Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Turkmenistan 51.2 45.9 46.2 54.9 59.6
Angola 46.1 49.1 49.3 56.9 54.0
Brunei Darussalam 45.5 40.9 50.8 58.6 74.1
American Samoa 51.2 55.8 55.9 84.9 69.5
Niger 52.1 64.3 56.2 77.8 72.4
Lao PDR 52.0 51.6 58.2 60.4 72.9
Malawi 51.6 61.2 58.2 70.4 83.6
Myanmar 57.3 58.7 58.8 59.8 66.5
Azerbaijan 58.0 61.3 59.4 63.6 70.1
Sierra Leone 52.1 56.8 59.5 53.4 47.8
Nicaragua 57.2 59.7 59.7 64.1 70.6
Rwanda 52.7 59.0 60.1 67.8 72.8
Syrian Arab Republic 62.0 70.6 61.5 79.2 66.0
Namibia 89.9 98.1 62.1 87.6 86.4
Cabo Verde 66.4 56.7 62.5 71.0 81.6
Algeria 64.8 76.4 62.8 69.8 73.7
Cambodia 61.7 62.1 63.7 64.5 72.8
Tajikistan 77.2 63.7 64.0 58.0 60.9
Armenia 73.5 75.1 65.4 70.5 69.6
Burkina Faso 65.2 71.0 65.6 77.2 78.8
Gambia, The 63.5 53.4 65.9 64.4 90.4
Kuwait 53.5 60.9 66.0 72.7 77.8
Tanzania 68.8 69.3 66.3 72.6 75.2
Mali 63.1 66.1 67.2 72.8 78.9
Kenya 68.6 64.1 67.3 71.2 77.7
Vietnam 61.3 64.4 67.8 70.5 75.4
Ethiopia 57.0 66.7 67.9 62.5 67.5
Ghana 63.7 69.4 68.2 74.1 79.2
Macao SAR, China 68.1 68.4 68.3 80.1 90.6
Cameroon 67.8 71.2 68.8 72.2 75.5
Brazil 66.2 65.9 69.1 69.9 75.1
Sudan 61.7 67.5 69.1 73.9 75.4
Yemen, Rep. 64.9 64.5 69.1 74.8 75.3
Tunisia 58.9 101.5 69.6 88.8 98.4
Jordan 78.6 68.1 70.4 76.3 66.4
Uzbekistan 75.3 70.2 71.0 72.7 74.7
Korea, Dem. Rep. 75.1 70.1 71.3 82.9 84.5
Bangladesh 66.8 70.6 71.5 74.1 84.3
Uganda 74.0 69.9 71.6 78.7 83.2
China 65.0 69.7 72.1 76.4 79.5
Malaysia 67.1 69.5 72.2 68.3 76.6
Oman 70.1 69.9 72.2 83.2 93.3
Nigeria 66.6 69.5 72.3 76.6 80.0
Peru 62.9 67.8 72.8 71.6 81.1
Benin 61.4 67.3 73.0 74.9 80.7
Morocco 55.6 83.9 73.3 82.8 77.6
Kiribati 63.4 74.7 74.4 78.9 78.8
Belize 64.6 71.7 74.5 71.9 77.3
Djibouti 78.9 71.7 74.9 76.9 78.2
Eritrea 77.8 74.5 75.1 108.5 96.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 69.3 73.1 75.2 78.6 80.3
Indonesia 77.8 78.0 75.3 75.1 75.5
Bolivia 71.1 73.2 75.3 77.3 77.6
Congo, Rep. 72.8 75.5 76.1 75.9 81.2
Israel 77.0 77.2 76.2 77.5 79.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 67.3 73.5 76.2 76.5 81.3
Guinea-Bissau 68.5 70.8 76.3 79.1 83.4
Senegal 87.5 80.8 76.3 75.0 104.6
Argentina 72.6 74.2 76.6 82.2 86.5
Paraguay 69.4 70.6 76.7 79.4 80.8
Honduras 72.2 79.9 77.1 76.1 65.2
Guatemala 72.6 76.0 77.6 80.7 79.7
Zambia 69.1 82.4 77.7 74.9 84.5
Chad 67.9 69.7 78.0 89.3 82.1
Nepal 76.6 76.1 78.7 79.7 82.9
Saudi Arabia 71.5 70.1 78.7 80.9 77.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 69.5 63.2 78.9 85.8 81.9
Costa Rica 74.5 77.9 79.1 83.1 87.2
Bhutan 73.1 76.8 79.3 78.1 89.3
Mexico 78.4 76.1 79.4 82.1 87.1
Albania 84.9 84.5 79.5 83.2 82.5
