Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
United Arab Emirates 18.9 18.1 23.9 28.8 29.8
Angola 30.2 30.6 30.5 30.2 29.4
Lao PDR 44.1 39.8 36.5 46.2 51.3
Ghana 35.9 36.7 37.8 42.3 34.0
American Samoa 41.7 38.4 38.4 38.2 42.1
Nigeria 32.6 33.3 39.5 43.9 47.2
Algeria 49.3 46.4 40.3 46.8 41.1
Benin 39.0 32.3 41.4 43.2 45.9
Vietnam 39.6 39.0 41.6 44.7 45.8
Belize 38.4 44.0 41.9 46.8 50.6
Tunisia 57.4 64.2 42.8 57.8 74.8
Myanmar 46.5 44.8 42.9 42.1 42.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 47.3 47.2 45.6 45.0 55.1
Costa Rica 42.6 43.9 46.6 56.8 61.8
Cambodia 40.1 36.3 47.1 48.6 47.1
Niger 42.0 33.2 49.2 42.8 46.8
China 47.1 49.5 49.8 50.9 55.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 49.4 51.6 50.0 51.7 56.1
Malawi 47.8 47.3 50.1 50.3 50.7
Guatemala 49.4 49.1 50.7 55.2 59.9
Qatar 46.7 48.3 50.8 54.7 56.6
Bhutan 56.2 63.9 51.3 51.8 61.9
Burkina Faso 49.3 43.4 51.5 48.6 44.5
Namibia 49.5 49.0 51.6 54.0 55.3
Cameroon 56.6 48.6 51.6 52.5 54.6
Iceland 78.8 85.0 51.8 42.3 41.2
Macao SAR, China 62.2 62.2 51.8 51.8 46.6
Guinea-Bissau 54.3 53.6 52.0 57.8 60.4
Uruguay 45.3 47.0 52.1 54.8 48.5
Bolivia 50.6 51.6 52.6 53.3 53.8
Mozambique 53.5 52.8 52.7 54.6 60.0
Guinea 51.3 51.9 53.3 56.7 59.7
Chile 47.2 49.8 53.4 57.8 60.8
Peru 47.8 50.7 53.7 54.9 46.3
Chad 44.2 45.0 53.9 53.3 51.4
Kuwait 39.2 44.7 54.1 51.7 39.8
Djibouti 60.6 60.0 54.6 60.3 82.5
Jordan 38.8 45.2 54.8 48.0 66.8
Argentina 51.6 50.8 55.8 46.3 53.8
Sierra Leone 56.2 54.4 56.0 57.8 57.8
Nepal 43.9 51.1 56.2 59.7 62.8
Brunei Darussalam 53.4 52.0 56.3 53.5 57.5
Indonesia 52.6 53.4 56.5 59.5 61.7
Sao Tome and Principe 56.0 54.9 56.7 51.4 47.7
Mali 46.4 43.8 56.9 54.7 54.3
Tanzania 59.5 59.0 57.0 60.5 61.9
Malaysia 52.4 52.8 57.2 60.3 59.7
Yemen, Rep. 54.0 54.9 57.6 63.0 61.3
Solomon Islands 69.8 55.1 57.7 60.9 61.2
Canada 80.5 76.9 58.3 70.5 82.3
Sudan 52.2 47.7 58.9 43.6 40.4
Bangladesh 59.9 59.1 59.2 65.4 65.8
Liechtenstein 95.6 59.8 59.8 71.7 77.7
Pakistan 60.7 62.9 60.6 65.5 67.8
Nicaragua 68.6 63.8 60.9 59.9 59.7
Brazil 53.9 60.0 60.9 63.6 59.0
Oman 59.4 60.2 61.3 61.6 66.0
Ecuador 54.2 56.1 61.5 62.4 66.3
Togo 58.1 59.0 61.6 65.5 67.7
Cote d'Ivoire 57.2 59.6 62.4 63.7 68.4
Kenya 62.2 57.9 62.7 68.9 67.6
United States 73.7 74.1 62.8 74.2 79.4
Australia 65.5 58.3 64.5 65.9 66.7
Syrian Arab Republic 55.9 45.3 65.3 41.7 51.6
Thailand 56.9 57.6 65.6 68.7 62.4
Philippines 68.3 66.4 65.8 67.9 75.7
New Zealand 63.9 67.7 66.3 63.8 74.7
Uganda 59.6 63.4 66.4 70.6 72.3
Paraguay 49.3 56.5 66.9 71.1 71.0
India 61.3 60.0 67.1 71.7 72.7
Congo, Rep. 63.4 64.9 67.3 66.0 65.6
Guyana 78.6 71.7 67.8 64.2 58.7
Honduras 63.6 67.3 68.0 69.4 72.2
Morocco 64.9 56.5 69.2 76.3 69.0
Gambia, The 74.0 75.9 69.6 83.0 56.8
Mexico 69.7 71.8 70.3 67.9 73.9
Colombia 66.6 67.4 70.4 74.2 78.9
Rwanda 73.4 73.6 70.9 79.6 76.0
Papua New Guinea 67.5 70.3 71.1 72.1 72.1
Comoros 63.4 68.9 71.3 71.4 78.4
Afghanistan 74.7 75.2 71.6 68.6 68.4
Guam 68.3 69.4 71.7 71.7 73.9
Malta 73.2 72.5 72.3 77.2 77.7
Cabo Verde 46.8 78.8 73.1 72.6 63.6
Timor-Leste 73.3 74.7 73.2 71.8 80.3
Libya 74.6 71.5 73.2 76.7 77.7
Portugal 101.7 109.1 73.8 102.7 110.9
Madagascar 75.7 73.9 74.6 78.7 78.7
Gabon 70.2 71.6 76.0 76.8 76.2
Senegal 82.0 92.2 76.1 88.7 78.3
Bahamas, The 74.3 74.8 76.2 79.8 79.1
Central African Republic 77.9 71.2 76.9 76.9 76.6
Spain 77.2 89.7 77.0 85.1 89.1
Zambia 56.9 55.1 77.1 76.7 60.6
Turkey 70.7 71.0 77.3 71.5 78.7
Equatorial Guinea 71.6 77.6 77.4 73.3 94.1
Saudi Arabia 58.7 70.6 77.7 80.8 84.9
Israel 80.7 86.7 77.7 81.1 96.3
