Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Angola 29.4 31.4 33.5 32.6 40.2
United Arab Emirates 29.8 38.5 51.1 54.3 57.7
Ghana 34.0 53.6 52.9 57.4 54.1
Kuwait 39.8 11.5 21.4 31.0 36.1
Sudan 40.4 54.1 61.9 51.8 65.1
Algeria 41.1 54.7 60.6 54.3 45.5
Iceland 41.2 71.6 64.3 58.2 69.9
American Samoa 42.1 37.5 37.7 40.0 41.0
Myanmar 42.6 41.8 46.3 52.1 54.8
Burkina Faso 44.5 55.8 58.2 58.7 56.2
Vietnam 45.8 47.0 50.8 53.8 56.2
Benin 45.9 51.4 51.1 57.9 59.2
Peru 46.3 47.8 41.7 48.2 57.6
Macao SAR, China 46.6 38.3 62.2 57.5 70.0
Niger 46.8 52.1 54.2 43.1 60.1
Cambodia 47.1 46.0 44.4 45.8 44.4
Nigeria 47.2 54.4 59.0 62.3 64.0
Sao Tome and Principe 47.7 49.9 63.4 66.2 70.5
Uruguay 48.5 48.7 57.6 58.9 56.7
Belize 50.6 49.0 59.7 68.6 61.4
Malawi 50.7 55.9 44.6 59.4 47.1
Lao PDR 51.3 44.2 51.6 47.7 56.2
Chad 51.4 64.3 60.6 48.0 65.9
Kiribati 51.4 63.1 63.5 66.2 64.4
Syrian Arab Republic 51.6 51.6 65.9 61.4 64.9
Argentina 53.8 56.3 58.0 54.3 59.7
Bolivia 53.8 58.5 55.9 60.5 64.5
Mali 54.3 65.1 58.9 58.7 68.2
Cameroon 54.6 56.2 56.1 59.3 63.1
China 55.1 55.9 57.8 61.8 63.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 55.1 56.1 63.0 66.6 68.8
Namibia 55.3 57.7 41.3 48.8 57.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 56.1 56.5 61.6 64.0 63.0
Qatar 56.6 78.9 85.9 84.1 86.8
Gambia, The 56.8 65.6 50.3 59.8 62.7
Brunei Darussalam 57.5 57.4 54.8 60.2 62.3
Sierra Leone 57.8 58.1 54.3 54.4 54.8
Guyana 58.7 70.7 77.6 83.8 91.0
Brazil 59.0 59.9 63.9 62.7 68.1
Nicaragua 59.7 65.4 64.3 56.9 59.3
Guinea 59.7 62.9 67.7 69.2 74.2
Malaysia 59.7 59.2 59.7 64.2 63.3
Guatemala 59.9 61.8 64.2 65.6 67.2
Mozambique 60.0 52.4 44.9 51.6 50.8
Guinea-Bissau 60.4 57.4 60.8 64.5 62.5
Zambia 60.6 64.1 46.0 76.4 63.1
Chile 60.8 63.3 66.7 69.6 74.7
Bahrain 61.2 65.0 74.1 80.1 91.9
Solomon Islands 61.2 65.2 70.4 68.8 70.7
Yemen, Rep. 61.3 52.1 65.0 68.3 64.5
Indonesia 61.7 62.1 67.3 67.9 68.3
Costa Rica 61.8 63.4 68.9 69.4 72.2
Tanzania 61.9 63.6 60.8 60.5 58.0
Bhutan 61.9 62.1 63.8 66.6 65.2
Thailand 62.4 68.0 70.5 70.2 73.1
Singapore 62.6 32.8 33.7 28.3 29.0
Liberia 62.8 48.0 54.5 55.4 43.3
Nepal 62.8 66.4 62.0 71.2 68.0
Cabo Verde 63.6 52.8 48.8 49.5 45.1
Mauritania 65.0 64.9 65.7 85.1 99.7
Congo, Rep. 65.6 62.8 64.1 65.3 70.2
Bangladesh 65.8 67.3 68.0 67.2 63.9
Oman 66.0 69.2 73.9 78.4 80.6
Ecuador 66.3 69.5 76.4 79.9 90.0
Australia 66.7 63.0 75.5 77.4 61.0
Jordan 66.8 55.2 74.9 58.5 78.8
Kenya 67.6 70.5 77.1 73.3 76.0
Togo 67.7 68.1 66.6 79.4 82.2
