Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
United Arab Emirates 28.8 29.8 38.5 51.1 54.3
Angola 30.0 29.2 31.2 33.2 32.3
American Samoa 38.2 42.1 37.5 37.7 40.0
Syrian Arab Republic 41.6 51.6 51.5 65.8 61.4
Myanmar 42.1 42.6 41.8 46.3 52.1
Iceland 42.3 41.2 71.6 64.3 58.2
Niger 42.8 46.8 52.1 54.2 43.1
Ghana 43.0 34.7 54.6 53.9 58.5
Benin 43.2 45.9 51.4 51.1 57.9
Sudan 43.6 40.4 54.1 61.9 51.8
Nigeria 43.9 47.2 54.4 59.0 62.3
Vietnam 44.8 45.8 47.0 50.8 53.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 45.0 55.1 56.1 63.0 66.6
Lao PDR 46.2 51.3 44.2 51.6 47.7
Argentina 46.3 53.8 56.3 58.0 54.3
Belize 46.6 50.4 48.8 59.4 68.3
Algeria 46.8 41.1 54.7 60.6 54.3
Jordan 48.0 66.8 55.2 74.9 58.5
Burkina Faso 48.6 44.5 55.8 58.2 58.7
Cambodia 48.7 47.1 46.0 44.4 45.8
Brunei Darussalam 49.5 53.2 53.2 50.7 55.8
Malawi 50.3 50.7 55.9 44.6 59.4
Sao Tome and Principe 50.6 47.0 49.2 62.5 65.2
China 51.5 55.7 56.6 58.5 62.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 51.7 56.1 56.5 61.6 64.0
Kuwait 51.7 39.8 11.3 21.4 31.0
Bhutan 51.8 61.9 62.1 63.8 66.6
Macao SAR, China 51.8 46.6 38.3 62.2 57.5
Cameroon 52.5 54.6 56.2 56.1 59.3
Chad 53.3 51.4 64.3 60.6 48.0
Bolivia 53.3 53.8 58.5 55.9 60.5
Mozambique 54.6 60.0 52.4 44.9 51.6
Mali 54.7 54.3 65.1 58.9 58.6
Qatar 54.7 56.6 78.9 85.9 84.1
Guatemala 54.7 59.3 61.3 63.7 65.1
Uruguay 54.8 48.5 48.7 57.6 58.9
Peru 55.0 46.4 47.9 41.8 48.3
Costa Rica 56.2 61.6 63.9 69.1 69.2
Namibia 56.5 57.8 60.3 43.2 51.0
Guinea 56.7 59.7 62.9 67.7 69.2
Guinea-Bissau 57.7 60.4 57.4 60.8 64.5
Sierra Leone 57.8 57.8 58.1 54.3 54.4
Tunisia 57.8 74.8 97.7 76.4 86.4
Chile 57.8 60.8 63.3 66.7 69.6
Singapore 58.5 62.6 32.8 33.7 28.3
Indonesia 59.5 61.7 62.1 67.3 67.9
Nepal 59.7 62.9 66.4 62.0 71.2
Nicaragua 59.9 59.7 65.4 64.3 56.9
Malaysia 60.2 59.7 59.1 59.6 64.1
Djibouti 60.3 82.5 84.7 86.0 97.0
Solomon Islands 60.9 61.2 65.2 70.4 68.8
Tanzania 61.1 62.5 64.2 61.4 61.1
Oman 61.6 63.0 66.1 71.1 75.4
Kiribati 62.3 51.4 63.1 63.5 66.2
Ecuador 62.4 66.3 69.5 76.4 79.9
Yemen, Rep. 63.0 61.3 52.1 65.0 68.3
Brazil 63.6 59.0 59.9 63.9 62.7
New Zealand 63.8 74.8 72.5 77.5 76.7
Cote d'Ivoire 64.2 68.8 67.1 70.2 68.5
Guyana 64.5 59.0 71.0 77.9 84.2
Bangladesh 65.4 65.8 67.3 68.0 67.2
Togo 65.5 67.7 68.1 66.6 79.4
Pakistan 65.5 67.8 75.1 69.0 70.9
Australia 65.6 66.4 62.7 75.2 77.2
Congo, Rep. 66.0 65.6 62.8 64.1 65.3
Philippines 67.9 75.7 74.7 76.8 77.3
