Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Qatar 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
San Marino 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Greenland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oman 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Faeroe Islands 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Libya 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Iceland 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Djibouti 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Kuwait 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3
Mauritania 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3
Bahrain 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Saudi Arabia 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Algeria 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Malta 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Yemen, Rep. 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Jordan 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Niger 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1
Kazakhstan 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Lesotho 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
West Bank and Gaza 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Iraq 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Afghanistan 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1
Aruba 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Syrian Arab Republic 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3
Pakistan 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.9
Tajikistan 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9
Maldives 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Singapore 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
United Arab Emirates 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6
Haiti 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0
Kyrgyz Republic 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.5
Comoros 5.6 5.4 5.2 4.9 4.7
Tunisia 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.1
Isle of Man 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1
Kenya 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.8
Israel 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9
Uzbekistan 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5
Uruguay 6.4 6.7 6.9 7.2 7.5
South Africa 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6
Mongolia 7.9 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.6
Burundi 9.8 9.5 9.1 8.8 8.4
Ireland 7.7 8.0 8.2 8.5 8.7
Turkmenistan 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.8
Togo 11.1 10.8 10.4 10.0 9.7
Moldova 9.7 9.8 9.8 9.8 9.8
Chad 10.2 10.1 10.0 10.0 9.9
Namibia 10.3 10.2 10.1 10.0 9.9
Netherlands 10.4 10.4 10.5 10.5 10.6
Armenia 11.6 11.4 11.3 11.1 11.0
Mali 11.3 11.2 11.1 11.1 11.0
Morocco 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3
Denmark 10.9 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3
Azerbaijan 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.3
Bangladesh 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.3 11.3
United Kingdom 11.1 11.2 11.2 11.3 11.4
Argentina 12.3 12.2 12.1 12.0 11.9
Somalia 12.7 12.6 12.5 12.3 12.2
Tonga 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5
Lebanon 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8
Turkey 12.8 12.9 12.9 13.0 13.1
Rwanda 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.6 13.7
Ethiopia 14.6 14.4 14.3 14.1 14.0
Kiribati 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0
Nigeria 17.1 16.7 16.2 15.8 15.3
Eritrea 15.9 15.8 15.8 15.7 15.7
Ukraine 16.2 16.2 16.3 16.3 16.3
El Salvador 17.3 17.1 16.9 16.7 16.5
Cyprus 17.9 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3
China 17.7 17.9 18.1 18.3 18.6
Mauritius 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.1 19.1
Cabo Verde 16.7 17.3 18.0 18.6 19.2
Barbados 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4
Bermuda 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0
Australia 20.1 20.1 20.1 20.1 20.2
Uganda 22.0 21.6 21.1 20.7 20.2
Hungary 20.5 20.6 20.8 20.9 21.0
Chile 20.8 20.9 21.0 21.1 21.1
India 21.7 21.7 21.8 21.8 21.9
Cuba 20.6 20.9 21.3 21.6 22.0
Botswana 23.4 23.2 23.0 22.7 22.5
Madagascar 23.2 23.1 23.0 22.9 22.8
Antigua and Barbuda 23.1 23.1 23.0 22.9 22.9
Burkina Faso 24.1 23.9 23.7 23.5 23.3
Philippines 22.8 23.0 23.1 23.3 23.5
French Polynesia 20.5 21.9 23.2 24.6 26.0
Greece 26.5 26.8 27.0 27.2 27.5
Romania 27.8 27.8 27.7 27.7 27.7
France 27.1 27.3 27.4 27.6 27.7
Italy 26.9 27.1 27.4 27.7 27.9
Ghana 30.4 29.8 29.2 28.6 28.0
Sao Tome and Principe 28.1 28.1 28.1 28.1 28.1
