Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
United Arab Emirates 18.9 18.1 23.9 28.8 29.8
Angola 30.2 30.6 30.5 30.2 29.4
Nigeria 32.6 33.3 39.5 43.9 47.2
Ghana 35.9 36.7 37.8 42.3 34.0
Belize 38.4 44.0 41.9 46.8 50.6
Jordan 38.8 45.2 54.8 48.0 66.8
Benin 39.0 32.3 41.4 43.2 45.9
Kuwait 39.2 44.7 54.1 51.7 39.8
Vietnam 39.6 39.0 41.6 44.7 45.8
Cambodia 40.1 36.3 47.1 48.6 47.1
American Samoa 41.7 38.4 38.4 38.2 42.1
Niger 42.0 33.2 49.2 42.8 46.8
Costa Rica 42.6 43.9 46.6 56.8 61.8
Nepal 43.9 51.1 56.2 59.7 62.8
Lao PDR 44.1 39.8 36.5 46.2 51.3
Chad 44.2 45.0 53.9 53.3 51.4
Uruguay 45.3 47.0 52.1 54.8 48.5
Mali 46.4 43.8 56.9 54.7 54.3
Myanmar 46.5 44.8 42.9 42.1 42.6
Qatar 46.7 48.3 50.8 54.7 56.6
Cabo Verde 46.8 78.8 73.1 72.6 63.6
China 47.1 49.5 49.8 50.9 55.1
Chile 47.2 49.8 53.4 57.8 60.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 47.3 47.2 45.6 45.0 55.1
Peru 47.8 50.7 53.7 54.9 46.3
Malawi 47.8 47.3 50.1 50.3 50.7
Algeria 49.3 46.4 40.3 46.8 41.1
Paraguay 49.3 56.5 66.9 71.1 71.0
Burkina Faso 49.3 43.4 51.5 48.6 44.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 49.4 51.6 50.0 51.7 56.1
Guatemala 49.4 49.1 50.7 55.2 59.9
Namibia 49.5 49.0 51.6 54.0 55.3
Bolivia 50.6 51.6 52.6 53.3 53.8
Guinea 51.3 51.9 53.3 56.7 59.7
Argentina 51.6 50.8 55.8 46.3 53.8
Sudan 52.2 47.7 58.9 43.6 40.4
Malaysia 52.4 52.8 57.2 60.3 59.7
Indonesia 52.6 53.4 56.5 59.5 61.7
Brunei Darussalam 53.4 52.0 56.3 53.5 57.5
Mozambique 53.5 52.8 52.7 54.6 60.0
Brazil 53.9 60.0 60.9 63.6 59.0
Yemen, Rep. 54.0 54.9 57.6 63.0 61.3
Ecuador 54.2 56.1 61.5 62.4 66.3
Guinea-Bissau 54.3 53.6 52.0 57.8 60.4
Syrian Arab Republic 55.9 45.3 65.3 41.7 51.6
Sao Tome and Principe 56.0 54.9 56.7 51.4 47.7
Bhutan 56.2 63.9 51.3 51.8 61.9
Sierra Leone 56.2 54.4 56.0 57.8 57.8
Cameroon 56.6 48.6 51.6 52.5 54.6
Zambia 56.9 55.1 77.1 76.7 60.6
Thailand 56.9 57.6 65.6 68.7 62.4
Cote d'Ivoire 57.2 59.6 62.4 63.7 68.4
Tunisia 57.4 64.2 42.8 57.8 74.8
Togo 58.1 59.0 61.6 65.5 67.7
Saudi Arabia 58.7 70.6 77.7 80.8 84.9
Oman 59.4 60.2 61.3 61.6 66.0
Tanzania 59.5 59.0 57.0 60.5 61.9
Uganda 59.6 63.4 66.4 70.6 72.3
Bangladesh 59.9 59.1 59.2 65.4 65.8
Djibouti 60.6 60.0 54.6 60.3 82.5
Pakistan 60.7 62.9 60.6 65.5 67.8
India 61.3 60.0 67.1 71.7 72.7
Macao SAR, China 62.2 62.2 51.8 51.8 46.6
Kenya 62.2 57.9 62.7 68.9 67.6
Congo, Rep. 63.4 64.9 67.3 66.0 65.6
Comoros 63.4 68.9 71.3 71.4 78.4
Honduras 63.6 67.3 68.0 69.4 72.2
New Zealand 63.9 67.7 66.3 63.8 74.7
Morocco 64.9 56.5 69.2 76.3 69.0
Mauritania 65.1 76.0 80.8 87.3 65.0
Australia 65.5 58.3 64.5 65.9 66.7
Colombia 66.6 67.4 70.4 74.2 78.9
Papua New Guinea 67.5 70.3 71.1 72.1 72.1
Guam 68.3 69.4 71.7 71.7 73.9
Philippines 68.3 66.4 65.8 67.9 75.7
Nicaragua 68.6 63.8 60.9 59.9 59.7
Mexico 69.7 71.8 70.3 67.9 73.9
Solomon Islands 69.8 55.1 57.7 60.9 61.2
Lebanon 70.0 82.0 83.4 89.4 97.0
Gabon 70.2 71.6 76.0 76.8 76.2
Turkey 70.7 71.0 77.3 71.5 78.7
Botswana 70.8 69.6 100.2 96.2 91.6
Venezuela, RB 71.2 74.0 78.7 77.5 76.3
Equatorial Guinea 71.6 77.6 77.4 73.3 94.1
Malta 73.2 72.5 72.3 77.2 77.7
Timor-Leste 73.3 74.7 73.2 71.8 80.3
Rwanda 73.4 73.6 70.9 79.6 76.0
United States 73.7 74.1 62.8 74.2 79.4
Gambia, The 74.0 75.9 69.6 83.0 56.8
Bahamas, The 74.3 74.8 76.2 79.8 79.1
Libya 74.6 71.5 73.2 76.7 77.7
Afghanistan 74.7 75.2 71.6 68.6 68.4
Madagascar 75.7 73.9 74.6 78.7 78.7
South Africa 76.8 82.8 85.9 93.7 83.8
Spain 77.2 89.7 77.0 85.1 89.1
Central African Republic 77.9 71.2 76.9 76.9 76.6
Guyana 78.6 71.7 67.8 64.2 58.7
Iceland 78.8 85.0 51.8 42.3 41.2
