Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Malawi 43.5 51.6 61.2 58.2 70.4
Rwanda 43.9 52.7 59.0 60.1 67.8
Brunei Darussalam 44.9 46.1 41.5 51.5 59.4
Kuwait 47.0 53.5 60.9 66.0 72.7
Angola 47.0 45.6 48.6 48.9 56.3
Cambodia 47.0 61.3 61.8 63.4 64.2
West Bank and Gaza 48.8 49.0 79.3 88.5 80.4
American Samoa 50.1 51.2 55.8 55.9 84.9
Ethiopia 51.5 57.0 66.7 67.9 62.5
Mozambique 53.9 74.4 82.8 88.0 93.5
United Arab Emirates 54.3 64.9 71.7 89.0 94.9
Lao PDR 54.8 51.9 51.6 58.1 60.3
Sierra Leone 55.1 52.1 56.8 59.5 53.4
Myanmar 55.2 57.3 58.7 58.8 59.8
Nicaragua 55.3 57.4 59.9 60.0 64.4
Ghana 56.6 64.9 70.6 69.4 75.4
Turkmenistan 57.5 56.4 48.1 51.7 60.9
Algeria 57.8 64.8 76.4 62.8 69.8
Niger 57.9 52.1 64.3 56.2 77.8
Benin 57.9 61.4 67.3 73.0 74.9
Syrian Arab Republic 58.2 62.0 70.5 61.5 79.2
Vietnam 58.4 61.4 64.4 67.8 70.6
Peru 58.9 63.1 67.9 72.9 71.7
Belize 59.8 64.4 71.5 74.3 71.7
Tunisia 60.2 59.0 101.6 69.8 89.0
China 60.2 65.3 70.1 72.4 76.7
Sudan 60.3 61.7 67.4 69.0 73.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 61.7 67.2 73.4 76.1 76.4
Brazil 61.9 66.2 65.9 69.1 69.9
Azerbaijan 62.1 58.6 61.7 60.0 64.3
Tanzania 62.2 66.9 67.4 64.5 70.6
Paraguay 62.9 69.4 70.6 76.7 79.4
Bahamas, The 63.0 80.0 91.2 85.7 106.8
Yemen, Rep. 63.5 64.9 64.5 69.1 74.8
Mali 63.5 63.0 66.0 67.2 72.7
Bangladesh 64.0 66.8 70.6 71.5 74.1
Cabo Verde 64.1 79.7 68.1 75.0 85.2
Guatemala 64.3 71.9 75.4 77.0 80.5
Malaysia 64.5 67.0 69.4 72.1 68.2
Kiribati 64.6 63.4 74.7 74.4 78.9
Cameroon 64.6 67.8 71.2 68.8 72.2
Nigeria 64.7 66.6 69.5 72.3 76.6
Burkina Faso 64.9 65.2 71.0 65.6 77.2
Liberia 65.1 64.1 73.1 87.1 95.7
Bolivia 65.2 71.1 73.2 75.3 77.3
Guinea-Bissau 65.4 68.4 70.7 76.2 79.0
Gambia, The 66.1 63.5 53.4 65.9 64.4
Oman 66.9 68.2 68.0 70.0 81.5
Congo, Rep. 67.3 72.8 75.5 76.1 75.9
Chad 67.3 67.9 69.7 78.0 89.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 68.2 69.3 73.1 75.2 78.6
Kenya 68.4 68.6 64.1 67.3 71.2
Sao Tome and Principe 68.8 63.6 72.7 85.4 88.8
Central African Republic 68.9 72.7 81.6 80.8 83.6
Macao SAR, China 69.1 68.1 68.4 68.3 80.1
Argentina 69.3 72.6 74.2 76.6 82.2
Nepal 70.2 75.8 75.3 77.9 78.8
Bhutan 70.2 73.1 76.8 79.3 78.1
Uruguay 70.2 71.4 79.5 84.9 84.8
Uganda 70.6 74.0 69.9 71.6 78.7
Indonesia 70.8 77.8 78.0 75.3 75.1
Israel 71.0 76.9 77.2 76.1 77.5
Ecuador 71.3 72.6 79.1 88.4 74.7
Kyrgyz Republic 71.3 68.9 76.8 82.3 85.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 71.6 69.6 63.2 80.2 87.1
Costa Rica 71.6 74.8 77.7 78.8 83.2
Solomon Islands 71.6 76.8 78.3 81.9 83.8
Pakistan 71.8 77.6 79.1 80.7 84.6
Armenia 71.9 66.3 72.0 61.2 66.9
