Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Kuwait 15.9 14.9 14.9 16.5 29.4
United Arab Emirates 14.1 18.3 20.8 18.6 19.0
Ghana 27.5 25.2 25.1 33.2 32.7
Benin 25.0 25.5 25.5 35.0 34.5
Nigeria 26.2 26.7 26.7 28.1 29.8
Angola 28.5 28.5 28.6 28.9 28.9
Algeria 39.2 30.7 32.0 35.1 48.6
Burkina Faso 31.3 31.5 31.2 31.5 41.3
Nepal 38.8 32.9 44.5 44.9 46.7
Saudi Arabia 25.1 33.6 36.6 49.1 57.3
Cabo Verde 35.0 33.6 30.4 42.4 36.6
Cambodia 28.5 35.0 37.5 26.4 35.4
Jordan 33.8 35.0 38.2 36.3 44.4
Vietnam 31.9 35.1 35.6 37.8 38.1
Mali 33.7 36.0 38.6 32.9 44.0
Lao PDR 37.8 37.1 36.6 42.3 43.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 33.1 37.4 37.4 39.1 42.3
Chad 36.0 38.4 45.1 37.6 48.7
Costa Rica 40.1 38.8 41.5 43.2 40.5
Niger 40.8 40.3 40.0 26.4 36.7
Zambia 44.9 40.3 46.3 49.0 53.5
China 37.0 40.8 44.1 48.0 46.1
Tunisia 49.6 41.3 59.1 52.9 63.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 39.9 41.7 42.2 42.1 45.5
Indonesia 42.9 42.1 45.2 49.1 50.1
Belize 39.5 42.4 38.2 38.2 37.6
Sudan 50.4 42.4 47.4 43.8 53.3
Myanmar 41.7 43.5 44.5 45.2 46.4
Chile 43.4 44.0 41.0 45.3 45.4
Bolivia 42.9 44.5 30.8 42.5 48.6
New Zealand 42.4 44.8 46.8 54.4 59.1
Australia 58.0 45.2 67.7 67.1 65.8
Paraguay 43.4 45.2 47.2 52.2 59.4
Peru 43.4 45.3 38.7 46.1 46.5
Guinea-Bissau 39.9 45.6 40.5 50.1 49.7
American Samoa 45.7 45.8 44.4 42.2 40.7
Mauritania 48.4 45.8 38.8 41.1 59.7
Djibouti 42.6 46.0 46.2 52.6 55.7
Malaysia 42.7 46.0 44.2 47.0 49.2
Namibia 45.6 46.4 47.7 49.4 46.5
Uruguay 49.1 47.0 43.2 45.1 45.9
Guinea 46.5 47.1 47.5 49.9 50.9
Malawi 44.7 47.5 45.1 47.0 47.8
Cote d'Ivoire 51.2 48.0 47.7 50.8 55.5
Guatemala 48.6 48.5 44.5 45.7 47.6
Brazil 47.5 48.8 47.5 52.2 58.7
Qatar 46.7 48.8 41.4 44.9 45.0
Cameroon 47.3 49.2 48.6 49.1 52.2
Morocco 36.8 49.4 42.7 46.1 52.9
Yemen, Rep. 50.0 49.9 41.1 44.0 43.6
Ecuador 51.5 50.2 41.6 46.6 52.3
Sierra Leone 47.3 50.4 49.4 52.3 51.6
Togo 51.8 50.4 47.3 50.2 56.9
Pakistan 48.0 50.5 47.6 53.6 56.1
Tanzania 49.6 51.4 54.2 55.5 57.3
Bhutan 52.2 52.4 53.4 59.4 54.9
Thailand 52.6 52.5 56.0 57.6 60.6
Syrian Arab Republic 49.8 52.7 51.9 46.2 50.7
India 54.1 52.9 59.6 60.4 61.3
Argentina 46.8 53.7 52.2 54.2 51.7
Oman 44.8 54.8 57.1 58.0 55.1
Kenya 49.7 55.2 55.6 46.8 56.3
Bangladesh 53.0 55.2 56.5 56.7 59.2
Sao Tome and Principe 60.3 57.7 57.7 50.6 53.1
Uganda 52.9 58.4 61.5 57.3 58.6
Mozambique 61.3 58.6 54.5 52.6 51.6
Comoros 53.8 58.9 60.5 56.7 59.8
Lebanon 48.7 59.7 56.8 57.8 63.4
Kiribati 65.1 60.5 50.0 73.1 73.6
Solomon Islands 61.5 60.7 61.1 69.7 72.1
Guam 60.6 60.9 63.3 64.1 66.6
Venezuela, RB 59.9 60.9 59.5 59.9 65.2
Congo, Rep. 57.9 61.2 59.9 62.7 65.5
Papua New Guinea 60.6 61.5 63.7 66.3 68.6
Mexico 65.7 62.1 64.4 66.9 70.7
Macao SAR, China 62.2 62.2 67.4 67.4 62.2
Gabon 60.3 62.3 64.6 66.0 66.5
Colombia 66.7 63.2 63.6 65.8 63.5
Turkey 59.5 64.0 62.7 64.7 65.7
Philippines 63.1 66.0 60.1 61.5 63.9
Equatorial Guinea 72.6 66.5 67.5 71.3 70.1
Libya 63.7 66.7 72.5 67.3 70.0
Iceland 52.5 66.8 26.0 90.0 62.8
Madagascar 65.7 66.9 70.8 72.8 73.2
Brunei Darussalam 66.2 68.3 73.1 65.7 50.5
Honduras 68.3 68.7 65.2 61.6 63.6
Burundi 73.6 69.9 70.0 68.8 79.3
Timor-Leste 71.4 70.8 71.7 75.2 73.6
Canada 67.6 72.4 66.9 64.3 71.0
Botswana 85.1 72.6 68.5 63.8 69.7
Rwanda 69.9 73.2 73.5 66.8 80.7
Bahrain 91.2 73.3 74.8 75.9 84.0
Iraq 66.8 73.6 68.8 73.5 94.6
Malta 71.9 73.7 79.8 73.1 73.8
Netherlands 69.8 75.1 66.7 76.6 76.8
Lesotho 85.7 75.3 72.7 76.1 90.4
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 83.3 76.1 79.3 84.9 87.0
Spain 65.5 76.4 65.6 82.3 78.0
