Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Turkmenistan 34.2 43.7 47.2 69.7 71.3
Singapore 39.9 42.2 47.7 53.1 58.5
Angola 40.0 38.4 46.8 43.3 52.8
American Samoa 47.0 47.0 80.3 63.0 69.4
Gambia, The 47.3 61.2 59.9 91.0 100.7
Kuwait 48.8 55.6 62.4 66.5 74.0
Lao PDR 49.9 57.1 59.5 70.2 83.9
Cabo Verde 54.3 51.4 56.0 78.6 105.3
Liberia 55.6 78.2 87.3 95.4 100.0
Sierra Leone 56.5 60.4 53.3 46.1 42.4
Myanmar 58.6 57.5 59.3 66.9 71.2
Kyrgyz Republic 59.1 72.5 77.0 86.8 93.7
Kazakhstan 59.2 64.2 42.8 83.6 78.6
Namibia 59.4 79.4 61.6 65.3 76.7
Niger 59.9 44.8 83.1 71.7 63.6
Rwanda 60.1 61.4 68.7 73.3 83.7
Cambodia 61.0 61.8 62.5 71.6 71.7
Tajikistan 62.2 64.3 59.8 56.9 66.6
Jordan 62.3 63.4 73.6 55.9 77.5
Vietnam 63.6 67.5 69.9 75.6 80.3
Azerbaijan 64.4 53.8 55.7 62.2 71.8
Yemen, Rep. 64.5 70.1 79.4 77.9 84.4
Burkina Faso 64.9 62.8 75.8 75.3 60.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 65.0 82.0 86.5 83.4 60.0
Brazil 66.0 70.4 71.2 75.7 77.3
Tanzania 66.8 62.6 68.3 67.4 66.1
Malawi 67.6 66.2 74.3 84.2 98.7
Argentina 67.7 70.6 81.3 82.0 81.5
Paraguay 67.8 69.8 72.8 76.5 69.3
Peru 67.9 72.2 70.9 82.2 86.3
Guinea-Bissau 68.2 74.1 77.2 82.3 86.5
Malaysia 68.2 69.9 64.7 74.5 78.1
Nigeria 68.7 71.4 75.2 78.5 79.4
Ghana 69.0 67.6 74.4 79.2 77.3
Kenya 69.9 71.0 78.9 84.5 77.0
Bangladesh 70.0 70.7 73.3 84.2 90.6
Chad 70.1 79.5 89.0 80.5 71.8
Eritrea 70.1 70.6 139.4 110.4 68.6
Bhutan 70.7 73.7 71.9 84.3 61.0
Cameroon 71.7 67.7 72.2 75.4 77.4
Nicaragua 71.7 72.1 78.9 82.0 87.7
Mozambique 71.9 78.0 84.3 84.9 77.0
Armenia 72.5 56.2 63.2 61.6 58.1
Algeria 72.9 51.8 60.8 66.9 56.9
Ethiopia 73.0 73.8 65.3 70.9 74.5
Zambia 73.2 65.3 59.4 77.0 71.7
China 73.5 75.9 78.2 80.8 84.8
Mongolia 73.5 94.7 93.7 82.4 73.0
Nepal 73.9 75.7 76.1 79.7 85.0
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 74.1 79.1 89.2 88.9 84.9
Benin 74.1 78.1 79.6 82.9 89.5
Sao Tome and Principe 74.3 88.1 91.5 95.0 97.0
Iceland 74.3 64.2 81.6 70.7 77.5
Uzbekistan 74.9 75.3 75.2 75.4 75.8
Bolivia 74.9 76.2 77.9 78.9 85.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 74.9 76.2 80.6 81.7 76.5
Bahamas, The 75.0 79.1 82.4 90.2 88.3
Mali 75.1 78.5 85.0 90.4 69.4
Ukraine 75.2 85.1 69.2 63.0 76.7
Kiribati 75.3 75.0 80.0 79.9 74.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 75.5 76.8 76.1 82.4 86.7
New Caledonia 75.6 73.2 76.4 73.0 79.3
Sudan 75.7 73.8 76.2 71.5 73.4
United Arab Emirates 75.8 97.9 98.7 163.4 200.9
Indonesia 76.1 73.1 74.6 76.1 78.6
Belize 76.2 78.5 75.9 81.9 90.9
Uruguay 76.7 77.3 74.1 85.8 70.5
Saudi Arabia 76.9 82.5 80.4 75.0 74.7
Guinea 77.3 80.4 78.3 81.6 84.9
