Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
United Arab Emirates 12.3 14.1 18.3 20.8 18.6
Kuwait 13.8 15.9 14.9 14.9 16.5
Benin 26.0 25.0 25.5 25.5 35.0
Saudi Arabia 24.5 25.1 33.6 36.6 49.1
Nigeria 26.0 26.2 26.7 26.7 28.1
Ghana 28.8 28.0 25.6 25.6 33.8
Angola 31.0 28.2 28.2 28.4 28.6
Cambodia 30.8 28.5 35.0 37.5 26.4
Liechtenstein 41.8 29.9 77.7 77.7 47.8
Burkina Faso 27.3 31.3 31.5 31.2 31.5
Vietnam 30.7 31.9 35.1 35.6 37.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 27.6 33.1 37.4 37.4 39.1
Mali 31.3 33.6 36.0 38.6 32.9
Jordan 35.7 33.8 35.0 38.2 36.3
Chad 39.5 36.0 38.4 45.1 37.6
Morocco 43.7 36.8 49.4 42.7 46.1
China 35.4 37.4 41.3 44.6 48.6
Lao PDR 34.9 37.8 37.1 36.6 42.3
Nepal 37.1 38.8 32.9 44.5 45.0
Algeria 38.2 39.2 30.7 32.0 35.1
Belize 39.9 39.4 42.2 38.1 38.0
Guinea-Bissau 35.9 39.8 45.6 40.4 50.1
Costa Rica 38.7 39.9 38.6 41.3 43.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 40.2 39.9 41.7 42.2 42.1
Niger 42.6 40.8 40.3 40.0 26.4
Myanmar 38.5 41.7 43.6 44.5 45.3
New Zealand 40.4 42.4 44.8 46.8 54.4
Djibouti 41.4 42.6 46.0 46.2 52.6
Malaysia 41.8 42.7 46.0 44.2 47.0
Indonesia 40.0 42.9 42.1 45.2 49.1
Bolivia 41.4 42.9 44.5 30.8 42.5
Paraguay 38.7 43.4 45.2 47.2 52.2
Chile 41.1 43.4 44.0 41.0 45.3
Peru 38.9 43.5 45.4 38.8 46.2
Oman 37.2 44.7 54.8 57.0 57.9
Malawi 43.1 44.7 47.5 45.1 47.0
Zambia 43.7 44.9 40.3 46.3 49.0
American Samoa 46.0 45.7 45.8 44.4 42.2
Guinea 46.2 46.5 47.1 47.5 49.9
Qatar 37.0 46.7 48.8 41.4 44.9
Argentina 41.4 46.8 53.7 52.2 54.2
Sierra Leone 46.9 47.3 50.4 49.4 52.3
Cameroon 46.3 47.3 49.2 48.6 49.1
Brazil 45.5 47.5 48.8 47.5 52.2
Namibia 46.4 47.7 48.5 49.9 51.7
Pakistan 44.7 48.0 50.5 47.6 53.6
Guatemala 47.7 48.2 48.0 44.1 45.3
Mauritania 43.1 48.4 45.8 38.8 41.1
Lebanon 56.1 48.7 59.7 56.8 57.8
Uruguay 40.6 49.1 47.0 43.2 45.1
Tunisia 57.9 49.6 41.3 59.1 52.9
Kenya 47.4 49.7 55.2 55.6 46.7
Syrian Arab Republic 50.5 49.8 52.7 51.8 46.1
Yemen, Rep. 50.1 50.0 49.9 41.1 44.0
Tanzania 48.2 50.0 51.9 54.7 56.0
Cabo Verde 81.9 50.1 48.0 43.5 60.6
Sudan 43.9 50.4 42.4 47.4 43.8
Ecuador 52.0 51.5 50.2 41.6 46.6
Cote d'Ivoire 47.6 51.6 48.3 48.1 51.2
Togo 51.3 51.8 50.4 47.3 50.2
Bhutan 47.9 52.2 52.4 53.4 59.4
Iceland 72.3 52.5 66.8 26.0 90.0
Thailand 51.8 52.6 52.5 56.0 57.6
Uganda 48.4 52.9 58.4 61.5 57.3
Bangladesh 53.5 53.0 55.2 56.5 56.7
Comoros 58.1 53.8 58.9 60.5 56.7
India 50.5 54.1 52.9 59.6 60.4