South Africa 93.0 77.0 59.4 68.7 75.7
Swaziland 80.4 77.3 75.5 87.6 88.3
Liechtenstein 29.9 77.7 77.7 47.8 35.9
Nicaragua 79.4 78.5 78.7 83.0 71.9
Bahamas, The 81.0 78.8 75.3 79.2 76.4
Central African Republic 76.7 79.4 76.0 73.7 69.7
United States 79.1 79.8 58.1 75.6 80.8
Sri Lanka 86.9 82.6 93.0 88.0 91.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 83.1 83.1 88.9 107.1 124.6
Senegal 84.1 83.3 50.2 53.6 74.9
Bermuda 80.0 83.9 83.5 79.4 83.2
Guyana 84.2 84.2 74.3 77.5 75.2
Liberia 84.0 84.3 85.5 90.9 92.7
Korea, Rep. 81.9 85.2 85.4 85.5 85.7
Afghanistan 88.3 85.7 83.4 81.6 78.1
Denmark 75.2 85.7 69.5 100.6 94.6
Israel 80.4 86.7 90.9 83.4 87.0
Greece 86.6 87.0 83.7 87.9 93.4
Tuvalu 129.5 87.2 92.6 94.6 95.8
Albania 83.9 88.2 98.7 90.2 90.1
Finland 65.4 88.9 103.9 95.2 90.3
Gambia, The 74.0 92.2 69.7 70.8 61.2
Italy 97.5 93.3 107.5 94.3 94.8
Jamaica 97.6 93.8 94.5 102.2 100.0
Zimbabwe 108.2 94.1 76.5 94.0 128.8
Ireland 81.7 94.5 81.2 102.0 85.5
El Salvador 99.6 94.7 97.3 101.5 97.8
France 83.8 95.4 86.8 97.2 96.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 90.9 96.0 98.6 101.3 104.9
United Kingdom 84.6 97.1 90.2 111.2 98.4
Antigua and Barbuda 101.8 97.1 89.0 88.0 101.3
Vanuatu 112.8 98.7 106.4 120.2 109.1
Germany 81.9 98.8 83.8 98.1 98.1
Maldives 95.9 99.6 105.9 108.4 110.5
Somalia 90.5 100.0 88.4 96.8 109.2
Dominican Republic 96.3 102.9 106.1 104.6 98.9
Portugal 78.8 103.4 81.1 96.5 98.3
New Caledonia 106.7 104.6 125.0 110.8 115.8
Faroe Islands 106.4 106.4 108.9 110.5 114.6
Austria 82.1 108.0 91.8 93.0 84.6
Fiji 104.6 109.1 73.1 119.8 94.2
Poland 121.4 109.7 116.1 126.2 123.2
Tonga 140.4 110.3 112.7 113.1 110.9
Haiti 110.5 111.8 114.5 114.8 115.5
French Polynesia 100.6 112.6 79.3 69.3 95.0
Hungary 99.8 114.5 104.5 110.3 103.0
Panama 115.0 116.7 115.7 115.6 116.3
Sweden 116.2 118.1 110.6 136.8 114.5
Dominica 115.9 120.5 120.9 126.6 127.9
Cuba 114.1 120.8 115.0 127.8 118.1
Mauritius 100.0 121.8 100.6 98.3 108.3
Norway 120.2 125.9 114.5 135.0 125.9
Romania 102.3 126.5 116.8 132.0 118.0
Japan 124.0 128.6 127.0 131.0 131.8
Samoa 119.4 133.5 122.5 116.1 121.3
Cyprus 139.3 135.9 137.2 141.2 135.8
Suriname 132.4 137.0 123.7 139.4 139.7
Trinidad and Tobago 143.6 137.3 115.4 104.7 111.1
Switzerland 107.8 147.7 112.6 129.1 116.0
Grenada 175.7 155.1 145.1 161.7 146.0
Barbados 198.0 172.0 157.0 167.5 160.8
Mongolia 109.6 182.3 267.7 208.7 292.9
Puerto Rico 204.0 184.9 181.6 167.6 167.8
Bulgaria 177.3 190.8 160.1 181.7 137.6
Seychelles 194.5 201.8 229.0 162.8 188.3
St. Lucia 232.5 238.4 254.6 279.7 311.1
Cayman Islands 235.1 246.4 293.6 246.2 247.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 239.4 247.0 200.8 215.4 194.0
Singapore 320.9 310.9 266.8 241.2 205.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 375.8 354.3 348.3 327.9 298.1
Slovak Republic
Eritrea
Slovenia
Northern Mariana Islands
Kazakhstan
Isle of Man
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Marshall Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Croatia
South Sudan
Ukraine
Curacao
Armenia
Ethiopia
Palau
Greenland
Tajikistan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Russian Federation
Azerbaijan
Moldova
Turkmenistan
Serbia
St. Martin (French part)
Czech Republic
Montenegro
Turks and Caicos Islands
Belgium
Estonia
San Marino
Aruba
Lithuania
Macedonia, FYR
Luxembourg
Uzbekistan
West Bank and Gaza
Georgia
Latvia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Belarus
Andorra
Monaco
Kyrgyz Republic

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