Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Brunei Darussalam 46.1 41.5 51.5 59.4 75.2
Turkmenistan 56.4 48.1 51.7 60.9 65.5
Angola 45.6 48.6 48.9 56.3 53.5
Lao PDR 51.9 51.6 58.1 60.3 72.9
Gambia, The 63.5 53.4 65.9 64.4 90.4
American Samoa 51.2 55.8 55.9 84.9 69.5
Sierra Leone 52.1 56.8 59.5 53.4 47.8
Myanmar 57.3 58.7 58.8 59.8 66.5
Rwanda 52.7 59.0 60.1 67.8 72.8
Nicaragua 57.4 59.9 60.0 64.4 70.6
Kuwait 53.5 60.9 66.0 72.7 77.8
Malawi 51.6 61.2 58.2 70.4 83.6
Azerbaijan 58.6 61.7 60.0 64.3 70.5
Cambodia 61.3 61.8 63.4 64.2 72.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 69.6 63.2 80.2 87.1 82.1
Kenya 68.6 64.1 67.3 71.2 77.7
Niger 52.1 64.3 56.2 77.8 72.4
Vietnam 61.4 64.4 67.8 70.6 75.5
Yemen, Rep. 64.9 64.5 69.1 74.8 75.3
Tajikistan 79.5 65.8 65.9 59.9 63.7
Brazil 66.2 65.9 69.1 69.9 75.1
Mali 63.0 66.0 67.2 72.7 78.8
Ethiopia 57.0 66.7 67.9 62.5 67.5
Benin 61.4 67.3 73.0 74.9 80.7
Tanzania 66.9 67.4 64.5 70.6 73.2
Sudan 61.7 67.4 69.0 73.8 75.3
Peru 63.1 67.9 72.9 71.7 81.1
Oman 68.2 68.0 70.0 81.5 92.1
Jordan 78.6 68.1 70.4 76.3 66.4
Cabo Verde 79.7 68.1 75.0 85.2 97.9
Macao SAR, China 68.1 68.4 68.3 80.1 90.6
Malaysia 67.0 69.4 72.1 68.2 76.6
Nigeria 66.6 69.5 72.3 76.6 80.0
Chad 67.9 69.7 78.0 89.3 82.1
Uganda 74.0 69.9 71.6 78.7 83.2
Saudi Arabia 71.5 70.0 78.6 80.8 77.2
China 65.3 70.1 72.4 76.7 79.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 75.2 70.1 71.3 82.9 84.5
Syrian Arab Republic 62.0 70.5 61.5 79.2 66.0
Bangladesh 66.8 70.6 71.5 74.1 84.3
Ghana 64.9 70.6 69.4 75.4 80.6
Paraguay 69.4 70.6 76.7 79.4 80.8
Guinea-Bissau 68.4 70.7 76.2 79.0 83.3
Burkina Faso 65.2 71.0 65.6 77.2 78.8
Cameroon 67.8 71.2 68.8 72.2 75.5
Belize 64.4 71.5 74.3 71.7 77.1
Djibouti 78.9 71.7 74.9 76.9 78.2
United Arab Emirates 64.9 71.7 89.0 94.9 146.7
Armenia 66.3 72.0 61.2 66.9 66.7
Uzbekistan 76.8 72.2 73.3 75.3 76.8
Sao Tome and Principe 63.6 72.7 85.4 88.8 92.3
Liberia 64.1 73.1 87.1 95.7 96.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 69.3 73.1 75.2 78.6 80.3
Bolivia 71.1 73.2 75.3 77.3 77.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 67.2 73.4 76.1 76.4 81.2
Argentina 72.6 74.2 76.6 82.2 86.5
Eritrea 77.8 74.5 75.1 108.5 96.7
Kiribati 63.4 74.7 74.4 78.9 78.8
Nepal 75.8 75.3 77.9 78.8 82.0
Guatemala 71.9 75.4 77.0 80.5 79.6
Congo, Rep. 72.8 75.5 76.1 75.9 81.2
Mexico 78.4 76.1 79.4 82.1 87.1
Algeria 64.8 76.4 62.8 69.8 73.7
Bhutan 73.1 76.8 79.3 78.1 89.3
Kyrgyz Republic 68.9 76.8 82.3 85.1 91.1
Israel 76.9 77.2 76.1 77.5 79.3
Costa Rica 74.8 77.7 78.8 83.2 87.5
Guinea 73.7 77.8 80.7 78.3 81.2
Indonesia 77.8 78.0 75.3 75.1 75.5
