Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
United Arab Emirates 12.3 14.1 18.3 20.8 18.6
Kuwait 13.8 15.9 14.9 14.9 16.5
Benin 26.0 25.0 25.5 25.5 35.0
Saudi Arabia 24.5 25.1 33.6 36.6 49.1
Nigeria 26.0 26.2 26.7 26.7 28.1
Ghana 28.3 27.5 25.2 25.1 33.2
Angola 31.3 28.5 28.5 28.6 28.9
Cambodia 30.8 28.5 35.0 37.5 26.4
Liechtenstein 41.8 29.9 77.7 77.7 47.8
Burkina Faso 27.3 31.3 31.5 31.2 31.5
Vietnam 30.7 31.9 35.1 35.6 37.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 27.6 33.1 37.4 37.4 39.1
Mali 31.4 33.7 36.0 38.6 32.9
Jordan 35.7 33.8 35.0 38.2 36.3
Cabo Verde 57.3 35.0 33.6 30.4 42.4
Chad 39.5 36.0 38.4 45.1 37.6
Morocco 43.7 36.8 49.4 42.7 46.1
China 35.0 37.0 40.8 44.1 48.0
Lao PDR 34.9 37.8 37.1 36.6 42.3
Nepal 37.1 38.8 32.9 44.5 44.9
Algeria 38.2 39.2 30.7 32.0 35.1
Belize 40.0 39.5 42.4 38.2 38.2
Guinea-Bissau 35.9 39.9 45.6 40.5 50.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 40.2 39.9 41.7 42.2 42.1
Costa Rica 38.9 40.1 38.8 41.5 43.2
Niger 42.6 40.8 40.3 40.0 26.4
Myanmar 38.4 41.7 43.5 44.5 45.2
New Zealand 40.4 42.4 44.8 46.8 54.4
Djibouti 41.4 42.6 46.0 46.2 52.6
Malaysia 41.8 42.7 46.0 44.2 47.0
Indonesia 40.0 42.9 42.1 45.2 49.1
Bolivia 41.4 42.9 44.5 30.8 42.5
Paraguay 38.7 43.4 45.2 47.2 52.2
Chile 41.1 43.4 44.0 41.0 45.3
Peru 38.9 43.4 45.3 38.7 46.1
Malawi 43.1 44.7 47.5 45.1 47.0
Oman 37.3 44.8 54.8 57.1 58.0
Zambia 43.7 44.9 40.3 46.3 49.0
Namibia 44.4 45.6 46.4 47.7 49.4
American Samoa 46.0 45.7 45.8 44.4 42.2
Guinea 46.2 46.5 47.1 47.5 49.9
Qatar 37.0 46.7 48.8 41.4 44.9
Argentina 41.4 46.8 53.7 52.2 54.2
Sierra Leone 46.9 47.3 50.4 49.4 52.3
Cameroon 46.3 47.3 49.2 48.6 49.1
Brazil 45.5 47.5 48.8 47.5 52.2
Pakistan 44.7 48.0 50.5 47.6 53.6
Mauritania 43.1 48.4 45.8 38.8 41.1
Guatemala 48.2 48.6 48.5 44.5 45.7
Lebanon 56.1 48.7 59.7 56.8 57.8
Uruguay 40.6 49.1 47.0 43.2 45.1
Tanzania 47.8 49.6 51.4 54.2 55.5
Tunisia 57.9 49.6 41.3 59.1 52.9
Kenya 47.4 49.7 55.2 55.6 46.8
Syrian Arab Republic 50.5 49.8 52.7 51.9 46.2
Yemen, Rep. 50.0 50.0 49.9 41.1 44.0
Sudan 43.9 50.4 42.4 47.4 43.8
Cote d'Ivoire 47.3 51.2 48.0 47.7 50.8
Ecuador 52.0 51.5 50.2 41.6 46.6
Togo 51.3 51.8 50.4 47.3 50.2
Bhutan 47.9 52.2 52.4 53.4 59.4
Iceland 72.3 52.5 66.8 26.0 90.0
Thailand 51.8 52.6 52.5 56.0 57.6
Uganda 48.4 52.9 58.4 61.5 57.3
Bangladesh 53.5 53.0 55.2 56.5 56.7
Comoros 58.1 53.8 58.9 60.5 56.7
