Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Angola 30.0 29.2 31.2 33.2 32.3
United Arab Emirates 28.8 29.8 38.5 51.1 54.3
Ghana 43.0 34.7 54.6 53.9 58.5
Kuwait 51.7 39.8 11.3 21.4 31.0
Sudan 43.6 40.4 54.1 61.9 51.8
Algeria 46.8 41.1 54.7 60.6 54.3
Iceland 42.3 41.2 71.6 64.3 58.2
American Samoa 38.2 42.1 37.5 37.7 40.0
Myanmar 42.1 42.6 41.8 46.3 52.1
Burkina Faso 48.6 44.5 55.8 58.2 58.7
Vietnam 44.8 45.8 47.0 50.8 53.8
Benin 43.2 45.9 51.4 51.1 57.9
Peru 55.0 46.4 47.9 41.8 48.3
Macao SAR, China 51.8 46.6 38.3 62.2 57.5
Niger 42.8 46.8 52.1 54.2 43.1
Sao Tome and Principe 50.6 47.0 49.2 62.5 65.2
Cambodia 48.7 47.1 46.0 44.4 45.8
Nigeria 43.9 47.2 54.4 59.0 62.3
Uruguay 54.8 48.5 48.7 57.6 58.9
Belize 46.6 50.4 48.8 59.4 68.3
Malawi 50.3 50.7 55.9 44.6 59.4
Lao PDR 46.2 51.3 44.2 51.6 47.7
Chad 53.3 51.4 64.3 60.6 48.0
Kiribati 62.3 51.4 63.1 63.5 66.2
Syrian Arab Republic 41.6 51.6 51.5 65.8 61.4
Brunei Darussalam 49.5 53.2 53.2 50.7 55.8
Argentina 46.3 53.8 56.3 58.0 54.3
Bolivia 53.3 53.8 58.5 55.9 60.5
Mali 54.7 54.3 65.1 58.9 58.6
Cameroon 52.5 54.6 56.2 56.1 59.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 45.0 55.1 56.1 63.0 66.6
China 51.5 55.7 56.6 58.5 62.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 51.7 56.1 56.5 61.6 64.0
Qatar 54.7 56.6 78.9 85.9 84.1
Gambia, The 83.0 56.8 65.6 50.3 59.8
Namibia 56.5 57.8 60.3 43.2 51.0
Sierra Leone 57.8 57.8 58.1 54.3 54.4
Guyana 64.5 59.0 71.0 77.9 84.2
Brazil 63.6 59.0 59.9 63.9 62.7
Guatemala 54.7 59.3 61.3 63.7 65.1
Nicaragua 59.9 59.7 65.4 64.3 56.9
Malaysia 60.2 59.7 59.1 59.6 64.1
Guinea 56.7 59.7 62.9 67.7 69.2
Mozambique 54.6 60.0 52.4 44.9 51.6
Guinea-Bissau 57.7 60.4 57.4 60.8 64.5
Zambia 76.7 60.6 64.1 46.0 76.4
Chile 57.8 60.8 63.3 66.7 69.6
Bahrain 97.9 61.2 65.0 74.1 80.1
Solomon Islands 60.9 61.2 65.2 70.4 68.8
Yemen, Rep. 63.0 61.3 52.1 65.0 68.3
Costa Rica 56.2 61.6 63.9 69.1 69.2
Indonesia 59.5 61.7 62.1 67.3 67.9
Bhutan 51.8 61.9 62.1 63.8 66.6
Thailand 68.7 62.4 68.0 70.5 70.2
Tanzania 61.1 62.5 64.2 61.4 61.1
Singapore 58.5 62.6 32.8 33.7 28.3
Liberia 96.7 62.8 48.0 54.5 55.4
Nepal 59.7 62.9 66.4 62.0 71.2
Oman 61.6 63.0 66.1 71.1 75.4
Mauritania 87.3 65.0 64.9 65.7 85.1
Congo, Rep. 66.0 65.6 62.8 64.1 65.3
Bangladesh 65.4 65.8 67.3 68.0 67.2
Ecuador 62.4 66.3 69.5 76.4 79.9
Australia 65.6 66.4 62.7 75.2 77.2
Jordan 48.0 66.8 55.2 74.9 58.5
Kenya 68.9 67.6 70.5 77.1 73.3
Togo 65.5 67.7 68.1 66.6 79.4