Pakistan 67.8 75.1 69.0 70.9 72.5
Cote d'Ivoire 68.4 66.6 69.7 68.1 70.8
Afghanistan 68.4 70.3 65.8 71.4 74.8
Morocco 69.0 82.3 58.0 59.1 81.1
Paraguay 71.0 62.9 60.3 63.3 61.0
Papua New Guinea 72.1 73.0 76.7 80.0 79.3
Honduras 72.2 70.2 71.5 74.4 73.0
Uganda 72.3 74.0 72.3 77.3 77.5
India 72.7 73.8 77.2 79.9 82.3
Tuvalu 73.0 110.3 120.6 81.1 79.0
Maldives 73.8 70.3 72.2 88.3 96.3
Mexico 73.9 73.1 71.9 73.3 75.7
Guam 73.9 75.3 76.3 78.9 74.7
New Zealand 74.7 72.5 77.5 76.7 88.2
Tunisia 74.8 97.7 76.4 86.4 56.0
Philippines 75.7 74.7 76.7 77.3 79.2
Rwanda 76.0 86.7 91.5 64.4 41.8
Gabon 76.2 87.5 82.8 80.0 82.1
Venezuela, RB 76.3 81.4 79.6 77.5 82.8
Central African Republic 76.6 75.9 76.7 76.0 82.1
Liechtenstein 77.7 70.5 83.7 89.6 84.3
Libya 77.7 79.0 77.5 81.4 84.4
Malta 77.7 79.1 84.7 84.2 89.4
Senegal 78.3 80.6 71.4 80.5 78.5
Comoros 78.4 80.4 82.3 85.6 85.6
Madagascar 78.7 78.7 78.6 82.6 78.6
Turkey 78.7 78.5 79.6 79.5 79.4
Colombia 78.9 81.1 84.3 80.5 79.7
Bahamas, The 79.1 73.2 68.9 69.2 70.8
United States 79.4 77.2 87.0 74.2 93.3
Greece 80.3 98.1 98.4 96.9 104.0
Timor-Leste 80.3 92.9 87.7 92.3 95.0
Dominican Republic 82.1 86.2 85.1 85.1 81.8
Romania 82.1 81.3 67.8 90.1 82.1
Canada 82.3 81.0 76.1 82.5 85.3
Djibouti 82.5 84.7 86.0 97.0 84.6
South Africa 83.8 85.2 62.8 80.0 90.7
Albania 84.3 61.0 66.8 80.5 79.0
Italy 84.8 98.9 99.6 95.0 93.8
Saudi Arabia 84.9 84.9 90.0 93.6 93.1
Sri Lanka 87.5 83.3 79.6 87.0 92.5
Samoa 88.1 73.3 67.2 70.6 67.5
New Caledonia 88.1 82.5 83.5 83.2 85.5
Burundi 89.1 91.7 94.2 91.1 79.6
Spain 89.1 81.6 85.5 79.4 74.0
Austria 90.0 87.2 79.9 82.6 83.8
Netherlands 90.2 86.6 99.1 98.8 93.1
Ireland 91.0 91.2 95.0 83.5 89.7
Botswana 91.6 93.1 73.4 86.3 94.6
Korea, Rep. 91.7 88.7 93.3 92.1 91.0
Germany 93.3 84.0 85.2 85.4 82.4
French Polynesia 93.8 83.1 80.1 80.7 83.5
El Salvador 94.0 98.9 112.6 101.2 99.7
Tonga 94.0 93.1 92.4 139.9 102.8
Equatorial Guinea 94.1 91.4 87.5 80.2 85.6
Israel 96.3 74.5 80.3 78.5 76.7
France 96.8 91.8 102.0 92.5 91.5
Lebanon 97.0 112.5 117.5 113.1 119.3
Jamaica 98.1 102.2 110.8 118.6 126.4
Antigua and Barbuda 98.3 105.1 125.9 138.8 137.7
Korea, Dem. Rep. 98.5 120.7 119.5 115.2 103.4
Swaziland 99.4 96.0 89.4 82.1 84.4
Iraq 100.7 77.8 84.5 101.6 99.3
Hungary 100.8 110.7 78.5 71.3 81.8
Bermuda 103.8 107.2 107.1 111.0 115.9
United Kingdom 104.9 105.1 110.4 103.8 98.9
Haiti 105.2 102.1 96.6 86.3 93.7
Mauritius 107.3 108.1 112.0 107.1 96.5
Suriname 108.8 125.2 136.0 122.8 124.2