Mexico 67.9 73.9 73.1 71.9 73.3
Afghanistan 68.6 68.4 70.3 65.8 71.4
Thailand 68.7 62.4 68.0 70.5 70.2
Kenya 68.9 67.6 70.5 77.1 73.3
Honduras 69.4 72.2 70.2 71.5 74.4
Canada 70.5 82.3 81.0 76.1 82.5
Uganda 70.6 72.3 74.0 72.3 77.3
Paraguay 71.1 71.0 62.9 60.3 63.4
Comoros 71.4 78.4 80.4 82.3 85.6
Turkey 71.5 78.7 78.5 79.6 79.5
Guam 71.7 73.9 75.3 76.3 78.9
Liechtenstein 71.7 77.7 70.5 83.7 89.6
India 71.7 72.7 73.8 77.2 79.9
Timor-Leste 71.8 80.3 92.9 87.7 92.3
Papua New Guinea 72.1 72.1 73.0 76.7 80.0
Equatorial Guinea 73.3 94.1 91.4 87.5 80.2
United States 74.2 79.4 77.2 87.0 74.2
Colombia 75.5 80.3 82.7 84.2 81.0
Libya 76.3 77.3 78.6 77.1 81.0
Morocco 76.3 69.0 82.3 58.0 59.1
Zambia 76.7 60.6 64.1 46.0 76.4
Gabon 76.8 76.2 87.5 82.8 80.0
Central African Republic 76.9 76.6 75.9 76.7 76.0
Malta 77.2 77.7 79.1 84.7 84.2
Venezuela, RB 78.1 76.9 82.1 80.2 78.1
Madagascar 78.7 78.7 78.7 78.6 82.6
Rwanda 79.6 76.0 86.7 91.5 64.4
Bahamas, The 79.8 79.1 73.2 68.9 69.2
Sri Lanka 80.0 87.5 83.3 79.6 87.0
Saudi Arabia 80.8 84.9 84.9 90.0 93.6
Israel 81.1 96.3 74.5 80.3 78.5
Tuvalu 82.2 73.0 110.3 120.6 81.1
Gambia, The 83.0 56.8 65.6 50.3 59.8
Netherlands 84.3 88.2 84.7 97.0 96.6
Ireland 84.4 91.1 91.2 95.1 83.6
Spain 85.1 89.1 81.6 85.5 79.4
French Polynesia 85.4 93.8 83.1 80.1 80.7
Iraq 85.4 100.8 77.8 84.5 101.7
El Salvador 86.5 93.6 98.4 112.0 100.7
Mauritania 87.3 65.0 64.9 65.7 85.1
Senegal 88.7 78.3 80.6 71.4 80.5
Austria 88.8 90.0 87.2 79.8 82.6
Lebanon 89.4 97.0 112.5 117.5 113.1
Vanuatu 91.8 122.2 99.3 96.7 98.2
Antigua and Barbuda 92.6 98.3 105.1 125.9 138.8
South Africa 93.7 83.8 85.2 62.8 80.0
Jamaica 93.9 98.1 102.2 110.8 118.6
Albania 93.9 84.3 61.0 66.8 80.5
Burundi 94.9 103.0 106.1 108.9 105.4
France 95.7 96.8 91.8 102.0 92.5
Italy 95.7 84.8 98.9 99.6 95.0
Korea, Rep. 95.8 91.7 88.7 93.3 92.1
Swaziland 96.0 99.4 96.0 89.4 82.1
Botswana 96.2 91.6 93.1 73.4 86.3
Liberia 96.7 62.8 48.0 54.5 55.4
Tonga 97.0 95.9 95.0 94.3 142.7
Greece 97.1 80.3 98.1 98.4 96.9
Korea, Dem. Rep. 97.8 98.5 120.7 119.5 115.2
Bahrain 97.9 61.2 65.0 74.1 80.1
Romania 98.4 82.2 81.3 67.8 90.1
Germany 99.1 93.3 83.6 83.4 83.8
Samoa 102.0 88.1 73.3 67.2 70.6
New Caledonia 102.7 90.4 84.6 85.6 85.4
Portugal 102.7 110.9 116.7 93.4 87.3
United Kingdom 102.9 104.9 105.1 110.4 103.8
Dominican Republic 103.3 82.1 86.2 85.1 85.1
Finland 103.6 110.8 90.0 77.3 92.6
Denmark 103.7 115.7 108.4 90.6 103.3