India 50.5 54.1 52.9 59.6 60.4
Congo, Rep. 55.5 57.9 61.2 59.9 62.7
Australia 46.6 58.0 45.2 67.7 67.1
Turkey 60.4 59.5 64.0 62.7 64.7
Venezuela, RB 60.9 59.9 60.9 59.5 59.9
Gabon 62.4 60.3 62.3 64.6 66.0
Sao Tome and Principe 56.9 60.3 57.7 57.7 50.6
Guam 54.0 60.6 60.9 63.3 64.1
Papua New Guinea 60.1 60.6 61.5 63.7 66.3
Mozambique 60.7 61.3 58.6 54.5 52.6
Solomon Islands 55.4 61.5 60.7 61.1 69.7
Macao SAR, China 62.2 62.2 62.2 67.4 67.4
Philippines 61.4 63.1 66.0 60.1 61.5
Libya 62.1 63.7 66.7 72.5 67.3
Kiribati 51.5 65.1 60.5 50.0 73.1
Finland 88.6 65.4 88.9 103.9 95.2
Spain 75.9 65.5 76.4 65.6 82.3
Madagascar 66.5 65.7 66.9 70.8 72.8
Mexico 60.9 65.7 62.1 64.4 66.9
Brunei Darussalam 66.7 66.2 68.3 73.1 65.7
Colombia 65.4 66.7 63.2 63.6 65.8
Iraq 66.2 66.8 73.6 68.8 73.5
Canada 59.0 67.6 72.4 66.9 64.3
Honduras 65.8 68.3 68.7 65.2 61.6
Netherlands 68.6 69.8 75.1 66.7 76.6
Rwanda 63.3 69.9 73.2 73.5 66.8
Timor-Leste 71.9 71.4 70.8 71.7 75.2
Malta 76.0 71.9 73.7 79.8 73.1
Equatorial Guinea 65.4 72.6 66.5 67.5 71.3
Burundi 65.9 73.6 69.9 70.0 68.8
Gambia, The 48.0 74.0 92.2 69.7 70.8
Denmark 71.1 75.2 85.7 69.5 100.6
Central African Republic 76.3 76.7 79.4 76.0 73.7
Portugal 92.3 78.8 103.4 81.1 96.5
United States 68.6 79.1 79.8 58.1 75.6
Nicaragua 57.5 79.4 78.5 78.7 83.0
Bermuda 76.3 80.0 83.9 83.5 79.4
Swaziland 72.2 80.4 77.3 75.5 87.6
Israel 78.4 80.4 86.7 90.9 83.4
Bahamas, The 74.8 81.0 78.8 75.3 79.2
Ireland 86.2 81.7 94.5 81.2 102.0
Korea, Rep. 72.0 81.9 85.2 85.4 85.5
Germany 84.1 81.9 98.8 83.8 98.1
Austria 93.2 82.1 108.0 91.8 93.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 76.2 83.1 83.1 88.9 107.1
Korea, Dem. Rep. 77.4 83.3 76.1 79.3 84.9
France 90.5 83.8 95.4 86.8 97.2
Albania 80.2 83.9 88.2 98.7 90.2
Liberia 82.1 84.0 84.3 85.5 90.9
Senegal 47.6 84.1 83.3 50.2 53.6
Guyana 79.9 84.2 84.2 74.3 77.5
United Kingdom 88.0 84.6 97.1 90.2 111.2
Botswana 80.8 85.1 72.6 68.5 63.8
Lesotho 93.9 85.7 75.3 72.7 76.1
Greece 82.7 86.6 87.0 83.7 87.9
Sri Lanka 90.0 86.9 82.6 93.0 88.0
Afghanistan 90.8 88.3 85.7 83.4 81.6
Somalia 76.1 90.5 100.0 88.4 96.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 89.6 90.9 96.0 98.6 101.3
Bahrain 203.0 91.2 73.3 74.8 75.9
South Africa 78.4 93.0 77.0 59.4 68.7
Maldives 94.1 95.9 99.6 105.9 108.4
Dominican Republic 94.3 96.3 102.9 106.1 104.6
Italy 103.1 97.5 93.3 107.5 94.3
Jamaica 99.8 97.6 93.8 94.5 102.2
