Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Singapore 29.0 34.9 39.9 42.2 47.7
Kuwait 36.1 43.7 48.8 55.6 62.4
West Bank and Gaza 36.4 33.8 83.5 95.5 80.3
Angola 39.9 39.1 39.6 38.1 46.4
American Samoa 41.0 42.1 47.0 47.0 80.3
Rwanda 41.8 54.1 60.1 61.3 68.6
Liberia 43.3 43.7 55.6 78.2 87.3
Cambodia 44.4 61.0 61.0 61.8 62.5
Algeria 45.5 55.2 72.9 51.8 60.8
Malawi 47.1 58.5 67.6 66.2 74.3
Kyrgyz Republic 47.9 46.0 59.1 72.5 77.0
Mozambique 50.9 63.4 71.9 78.0 84.3
Ethiopia 53.1 61.2 73.0 73.8 65.3
Myanmar 54.7 56.5 58.6 57.5 59.3
Sierra Leone 54.8 51.4 56.5 60.4 53.3
Ghana 55.1 64.1 70.3 68.8 75.8
Tunisia 56.0 52.4 110.3 65.4 88.7
Lao PDR 56.2 49.5 49.9 57.1 59.5
Burkina Faso 56.2 56.1 64.9 62.8 75.8
Vietnam 56.2 59.8 63.6 67.5 70.0
Uruguay 56.7 64.4 76.7 77.3 74.1
Brunei Darussalam 57.7 62.7 72.4 63.5 60.2
Peru 57.7 62.8 68.0 72.3 71.0
United Arab Emirates 57.7 70.3 75.8 97.9 98.7
Tanzania 58.5 63.4 67.4 63.1 68.9
Benin 59.2 65.4 74.1 78.1 79.6
Nicaragua 59.3 69.1 71.8 72.1 78.9
Argentina 59.7 64.6 67.7 70.6 81.3
Niger 60.1 49.1 59.9 44.8 83.1
Namibia 60.5 55.1 62.1 83.0 64.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60.6 61.8 65.1 82.1 86.5
Australia 60.8 81.1 97.4 95.6 103.8
Paraguay 61.0 72.7 67.8 69.8 72.8
Belize 61.2 66.8 75.9 78.3 75.7
Guinea-Bissau 62.5 65.9 68.1 74.0 77.1
Gambia, The 62.7 58.9 47.3 61.2 59.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 63.0 68.8 75.5 76.9 76.1
Cameroon 63.1 67.2 71.7 67.7 72.2
Zambia 63.1 54.1 73.2 65.3 59.4
Malaysia 63.2 65.6 68.2 69.8 64.6
China 63.8 68.4 74.0 76.4 78.7
Bangladesh 63.9 66.2 70.0 70.7 73.3
Nigeria 64.0 65.9 68.7 71.4 75.2
Kiribati 64.4 63.1 75.3 75.0 80.0
Yemen, Rep. 64.5 68.0 64.5 70.1 79.4
Cabo Verde 64.5 66.8 77.7 73.5 80.0
Bolivia 64.5 71.6 74.9 76.2 77.9
Syrian Arab Republic 64.9 67.1 78.2 67.4 86.4
Sudan 65.1 64.0 75.7 73.8 76.2
Bhutan 65.2 67.0 70.7 73.7 71.9
Chad 65.9 64.5 70.1 79.5 89.0
Guatemala 66.6 73.4 78.0 80.1 85.0
Samoa 67.5 78.2 86.7 94.0 92.7
Nepal 68.1 74.9 74.0 75.7 76.2
Brazil 68.1 70.0 66.1 70.4 71.2
Mali 68.1 69.9 75.0 78.4 84.9
Indonesia 68.3 76.1 76.1 73.1 74.6
Azerbaijan 68.5 62.5 64.4 53.8 55.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 68.8 70.4 74.9 76.2 80.6
Sao Tome and Principe 69.5 63.8 73.2 86.8 90.1
Iceland 69.9 55.8 74.3 64.2 81.6
Macao SAR, China 70.0 62.2 77.7 77.2 82.9
Congo, Rep. 70.2 76.9 79.9 80.0 78.0
Belarus 70.2 76.1 87.5 69.0 65.9
Lithuania 70.3 91.9 118.1 136.8 120.1
Solomon Islands 70.7 76.2 77.6 81.7 83.3
Bahamas, The 70.8 75.1 75.0 79.1 82.4
Armenia 71.3 69.6 72.5 56.2 63.2
