Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Qatar 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
San Marino 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Greenland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oman 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Faeroe Islands 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Libya 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Iceland 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
Djibouti 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Kuwait 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
Mauritania 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Bahrain 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.6
Saudi Arabia 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Algeria 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Malta 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Yemen, Rep. 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Jordan 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Niger 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1
Kazakhstan 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
Lesotho 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
West Bank and Gaza 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Iraq 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Afghanistan 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Aruba 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Syrian Arab Republic 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3
Pakistan 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8
Tajikistan 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Maldives 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Singapore 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
United Arab Emirates 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.6
Haiti 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0
Kyrgyz Republic 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.5
Comoros 5.4 5.2 4.9 4.7 4.5
Tunisia 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.3
Isle of Man 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1
Kenya 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Israel 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 7.0
Uzbekistan 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.5
Uruguay 6.7 6.9 7.2 7.5 7.8
South Africa 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Mongolia 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.6 7.6
Burundi 9.5 9.1 8.8 8.4 8.1
Ireland 8.0 8.2 8.5 8.7 9.0
Turkmenistan 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Togo 10.8 10.4 10.0 9.7 9.3
Moldova 9.8 9.8 9.8 9.8 9.8
Chad 10.1 10.0 10.0 9.9 9.8
Namibia 10.2 10.1 10.0 9.9 9.8
Netherlands 10.4 10.5 10.5 10.6 10.6
Armenia 11.4 11.3 11.1 11.0 10.8
Mali 11.2 11.1 11.1 11.0 10.9
Morocco 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.2
Denmark 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4
Azerbaijan 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.3 11.3
Bangladesh 11.4 11.4 11.3 11.3 11.3
United Kingdom 11.2 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5
Argentina 12.2 12.1 12.0 11.9 11.7
Somalia 12.6 12.5 12.3 12.2 12.1
Tonga 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Lebanon 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8
Turkey 12.9 12.9 13.0 13.1 13.1
Rwanda 13.4 13.5 13.6 13.7 13.8
Ethiopia 14.4 14.3 14.1 14.0 13.8
Kiribati 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0
Nigeria 16.7 16.2 15.8 15.3 14.9
Eritrea 15.8 15.8 15.7 15.7 15.6
Ukraine 16.2 16.3 16.3 16.3 16.4
El Salvador 17.1 16.9 16.7 16.5 16.2
Cyprus 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.5
China 17.8 18.0 18.2 18.4 18.6
Mauritius 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.1
Cabo Verde 17.3 18.0 18.6 19.2 19.8
Barbados 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Australia 20.1 20.1 20.1 20.2 20.2
Uganda 21.6 21.1 20.7 20.2 19.8
Hungary 20.6 20.8 20.9 21.0 21.1
Chile 20.9 21.0 21.1 21.1 21.2
India 21.7 21.8 21.8 21.9 21.9
Cuba 20.9 21.3 21.6 22.0 22.3
Botswana 23.2 23.0 22.7 22.5 22.3
Madagascar 23.1 23.0 22.9 22.8 22.7
Antigua and Barbuda 23.1 23.0 22.9 22.9 22.8
Burkina Faso 23.9 23.7 23.5 23.3 23.1
Philippines 23.0 23.1 23.3 23.5 23.7
Norway 25.2 25.3 25.3 25.4 25.4
French Polynesia 21.9 23.2 24.6 26.0 27.3
Greece 26.8 27.0 27.2 27.5 27.7
Romania 27.8 27.7 27.7 27.7 27.7
France 27.3 27.4 27.6 27.7 27.9
Italy 27.1 27.4 27.7 27.9 28.2
Ghana 29.8 29.2 28.6 28.0 27.4
Sao Tome and Principe 28.1 28.1 28.1 28.1 28.1
Albania 28.4 28.4 28.3 28.2 28.1