Chile 76.7 79.5 79.5 81.7 81.2
Kazakhstan 88.8 80.5 79.8 65.5 87.0
Dominican Republic 75.5 78.4 80.5 78.2 78.7
Pakistan 77.3 79.0 80.7 84.5 86.7
Guinea 73.7 77.8 80.7 78.3 81.2
Philippines 74.7 80.1 80.8 74.9 81.1
Central African Republic 72.7 81.6 80.8 83.6 82.3
Mauritania 77.5 82.4 81.4 83.9 86.1
Colombia 78.5 79.1 81.8 80.9 86.1
Solomon Islands 76.8 78.3 81.9 83.8 77.7
Kyrgyz Republic 69.2 76.6 82.0 85.1 91.6
Papua New Guinea 77.1 81.8 82.4 84.3 87.6
Canada 78.3 83.7 82.8 87.1 93.4
Belarus 89.7 89.1 84.1 87.0 81.8
New Zealand 77.9 79.8 84.3 85.1 80.7
Turkey 81.9 87.4 84.6 94.3 89.8
Iceland 85.1 83.8 84.9 87.4 91.6
Uruguay 71.5 79.6 84.9 84.9 88.1
Swaziland 82.6 86.9 85.1 84.7 90.9
Equatorial Guinea 84.4 85.0 85.2 83.1 90.1
Thailand 80.4 83.0 85.3 81.9 85.9
Bahamas, The 79.9 91.2 85.7 106.8 110.8
India 81.2 84.6 85.7 88.1 92.2
Cote d'Ivoire 80.4 85.3 86.1 87.8 89.0
Sao Tome and Principe 64.5 73.7 86.6 90.1 93.5
Sri Lanka 97.4 85.1 86.7 89.3 93.4
Togo 73.3 83.6 87.0 84.6 89.6
Haiti 83.7 86.4 87.1 89.0 92.1
Liberia 64.1 73.1 87.1 95.7 96.0
South Africa 72.1 85.5 87.2 81.4 86.6
Venezuela, RB 78.1 82.0 87.8 87.0 91.5
French Polynesia 90.0 99.6 87.9 73.4 81.3
Mozambique 74.4 82.8 88.0 93.5 94.2
Comoros 87.5 89.8 88.1 92.7 94.5
Trinidad and Tobago 90.5 93.9 88.5 78.5 85.8
West Bank and Gaza 49.0 79.3 88.5 80.4 98.8
Tuvalu 78.1 84.3 88.8 91.7 92.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 83.9 86.2 89.6 98.3 109.1
Maldives 97.2 101.6 90.0 89.8 84.9
Madagascar 86.9 88.6 90.4 89.0 90.5
United Arab Emirates 65.9 72.8 90.5 94.4 144.2
United States 83.8 87.8 91.2 92.0 93.7
Macedonia, FYR 88.5 92.1 91.6 93.8 96.2
Somalia 87.1 88.4 92.4 89.2 89.1
El Salvador 83.5 86.5 92.4 92.6 95.3
Poland 91.2 96.3 92.6 97.5 93.0
Estonia 105.0 95.8 92.9 94.3 87.5
Gabon 87.9 91.7 93.2 96.8 96.2
Panama 90.9 92.1 93.3 94.0 97.7
New Caledonia 90.0 94.8 93.6 95.2 95.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 124.4 116.6 93.6 102.9 101.2
Portugal 96.3 99.8 93.9 92.7 104.1
Greenland 100.8 102.2 94.1 92.8 93.1
Samoa 80.4 88.8 94.4 92.9 88.4
Ecuador 76.8 82.4 94.5 82.0 92.1
Guam 77.9 94.0 94.7 94.8 95.7
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 94.2 95.3 95.2 97.3 93.4
Spain 70.7 88.6 95.4 91.2 92.6
Botswana 109.9 102.7 95.5 90.7 81.1
Australia 85.9 95.0 95.5 100.8 107.3
Germany 93.0 95.5 95.7 97.2 101.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 85.5 96.1 95.8 95.7 87.3
Timor-Leste 98.3 88.6 96.2 86.1 83.6
Afghanistan 83.2 88.8 96.2 103.2 102.2
Liechtenstein 94.3 96.4 96.6 98.4 94.6
Italy 95.7 98.4 96.6 97.1 103.7
Austria 95.3 95.6 97.0 101.5 106.0