Australia 46.4 57.7 45.0 67.4 66.8
Congo, Rep. 55.5 57.9 61.2 59.9 62.7
Sao Tome and Principe 56.1 59.4 56.9 56.8 49.9
Turkey 60.4 59.5 64.0 62.7 64.7
Gabon 62.4 60.3 62.3 64.6 66.0
Venezuela, RB 61.4 60.4 61.3 59.9 60.3
Guam 54.0 60.6 60.9 63.3 64.1
Papua New Guinea 60.1 60.6 61.5 63.7 66.3
Mozambique 60.7 61.3 58.6 54.5 52.6
Brunei Darussalam 61.7 61.3 63.3 67.7 60.8
Solomon Islands 55.4 61.5 60.7 61.1 69.7
Macao SAR, China 62.2 62.2 62.2 67.4 67.4
Philippines 61.4 63.1 66.0 60.1 61.5
Libya 61.8 63.4 66.4 72.2 66.9
Kiribati 51.5 65.1 60.5 50.0 73.1
Finland 88.6 65.4 88.9 103.9 95.2
Spain 75.9 65.5 76.4 65.6 82.3
Madagascar 66.5 65.7 66.9 70.8 72.8
Mexico 60.9 65.7 62.1 64.4 66.9
Iraq 66.2 66.8 73.7 68.9 73.6
Canada 59.0 67.6 72.4 66.9 64.3
Colombia 66.6 67.9 64.3 64.7 66.9
Netherlands 67.1 68.2 73.5 65.3 74.9
Honduras 65.8 68.3 68.7 65.2 61.6
Rwanda 63.3 69.9 73.2 73.5 66.8
Timor-Leste 71.9 71.4 70.8 71.7 75.2
Malta 76.0 71.9 73.7 79.8 73.1
Equatorial Guinea 65.4 72.6 66.5 67.5 71.3
Gambia, The 48.0 74.0 92.2 69.7 70.8
Denmark 71.1 75.2 85.7 69.5 100.6
Central African Republic 76.3 76.7 79.4 76.0 73.7
Portugal 92.3 78.8 103.4 81.1 96.5
United States 68.6 79.1 79.8 58.1 75.6
Nicaragua 57.5 79.4 78.5 78.7 83.0
Bermuda 76.3 80.0 83.9 83.5 79.4
Swaziland 72.2 80.4 77.3 75.5 87.6
Israel 78.4 80.4 86.7 90.9 83.4
Bahamas, The 74.8 81.0 78.8 75.3 79.2
Ireland 86.3 81.8 94.6 81.3 102.1
Korea, Rep. 72.0 81.9 85.2 85.4 85.5
Germany 84.1 81.9 98.8 83.8 98.1
Austria 93.2 82.1 108.0 91.8 93.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 76.2 83.1 83.1 88.9 107.1
Korea, Dem. Rep. 77.4 83.3 76.1 79.3 84.9
France 90.5 83.8 95.4 86.8 97.2
Albania 80.2 83.9 88.2 98.7 90.2
Liberia 82.1 84.0 84.3 85.5 90.9
Senegal 47.6 84.1 83.3 50.2 53.6
Guyana 80.3 84.6 84.6 74.7 77.8
United Kingdom 88.0 84.6 97.1 90.2 111.2
Burundi 76.2 85.1 80.9 81.0 79.6
Botswana 80.8 85.1 72.6 68.5 63.8
Lesotho 93.9 85.7 75.3 72.7 76.1
Greece 82.7 86.6 87.0 83.7 87.9
Sri Lanka 90.0 86.9 82.6 93.0 88.0
Afghanistan 90.8 88.3 85.7 83.4 81.6
Somalia 76.1 90.6 100.1 88.5 96.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 89.6 90.9 96.1 98.7 101.4
Bahrain 203.0 91.2 73.3 74.8 75.9
South Africa 78.4 93.0 77.0 59.4 68.7
Maldives 94.1 95.9 99.6 105.9 108.4
Dominican Republic 94.3 96.3 102.9 106.1 104.6
Italy 103.1 97.6 93.3 107.5 94.3
Jamaica 99.8 97.6 93.8 94.5 102.2