Saudi Arabia 72.1 71.5 70.0 78.6 80.8
Honduras 72.1 72.2 79.9 77.1 76.1
Chile 72.2 76.6 79.4 79.4 81.6
Cote d'Ivoire 73.3 81.0 85.9 86.8 88.4
Djibouti 73.3 78.9 71.7 74.9 76.9
Samoa 73.7 79.8 88.2 93.7 92.2
Mexico 73.7 78.4 76.1 79.4 82.1
Guinea 73.8 73.7 77.8 80.7 78.3
Philippines 74.1 74.6 79.9 80.6 74.8
Mauritania 74.2 77.6 82.4 81.4 83.9
Colombia 74.2 78.4 78.9 81.3 80.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 74.2 83.9 86.2 89.6 98.3
Togo 74.3 73.3 83.6 87.0 84.6
Dominican Republic 74.9 75.5 78.4 80.5 78.2
Guam 75.8 77.9 94.0 94.7 94.8
Canada 75.8 78.3 83.6 82.7 87.1
Spain 76.0 70.6 88.6 95.3 91.2
New Zealand 76.1 77.7 79.6 84.2 84.9
Jordan 76.3 78.6 68.1 70.4 76.3
Papua New Guinea 76.4 77.1 81.8 82.4 84.3
Venezuela, RB 76.9 77.7 81.6 87.4 86.5
Zambia 76.9 69.1 82.4 77.7 74.9
Uzbekistan 77.0 76.8 72.2 73.3 75.3
Tuvalu 77.2 78.1 84.3 88.8 91.7
Australia 78.0 85.8 94.9 95.4 100.6
Morocco 78.6 55.5 84.2 73.1 83.0
Afghanistan 79.0 83.2 88.9 96.3 103.2
Thailand 79.0 79.2 81.7 83.9 80.6
India 79.2 81.2 84.6 85.7 88.1
Senegal 79.3 87.5 80.8 76.3 75.0
Albania 79.4 85.3 86.0 81.7 84.0
Equatorial Guinea 80.6 84.4 85.0 85.2 83.1
Libya 81.7 89.9 96.2 98.4 102.1
Turkey 82.5 81.9 87.4 84.6 94.3
Somalia 82.5 87.1 88.4 92.4 89.2
South Africa 83.5 71.3 84.9 86.6 80.7
El Salvador 83.5 83.4 86.3 92.2 92.3
Eritrea 83.8 77.8 74.5 75.1 108.5
Madagascar 83.9 86.9 88.6 90.5 89.0
Tajikistan 84.5 79.5 65.8 65.9 59.9
Poland 84.6 90.5 95.7 92.0 96.9
Guyana 84.9 98.8 103.2 107.1 95.3
Mauritius 85.1 92.1 92.9 100.7 98.2
French Polynesia 85.3 90.0 99.6 87.9 73.4
Iceland 85.8 85.0 83.6 84.9 86.0
Hungary 86.8 85.3 92.5 94.8 94.7
Lithuania 87.0 87.1 95.2 95.2 91.9
Comoros 87.1 87.5 89.8 88.1 92.7
Korea, Rep. 87.2 91.8 96.6 98.8 97.6
Belarus 87.2 86.4 88.1 81.2 86.4
Macedonia, FYR 87.5 87.9 92.3 91.8 94.0
Qatar 88.3 100.3 105.5 117.9 95.8
Haiti 88.9 85.1 87.9 88.6 90.5
United States 89.0 83.9 87.7 91.1 92.0
Swaziland 89.0 82.6 86.9 85.1 84.7
Malta 89.9 91.6 112.7 102.7 112.2
Germany 90.0 92.1 94.5 95.2 96.5
Trinidad and Tobago 90.5 90.5 93.9 88.5 78.5
Portugal 90.5 96.3 99.7 93.8 92.6
Burundi 90.8 95.3 97.1 97.9 91.7
Romania 91.7 95.0 91.0 98.1 83.9
Liechtenstein 91.8 95.5 94.0 92.2 92.0
Panama 91.9 90.9 92.1 93.3 94.0
Gabon 92.2 87.9 91.7 93.2 96.8
Zimbabwe 92.4 69.4 96.2 100.1 92.7
Barbados 92.7 97.0 111.6 105.9 98.2
Botswana 93.0 109.9 102.7 95.5 90.7
Cyprus 93.6 109.8 106.9 100.8 106.5
Cuba 93.6 88.2 105.1 98.8 94.4
Denmark 93.9 96.9 95.8 97.3 99.2
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 94.2 94.2 95.3 95.2 97.3
Sri Lanka 94.6 97.4 85.1 86.7 89.3