Cote d'Ivoire 71.3 78.9 83.8 87.5 92.3
Costa Rica 72.2 74.5 79.4 80.5 86.2
Pakistan 72.5 81.7 80.4 79.5 84.8
Honduras 73.0 73.1 81.7 81.0 78.6
Thailand 73.1 74.8 77.6 79.5 76.7
Spain 74.0 63.4 91.8 101.9 92.8
Guinea 74.2 73.6 77.3 80.4 78.3
Chile 74.7 78.8 81.7 79.1 80.9
Guam 74.7 77.1 95.4 95.9 96.3
Afghanistan 74.8 76.9 78.8 84.0 89.7
Mexico 75.7 79.6 85.2 85.2 89.0
Kenya 76.0 77.3 69.9 71.0 78.9
Israel 76.7 91.0 92.3 88.1 93.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 76.8 101.4 94.7 73.8 83.0
Oman 77.2 77.9 79.4 81.7 93.9
Uganda 77.5 81.0 79.4 79.5 86.5
Kazakhstan 77.9 53.4 59.2 64.2 42.8
Tajikistan 78.0 69.6 63.7 65.7 61.1
Cuba 78.1 71.4 87.2 84.3 77.1
Uzbekistan 78.3 81.6 74.8 75.3 75.2
Senegal 78.5 90.3 82.0 75.0 71.3
Russian Federation 78.6 78.3 79.3 88.9 60.0
Madagascar 78.7 80.5 82.0 83.4 82.3
Jordan 78.8 81.0 62.3 63.4 73.6
Tuvalu 79.0 81.1 88.9 89.0 92.3
Albania 79.0 81.3 79.6 82.8 88.8
Turkmenistan 79.1 77.6 34.3 43.8 47.3
Philippines 79.2 79.1 84.3 83.8 75.5
Papua New Guinea 79.3 78.6 85.3 85.0 88.4
Turkey 79.4 81.3 87.9 83.8 95.3
Colombia 80.3 83.4 82.5 83.1 79.1
Germany 81.1 85.2 89.5 91.0 94.4
Morocco 81.1 49.3 91.3 69.6 85.3
Ukraine 81.2 85.8 75.2 85.1 69.2
Dominican Republic 81.8 82.6 86.7 90.2 88.1
Hungary 81.8 79.1 87.3 91.8 90.8
Central African Republic 82.1 86.1 95.9 100.5 102.7
Romania 82.1 89.9 85.3 95.6 79.6
Gabon 82.1 83.4 88.4 90.9 95.0
Togo 82.2 81.3 95.3 99.2 98.6
India 82.3 83.9 87.8 87.9 90.3
Venezuela, RB 83.4 83.1 86.0 90.3 91.5
French Polynesia 83.5 88.1 103.9 88.6 69.8
Macedonia, FYR 83.7 84.9 88.8 91.8 97.0
Austria 83.8 86.6 86.4 93.5 95.7
Serbia 83.9 85.2 90.4 99.3 91.1
Libya 84.0 91.6 98.8 102.8 104.9
Liechtenstein 84.3 84.9 93.8 90.2 86.1
Swaziland 84.4 78.9 86.3 91.1 89.1
Djibouti 84.6 109.9 89.0 92.3 95.3
Canada 85.3 87.2 92.1 87.6 93.7
Equatorial Guinea 85.6 87.8 89.9 89.4 87.1
Comoros 85.6 86.3 88.8 87.4 92.0
Somalia 85.8 80.3 79.7 83.4 69.2
Qatar 86.8 100.0 109.2 145.3 113.7
New Caledonia 87.7 85.2 77.6 75.1 78.4
New Zealand 88.2 92.2 94.3 93.0 90.0
Latvia 89.0 81.7 92.2 103.3 78.9
Malta 89.4 97.8 123.4 93.6 107.2
Ireland 89.8 91.8 104.1 92.4 94.1
Ecuador 90.0 87.2 94.4 104.7 82.5
South Africa 90.7 73.1 95.5 95.1 88.3
Netherlands 91.0 94.7 98.8 94.2 80.9
Korea, Rep. 91.0 96.7 99.3 99.4 95.3
Sweden 91.2 95.0 111.1 112.2 108.9
Guyana 91.4 107.7 108.9 113.4 101.6
France 91.5 93.4 101.7 102.0 103.1
Bahrain 91.9 109.5 111.3 108.9 129.6
Denmark 92.1 101.4 101.6 105.8 104.8
Burundi 92.1 95.8 97.8 98.0 91.3
Sri Lanka 92.5 95.0 84.9 86.8 91.3
Saudi Arabia 93.1 82.8 76.9 82.5 80.4