Solomon Islands 76.8 78.3 81.9 83.8 77.7
Dominican Republic 75.5 78.4 80.5 78.2 78.7
Colombia 78.4 78.9 81.3 80.3 85.4
Pakistan 77.6 79.1 80.7 84.6 86.7
Ecuador 72.6 79.1 88.4 74.7 85.3
West Bank and Gaza 49.0 79.3 88.5 80.4 98.8
Chile 76.6 79.4 79.4 81.6 81.1
Uruguay 71.4 79.5 84.9 84.8 88.0
New Zealand 77.7 79.6 84.2 84.9 80.7
Honduras 72.2 79.9 77.1 76.1 65.2
Philippines 74.6 79.9 80.6 74.8 81.0
Senegal 87.5 80.8 76.3 75.0 104.6
Kazakhstan 86.7 81.5 80.9 66.0 87.7
Venezuela, RB 77.7 81.6 87.4 86.5 91.1
Central African Republic 72.7 81.6 80.8 83.6 82.4
Thailand 79.2 81.7 83.9 80.6 84.7
Papua New Guinea 77.1 81.8 82.4 84.3 87.6
Mauritania 77.6 82.4 81.4 83.9 86.1
Zambia 69.1 82.4 77.7 74.9 84.5
Mozambique 74.4 82.8 88.0 93.5 94.2
Canada 78.3 83.6 82.7 87.1 93.3
Iceland 85.0 83.6 84.9 86.0 90.8
Togo 73.3 83.6 87.0 84.6 89.6
Morocco 55.5 84.2 73.1 83.0 77.6
Tuvalu 78.1 84.3 88.8 91.7 92.2
India 81.2 84.6 85.7 88.1 92.2
South Africa 71.3 84.9 86.6 80.7 85.9
Equatorial Guinea 84.4 85.0 85.2 83.1 90.1
Sri Lanka 97.4 85.1 86.7 89.3 93.4
Cote d'Ivoire 81.0 85.9 86.8 88.4 89.7
Albania 85.3 86.0 81.7 84.0 82.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 83.9 86.2 89.6 98.3 109.1
El Salvador 83.4 86.3 92.2 92.3 95.1
Swaziland 82.6 86.9 85.1 84.7 90.9
Turkey 81.9 87.4 84.6 94.3 89.8
United States 83.9 87.7 91.1 92.0 93.7
Haiti 85.1 87.9 88.6 90.5 93.7
Belarus 86.4 88.1 81.2 86.4 79.7
Samoa 79.8 88.2 93.7 92.2 87.8
Somalia 87.1 88.4 92.4 89.2 89.1
Spain 70.6 88.6 95.3 91.2 92.6
Timor-Leste 98.4 88.6 96.2 86.1 83.6
Madagascar 86.9 88.6 90.5 89.0 90.5
Afghanistan 83.2 88.9 96.3 103.2 102.2
Comoros 87.5 89.8 88.1 92.7 94.5
Romania 95.0 91.0 98.1 83.9 91.1
Bahamas, The 80.0 91.2 85.7 106.8 110.8
Gabon 87.9 91.7 93.2 96.8 96.2
Panama 90.9 92.1 93.3 94.0 97.7
Macedonia, FYR 87.9 92.3 91.8 94.0 96.8
Hungary 85.3 92.5 94.8 94.7 90.2
Mauritius 92.1 92.9 100.7 98.2 76.4
Ukraine 105.3 93.4 95.0 80.9 79.6
Trinidad and Tobago 90.5 93.9 88.5 78.5 85.8
Russian Federation 94.3 93.9 96.1 83.3 84.8
Guam 77.9 94.0 94.7 94.8 95.7
Liechtenstein 95.5 94.0 92.2 92.0 90.3
Germany 92.1 94.5 95.2 96.5 100.9
Australia 85.8 94.9 95.4 100.6 107.1
New Caledonia 90.3 95.1 93.9 95.6 95.9
Lithuania 87.1 95.2 95.2 91.9 82.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 94.2 95.3 95.2 97.3 93.4
Poland 90.5 95.7 92.0 96.9 92.4
Denmark 96.9 95.8 97.3 99.2 98.0
Finland 94.9 96.0 99.6 88.8 92.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 85.5 96.1 95.8 95.7 87.3
Libya 89.9 96.2 98.4 102.1 103.6
Zimbabwe 69.4 96.2 100.1 92.7 97.9
Korea, Rep. 91.8 96.6 98.8 97.6 102.3
Burundi 95.3 97.1 97.9 91.7 94.9