New Caledonia 94.8 90.3 95.1 93.9 95.6
Namibia 94.9 91.0 99.3 62.9 88.7
Slovenia 95.4 94.4 102.4 98.4 101.0
Croatia 95.8 98.3 99.8 100.6 110.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 96.3 124.4 116.6 93.6 102.9
France 96.4 99.1 104.3 104.4 104.9
Italy 96.8 94.8 97.3 95.4 96.0
Korea, Dem. Rep. 96.8 75.2 70.1 71.3 82.9
Ireland 97.0 98.2 101.1 98.4 102.7
Serbia 97.1 99.9 109.9 105.7 107.0
Sweden 97.5 98.0 102.7 104.7 104.1
Finland 97.9 94.9 96.0 99.6 88.8
Maldives 98.0 97.2 101.6 90.0 89.8
Russian Federation 98.9 94.3 93.9 96.1 83.3
Austria 98.9 97.8 98.9 100.4 103.2
Norway 99.1 100.6 103.3 101.4 101.8
Vanuatu 99.3 102.2 104.1 120.5 125.5
Switzerland 99.7 100.9 102.0 97.1 106.1
Iraq 101.2 101.7 104.3 100.5 110.0
Lesotho 101.3 84.7 104.0 104.7 93.6
Georgia 101.6 114.8 115.2 120.2 107.1
Tonga 101.8 92.7 97.5 99.3 98.9
Faeroe Islands 101.9 102.2 103.4 103.2 101.9
Timor-Leste 102.1 98.4 88.6 96.2 86.1
Czech Republic 102.2 104.2 103.9 101.7 104.7
Ukraine 102.3 105.3 93.4 95.0 80.9
Jamaica 102.9 105.4 111.7 103.9 102.4
Greece 103.2 103.2 102.1 98.0 97.1
Lebanon 104.2 112.0 116.9 104.5 99.1
Fiji 105.0 107.4 105.4 100.3 82.4
Netherlands 105.3 105.3 106.5 97.5 99.7
Greenland 105.6 100.8 102.2 94.1 92.8
Kazakhstan 106.3 86.7 81.5 80.9 66.0
Mongolia 106.3 110.5 126.6 121.7 135.0
United Kingdom 107.8 109.1 108.1 107.5 107.4
Bermuda 108.7 104.2 97.9 104.3 101.3
Marshall Islands 109.1 172.8 146.1 135.8 96.7
Slovak Republic 110.5 104.5 109.7 113.3 108.5
Japan 111.9 109.1 106.9 107.3 102.9
Bahrain 112.3 119.3 117.7 114.2 127.6
Moldova 113.2 125.9 109.3 103.1 85.5
Antigua and Barbuda 116.9 103.2 106.1 98.7 93.9
Latvia 119.8 113.5 97.6 105.3 94.3
Estonia 121.1 111.3 101.4 93.5 87.8
Puerto Rico 121.6 117.0 112.5 110.8 112.7
Cayman Islands 122.6 139.4 135.3 136.4 141.0
Suriname 122.8 130.5 114.2 116.5 99.2
Bulgaria 123.2 137.3 113.4 118.9 118.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 129.0 107.0 106.6 104.1 106.3
Dominica 132.1 120.5 142.2 138.7 130.3
Seychelles 134.6 155.2 148.7 161.9 149.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 138.6 138.7 152.6 205.7 173.1
Grenada 143.1 133.3 130.3 124.4 117.6
Singapore 165.4 163.7 131.7 181.4 159.6
St. Lucia 242.9 272.4 260.4 224.5 188.5
Isle of Man
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turks and Caicos Islands
South Sudan
Curacao
Monaco
St. Martin (French part)
Montenegro
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 85.5 96.1 95.8 95.7
San Marino
Northern Mariana Islands
Kosovo
Belgium
Luxembourg
Aruba
Palau
Andorra

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