Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Turkmenistan 77.3 34.2 43.7 47.2 69.7
Singapore 34.9 39.9 42.2 47.7 53.1
Angola 39.5 40.0 38.4 46.8 43.3
American Samoa 42.1 47.0 47.0 80.3 63.0
Gambia, The 58.9 47.3 61.2 59.9 91.0
Kuwait 43.7 48.8 55.6 62.4 66.5
Lao PDR 49.5 49.9 57.1 59.5 70.2
Cabo Verde 46.7 54.3 51.4 56.0 78.6
Liberia 43.7 55.6 78.2 87.3 95.4
Sierra Leone 51.4 56.5 60.4 53.3 46.1
Myanmar 56.5 58.6 57.5 59.3 66.9
Kyrgyz Republic 46.0 59.1 72.5 77.0 86.8
Kazakhstan 53.4 59.2 64.2 42.8 83.6
Namibia 52.7 59.4 79.4 61.6 65.3
Niger 49.1 59.9 44.8 83.1 71.7
Rwanda 54.1 60.1 61.4 68.7 73.3
Cambodia 61.0 61.0 61.8 62.5 71.6
Tajikistan 68.2 62.2 64.3 59.8 56.9
Jordan 81.0 62.3 63.4 73.6 55.9
Vietnam 59.8 63.6 67.5 69.9 75.6
Azerbaijan 62.5 64.4 53.8 55.7 62.2
Yemen, Rep. 68.0 64.5 70.1 79.4 77.9
Burkina Faso 56.1 64.9 62.8 75.8 75.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 61.7 65.0 82.0 86.5 83.4
Brazil 70.0 66.0 70.4 71.2 75.7
Tanzania 62.8 66.8 62.6 68.3 67.4
Malawi 58.5 67.6 66.2 74.3 84.2
Argentina 64.6 67.7 70.6 81.3 82.0
Paraguay 72.7 67.8 69.8 72.8 76.5
Peru 62.7 67.9 72.2 70.9 82.2
Guinea-Bissau 66.0 68.2 74.1 77.2 82.3
Malaysia 65.6 68.2 69.9 64.7 74.5
Nigeria 65.9 68.7 71.4 75.2 78.5
Ghana 62.9 69.0 67.6 74.4 79.2
Kenya 77.3 69.9 71.0 78.9 84.5
Bangladesh 66.2 70.0 70.7 73.3 84.2
Chad 64.5 70.1 79.5 89.0 80.5
Eritrea 87.3 70.1 70.6 139.4 110.4
Bhutan 67.0 70.7 73.7 71.9 84.3
Cameroon 67.2 71.7 67.7 72.2 75.4
Nicaragua 69.1 71.7 72.1 78.9 82.0
Mozambique 63.4 71.9 78.0 84.3 84.9
Armenia 69.6 72.5 56.2 63.2 61.6
Algeria 55.2 72.9 51.8 60.8 66.9
Ethiopia 61.2 73.0 73.8 65.3 70.9
Zambia 54.1 73.2 65.3 59.4 77.0
China 68.0 73.5 75.9 78.2 80.8
Mongolia 88.2 73.5 94.7 93.7 82.4
Nepal 74.9 73.9 75.7 76.1 79.7
Korea, Dem. Rep. 78.2 74.1 79.1 89.2 88.9
Benin 65.4 74.1 78.1 79.6 82.9
Sao Tome and Principe 64.7 74.3 88.1 91.5 95.0
Iceland 55.8 74.3 64.2 81.6 70.7
Uzbekistan 81.6 74.9 75.3 75.2 75.4
Bolivia 71.6 74.9 76.2 77.9 78.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 70.4 74.9 76.2 80.6 81.7
Bahamas, The 75.1 75.0 79.1 82.4 90.2
Mali 69.9 75.1 78.5 85.0 90.4
Ukraine 85.8 75.2 85.1 69.2 63.0
Kiribati 63.1 75.3 75.0 80.0 79.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 68.8 75.5 76.8 76.1 82.4
New Caledonia 83.0 75.6 73.2 76.4 73.0
Sudan 64.0 75.7 73.8 76.2 71.5
United Arab Emirates 70.3 75.8 97.9 98.7 163.4
Indonesia 76.1 76.1 73.1 74.6 76.1
Belize 67.0 76.2 78.5 75.9 81.9
Uruguay 64.4 76.7 77.3 74.1 85.8
Saudi Arabia 82.8 76.9 82.5 80.4 75.0
Guinea 73.6 77.3 80.4 78.3 81.6
Thailand 74.8 77.6 79.5 76.7 81.5