Italy 94.8 97.3 95.4 96.0 102.9
Tonga 92.7 97.5 99.3 98.9 98.1
Latvia 113.5 97.6 105.3 94.3 84.8
Bermuda 104.2 97.9 104.3 101.3 103.9
Austria 97.8 98.9 100.4 103.2 106.9
Namibia 91.0 99.3 62.9 88.7 87.4
French Polynesia 90.0 99.6 87.9 73.4 81.3
Portugal 96.3 99.7 93.8 92.6 104.1
Croatia 98.3 99.8 100.6 110.7 110.7
Ireland 98.2 101.1 98.4 102.7 109.0
Estonia 111.3 101.4 93.5 87.8 92.8
Maldives 97.2 101.6 90.0 89.8 84.9
Tunisia 59.0 101.6 69.8 89.0 98.4
Switzerland 100.9 102.0 97.1 106.1 97.4
Greece 103.2 102.1 98.0 97.1 105.9
Greenland 100.8 102.2 94.1 92.8 93.1
Slovenia 94.4 102.4 98.4 101.0 97.4
Sweden 98.0 102.7 104.7 104.1 100.2
Botswana 109.9 102.7 95.5 90.7 81.1
Guyana 98.8 103.2 107.1 95.3 107.1
Norway 100.6 103.3 101.4 101.8 104.3
Faeroe Islands 102.2 103.4 103.2 101.9 102.5
Czech Republic 104.2 103.9 101.7 104.7 103.9
Lesotho 84.7 104.0 104.7 93.6 107.4
Vanuatu 102.2 104.1 120.5 125.5 105.7
Iraq 101.7 104.3 100.5 110.0 104.4
France 99.1 104.3 104.4 104.9 105.8
Cuba 88.2 105.1 98.8 94.4 110.6
Fiji 107.4 105.4 100.3 82.4 101.3
Qatar 100.3 105.5 117.9 95.8 103.0
Antigua and Barbuda 103.2 106.1 98.7 93.9 101.1
Netherlands 105.3 106.5 97.5 99.7 105.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 107.0 106.6 104.1 106.3 103.9
Japan 109.1 106.9 107.3 102.9 103.9
Cyprus 109.8 106.9 100.8 106.5 108.6
United Kingdom 109.1 108.1 107.5 107.4 107.2
Moldova 125.9 109.3 103.1 85.5 79.5
Slovak Republic 104.5 109.7 113.3 108.5 102.9
Serbia 99.9 109.9 105.7 107.0 93.6
Barbados 97.0 111.6 105.9 98.2 105.0
Jamaica 105.4 111.7 103.9 102.4 106.5
Puerto Rico 117.0 112.5 110.8 112.7 99.5
Malta 91.6 112.7 102.7 112.2 110.9
Bulgaria 137.3 113.4 118.9 118.7 121.5
Suriname 130.5 114.2 116.5 99.2 103.1
Georgia 114.8 115.2 120.2 107.1 108.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 124.4 116.6 93.6 102.9 101.2
Lebanon 112.0 116.9 104.5 99.1 98.3
Bahrain 119.3 117.7 114.2 127.6 118.8
Mongolia 110.5 126.6 121.7 135.0 146.3
Grenada 133.3 130.3 124.4 117.6 124.5
Singapore 163.7 131.7 181.4 159.6 170.9
Cayman Islands 139.4 135.3 136.4 141.0 144.2
Dominica 120.5 142.2 138.7 130.3 124.3
Marshall Islands 172.8 146.1 135.8 96.7 76.1
Seychelles 155.2 148.7 161.9 149.5 150.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 138.7 152.6 205.7 173.1 146.6
St. Lucia 272.4 260.4 224.5 188.5 160.1
Kosovo
South Sudan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
San Marino
Palau
Luxembourg
Turks and Caicos Islands
Isle of Man
Northern Mariana Islands
Montenegro
Curacao
Aruba
Belgium
St. Martin (French part)
Monaco
Andorra

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