Cabo Verde 103.9 91.0 75.5 69.8 70.8
Mauritius 104.3 107.3 108.1 112.0 107.1
Maldives 105.5 73.8 70.3 72.2 88.3
Bermuda 106.5 103.8 107.2 107.1 111.0
Hungary 109.3 100.8 110.7 78.5 71.3
Seychelles 112.4 110.0 117.3 99.3 99.8
Haiti 113.3 107.4 104.3 98.6 88.1
Fiji 113.7 116.1 98.0 102.1 103.6
Faeroe Islands 114.6 118.7 111.4 135.4 135.1
Lesotho 114.8 127.5 64.0 73.3 93.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 116.5 122.3 127.0 130.0 130.7
Sweden 118.4 130.4 97.0 87.0 110.8
Norway 120.3 136.1 108.1 92.0 113.2
Zimbabwe 123.4 117.2 119.3 67.3 115.9
Barbados 123.4 131.4 129.7 119.4 106.9
Japan 124.1 123.1 115.1 120.6 112.3
Switzerland 124.6 118.7 103.3 131.0 115.5
Trinidad and Tobago 125.6 141.1 135.5 137.9 131.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 125.6 138.6 119.4 140.7 123.0
Panama 126.8 123.3 104.3 110.3 106.2
Suriname 127.8 108.8 125.2 136.1 122.9
Poland 129.8 133.4 121.6 98.7 131.4
Somalia 131.0 122.6 82.0 73.8 67.0
Cuba 134.7 134.3 130.8 116.2 79.0
Grenada 148.0 151.5 147.5 146.5 154.4
Cyprus 152.8 136.4 104.4 131.9 138.5
Dominica 163.3 166.7 156.4 148.2 153.6
Bulgaria 167.6 150.0 145.3 126.7 93.0
Puerto Rico 168.5 138.1 152.0 146.3 144.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 183.2 127.4 150.0 201.3 163.2
Cayman Islands 200.9 109.3 101.0 120.9 113.9
Mongolia 275.4 225.6 190.8 148.8 142.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 303.2 246.2 239.3 204.8 193.3
St. Lucia 374.0 400.9 348.8 399.9 405.8
Kyrgyz Republic 64.7 54.9
Slovenia 75.0 80.9
Marshall Islands 94.7 131.7 102.9
Curacao
Serbia 78.1 76.9
Estonia 130.5 136.2
Belarus 77.8 102.2
Ethiopia 52.5
Macedonia, FYR 101.9 72.3
South Sudan
Slovak Republic 112.2
Croatia 92.3 100.0
Turkmenistan 73.7 74.8
Palau
Ukraine 99.4 112.3
Eritrea 61.4
Aruba
Monaco
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Moldova 121.9 169.1
Czech Republic 109.0
St. Martin (French part)
Bosnia and Herzegovina 79.9 71.3
Northern Mariana Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Russian Federation 100.4 94.7
Belgium
Georgia 138.6 134.9
Turks and Caicos Islands
Greenland
Kazakhstan 144.1 101.8
Latvia 105.8 126.0
Kosovo
West Bank and Gaza
Azerbaijan 95.7 78.3
Luxembourg
Uzbekistan 83.1 80.5
San Marino
Armenia 66.3 57.8
Isle of Man
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Montenegro
Andorra
Tajikistan 77.7 81.7
Lithuania 81.1 119.1

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