Pakistan 65.5 67.8 75.1 69.0 70.9
Afghanistan 68.6 68.4 70.3 65.8 71.4
Cote d'Ivoire 64.2 68.8 67.1 70.2 68.5
Morocco 76.3 69.0 82.3 58.0 59.1
Paraguay 71.1 71.0 62.9 60.3 63.4
Papua New Guinea 72.1 72.1 73.0 76.7 80.0
Honduras 69.4 72.2 70.2 71.5 74.4
Uganda 70.6 72.3 74.0 72.3 77.3
India 71.7 72.7 73.8 77.2 79.9
Tuvalu 82.2 73.0 110.3 120.6 81.1
Maldives 105.5 73.8 70.3 72.2 88.3
Mexico 67.9 73.9 73.1 71.9 73.3
Guam 71.7 73.9 75.3 76.3 78.9
New Zealand 63.8 74.8 72.5 77.5 76.7
Tunisia 57.8 74.8 97.7 76.4 86.4
Philippines 67.9 75.7 74.7 76.8 77.3
Rwanda 79.6 76.0 86.7 91.5 64.4
Gabon 76.8 76.2 87.5 82.8 80.0
Central African Republic 76.9 76.6 75.9 76.7 76.0
Venezuela, RB 78.1 76.9 82.1 80.2 78.1
Libya 76.3 77.3 78.6 77.1 81.0
Liechtenstein 71.7 77.7 70.5 83.7 89.6
Malta 77.2 77.7 79.1 84.7 84.2
Senegal 88.7 78.3 80.6 71.4 80.5
Comoros 71.4 78.4 80.4 82.3 85.6
Madagascar 78.7 78.7 78.7 78.6 82.6
Turkey 71.5 78.7 78.5 79.6 79.5
Bahamas, The 79.8 79.1 73.2 68.9 69.2
United States 74.2 79.4 77.2 87.0 74.2
Colombia 75.5 80.3 82.7 84.2 81.0
Greece 97.1 80.3 98.1 98.4 96.9
Timor-Leste 71.8 80.3 92.9 87.7 92.3
Dominican Republic 103.3 82.1 86.2 85.1 85.1
Romania 98.4 82.2 81.3 67.8 90.1
Canada 70.5 82.3 81.0 76.1 82.5
Djibouti 60.3 82.5 84.7 86.0 97.0
South Africa 93.7 83.8 85.2 62.8 80.0
Albania 93.9 84.3 61.0 66.8 80.5
Italy 95.7 84.8 98.9 99.6 95.0
Saudi Arabia 80.8 84.9 84.9 90.0 93.6
Sri Lanka 80.0 87.5 83.3 79.6 87.0
Samoa 102.0 88.1 73.3 67.2 70.6
Netherlands 84.3 88.2 84.7 97.0 96.6
Spain 85.1 89.1 81.6 85.5 79.4
Austria 88.8 90.0 87.2 79.8 82.6
New Caledonia 102.7 90.4 84.6 85.6 85.4
Cabo Verde 103.9 91.0 75.5 69.8 70.8
Ireland 84.4 91.1 91.2 95.1 83.6
Botswana 96.2 91.6 93.1 73.4 86.3
Korea, Rep. 95.8 91.7 88.7 93.3 92.1
Germany 99.1 93.3 83.6 83.4 83.8
El Salvador 86.5 93.6 98.4 112.0 100.7
French Polynesia 85.4 93.8 83.1 80.1 80.7
Equatorial Guinea 73.3 94.1 91.4 87.5 80.2
Tonga 97.0 95.9 95.0 94.3 142.7
Israel 81.1 96.3 74.5 80.3 78.5
France 95.7 96.8 91.8 102.0 92.5
Lebanon 89.4 97.0 112.5 117.5 113.1
Jamaica 93.9 98.1 102.2 110.8 118.6
Antigua and Barbuda 92.6 98.3 105.1 125.9 138.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 97.8 98.5 120.7 119.5 115.2
Swaziland 96.0 99.4 96.0 89.4 82.1
Iraq 85.4 100.8 77.8 84.5 101.7
Hungary 109.3 100.8 110.7 78.5 71.3
Burundi 94.9 103.0 106.1 108.9 105.4
Bermuda 106.5 103.8 107.2 107.1 111.0
United Kingdom 102.9 104.9 105.1 110.4 103.8
