Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Kuwait 16.5 29.4 39.2 44.7 54.1
United Arab Emirates 18.6 19.0 18.9 18.1 23.9
Cambodia 26.4 35.4 40.1 36.3 47.1
Niger 26.4 36.7 42.0 33.2 49.2
Nigeria 28.1 29.8 32.6 33.3 39.5
Angola 28.6 28.6 29.9 30.3 30.3
Burkina Faso 31.5 41.3 49.3 43.4 51.5
Mali 32.9 44.0 46.4 43.8 56.8
Ghana 33.8 33.3 36.6 37.4 38.5
Benin 35.0 34.5 39.0 32.3 41.4
Algeria 35.1 48.6 49.3 46.4 40.3
Jordan 36.3 44.4 38.8 45.2 54.8
Chad 37.6 48.7 44.2 45.0 53.9
Vietnam 37.9 38.2 39.6 39.0 41.6
Belize 38.0 37.4 38.3 43.8 41.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 39.1 42.3 47.3 47.2 45.6
Mauritania 41.1 59.7 65.1 76.0 80.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 42.1 45.5 49.4 51.6 50.0
American Samoa 42.2 40.7 41.7 38.4 38.4
Lao PDR 42.3 43.0 44.1 39.8 36.5
Bolivia 42.5 48.6 50.6 51.6 52.6
Costa Rica 43.0 40.4 42.4 43.5 46.2
Sudan 43.8 53.3 52.2 47.7 58.9
Yemen, Rep. 44.0 43.6 54.0 54.9 57.6
Qatar 44.9 45.0 46.7 48.3 50.8
Nepal 45.0 46.7 43.9 51.1 56.3
Uruguay 45.1 45.9 45.3 47.0 52.1
Myanmar 45.3 46.4 46.5 44.8 42.9
Guatemala 45.3 47.1 49.0 48.6 50.3
Chile 45.3 45.4 47.2 49.8 53.4
Syrian Arab Republic 46.1 50.7 55.9 45.3 65.3
Morocco 46.1 52.9 64.9 56.5 69.2
Peru 46.2 46.6 47.9 50.8 53.8
Ecuador 46.6 52.3 54.2 56.1 61.5
Kenya 46.7 56.3 62.2 57.9 62.7
Malawi 47.0 47.8 47.8 47.3 50.1
Malaysia 47.0 49.2 52.4 52.8 57.2
Liechtenstein 47.8 35.9 95.6 59.8 59.8
China 48.6 46.7 47.6 50.1 50.4
Zambia 49.0 53.5 56.9 55.1 77.1
Cameroon 49.1 52.2 56.6 48.6 51.6
Saudi Arabia 49.1 57.3 58.7 70.6 77.7
Indonesia 49.1 50.2 52.6 53.4 56.5
Sao Tome and Principe 49.9 52.3 55.2 54.1 55.8
Guinea 49.9 50.9 51.3 51.9 53.3
Guinea-Bissau 50.1 49.7 54.3 53.5 51.9
Togo 50.2 56.9 58.1 59.0 61.6
Cote d'Ivoire 51.2 55.9 57.6 60.0 62.8
Namibia 51.7 48.6 51.7 51.3 53.9
Paraguay 52.2 59.4 49.3 56.5 66.9
Brazil 52.2 58.7 53.9 60.0 60.9
Sierra Leone 52.3 51.6 56.2 54.4 56.0
Djibouti 52.6 55.7 60.6 60.0 54.6
Mozambique 52.6 51.6 53.5 52.8 52.7
Tunisia 52.9 63.3 57.3 64.2 42.8
Pakistan 53.6 56.1 60.7 62.9 60.6
Senegal 53.6 74.9 82.0 92.2 76.1
Argentina 54.2 51.7 51.6 50.8 55.8
New Zealand 54.4 59.1 63.9 67.7 66.3
Tanzania 56.0 57.8 60.0 59.6 57.6
Comoros 56.7 59.8 63.4 68.9 71.3
Bangladesh 56.7 59.2 59.9 59.1 59.2
Uganda 57.3 58.6 59.6 63.4 66.4
Thailand 57.6 60.6 56.9 57.6 65.6
Lebanon 57.8 63.4 70.0 82.0 83.4
Oman 57.9 55.1 59.4 60.2 61.3
Bhutan 59.4 54.9 56.2 63.9 51.3
Venezuela, RB 60.3 65.7 71.8 74.6 79.3
India 60.4 61.3 61.3 60.0 67.1
Cabo Verde 60.6 52.3 66.8 112.7 104.5
Brunei Darussalam 60.8 46.7 49.4 48.1 52.1
Philippines 61.5 63.9 68.3 66.4 65.8
Honduras 61.6 63.6 63.6 67.3 68.0
Congo, Rep. 62.7 65.5 63.4 64.9 67.3
Botswana 63.8 69.7 70.8 69.6 100.2
Guam 64.1 66.6 68.3 69.4 71.7
Canada 64.3 71.0 80.5 76.9 58.3
Turkey 64.7 65.7 70.7 71.0 77.3
Gabon 66.0 66.5 70.2 71.6 76.0
Papua New Guinea 66.3 68.6 67.5 70.3 71.1
Rwanda 66.8 80.7 73.4 73.6 70.8
Australia 66.8 65.5 65.2 58.0 64.3
Colombia 66.9 64.7 67.8 68.7 71.7
Mexico 66.9 70.7 69.8 71.8 70.3
Libya 66.9 69.7 74.2 71.1 72.9
Macao SAR, China 67.4 62.2 62.2 62.2 51.8
South Africa 68.7 75.7 76.8 82.8 85.9
French Polynesia 69.3 95.0 92.5 93.2 84.0
Solomon Islands 69.7 72.1 69.8 55.1 57.7
Gambia, The 70.8 61.2 74.0 75.9 69.6
Equatorial Guinea 71.3 70.1 71.6 77.6 77.4
Madagascar 72.8 73.2 75.7 73.9 74.6
Malta 73.1 73.8 73.2 72.5 72.3
Kiribati 73.1 73.6 79.0 84.3 89.9
Iraq 73.6 94.7 87.1 78.9 84.2
Central African Republic 73.7 69.7 77.9 71.2 76.9
Netherlands 74.9 75.1 79.2 81.1 78.9