Guinea 28.8 28.7 28.5 28.4 28.2
Nepal 30.5 29.8 29.2 28.6 27.9
Poland 29.3 29.3 29.4 29.5 29.5
Swaziland 28.8 29.0 29.3 29.6 29.8
Switzerland 29.7 29.8 29.9 30.0 30.1
Sudan 30.9 30.7 30.4 30.2 29.9
Bulgaria 30.3 30.3 30.4 30.4 30.5
New Zealand 30.4 30.6 30.8 31.0 31.2
Germany 31.2 31.3 31.4 31.5 31.6
Jamaica 31.6 31.6 31.6 31.5 31.5
Lithuania 31.6 31.7 31.9 32.0 32.1
Cote d'Ivoire 32.3 32.3 32.4 32.4 32.4
United States 32.6 32.6 32.6 32.7 32.7
Spain 30.8 31.5 32.1 32.7 33.4
Nicaragua 34.6 34.0 33.4 32.9 32.3
Tuvalu 33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3
Croatia 33.4 33.4 33.5 33.6 33.7
Andorra 34.0 34.0 34.0 34.0 34.0
Sri Lanka 35.3 34.9 34.5 34.1 33.6
Canada 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1
Czech Republic 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1
Vietnam 32.4 33.1 33.8 34.6 35.3
Mexico 35.2 35.1 34.9 34.7 34.5
Vanuatu 36.1 36.1 36.1 36.1 36.1
Turks and Caicos Islands 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2
Central African Republic 37.0 37.0 36.9 36.9 36.8
Portugal 36.9 37.0 37.1 37.2 37.3
Macedonia, FYR 36.8 36.9 37.1 37.3 37.5
Thailand 37.7 37.6 37.5 37.4 37.3
Malawi 39.6 39.2 38.9 38.5 38.2
Georgia 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.8
Slovak Republic 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9
Guatemala 41.8 41.3 40.8 40.3 39.8
Belarus 39.6 39.8 40.1 40.3 40.5
Dominican Republic 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8
Sierra Leone 41.8 41.6 41.3 41.0 40.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 42.3 42.3 42.3 42.3 42.3
Liechtenstein 41.9 41.9 42.5 42.5 43.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 43.1 43.0 43.0 42.9 42.9
Tanzania 44.6 44.1 43.7 43.2 42.7
Gambia, The 44.6 44.8 45.0 45.2 45.4
Trinidad and Tobago 46.2 46.1 46.0 45.8 45.7
New Caledonia 45.9 45.9 45.9 45.9 45.9
Benin 48.0 47.4 46.7 46.1 45.5
Austria 46.2 46.2 46.3 46.4 46.5
Panama 48.2 47.6 47.0 46.5 45.9
Senegal 47.4 47.2 46.9 46.7 46.5
Costa Rica 48.4 48.0 47.6 47.3 46.9
Cameroon 49.1 48.6 48.2 47.7 47.3
Guam 47.9 47.9 47.9 47.9 47.9
Angola 48.4 48.3 48.2 48.1 48.0
Puerto Rico 42.3 44.3 46.3 48.3 50.3
Liberia 49.6 49.3 49.0 48.7 48.4
Ecuador 46.3 45.6 44.9 49.3 48.5
Russian Federation 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4
Paraguay 51.0 50.6 50.1 49.6 49.2
Grenada 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Zimbabwe 53.1 52.2 51.4 50.5 49.7
Bahamas, The 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4
Cayman Islands 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7
Latvia 51.6 51.7 51.8 51.9 52.0
Estonia 51.1 51.5 51.8 52.2 52.6
Mozambique 53.8 53.5 53.2 52.9 52.7
Fiji 52.9 53.1 53.2 53.4 53.5
Peru 54.4 54.4 54.3 54.2 54.1
Myanmar 56.7 56.0 55.3 54.7 54.0
Colombia 55.9 55.8 55.7 55.6 55.5
Bolivia 56.7 56.5 56.2 56.0 55.7
Venezuela, RB 57.4 57.0 56.7 56.4 56.0
Indonesia 60.2 59.1 58.0 57.0 55.9
Samoa 53.2 54.6 56.1 57.5 59.0
Timor-Leste 61.2 60.4 59.7 58.9 58.2
Korea, Dem. Rep. 62.8 61.8 60.7 59.7 58.6
Honduras 64.9 63.4 61.8 60.2 58.7
Slovenia 60.1 60.3 60.6 60.8 61.0
Equatorial Guinea 64.2 63.8 63.4 63.0 62.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 65.0 64.5 64.0 63.5 63.1
Dominica 64.9 64.5 64.1 63.9 63.5
Korea, Rep. 65.6 65.5 65.4 65.4 65.3
Brazil 67.0 66.7 66.4 66.0 65.7
Belize 67.4 67.0 66.6 66.1 65.7
Congo, Rep. 66.3 66.2 66.2 66.2 66.1
Malaysia 66.9 66.7 66.4 66.2 66.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 65.8 65.9 66.1 66.3 66.5
Sweden 66.6 66.6 66.7 66.7 66.7
Cambodia 69.4 68.6 67.8 67.0 66.2
Papua New Guinea 68.1 67.8 67.5 67.2 66.8
Japan 68.3 68.3 68.3 68.3 68.3
Zambia 69.9 69.7 69.5 69.2 69.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 70.0 69.9 69.8 69.6 69.5
Northern Mariana Islands 71.3 70.9 70.6 70.2 69.8
Marshall Islands 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2
Lao PDR 73.3 73.0 72.6 72.3 72.0
Finland 72.8 73.0 73.2 73.4 73.5
St. Lucia 74.2 74.7 75.1 75.6 76.1
Brunei Darussalam 76.9 76.5 76.2 75.9 75.6
Guinea-Bissau 77.1 76.8 76.4 76.1 75.7
Guyana 77.2 77.2 77.2 77.2 77.2
Bhutan 77.6 77.9 78.1 78.4 78.7
Solomon Islands 82.0 81.8 81.6 81.4 81.2
Gabon 85.4 85.4 85.4 85.4 85.4
Palau 84.6 84.8 85.2 85.4 85.7
Seychelles 88.5 88.5 88.5 88.5 88.5
American Samoa 91.1 91.0 90.8 90.6 90.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 91.0 91.1 91.1 91.1 91.2
Suriname 94.7 94.7 94.7 94.7 94.7
Monaco
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Montenegro
South Sudan
Belgium
Luxembourg
St. Martin (French part)
Macao SAR, China
Curacao
Hong Kong SAR, China
Serbia
Middle East (developing only)

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