Hungary 87.9 93.7 97.0 96.2 91.3
Switzerland 101.2 102.2 97.4 105.8 98.0
Denmark 97.0 95.9 97.4 99.3 98.1
Tonga 91.1 95.8 97.5 97.1 96.3
Burundi 95.0 96.7 97.6 91.4 94.6
Ukraine 107.7 97.0 97.7 83.9 82.3
Libya 89.7 95.9 98.1 101.9 103.4
Netherlands 105.9 107.1 98.1 100.2 106.0
Ireland 97.7 101.0 98.2 103.0 110.3
Romania 95.5 91.5 98.3 84.1 90.3
Greece 103.7 102.6 98.4 97.3 106.3
Cuba 88.2 105.1 98.8 94.4 110.6
Korea, Rep. 91.8 96.6 98.8 97.6 102.3
Antigua and Barbuda 104.1 106.9 99.2 94.3 101.9
Finland 95.1 96.2 99.7 88.9 92.1
Slovenia 96.8 103.7 99.8 100.8 98.1
Russian Federation 100.0 97.4 99.8 85.5 85.8
Zimbabwe 69.4 96.1 100.0 92.6 97.8
Iraq 101.6 104.3 100.1 109.5 104.0
Fiji 107.4 105.4 100.3 82.4 101.3
Cyprus 109.5 106.6 100.5 106.1 108.2
Mauritius 92.1 92.9 100.7 98.2 76.4
Croatia 98.8 100.4 101.4 111.5 111.4
Lithuania 92.1 99.1 102.0 96.8 87.5
Malta 91.3 112.2 102.3 111.7 110.7
Czech Republic 105.2 105.6 102.5 104.4 104.1
Moldova 125.4 108.5 102.9 85.4 80.7
Norway 102.7 104.1 103.2 102.3 104.7
Faeroe Islands 102.2 103.4 103.2 101.9 102.5
Jamaica 105.4 111.7 103.9 102.4 106.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 107.0 106.6 104.0 106.4 104.0
Lebanon 111.7 116.6 104.3 98.8 97.8
Bermuda 104.2 97.9 104.3 101.3 103.9
Lesotho 84.7 104.0 104.7 93.6 107.4
Sweden 98.0 102.7 104.8 104.2 100.3
France 99.5 104.9 105.0 105.3 106.4
Serbia 99.9 109.9 105.7 107.0 93.6
Barbados 97.0 111.6 105.9 98.2 105.0
Guyana 98.4 102.8 106.6 94.9 106.7
Latvia 113.3 97.0 107.1 98.0 87.6
United Kingdom 108.7 107.8 107.3 107.1 106.9
Japan 109.6 107.3 107.7 103.0 104.1
Puerto Rico 117.0 112.5 110.8 112.7 99.5
Slovak Republic 104.7 110.0 113.7 108.8 103.2
Bahrain 119.3 117.7 114.2 127.6 118.8
Suriname 130.4 114.2 116.5 99.2 103.0
Bulgaria 134.0 110.8 116.5 117.4 121.6
Qatar 100.3 105.5 117.9 95.8 103.0
Georgia 114.8 115.3 120.1 106.9 108.7
Vanuatu 102.2 104.1 120.5 125.5 105.7
Mongolia 112.1 128.2 123.0 136.7 149.7
Grenada 133.3 130.3 124.4 117.6 124.5
Marshall Islands 172.8 146.1 135.8 96.7 76.1
Cayman Islands 139.4 135.3 136.4 141.0 144.2
Dominica 120.5 142.2 138.7 130.3 124.3
Seychelles 155.2 148.7 161.9 149.5 150.0
Singapore 163.7 131.7 181.4 159.6 170.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 138.7 152.6 205.7 173.0 146.6
St. Lucia 272.4 260.4 224.5 188.5 160.1
San Marino
Turks and Caicos Islands
Curacao
Belgium
Luxembourg
Northern Mariana Islands
Monaco
Palau
Montenegro
Kosovo
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Aruba
South Sudan
St. Martin (French part)
Isle of Man
Andorra

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