 33.8 34.6 35.3 37.7
Andorra 34.0 34.0 34.0 34.0 34.0
Czech Republic 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1
St. Lucia 35.1 35.0 35.0 34.9 34.4
Mexico 35.3 35.2 35.1 35.0 34.9
Sri Lanka 35.5 35.4 35.2 35.1 35.0
Central African Republic 36.1 36.0 36.0 36.0 36.0
Vanuatu 36.1 36.1 36.1 36.1 36.1
Turks and Caicos Islands 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2 35.8
Portugal 36.9 36.8 36.7 36.6 36.5
Macedonia, FYR 36.9 37.1 37.3 37.5 37.7
New Zealand 37.8 38.0 38.1 38.3 38.5
Canada 38.3 38.3 38.3 38.3 38.2
Ghana 38.7 38.8 38.9 39.0 39.2
Malawi 39.2 38.9 38.5 38.2 37.8
Georgia 39.7 39.7 39.7 39.7 39.7
Slovak Republic 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9
Belarus 39.8 40.1 40.3 40.5 40.8
Guatemala 41.3 40.8 40.3 39.8 39.3
Sierra Leone 41.6 41.3 41.0 40.8 40.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 42.3 42.3 42.3 42.3 42.3
Liechtenstein 42.1 42.4 42.6 42.9 43.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 42.9 42.8 42.8 42.7 42.7
Gambia, The 44.8 45.0 45.2 45.4 45.6
Puerto Rico 43.4 45.2 47.1 48.9 50.7
New Caledonia 45.9 45.9 45.9 45.9 45.9
Trinidad and Tobago 46.1 46.0 45.8 45.7 45.6
Austria 46.2 46.3 46.3 46.4 46.5
Guam 46.3 46.3 46.3 46.3 46.3
Montenegro 46.5 46.5 46.5 46.5 46.5
Benin 47.4 46.7 46.1 45.5 44.9
Senegal 47.2 46.9 46.7 46.4 46.2
Costa Rica 48.0 47.6 47.3 46.9 46.5
Cameroon 48.6 48.2 47.7 47.3 46.8
Angola 48.3 48.2 48.1 48.0 47.9
Liberia 49.3 49.0 48.7 48.4 48.1
Russian Federation 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4
Grenada 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Paraguay 50.6 50.1 49.6 49.2 48.7
Ecuador 50.9 50.6 56.0 55.6 55.3
Zimbabwe 52.2 51.4 50.5 49.7 48.8
Bahamas, The 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4
Latvia 51.7 51.8 51.9 52.0 52.1
Estonia 52.6 52.7 52.7 52.8 52.9
Cayman Islands 52.9 52.9 52.9 52.9 54.2
Fiji 53.1 53.2 53.4 53.5 53.6
Mozambique 53.5 53.2 52.9 52.7 52.4
Myanmar 56.0 55.3 54.7 54.0 53.4
Samoa 54.6 56.1 57.5 59.0 60.4
Bolivia 56.5 56.2 56.0 55.7 55.5
Colombia 56.6 56.4 56.2 55.9 55.7
Venezuela, RB 57.0 56.7 56.4 56.0 55.7
Indonesia 59.1 58.0 57.0 55.9 54.9
Sao Tome and Principe 58.3 58.3 58.3 58.3 58.3
Timor-Leste 60.4 59.7 58.9 58.2 57.4
Peru 60.0 59.9 59.8 59.6 59.5
Tanzania 60.4 60.0 59.5 59.1 58.6
Slovenia 60.3 60.6 60.8 61.0 61.2
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 61.8 60.7 59.7 58.6 57.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 62.0 61.1 60.3 59.4 57.1
Honduras 63.4 61.8 60.2 58.7 57.1
Brazil 63.6 63.3 63.0 62.7 62.4
Equatorial Guinea 63.8 63.4 63.0 62.6 62.1
Dominica 64.5 64.2 63.8 63.5 62.7
Bhutan 64.5 64.7 65.0 65.2 65.5
Korea, Rep. 65.5 65.4 65.4 65.3 65.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 65.6 65.9 66.2 66.4 66.7
Belize 66.7 66.0 65.4 64.7 64.0
Panama 66.4 66.2 65.9 65.7 65.5
Congo, Rep. 66.2 66.2 66.1 66.1 66.0
Malaysia 66.7 66.4 66.2 66.0 65.7
Cambodia 68.6 67.8 67.0 66.2 65.4
Japan 68.3 68.3 68.3 68.3 68.2
Sweden 68.5 68.6 68.6 68.6 68.6
Zambia 69.7 69.5 69.2 69.0 68.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 69.9 69.8 69.6 69.5 69.4
Marshall Islands 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2 72.2
Northern Mariana Islands 70.9 70.6 70.2 69.8 69.6
Lao PDR 73.5 73.1 72.6 72.1 71.6
Finland 72.9 73.1 73.3 73.5 73.7
Papua New Guinea 74.2 74.2 74.2 74.2 74.2
Brunei Darussalam 76.5 76.2 75.9 75.6 75.3
Guinea-Bissau 76.8 76.4 76.1 75.7 75.4
Solomon Islands 81.8 81.6 81.4 81.2 81.0
Guyana 84.5 84.5 84.5 84.5 84.4
Palau 84.8 85.1 85.4 85.7 87.0
Gabon 85.4 85.4 85.4 85.4 85.4
Seychelles 88.4 88.4 88.4 88.4 89.1
American Samoa 91.0 90.8 90.6 90.4 90.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 91.1 91.1 91.1 91.2 91.4
Suriname 98.8 98.7 98.7 98.7 98.7
South Sudan
Macao SAR, China
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Luxembourg 33.6
Hong Kong SAR, China
Curacao
Monaco
Belgium 22.0

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