Hungary 105.4 99.8 114.5 104.5 110.3
Mauritius 86.0 100.0 121.8 100.6 98.3
El Salvador 109.9 100.1 95.2 97.6 101.6
French Polynesia 114.0 100.6 112.6 79.3 69.3
Antigua and Barbuda 89.8 101.8 97.1 89.0 88.0
Romania 99.7 102.3 126.5 116.8 132.0
Fiji 93.6 104.6 109.1 73.1 119.8
Faeroe Islands 106.4 106.4 106.4 108.9 110.5
Switzerland 107.5 107.8 147.7 112.6 129.1
Zimbabwe 91.1 108.2 94.1 76.5 94.0
New Caledonia 127.0 109.5 107.3 128.3 113.7
Mongolia 91.9 109.6 182.3 267.7 208.7
Haiti 113.3 112.8 114.2 116.9 117.3
Vanuatu 92.2 112.8 98.7 106.4 120.2
Cuba 106.6 114.1 120.8 115.0 127.8
Panama 114.0 115.0 116.7 115.7 115.6
Dominica 90.0 115.9 120.5 120.9 126.6
Sweden 108.9 116.2 118.1 110.6 136.8
Samoa 123.8 119.4 133.5 122.5 116.1
Norway 124.0 120.2 125.9 114.5 135.0
Poland 86.4 121.4 109.7 116.1 126.2
Japan 124.2 124.3 129.2 127.3 130.4
Tuvalu 131.2 129.5 87.2 92.6 94.6
Suriname 119.9 132.5 137.2 123.9 139.6
Cyprus 137.7 139.3 135.9 137.2 141.2
Tonga 147.7 143.3 112.6 115.0 115.4
Trinidad and Tobago 166.8 143.6 137.3 115.4 104.7
Grenada 163.2 175.7 155.1 145.1 161.7
Bulgaria 157.9 177.3 190.9 160.1 181.7
Seychelles 203.9 194.5 201.8 229.0 162.8
Barbados 242.2 198.0 172.0 157.0 167.5
Puerto Rico 204.6 204.0 184.9 181.6 167.6
St. Lucia 229.2 232.5 238.4 254.6 279.7
Cayman Islands 254.1 235.1 246.4 293.6 246.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 248.3 239.4 247.0 200.8 215.4
Singapore 319.1 320.9 310.9 266.8 241.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 390.0 375.8 354.3 348.3 327.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Slovenia
San Marino
Aruba
Latvia 107.1
Belarus 107.7
Slovak Republic
Belgium 97.9
Lithuania 104.0
South Sudan
Northern Mariana Islands
Montenegro 109.1
Kazakhstan 94.6
Monaco
Eritrea 84.7
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Palau
Armenia 95.7
Tajikistan
Turkmenistan
Kyrgyz Republic 100.0
Serbia
Kosovo
Georgia 60.3
Azerbaijan 101.0
Uzbekistan
Isle of Man
Greenland
Turks and Caicos Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Moldova 90.2
Ukraine
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 97.7
Croatia 98.8
Marshall Islands 174.9
Ethiopia 127.0
Curacao
Estonia 115.0
Russian Federation 75.3
Andorra
Luxembourg 86.1
West Bank and Gaza 106.0
Macedonia, FYR
Czech Republic 86.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 92.2

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