United States 93.3 79.6 88.3 92.4 91.4
Italy 93.8 91.0 94.2 91.6 93.7
Finland 93.8 93.7 97.4 102.6 75.2
Portugal 93.9 102.6 108.5 95.3 91.1
Botswana 94.6 90.6 108.9 93.5 74.5
Timor-Leste 95.0 94.7 92.5 86.7 73.1
Vanuatu 95.0 100.0 103.4 123.6 131.9
Slovenia 95.1 94.0 101.0 94.2 100.3
Haiti 95.7 90.8 92.8 92.8 92.9
Maldives 96.3 94.9 101.1 87.9 87.3
Mauritius 96.5 104.8 104.2 113.9 112.5
Croatia 96.5 102.3 107.7 111.9 124.6
Czech Republic 97.1 100.7 105.2 100.9 102.0
United Kingdom 98.9 98.0 109.4 108.0 104.3
El Salvador 99.2 101.5 105.8 102.2 101.1
Poland 99.2 114.3 118.0 106.3 118.3
Iraq 99.3 102.4 105.4 99.6 109.7
Mauritania 99.7 105.3 110.5 106.0 106.4
Mongolia 101.9 88.2 73.5 94.7 93.7
Eritrea 102.4 87.3 70.1 70.6 139.4
Korea, Dem. Rep. 103.4 78.2 74.1 79.1 89.2
Greece 104.0 104.6 103.3 98.7 97.7
Tonga 105.0 96.7 103.3 106.7 105.2
Switzerland 105.7 105.3 123.6 103.5 123.5
Barbados 106.2 109.3 136.4 132.5 113.7
Norway 106.4 100.2 100.9 99.4 100.4
Estonia 106.6 107.2 105.6 107.5 90.0
Cyprus 108.1 136.5 126.6 99.4 116.1
Marshall Islands 109.1 172.8 146.1 135.8 96.7
Moldova 109.3 128.6 108.3 116.1 87.4
Fiji 109.8 112.7 109.3 102.2 77.1
Bulgaria 110.1 126.4 90.2 109.3 102.3
Seychelles 112.4 126.2 132.6 124.7 119.7
Slovak Republic 113.1 108.8 115.3 115.4 108.4
Panama 114.1 105.6 107.1 99.3 90.9
Bermuda 115.9 113.5 105.1 117.5 107.4
Faeroe Islands 117.4 119.3 135.5 128.5 117.0
Lebanon 119.3 130.9 136.1 115.7 106.8
Japan 119.7 115.4 111.9 113.4 104.6
Puerto Rico 122.9 104.4 103.9 98.3 105.4
Lesotho 124.1 75.4 142.3 132.5 112.8
Suriname 124.3 132.4 119.1 115.7 100.4
Cayman Islands 125.4 143.6 140.5 134.6 145.6
Jamaica 126.4 129.6 137.3 121.5 115.6
Zimbabwe 128.0 93.4 141.8 149.8 139.0
Dominica 131.5 120.4 143.9 141.1 130.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 134.0 109.6 108.6 105.3 107.4
Georgia 134.9 150.9 138.6 141.4 124.3
Antigua and Barbuda 137.7 106.7 115.3 102.0 93.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 141.1 141.0 157.3 220.2 180.3
Trinidad and Tobago 143.6 134.9 142.6 138.2 114.4
Grenada 156.7 144.6 142.1 135.3 127.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 201.9 193.8 171.0 166.4 151.6
St. Lucia 328.5 370.4 356.5 311.7 266.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Curacao
Luxembourg
Kosovo
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 81.9 95.2 95.1 95.0
South Sudan
Isle of Man
Palau
Monaco
San Marino
Montenegro
Belgium
Greenland
Aruba
Northern Mariana Islands
Andorra
St. Martin (French part)

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