Tuvalu 95.0 86.3 78.2 82.2 73.0
Venezuela, RB 71.2 74.0 78.7 77.5 76.3
Albania 91.1 92.6 79.0 93.9 84.3
Netherlands 81.0 82.9 80.7 86.2 90.2
Mauritania 65.1 76.0 80.8 87.3 65.0
Finland 92.1 56.1 82.5 103.6 110.8
Lebanon 70.0 82.0 83.4 89.4 97.0
French Polynesia 92.5 93.2 84.0 85.4 93.8
Iraq 87.1 78.8 84.2 85.3 100.7
Sri Lanka 93.1 80.1 85.7 80.0 87.5
South Africa 76.8 82.8 85.9 93.7 83.8
El Salvador 92.1 87.4 86.1 84.8 94.0
Burundi 82.7 85.6 87.5 82.0 89.1
Ireland 79.4 89.1 87.6 84.3 91.0
Kiribati 79.0 84.3 89.9 62.3 51.4
Singapore 166.0 141.5 90.3 58.5 62.6
Bermuda 82.3 81.7 90.6 106.5 103.8
Italy 96.0 101.0 91.2 95.7 84.8
Greece 86.6 83.7 91.3 97.1 80.3
Fiji 117.4 88.8 92.7 113.7 116.1
Korea, Rep. 88.6 87.0 92.9 95.8 91.7
New Caledonia 105.4 100.4 93.7 100.1 88.1
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 92.5 93.6 94.4 97.8 98.5
Denmark 95.3 85.3 94.5 103.7 115.7
Tonga 120.3 104.9 95.0 95.0 94.0
France 93.2 97.7 95.3 95.7 96.8
Swaziland 96.0 91.1 95.6 96.0 99.4
Cayman Islands 170.6 218.2 95.8 200.9 109.3
Liberia 93.7 96.0 97.8 96.7 62.8
Austria 86.8 82.0 98.1 88.8 90.0
Bahrain 88.8 98.2 98.1 97.9 61.2
Botswana 70.8 69.6 100.2 96.2 91.6
Dominican Republic 99.1 103.1 100.6 103.3 82.1
United Kingdom 103.4 99.3 100.8 102.9 104.9
Romania 115.9 95.2 101.1 98.4 82.1
Germany 100.2 94.4 101.9 99.1 93.3
Jamaica 100.3 101.4 103.0 93.9 98.1
Sweden 116.6 97.5 104.0 118.4 130.4
Vanuatu 115.6 113.7 104.5 91.8 122.2
Mauritius 115.7 117.4 105.5 104.3 107.3
Maldives 111.9 108.5 110.0 105.5 73.8
Haiti 114.0 112.0 110.5 110.9 105.2
Samoa 122.3 115.7 111.5 102.0 88.1
Antigua and Barbuda 102.3 106.6 112.1 92.6 98.3
Hungary 108.0 104.7 112.1 109.3 100.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 107.2 109.8 113.1 116.4 122.2
Faroe Islands 114.6 114.6 114.6 114.6 118.7
Norway 107.4 116.4 117.3 120.3 136.1
Seychelles 197.9 138.4 117.9 112.4 110.0
Lesotho 80.6 85.5 120.3 114.8 127.5
Japan 132.9 129.7 123.0 123.9 123.1
Panama 104.5 126.4 123.1 126.8 123.3
Trinidad and Tobago 117.1 118.9 124.9 125.6 141.1
Somalia 110.7 118.6 125.6 130.9 122.5
Poland 135.0 124.2 126.6 129.8 133.4
Cuba 119.0 120.6 128.8 134.7 134.3
Suriname 137.3 128.5 129.8 129.4 108.8
Zimbabwe 124.1 98.1 133.6 123.4 117.2
Switzerland 120.6 98.2 134.5 124.6 118.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 119.1 97.5 138.5 125.6 138.6
Cyprus 123.1 128.7 143.9 152.8 136.4
Barbados 181.3 146.4 145.6 123.4 131.4
Grenada 155.2 174.3 152.2 148.0 151.5
Bulgaria 166.4 152.7 154.5 167.6 150.0
Puerto Rico 160.0 171.1 181.4 168.5 138.1
Dominica 156.6 169.2 189.6 163.3 166.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 190.1 189.5 197.7 183.2 127.4
Mongolia 295.0 225.5 249.3 275.4 225.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 313.2 305.1 307.4 303.2 246.2
St. Lucia 371.7 325.3 412.7 374.0 400.9
Uzbekistan
Curacao
Belgium
Serbia
Slovenia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
South Sudan
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Croatia
Ethiopia
Monaco
Turks and Caicos Islands
Czech Republic
Azerbaijan
Montenegro
Aruba
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Estonia
Latvia
Kazakhstan
Russian Federation
Macedonia, FYR
Palau
Turkmenistan
Luxembourg
Belarus
Moldova
Ukraine
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Lithuania
Greenland
Kyrgyz Republic
Isle of Man
Georgia
Tajikistan
Armenia
Marshall Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Eritrea
Andorra
San Marino

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