Solomon Islands 76.2 77.6 81.7 83.3 76.9
Macao SAR, China 62.2 77.7 77.2 82.9 66.8
Brunei Darussalam 67.8 78.2 68.5 65.0 77.2
Syrian Arab Republic 67.1 78.3 67.5 86.5 66.9
Guatemala 74.0 78.7 80.7 85.6 85.8
Afghanistan 76.9 78.8 84.0 89.7 83.1
Somalia 80.2 79.2 83.1 69.1 79.0
Russian Federation 78.3 79.4 88.9 60.0 68.4
Uganda 81.0 79.4 79.5 86.5 91.8
Costa Rica 74.1 79.6 80.9 86.1 88.7
Congo, Rep. 76.9 79.9 80.0 78.0 84.1
Albania 81.3 80.4 82.8 88.8 81.9
Pakistan 81.7 80.4 79.5 84.8 89.9
Chile 78.8 81.7 79.1 80.9 80.0
Honduras 73.1 81.7 81.0 78.6 62.9
Madagascar 80.5 82.0 83.4 82.3 84.7
Senegal 90.3 82.0 75.0 71.3 109.5
Colombia 83.1 82.3 83.3 79.7 87.7
Oman 81.5 83.1 85.9 97.8 112.9
Cote d'Ivoire 78.3 83.2 86.8 91.6 93.5
West Bank and Gaza 33.8 83.5 95.5 80.3 101.8
Philippines 79.1 84.3 83.8 75.5 81.6
Burundi 82.8 84.6 84.8 78.9 82.0
Sri Lanka 95.0 84.9 86.8 91.3 95.3
Mexico 79.6 85.2 85.2 89.0 89.6
Romania 89.9 85.3 95.6 79.6 88.9
Papua New Guinea 78.6 85.3 85.0 88.4 92.4
Venezuela, RB 82.4 85.3 89.6 90.8 93.7
Swaziland 78.9 86.3 91.1 89.1 99.6
Austria 86.6 86.4 93.5 95.7 98.3
Dominican Republic 82.6 86.7 90.2 88.1 83.6
Samoa 78.2 86.7 94.0 92.7 87.2
Cuba 71.4 87.2 84.3 77.1 94.2
Hungary 79.1 87.3 91.8 90.8 85.2
Belarus 76.1 87.5 69.0 65.9 59.2
India 83.9 87.7 87.9 90.3 94.4
Turkey 81.3 87.9 83.8 95.3 89.4
United States 79.6 88.3 92.4 91.4 92.1
Gabon 83.4 88.4 90.9 95.0 93.9
Macedonia, FYR 84.9 88.8 91.8 97.0 99.8
Comoros 86.3 88.8 87.4 92.0 93.6
Tuvalu 81.1 88.9 89.0 92.3 92.9
Djibouti 109.9 89.0 92.3 95.3 101.0
Equatorial Guinea 87.8 89.9 89.4 87.1 89.6
Bulgaria 126.3 90.2 109.3 102.3 101.2
Serbia 85.2 90.4 99.3 91.1 83.9
Haiti 89.0 90.9 90.9 90.9 94.1
Germany 86.4 90.9 91.6 95.5 100.2
Morocco 49.3 91.3 69.6 85.3 73.8
Spain 63.4 91.8 101.9 92.8 92.0
Canada 87.2 92.1 87.6 93.7 101.5
Latvia 81.7 92.2 103.3 78.9 79.3
Israel 91.0 92.3 88.1 93.7 88.8
Timor-Leste 94.7 92.5 86.7 73.1 79.7
Liechtenstein 84.9 93.8 90.2 86.1 90.2
Italy 91.0 94.2 91.6 93.7 102.2
New Zealand 92.2 94.3 93.0 90.0 91.1
Ecuador 87.2 94.4 104.7 82.5 99.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 101.4 94.7 73.8 83.0 80.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 81.9 95.2 95.1 95.0 83.8
Togo 81.3 95.3 99.2 98.6 97.9
Guam 77.1 95.4 95.9 96.3 97.0
South Africa 73.1 95.5 95.1 88.3 95.3
Central African Republic 86.1 95.9 100.5 102.7 96.9
Finland 93.7 97.4 102.6 75.2 85.3
Australia 81.3 97.7 95.9 104.2 113.1
Korea, Rep. 96.7 99.3 99.4 95.3 100.3
Libya 92.1 99.3 103.3 105.4 109.2
Norway 100.2 100.9 99.4 100.4 90.8
Netherlands 96.9 101.0 96.3 84.0 104.4