Albania 28.5 28.4 28.4 28.3 28.2
Guinea 29.0 28.8 28.7 28.5 28.4
Nepal 31.1 30.5 29.8 29.2 28.6
Swaziland 28.5 28.8 29.0 29.3 29.6
Switzerland 29.2 29.3 29.4 29.5 29.6
Poland 29.4 29.5 29.5 29.6 29.6
Sudan 31.2 30.9 30.7 30.4 30.2
Bulgaria 30.2 30.3 30.3 30.4 30.4
Norway 30.2 30.3 30.3 30.4 30.5
New Zealand 30.1 30.4 30.6 30.8 31.0
Germany 31.2 31.2 31.3 31.4 31.5
Jamaica 31.7 31.6 31.6 31.6 31.5
Lithuania 31.5 31.6 31.7 31.9 32.0
Cote d'Ivoire 32.3 32.3 32.3 32.4 32.4
United States 32.5 32.6 32.6 32.6 32.7
Spain 30.2 30.8 31.5 32.1 32.7
Nicaragua 35.2 34.6 34.0 33.4 32.9
Tuvalu 33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3
Croatia 33.3 33.4 33.4 33.5 33.6
Andorra 34.0 34.0 34.0 34.0 34.0
Sri Lanka 35.8 35.3 34.9 34.5 34.1
Canada 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1
Czech Republic 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1 34.1
Vietnam 31.7 32.4 33.1 33.8 34.6
Mexico 35.4 35.2 35.1 34.9 34.7
Vanuatu 36.1 36.1 36.1 36.1 36.1
Turks and Caicos Islands 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2 36.2
Central African Republic 37.1 37.0 37.0 36.9 36.9
Portugal 36.8 36.9 37.0 37.1 37.2
Macedonia, FYR 36.6 36.8 36.9 37.1 37.3
Thailand 37.8 37.7 37.6 37.5 37.4
Malawi 39.9 39.6 39.2 38.9 38.5
Georgia 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9
Slovak Republic 40.0 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9
Guatemala 42.3 41.8 41.3 40.8 40.3
Belarus 39.3 39.6 39.8 40.1 40.3
Dominican Republic 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8 40.8
Sierra Leone 42.4 42.2 41.9 41.6 41.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 42.3 42.3 42.3 42.3 42.3
Liechtenstein 41.9 41.9 41.9 42.5 42.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 43.1 43.1 43.0 43.0 42.9
Tanzania 45.0 44.6 44.1 43.7 43.2
Gambia, The 44.4 44.6 44.8 45.0 45.2
Trinidad and Tobago 46.4 46.2 46.1 46.0 45.8
New Caledonia 45.9 45.9 45.9 45.9 45.9
Benin 48.6 48.0 47.4 46.7 46.1
Austria 46.1 46.2 46.2 46.3 46.4
Panama 48.7 48.2 47.6 47.0 46.5
Senegal 47.6 47.4 47.2 46.9 46.7
Costa Rica 48.7 48.4 48.0 47.6 47.3
Cameroon 49.6 49.1 48.6 48.2 47.7
Guam 47.9 47.9 47.9 47.9 47.9
Angola 48.5 48.4 48.3 48.2 48.1
Puerto Rico 40.3 42.3 44.3 46.3 48.3
Liberia 49.9 49.6 49.3 49.0 48.7
Ecuador 47.1 46.3 45.6 44.9 49.3
Russian Federation 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4
Paraguay 51.5 51.0 50.6 50.1 49.6
Grenada 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0
Zimbabwe 53.9 53.1 52.2 51.4 50.5
Bahamas, The 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4 51.4
Cayman Islands 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7 51.7
Latvia 51.5 51.6 51.7 51.8 51.9
Estonia 50.7 51.1 51.5 51.8 52.2
Mozambique 54.0 53.8 53.5 53.2 52.9
Fiji 52.8 52.9 53.1 53.2 53.4
Peru 54.5 54.4 54.4 54.3 54.2
Myanmar 57.3 56.7 56.0 55.3 54.7
Colombia 56.0 55.9 55.8 55.7 55.6
Bolivia 57.0 56.7 56.5 56.2 56.0
Venezuela, RB 57.7 57.4 57.0 56.7 56.4
Indonesia 61.2 60.2 59.1 58.0 57.0
Samoa 51.7 53.2 54.6 56.1 57.5
Timor-Leste 62.0 61.2 60.4 59.7 58.9
Korea, Dem. Rep. 63.9 62.8 61.8 60.7 59.7
Honduras 66.5 64.9 63.4 61.8 60.2
Slovenia 59.9 60.1 60.3 60.6 60.8
Equatorial Guinea 64.6 64.2 63.8 63.4 63.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 65.5 65.0 64.5 64.0 63.5
Korea, Rep. 64.2 64.1 64.0 63.9 63.9
Dominica 65.2 64.9 64.5 64.1 63.9
Brazil 66.6 66.2 65.9 65.6 65.2
Belize 67.8 67.4 67.0 66.6 66.1
Congo, Rep. 66.3 66.3 66.2 66.2 66.2
Malaysia 67.1 66.9 66.7 66.4 66.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 65.6 65.8 65.9 66.1 66.3
Sweden 66.6 66.6 66.6 66.7 66.7
Cambodia 70.2 69.4 68.6 67.8 67.0
Papua New Guinea 68.4 68.1 67.8 67.5 67.2
Japan 68.3 68.3 68.3 68.3 68.3
Zambia 70.1 69.9 69.7 69.5 69.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 70.2 70.0 69.9 69.8 69.6
Northern Mariana Islands 71.3 70.9 70.6 70.2
Marshall Islands 70.2 70.2 70.2 70.2
Lao PDR 73.7 73.3 73.0 72.6 72.3
Finland 72.6 72.8 73.0 73.2 73.4
St. Lucia 73.7 74.2 74.7 75.1 75.6
Brunei Darussalam 77.2 76.9 76.5 76.2 75.9
Guinea-Bissau 77.4 77.1 76.8 76.4 76.1
Guyana 77.2 77.2 77.2 77.2 77.2
Bhutan 76.8 77.1 77.3 77.6 77.8
Solomon Islands 82.2 82.0 81.8 81.6 81.4
Gabon 85.4 85.4 85.4 85.4 85.4
Palau 84.6 84.8 85.2 85.4
Seychelles 88.5 88.5 88.5 88.5 88.5
American Samoa 91.3 91.1 91.0 90.8 90.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 91.0 91.1 91.1 91.1
Suriname 94.7 94.7 94.7 94.7 94.7
Kosovo
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
South Sudan
Hong Kong SAR, China
Montenegro
Serbia
Monaco
Luxembourg
Curacao
Macao SAR, China
Belgium
St. Martin (French part)

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