El Salvador 109.4 99.6 94.7 97.3 101.5
Hungary 105.4 99.8 114.5 104.5 110.3
Mauritius 86.0 100.0 121.8 100.6 98.3
French Polynesia 114.0 100.6 112.6 79.3 69.3
Antigua and Barbuda 89.8 101.8 97.1 89.0 88.0
Romania 99.7 102.3 126.5 116.8 132.0
Fiji 93.6 104.6 109.1 73.1 119.8
Faeroe Islands 106.4 106.4 106.4 108.9 110.5
New Caledonia 123.8 106.7 104.6 125.0 110.8
Switzerland 107.5 107.8 147.7 112.6 129.1
Zimbabwe 91.1 108.2 94.1 76.5 94.0
Mongolia 91.9 109.6 182.3 267.7 208.7
Haiti 111.0 110.5 111.8 114.5 114.8
Vanuatu 92.2 112.8 98.7 106.4 120.2
Cuba 106.6 114.1 120.8 115.0 127.8
Panama 114.0 115.0 116.7 115.7 115.6
Dominica 90.0 115.9 120.5 120.9 126.6
Sweden 108.9 116.2 118.1 110.6 136.8
Samoa 123.8 119.4 133.5 122.5 116.1
Norway 124.0 120.2 125.9 114.5 135.0
Poland 86.4 121.4 109.7 116.1 126.2
Japan 123.6 124.0 128.6 127.0 131.0
Tuvalu 131.2 129.5 87.2 92.6 94.6
Suriname 119.8 132.4 137.0 123.7 139.4
Cyprus 137.7 139.3 135.9 137.2 141.2
Tonga 144.8 140.4 110.3 112.7 113.1
Trinidad and Tobago 166.8 143.6 137.3 115.4 104.7
Grenada 163.2 175.7 155.1 145.1 161.7
Bulgaria 157.9 177.3 190.8 160.1 181.7
Seychelles 203.9 194.5 201.8 229.0 162.8
Barbados 242.2 198.0 172.0 157.0 167.5
Puerto Rico 204.6 204.0 184.9 181.6 167.6
St. Lucia 229.2 232.5 238.4 254.6 279.7
Cayman Islands 254.1 235.1 246.4 293.6 246.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 248.2 239.4 247.0 200.8 215.4
Singapore 319.1 320.9 310.9 266.8 241.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 390.0 375.8 354.3 348.3 327.9
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Turkmenistan
Northern Mariana Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Belarus 107.7
Ukraine
Belgium 97.9
Eritrea 84.7
South Sudan
Kazakhstan 94.6
Uzbekistan
Palau
Estonia 115.0
Isle of Man
Armenia 95.7
Serbia
Bosnia and Herzegovina 92.2
Tajikistan
Croatia 98.8
Middle East (developing only)
Greenland
Marshall Islands 174.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Russian Federation 75.3
Czech Republic 86.7
Aruba
Georgia 60.3
Turks and Caicos Islands
San Marino
Macedonia, FYR
Luxembourg 86.1
Andorra
Monaco
Moldova 90.2
Curacao
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 97.7
Lithuania 104.0
St. Martin (French part)
Kyrgyz Republic 100.0
Montenegro 109.1
West Bank and Gaza 106.0
Ethiopia 127.0
Latvia 107.1
Azerbaijan 101.0

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