Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
United Arab Emirates 19.0 18.9 18.1 23.9 28.8
Angola 28.9 30.2 30.6 30.5 30.2
Lao PDR 43.0 44.1 39.8 36.5 46.2
Ghana 32.7 35.9 36.7 37.8 42.3
American Samoa 40.7 41.7 38.4 38.4 38.2
Nigeria 29.8 32.6 33.3 39.5 43.9
Algeria 48.6 49.3 46.4 40.3 46.8
Benin 34.5 39.0 32.3 41.4 43.2
Vietnam 38.1 39.6 39.0 41.6 44.7
Belize 37.6 38.4 44.0 41.9 46.8
Tunisia 63.3 57.4 64.2 42.8 57.8
Myanmar 46.4 46.5 44.8 42.9 42.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 42.3 47.3 47.2 45.6 45.0
Costa Rica 40.5 42.6 43.9 46.6 56.8
Cambodia 35.4 40.1 36.3 47.1 48.6
Niger 36.7 42.0 33.2 49.2 42.8
China 46.1 47.1 49.5 49.8 50.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 45.5 49.4 51.6 50.0 51.7
Malawi 47.8 47.8 47.3 50.1 50.3
Guatemala 47.6 49.4 49.1 50.7 55.2
Qatar 45.0 46.7 48.3 50.8 54.7
Bhutan 54.9 56.2 63.9 51.3 51.8
Burkina Faso 41.3 49.3 43.4 51.5 48.6
Namibia 46.5 49.5 49.0 51.6 54.0
Cameroon 52.2 56.6 48.6 51.6 52.5
Iceland 62.8 78.8 85.0 51.8 42.3
Macao SAR, China 62.2 62.2 62.2 51.8 51.8
Guinea-Bissau 49.7 54.3 53.6 52.0 57.8
Uruguay 45.9 45.3 47.0 52.1 54.8
Bolivia 48.6 50.6 51.6 52.6 53.3
Mozambique 51.6 53.5 52.8 52.7 54.6
Guinea 50.9 51.3 51.9 53.3 56.7
Chile 45.4 47.2 49.8 53.4 57.8
Peru 46.5 47.8 50.7 53.7 54.9
Chad 48.7 44.2 45.0 53.9 53.3
Kuwait 29.4 39.2 44.7 54.1 51.7
Djibouti 55.7 60.6 60.0 54.6 60.3
Jordan 44.4 38.8 45.2 54.8 48.0
Argentina 51.7 51.6 50.8 55.8 46.3
Sierra Leone 51.6 56.2 54.4 56.0 57.8
Nepal 46.7 43.9 51.1 56.2 59.7
Brunei Darussalam 50.5 53.4 52.0 56.3 53.5
Indonesia 50.1 52.6 53.4 56.5 59.5
Sao Tome and Principe 53.1 56.0 54.9 56.7 51.4
Mali 44.0 46.4 43.8 56.9 54.7
Tanzania 57.3 59.5 59.0 57.0 60.5
Malaysia 49.2 52.4 52.8 57.2 60.3
Yemen, Rep. 43.6 54.0 54.9 57.6 63.0
Solomon Islands 72.1 69.8 55.1 57.7 60.9
Canada 71.0 80.5 76.9 58.3 70.5
Sudan 53.3 52.2 47.7 58.9 43.6
Bangladesh 59.2 59.9 59.1 59.2 65.4
Liechtenstein 35.9 95.6 59.8 59.8 71.7
Pakistan 56.1 60.7 62.9 60.6 65.5
Nicaragua 71.9 68.6 63.8 60.9 59.9
Brazil 58.7 53.9 60.0 60.9 63.6
Oman 55.1 59.4 60.2 61.3 61.6
Ecuador 52.3 54.2 56.1 61.5 62.4
Togo 56.9 58.1 59.0 61.6 65.5
Cote d'Ivoire 55.5 57.2 59.6 62.4 63.7
Kenya 56.3 62.2 57.9 62.7 68.9
United States 80.8 73.7 74.1 62.8 74.2
Australia 65.8 65.5 58.3 64.5 65.9
Syrian Arab Republic 50.7 55.9 45.3 65.3 41.7
Thailand 60.6 56.9 57.6 65.6 68.7
Philippines 63.9 68.3 66.4 65.8 67.9
New Zealand 59.1 63.9 67.7 66.3 63.8
Uganda 58.6 59.6 63.4 66.4 70.6
Paraguay 59.4 49.3 56.5 66.9 71.1
India 61.3 61.3 60.0 67.1 71.7
Congo, Rep. 65.5 63.4 64.9 67.3 66.0
Guyana 75.2 78.6 71.7 67.8 64.2
Honduras 63.6 63.6 67.3 68.0 69.4
Morocco 52.9 64.9 56.5 69.2 76.3
Gambia, The 61.2 74.0 75.9 69.6 83.0
Mexico 70.7 69.7 71.8 70.3 67.9
Colombia 63.5 66.6 67.4 70.4 74.2
Rwanda 80.7 73.4 73.6 70.9 79.6
Papua New Guinea 68.6 67.5 70.3 71.1 72.1
Comoros 59.8 63.4 68.9 71.3 71.4
Afghanistan 78.1 74.7 75.2 71.6 68.6
Guam 66.6 68.3 69.4 71.7 71.7
Malta 73.8 73.2 72.5 72.3 77.2
Cabo Verde 36.6 46.8 78.8 73.1 72.6
Timor-Leste 73.6 73.3 74.7 73.2 71.8
Libya 70.0 74.6 71.5 73.2 76.7
Portugal 98.3 101.7 109.1 73.8 102.7
Madagascar 73.2 75.7 73.9 74.6 78.7