Slovenia 94.0 101.0 94.2 100.3 90.8
Maldives 94.9 101.1 87.9 87.3 80.6
Tonga 94.8 101.2 104.5 103.1 94.7
Denmark 101.4 101.6 105.8 104.8 100.7
France 93.4 101.7 102.0 103.1 105.3
Greece 104.6 103.3 98.7 97.7 108.6
Vanuatu 100.0 103.4 123.6 131.9 103.7
Puerto Rico 104.4 103.9 98.3 105.4 72.8
French Polynesia 88.1 103.9 88.6 69.8 77.0
Ireland 91.7 104.0 92.3 94.0 97.6
Mauritius 104.8 104.2 113.9 112.5 78.7
Bermuda 113.5 105.1 117.5 107.4 111.6
Czech Republic 100.7 105.2 100.9 102.0 107.0
Iraq 102.4 105.4 99.0 109.0 99.6
Estonia 107.2 105.6 107.5 90.0 85.3
El Salvador 102.1 106.4 102.7 101.6 112.5
Panama 105.6 107.1 99.3 90.9 103.2
Croatia 102.3 107.7 111.9 124.6 120.1
Guyana 107.3 108.4 112.9 101.2 111.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 109.5 108.5 105.2 107.3 104.6
Portugal 102.6 108.6 95.4 91.2 110.0
Botswana 90.6 108.9 93.5 74.5 85.2
Moldova 129.2 109.1 116.6 88.2 81.1
Qatar 100.0 109.2 145.3 113.7 122.5
Fiji 112.7 109.3 102.2 77.1 105.2
United Kingdom 98.0 109.4 108.0 104.3 107.1
Tunisia 52.5 110.4 65.5 88.8 98.9
Mauritania 105.3 110.5 106.0 106.4 109.5
Sweden 95.0 111.1 112.2 108.9 99.0
Bahrain 109.5 111.3 108.9 129.6 113.9
Japan 116.1 112.6 113.6 104.6 107.1
Antigua and Barbuda 106.7 115.3 102.0 93.5 107.8
Slovak Republic 108.7 115.3 115.4 108.3 99.8
Lithuania 90.9 116.8 135.3 118.8 97.6
Poland 114.3 118.0 106.3 118.3 105.5
Suriname 132.3 119.0 115.7 100.4 105.0
Malta 97.8 123.4 93.6 107.2 104.6
Switzerland 105.3 123.6 103.5 123.5 97.5
Cyprus 136.5 126.6 99.4 116.1 120.0
Seychelles 126.2 132.6 124.7 119.7 115.8
Faeroe Islands 119.3 135.5 128.5 117.0 123.9
Lebanon 130.9 136.1 115.7 106.7 105.2
Barbados 109.3 136.4 132.5 113.7 125.1
Jamaica 129.6 137.3 121.5 115.6 118.0
Georgia 150.9 138.6 141.4 124.3 138.8
Cayman Islands 143.6 140.5 134.6 145.6 147.5
Zimbabwe 93.4 141.8 149.8 139.0 133.4
Grenada 144.6 142.1 135.3 127.5 133.9
Lesotho 75.4 142.3 132.5 112.8 118.1
Trinidad and Tobago 134.9 142.6 138.2 114.4 123.0
Dominica 120.4 143.9 141.1 130.6 123.8
Marshall Islands 172.8 146.1 135.8 96.7 76.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 141.0 157.3 220.2 180.3 147.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 193.8 171.0 166.4 151.6 137.8
St. Lucia 370.4 356.5 311.7 266.9 186.4
Monaco
Montenegro
Greenland
Luxembourg
Northern Mariana Islands
Aruba
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Palau
South Sudan
Belgium
Curacao
St. Martin (French part)
San Marino
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Isle of Man
Turks and Caicos Islands
Andorra
Kosovo

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