Kiribati 79.0 84.3 89.9 62.3 51.4
Ireland 79.4 89.1 87.6 84.3 91.0
Canada 80.5 76.9 58.3 70.5 82.3
Lesotho 80.6 85.5 120.3 114.8 127.5
Israel 80.7 86.7 77.7 81.1 96.3
Netherlands 81.0 82.9 80.7 86.2 90.2
Senegal 82.0 92.2 76.1 88.7 78.3
Bermuda 82.3 81.7 90.6 106.5 103.8
Burundi 82.7 85.6 87.5 82.0 89.1
Greece 86.6 83.7 91.3 97.1 80.3
Austria 86.8 82.0 98.1 88.8 90.0
Iraq 87.1 78.8 84.2 85.3 100.7
Korea, Rep. 88.6 87.0 92.9 95.8 91.7
Bahrain 88.8 98.2 98.1 97.9 61.2
Albania 91.1 92.6 79.0 93.9 84.3
El Salvador 92.1 87.4 86.1 84.8 94.0
Finland 92.1 56.1 82.5 103.6 110.8
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 92.5 93.6 94.4 97.8 98.5
French Polynesia 92.5 93.2 84.0 85.4 93.8
Sri Lanka 93.1 80.1 85.7 80.0 87.5
France 93.2 97.7 95.3 95.7 96.8
Liberia 93.7 96.0 97.8 96.7 62.8
Tuvalu 95.0 86.3 78.2 82.2 73.0
Denmark 95.3 85.3 94.5 103.7 115.7
Liechtenstein 95.6 59.8 59.8 71.7 77.7
Italy 96.0 101.0 91.2 95.7 84.8
Swaziland 96.0 91.1 95.6 96.0 99.4
Dominican Republic 99.1 103.1 100.6 103.3 82.1
Germany 100.2 94.4 101.9 99.1 93.3
Jamaica 100.3 101.4 103.0 93.9 98.1
Portugal 101.7 109.1 73.8 102.7 110.9
Antigua and Barbuda 102.3 106.6 112.1 92.6 98.3
United Kingdom 103.4 99.3 100.8 102.9 104.9
Panama 104.5 126.4 123.1 126.8 123.3
New Caledonia 105.4 100.4 93.7 100.1 88.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 107.2 109.8 113.1 116.4 122.2
Norway 107.4 116.4 117.3 120.3 136.1
Hungary 108.0 104.7 112.1 109.3 100.8
Somalia 110.7 118.6 125.6 130.9 122.5
Maldives 111.9 108.5 110.0 105.5 73.8
Haiti 114.0 112.0 110.5 110.9 105.2
Faroe Islands 114.6 114.6 114.6 114.6 118.7
Vanuatu 115.6 113.7 104.5 91.8 122.2
Mauritius 115.7 117.4 105.5 104.3 107.3
Romania 115.9 95.2 101.1 98.4 82.1
Sweden 116.6 97.5 104.0 118.4 130.4
Trinidad and Tobago 117.1 118.9 124.9 125.6 141.1
Fiji 117.4 88.8 92.7 113.7 116.1
Cuba 119.0 120.6 128.8 134.7 134.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 119.1 97.5 138.5 125.6 138.6
Tonga 120.3 104.9 95.0 95.0 94.0
Switzerland 120.6 98.2 134.5 124.6 118.7
Samoa 122.3 115.7 111.5 102.0 88.1
Cyprus 123.1 128.7 143.9 152.8 136.4
Zimbabwe 124.1 98.1 133.6 123.4 117.2
Japan 132.9 129.7 123.0 123.9 123.1
Poland 135.0 124.2 126.6 129.8 133.4
Suriname 137.3 128.5 129.8 129.4 108.8
Grenada 155.2 174.3 152.2 148.0 151.5
Dominica 156.6 169.2 189.6 163.3 166.7
Puerto Rico 160.0 171.1 181.4 168.5 138.1
Singapore 166.0 141.5 90.3 58.5 62.6
Bulgaria 166.4 152.7 154.5 167.6 150.0
Cayman Islands 170.6 218.2 95.8 200.9 109.3
Barbados 181.3 146.4 145.6 123.4 131.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 190.1 189.5 197.7 183.2 127.4
Seychelles 197.9 138.4 117.9 112.4 110.0
Mongolia 295.0 225.5 249.3 275.4 225.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 313.2 305.1 307.4 303.2 246.2
St. Lucia 371.7 325.3 412.7 374.0 400.9
Moldova
Northern Mariana Islands
Slovenia
Curacao
Latvia
Eritrea
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
South Sudan
Andorra
Macedonia, FYR
Kazakhstan
Luxembourg
Aruba
Slovak Republic
Uzbekistan
Czech Republic
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Georgia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Turks and Caicos Islands
Kyrgyz Republic
Isle of Man
Croatia
St. Martin (French part)
Azerbaijan
Monaco
Turkmenistan
Marshall Islands
Palau
San Marino
Ukraine
Lithuania
Greenland
Ethiopia
Armenia
Russian Federation
Montenegro
Belarus
Estonia
Tajikistan
West Bank and Gaza
Serbia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Belgium

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