Gabon 66.5 70.2 71.6 76.0 76.8
Senegal 74.9 82.0 92.2 76.1 88.7
Bahamas, The 76.4 74.3 74.8 76.2 79.8
Central African Republic 69.7 77.9 71.2 76.9 76.9
Spain 78.0 77.2 89.7 77.0 85.1
Zambia 53.5 56.9 55.1 77.1 76.7
Turkey 65.7 70.7 71.0 77.3 71.5
Equatorial Guinea 70.1 71.6 77.6 77.4 73.3
Saudi Arabia 57.3 58.7 70.6 77.7 80.8
Israel 87.0 80.7 86.7 77.7 81.1
Tuvalu 95.8 95.0 86.3 78.2 82.2
Venezuela, RB 65.2 71.2 74.0 78.7 77.5
Albania 90.1 91.1 92.6 79.0 93.9
Netherlands 76.8 81.0 82.9 80.7 86.2
Mauritania 59.7 65.1 76.0 80.8 87.3
Finland 90.3 92.1 56.1 82.5 103.6
Lebanon 63.4 70.0 82.0 83.4 89.4
French Polynesia 95.0 92.5 93.2 84.0 85.4
Iraq 94.6 87.1 78.8 84.2 85.3
Sri Lanka 91.7 93.1 80.1 85.7 80.0
South Africa 75.7 76.8 82.8 85.9 93.7
El Salvador 97.8 92.1 87.4 86.1 84.8
Burundi 79.3 82.7 85.6 87.5 82.0
Ireland 85.5 79.4 89.1 87.6 84.3
Kiribati 73.6 79.0 84.3 89.9 62.3
Singapore 205.5 166.0 141.5 90.3 58.5
Bermuda 83.2 82.3 81.7 90.6 106.5
Italy 94.8 96.0 101.0 91.2 95.7
Greece 93.4 86.6 83.7 91.3 97.1
Fiji 94.2 117.4 88.8 92.7 113.7
Korea, Rep. 85.7 88.6 87.0 92.9 95.8
New Caledonia 115.8 105.4 100.4 93.7 100.1
Korea, Dem. Rep. 87.0 92.5 93.6 94.4 97.8
Denmark 94.6 95.3 85.3 94.5 103.7
Tonga 110.9 120.3 104.9 95.0 95.0
France 96.3 93.2 97.7 95.3 95.7
Swaziland 88.3 96.0 91.1 95.6 96.0
Cayman Islands 247.7 170.6 218.2 95.8 200.9
Liberia 92.7 93.7 96.0 97.8 96.7
Austria 84.6 86.8 82.0 98.1 88.8
Bahrain 84.0 88.8 98.2 98.1 97.9
Botswana 69.7 70.8 69.6 100.2 96.2
Dominican Republic 98.9 99.1 103.1 100.6 103.3
United Kingdom 98.4 103.4 99.3 100.8 102.9
Romania 118.0 115.9 95.2 101.1 98.4
Germany 98.1 100.2 94.4 101.9 99.1
Jamaica 100.0 100.3 101.4 103.0 93.9
Sweden 114.5 116.6 97.5 104.0 118.4
Vanuatu 109.1 115.6 113.7 104.5 91.8
Mauritius 108.3 115.7 117.4 105.5 104.3
Maldives 110.5 111.9 108.5 110.0 105.5
Haiti 115.5 114.0 112.0 110.5 110.9
Samoa 121.3 122.3 115.7 111.5 102.0
Antigua and Barbuda 101.3 102.3 106.6 112.1 92.6
Hungary 103.0 108.0 104.7 112.1 109.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 104.9 107.2 109.8 113.1 116.4
Faeroe Islands 114.6 114.6 114.6 114.6 114.6
Norway 125.9 107.4 116.4 117.3 120.3
Seychelles 188.3 197.9 138.4 117.9 112.4
Lesotho 90.4 80.6 85.5 120.3 114.8
Japan 131.8 132.9 129.7 123.0 123.9
Panama 116.3 104.5 126.4 123.1 126.8
Trinidad and Tobago 111.1 117.1 118.9 124.9 125.6
Somalia 109.2 110.7 118.6 125.6 130.9
Poland 123.2 135.0 124.2 126.6 129.8
Cuba 118.1 119.0 120.6 128.8 134.7
Suriname 139.7 137.3 128.5 129.8 129.4
Zimbabwe 128.8 124.1 98.1 133.6 123.4
Switzerland 116.0 120.6 98.2 134.5 124.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 124.6 119.1 97.5 138.5 125.6
Cyprus 135.8 123.1 128.7 143.9 152.8
Barbados 160.8 181.3 146.4 145.6 123.4
Grenada 146.0 155.2 174.3 152.2 148.0
Bulgaria 137.6 166.4 152.7 154.5 167.6
Puerto Rico 167.8 160.0 171.1 181.4 168.5
Dominica 127.9 156.6 169.2 189.6 163.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 194.0 190.1 189.5 197.7 183.2
Mongolia 292.9 295.0 225.5 249.3 275.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 298.1 313.2 305.1 307.4 303.2
St. Lucia 311.1 371.7 325.3 412.7 374.0
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