Timor-Leste 75.2 73.6 73.3 74.7 73.2
United States 75.6 80.8 73.7 74.1 62.8
Bahrain 75.9 84.0 88.8 98.2 98.1
Lesotho 76.1 90.4 80.6 85.5 120.3
Guyana 77.8 75.5 78.9 72.0 68.1
Bahamas, The 79.2 76.4 74.3 74.8 76.2
Bermuda 79.4 83.2 82.3 81.7 90.6
Burundi 79.6 91.8 95.7 99.0 101.2
Afghanistan 81.6 78.1 74.7 75.2 71.6
Spain 82.3 78.0 77.2 89.7 77.0
Nicaragua 83.0 71.9 68.6 63.8 60.9
Israel 83.4 87.0 80.7 86.7 77.7
Korea, Dem. Rep. 84.9 87.0 92.5 93.6 94.4
Korea, Rep. 85.5 85.7 88.6 87.0 92.9
Swaziland 87.6 88.3 96.0 91.1 95.6
Greece 87.9 93.4 86.6 83.7 91.3
Sri Lanka 88.0 91.7 93.1 80.1 85.7
Antigua and Barbuda 88.0 101.3 102.3 106.6 112.1
Iceland 90.0 62.8 78.8 85.0 51.8
Albania 90.2 90.1 91.1 92.6 79.0
Liberia 90.9 92.7 93.7 96.0 97.8
Austria 93.0 84.6 86.8 82.0 98.1
Zimbabwe 94.0 128.8 124.1 98.1 133.6
Italy 94.3 94.9 96.0 101.0 91.2
Tuvalu 94.6 95.8 95.0 86.3 78.2
Finland 95.2 90.3 92.1 56.1 82.5
Portugal 96.5 98.3 101.7 109.1 73.8
Somalia 96.9 109.3 110.8 118.7 125.7
France 97.2 96.3 93.2 97.7 95.3
Germany 98.1 98.1 100.2 94.4 101.9
Mauritius 98.3 108.3 115.7 117.4 105.5
Denmark 100.6 94.6 95.3 85.3 94.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 101.4 104.9 107.3 109.9 113.2
El Salvador 101.6 98.0 92.5 87.9 86.6
Ireland 102.1 85.6 79.5 89.2 87.7
Jamaica 102.2 100.0 100.3 101.4 103.0
Dominican Republic 104.6 98.9 99.1 103.1 100.6
Trinidad and Tobago 104.7 111.1 117.1 118.9 124.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 107.1 124.6 119.1 97.5 138.5
Maldives 108.4 110.5 111.9 108.5 110.0
Hungary 110.3 103.0 108.0 104.7 112.1
Faeroe Islands 110.5 114.6 114.6 114.6 114.6
United Kingdom 111.2 98.4 103.4 99.3 100.8
New Caledonia 113.7 118.8 108.1 103.0 96.1
Tonga 115.4 113.2 122.8 107.1 97.0
Panama 115.6 116.3 104.5 126.4 123.1
Samoa 116.1 121.3 122.3 115.7 111.5
Haiti 117.3 118.0 116.4 114.4 112.9
Fiji 119.8 94.2 117.4 88.8 92.7
Vanuatu 120.2 109.1 115.6 113.7 104.5
Poland 126.2 123.2 135.0 124.2 126.6
Dominica 126.6 127.9 156.6 169.2 189.6
Cuba 127.8 118.1 119.0 120.6 128.8
Switzerland 129.1 116.0 120.6 98.2 134.5
Japan 130.4 131.4 132.6 130.1 123.5
Romania 132.0 118.0 115.9 95.2 101.1
Norway 135.0 125.9 107.4 116.4 117.3
Sweden 136.8 114.5 116.6 97.5 103.9
Suriname 139.6 139.9 137.5 128.6 128.1
Cyprus 141.2 135.8 123.1 128.7 143.9
Grenada 161.7 146.0 155.2 174.3 152.2
Seychelles 162.8 188.3 197.9 138.4 117.9
Barbados 167.5 160.8 181.3 146.4 145.6
Puerto Rico 167.6 167.8 160.0 171.1 181.4
Bulgaria 181.7 137.6 166.4 152.8 154.5
Mongolia 208.7 292.9 295.0 225.5 249.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 215.4 194.0 190.1 189.5 197.7
Singapore 241.2 205.5 166.0 141.5 90.3
Cayman Islands 246.2 247.7 170.6 218.2 95.8
St. Lucia 279.7 311.1 371.7 325.3 412.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 327.9 298.1 313.2 305.1 307.4
Kazakhstan
Turkmenistan
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Croatia
Estonia
Latvia
Russian Federation
Ethiopia
Greenland
South Sudan
Lithuania
Eritrea
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Czech Republic
Kyrgyz Republic
West Bank and Gaza
Serbia
Tajikistan
Monaco
Curacao
Ukraine
Azerbaijan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Montenegro
Armenia
Macedonia, FYR
Marshall Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Moldova
Isle of Man
Aruba
Belarus
Kosovo
Palau
Uzbekistan
Luxembourg
Georgia
Northern Mariana Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Belgium
Andorra
San Marino
Bosnia and Herzegovina

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