Cayman Islands 109.3 101.0 120.9 113.9 125.4
Seychelles 110.0 117.3 99.3 99.8 112.4
Finland 110.8 90.0 77.3 92.6 93.8
Portugal 110.9 116.7 93.4 87.3 93.9
Denmark 115.7 108.4 90.6 103.3 92.1
Fiji 116.1 98.0 102.1 103.6 109.8
Zimbabwe 117.2 119.3 67.3 115.9 128.0
Switzerland 118.7 103.3 131.0 115.5 105.7
Faeroe Islands 118.7 111.4 135.4 135.1 117.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 122.2 126.9 129.9 130.5 133.9
Vanuatu 122.2 99.3 96.7 98.2 95.0
Somalia 122.5 81.9 73.8 67.0 85.9
Japan 123.1 114.9 120.9 104.7 121.1
Panama 123.3 104.3 110.3 106.2 114.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 127.4 150.0 201.3 163.2 141.1
Lesotho 127.5 64.0 73.3 93.1 124.1
Sweden 130.4 97.0 87.0 110.8 91.2
Barbados 131.4 129.7 119.4 106.9 106.2
Poland 133.4 121.6 98.7 131.4 99.2
Cuba 134.3 130.8 116.2 79.0 78.1
Norway 136.1 108.1 92.0 113.2 106.4
Cyprus 136.4 104.4 131.9 138.5 108.1
Puerto Rico 138.1 152.0 146.3 144.5 122.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 138.6 119.4 140.7 123.0 76.8
Trinidad and Tobago 141.1 135.5 137.9 131.0 143.6
Bulgaria 150.0 145.3 126.7 92.9 110.1
Grenada 151.5 147.5 146.5 154.4 156.7
Dominica 166.7 156.4 148.2 153.6 131.5
Mongolia 225.6 190.8 148.8 142.8 101.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 246.2 239.3 204.8 193.3 201.9
St. Lucia 400.9 348.8 399.9 405.8 328.5
Palau
Marshall Islands 94.7 131.7 102.9 109.1
Czech Republic 109.0 97.1
Macedonia, FYR 101.9 72.3 83.7
Slovenia 75.0 80.9 95.1
Luxembourg
Slovak Republic 112.2 113.1
South Sudan
Azerbaijan 95.7 78.3 68.5
Lithuania 80.3 117.9 69.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Latvia 105.8 126.0 89.0
Turkmenistan 73.5 74.6 78.9
Kyrgyz Republic 64.7 54.9 47.9
Ukraine 99.4 112.3 81.2
Armenia 66.3 57.8 71.3
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Estonia 130.5 136.2 106.6
West Bank and Gaza 36.4
St. Martin (French part)
Moldova 121.8 170.3 110.4
Monaco
Eritrea 61.4 102.4
Kazakhstan 143.9 101.8 77.9
Montenegro
Isle of Man
Northern Mariana Islands
Curacao
Turks and Caicos Islands
Serbia 78.1 76.9 83.9
San Marino
Belgium
Croatia 92.3 100.0 96.5
Belarus 77.8 102.2 70.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 79.8 71.1 60.5
Greenland
Uzbekistan 83.3 80.7 78.4
Taiwan, China
Russian Federation 100.4 94.7 78.6
Tajikistan 76.1 79.8 76.4
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Georgia 138.6 134.9 134.9
Aruba
Ethiopia 52.5 53.1
Andorra

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