Mauritius 104.3 107.3 108.1 112.0 107.1
Haiti 113.3 107.4 104.3 98.6 88.1
Suriname 127.8 108.8 125.2 136.1 122.9
Cayman Islands 200.9 109.3 101.0 120.9 113.9
Seychelles 112.4 110.0 117.3 99.3 99.8
Finland 103.6 110.8 90.0 77.3 92.6
Portugal 102.7 110.9 116.7 93.4 87.3
Denmark 103.7 115.7 108.4 90.6 103.3
Fiji 113.7 116.1 98.0 102.1 103.6
Zimbabwe 123.4 117.2 119.3 67.3 115.9
Switzerland 124.6 118.7 103.3 131.0 115.5
Faeroe Islands 114.6 118.7 111.4 135.4 135.1
Vanuatu 91.8 122.2 99.3 96.7 98.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 116.5 122.3 127.0 130.0 130.7
Somalia 131.0 122.6 82.0 73.8 67.0
Japan 124.1 123.1 115.1 120.6 112.3
Panama 126.8 123.3 104.3 110.3 106.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 183.2 127.4 150.0 201.3 163.2
Lesotho 114.8 127.5 64.0 73.3 93.1
Sweden 118.4 130.4 97.0 87.0 110.8
Barbados 123.4 131.4 129.7 119.4 106.9
Poland 129.8 133.4 121.6 98.7 131.4
Cuba 134.7 134.3 130.8 116.2 79.0
Norway 120.3 136.1 108.1 92.0 113.2
Cyprus 152.8 136.4 104.4 131.9 138.5
Puerto Rico 168.5 138.1 152.0 146.3 144.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 125.6 138.6 119.4 140.7 123.0
Trinidad and Tobago 125.6 141.1 135.5 137.9 131.0
Bulgaria 167.6 150.0 145.3 126.7 93.0
Grenada 148.0 151.5 147.5 146.5 154.4
Dominica 163.3 166.7 156.4 148.2 153.6
Mongolia 275.4 225.6 190.8 148.8 142.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 303.2 246.2 239.3 204.8 193.3
St. Lucia 374.0 400.9 348.8 399.9 405.8
Ukraine 99.4 112.3
Slovenia 75.0 80.9
Georgia 138.6 134.9
Eritrea 61.4
San Marino
Kosovo
Turkmenistan 73.7 74.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Luxembourg
South Sudan
Kazakhstan 144.1 101.8
Aruba
Russian Federation 100.4 94.7
Czech Republic 109.0
Monaco
Kyrgyz Republic 64.7 54.9
Moldova 121.9 169.1
Azerbaijan 95.7 78.3
Tajikistan 77.7 81.7
Latvia 105.8 126.0
Croatia 92.3 100.0
Serbia 78.1 76.9
Montenegro
Palau
Greenland
Macedonia, FYR 101.9 72.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 79.9 71.3
Marshall Islands 94.7 131.7 102.9
Turks and Caicos Islands
Isle of Man
Belgium
Northern Mariana Islands
Belarus 77.8 102.2
Curacao
Lithuania 81.1 119.1
St. Martin (French part)
Uzbekistan 83.1 80.5
Ethiopia 52.5
Estonia 130.5 136.2
Armenia 66.3 57.8
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
West Bank and Gaza
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Andorra
Slovak Republic 112.2

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