Thailand 77.6 79.5 76.7 81.5 90.7
Solomon Islands 77.6 81.7 83.3 76.9 81.0
Macao SAR, China 77.7 77.2 82.9 66.8 85.5
Brunei Darussalam 78.2 68.5 65.0 77.2 91.5
Syrian Arab Republic 78.3 67.5 86.5 66.9 81.2
Guatemala 78.7 80.7 85.6 85.8 88.0
Afghanistan 78.8 84.0 89.7 83.1 68.6
Somalia 79.2 83.1 69.1 79.0 87.3
Russian Federation 79.4 88.9 60.0 68.4 79.2
Uganda 79.4 79.5 86.5 91.8 92.8
Costa Rica 79.6 80.9 86.1 88.7 89.3
Congo, Rep. 79.9 80.0 78.0 84.1 86.2
Albania 80.4 82.8 88.8 81.9 85.6
Pakistan 80.4 79.5 84.8 89.9 89.7
Chile 81.7 79.1 80.9 80.0 82.0
Honduras 81.7 81.0 78.6 62.9 69.4
Madagascar 82.0 83.4 82.3 84.7 82.6
Senegal 82.0 75.0 71.3 109.5 110.7
Colombia 82.3 83.3 79.7 87.7 88.3
Oman 83.1 85.9 97.8 112.9 114.4
Cote d'Ivoire 83.2 86.8 91.6 93.5 100.9
West Bank and Gaza 83.5 95.5 80.3 101.8 86.1
Philippines 84.3 83.8 75.5 81.6 84.6
Burundi 84.6 84.8 78.9 82.0 85.8
Sri Lanka 84.9 86.8 91.3 95.3 96.5
Mexico 85.2 85.2 89.0 89.6 88.5
Romania 85.3 95.6 79.6 88.9 71.1
Papua New Guinea 85.3 85.0 88.4 92.4 95.8
Venezuela, RB 85.3 89.6 90.8 93.7 98.8
Swaziland 86.3 91.1 89.1 99.6 88.7
Austria 86.4 93.5 95.7 98.3 93.9
Dominican Republic 86.7 90.2 88.1 83.6 88.3
Samoa 86.7 94.0 92.7 87.2 91.5
Cuba 87.2 84.3 77.1 94.2 111.9
Hungary 87.3 91.8 90.8 85.2 76.5
Belarus 87.5 69.0 65.9 59.2 75.9
India 87.7 87.9 90.3 94.4 92.3
Turkey 87.9 83.8 95.3 89.4 95.6
United States 88.3 92.4 91.4 92.1 94.6
Gabon 88.4 90.9 95.0 93.9 98.1
Macedonia, FYR 88.8 91.8 97.0 99.8 98.0
Comoros 88.8 87.4 92.0 93.6 95.0
Tuvalu 88.9 89.0 92.3 92.9 96.2
Djibouti 89.0 92.3 95.3 101.0 102.8
Equatorial Guinea 89.9 89.4 87.1 89.6 93.2
Bulgaria 90.2 109.3 102.3 101.2 87.5
Serbia 90.4 99.3 91.1 83.9 66.0
Haiti 90.9 90.9 90.9 94.1 98.7
Germany 90.9 91.6 95.5 100.2 107.4
Morocco 91.3 69.6 85.3 73.8 64.9
Spain 91.8 101.9 92.8 92.0 102.6
Canada 92.1 87.6 93.7 101.5 96.1
Latvia 92.2 103.3 78.9 79.3 82.1
Israel 92.3 88.1 93.7 88.8 87.3
Timor-Leste 92.5 86.7 73.1 79.7 88.7
Liechtenstein 93.8 90.2 86.1 90.2 93.2
Italy 94.2 91.6 93.7 102.2 98.0
New Zealand 94.3 93.0 90.0 91.1 98.2
Ecuador 94.4 104.7 82.5 99.4 96.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 94.7 73.8 83.0 80.3 83.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 95.2 95.1 95.0 83.8 85.6
Togo 95.3 99.2 98.6 97.9 90.7
Guam 95.4 95.9 96.3 97.0 99.2
South Africa 95.5 95.1 88.3 95.3 102.5
Central African Republic 95.9 100.5 102.7 96.9 100.5
Finland 97.4 102.6 75.2 85.3 105.1
Australia 97.7 95.9 104.2 113.1 108.1
Korea, Rep. 99.3 99.4 95.3 100.3 105.4
Libya 99.3 103.3 105.4 109.2 97.0
Norway 100.9 99.4 100.4 90.8 92.4
Netherlands 101.0 96.3 84.0 104.4 103.9
Slovenia 101.0 94.2 100.3 90.8 102.2
Maldives 101.1 87.9 87.3 80.6 86.8
Tonga 101.2 104.5 103.1 94.7 95.0
Denmark 101.6 105.8 104.8 100.7 103.5
France 101.7 102.0 103.1 105.3 103.2
Greece 103.3 98.7 97.7 108.6 109.5
Vanuatu 103.4 123.6 131.9 103.7 97.8
Puerto Rico 103.9 98.3 105.4 72.8 101.8
French Polynesia 103.9 88.6 69.8 77.0 87.2
Ireland 104.0 92.3 94.0 97.6 99.9
Mauritius 104.2 113.9 112.5 78.7 102.5
Bermuda 105.1 117.5 107.4 111.6 107.6
Czech Republic 105.2 100.9 102.0 107.0 102.4
Iraq 105.4 99.0 109.0 99.6 91.1
Estonia 105.6 107.5 90.0 85.3 126.5
El Salvador 106.4 102.7 101.6 112.5 101.5
Panama 107.1 99.3 90.9 103.2 97.9
Croatia 107.7 111.9 124.6 120.1 103.7
Guyana 108.4 112.9 101.2 111.6 101.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 108.5 105.2 107.3 104.6 102.3
Portugal 108.6 95.4 91.2 110.0 101.1
Botswana 108.9 93.5 74.5 85.2 91.6
Moldova 109.1 116.6 88.2 81.1 89.3
Qatar 109.2 145.3 113.7 122.5 125.3
Fiji 109.3 102.2 77.1 105.2 105.2
United Kingdom 109.4 108.0 104.3 107.1 105.5
Tunisia 110.4 65.5 88.8 98.9 78.2
Mauritania 110.5 106.0 106.4 109.5 106.6
Sweden 111.1 112.2 108.9 99.0 106.1
Bahrain 111.3 108.9 129.6 113.9 111.1
Japan 112.6 113.6 104.6 107.1 106.8
Antigua and Barbuda 115.3 102.0 93.5 107.8 110.7
Slovak Republic 115.3 115.4 108.3 99.8 80.9
Lithuania 116.8 135.3 118.8 97.6 114.1
Poland 118.0 106.3 118.3 105.5 107.9
Suriname 119.0 115.7 100.4 105.0 97.3
Malta 123.4 93.6 107.2 104.6 102.5
Switzerland 123.6 103.5 123.5 97.5 118.7
Cyprus 126.6 99.4 116.1 120.0 111.0
Seychelles 132.6 124.7 119.7 115.8 110.3
Faroe Islands 135.5 128.5 117.0 123.9 120.1
Lebanon 136.1 115.7 106.7 105.2 104.0
Barbados 136.4 132.5 113.7 125.1 128.7
Jamaica 137.3 121.5 115.6 118.0 103.7
Georgia 138.6 141.4 124.3 138.8 100.5
Cayman Islands 140.5 134.6 145.6 147.5 156.4
Zimbabwe 141.8 149.8 139.0 133.4 157.1
Grenada 142.1 135.3 127.5 133.9 133.1
Lesotho 142.3 132.5 112.8 118.1 112.7
Trinidad and Tobago 142.6 138.2 114.4 123.0 131.5
Dominica 143.9 141.1 130.6 123.8 123.7
Marshall Islands 146.1 135.8 96.7 76.1 19.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 157.3 220.2 180.3 147.8 143.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 171.0 166.4 151.6 137.8 120.5
St. Lucia 356.5 311.7 266.9 186.4 155.2
Aruba
Turks and Caicos Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Monaco
Palau
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Isle of Man
Luxembourg 96.1
South Sudan
Curacao
Northern Mariana Islands
Belgium 102.2
Greenland
Montenegro
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Andorra
San Marino

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