Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
United Arab Emirates 13.9 15.2 18.8 21.8 20.8
Saudi Arabia 22.4 22.7 29.9 35.6 44.8
Cambodia 27.8 26.5 33.7 36.1 27.7
Malaysia 27.5 28.8 32.4 30.5 33.8
China 27.4 28.9 31.5 33.7 36.9
Nigeria 29.5 29.4 30.3 30.9 32.4
Jordan 30.6 29.6 30.8 34.8 37.0
Kuwait 34.2 30.2 26.5 35.9 42.9
Ghana 30.9 30.4 28.5 28.9 36.3
Benin 32.3 31.6 31.8 32.2 40.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 31.9 32.2 34.3 35.6 35.7
Burkina Faso 29.8 33.2 33.3 34.0 34.3
Vietnam 31.4 33.4 36.9 38.1 40.4
Angola 34.5 33.7 34.3 34.9 35.3
Cabo Verde 45.0 34.0 37.6 31.8 39.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 29.9 34.0 37.7 38.0 39.3
Qatar 29.7 34.4 35.4 37.0 40.3
Brunei Darussalam 33.1 35.5 38.5 40.3 40.3
Oman 30.4 36.0 44.6 46.6 46.3
Lao PDR 33.3 36.0 35.3 35.8 41.0
Algeria 37.1 38.2 34.7 36.7 39.3
Brazil 37.4 38.2 40.0 39.9 42.9
Belize 38.7 38.4 41.0 39.3 39.5
Costa Rica 38.3 39.2 36.8 39.0 40.6
Morocco 42.7 39.4 48.6 42.9 45.3
Ecuador 40.8 39.8 40.4 35.5 38.5
Paraguay 37.0 40.2 40.8 42.5 45.5
Guatemala 38.5 40.3 42.6 41.1 41.8
Indonesia 39.0 41.8 41.6 44.8 48.8
Pakistan 39.4 41.9 43.6 44.2 46.1
Nepal 40.3 42.4 39.4 48.6 48.9
Myanmar 39.2 42.5 44.8 45.7 46.9
Guinea-Bissau 39.2 42.6 47.5 43.9 51.7
Kenya 43.0 43.0 48.6 50.0 44.9
Chile 40.2 43.5 43.8 40.9 42.7
Yemen, Rep. 43.8 43.5 44.1 40.1 43.4
Peru 39.4 43.8 46.1 43.1 46.7
Niger 44.9 44.2 44.2 44.1 33.9
Bolivia 44.0 44.4 45.5 38.2 43.9
Djibouti 46.8 45.3 45.6 53.2 58.4
Sudan 40.4 45.5 40.1 41.8 37.5
Tunisia 51.8 46.1 39.8 54.3 49.9
Cameroon 45.3 46.1 47.7 49.1 48.1
Malawi 43.6 46.4 48.8 45.2 46.4
Syrian Arab Republic 45.4 46.6 49.9 48.3 44.7
Chad 48.7 47.1 48.1 49.7 41.8
Tanzania 45.7 48.0 50.5 53.3 54.6
Cote d'Ivoire 46.4 48.4 47.7 46.9 54.5
Guinea 48.3 48.6 49.1 49.6 51.8
Mali 44.4 49.3 51.1 50.3 45.0
Nicaragua 50.5 49.3 51.9 51.2 53.1
Sierra Leone 48.9 49.6 53.0 50.6 53.0
Uganda 45.1 50.0 53.1 56.4 52.9
Lebanon 56.1 50.7 59.6 56.7 56.8
Bangladesh 51.0 50.7 52.8 54.0 54.3
India 47.8 51.1 50.8 56.9 58.0
Central African Republic 49.8 51.2 52.6 53.0 50.8
Togo 51.3 52.0 51.0 47.5 51.2
Zambia 53.3 54.1 52.1 54.6 54.0
Congo, Rep. 52.1 54.3 57.1 56.2 58.6
Colombia 53.4 54.8 53.9 52.8 54.6
Venezuela, RB 54.9 56.3 57.4 59.4 58.2
Philippines 55.5 56.5 58.3 54.2 55.6
Bhutan 52.9 56.7 57.4 58.8 64.1
Libya 56.8 57.2 61.0 65.4 62.6
Papua New Guinea 56.3 57.4 58.9 60.2 63.0
American Samoa 60.7 57.5 57.3 56.1 54.2
Sao Tome and Principe 54.2 57.6 55.4 55.4 49.1
Comoros 61.6 57.6 62.2 63.5 60.3
Israel 57.5 57.7 62.9 65.5 64.3
Mexico 54.6 58.0 58.6 60.6 60.5
Argentina 53.9 58.3 59.3 57.8 59.5
Korea, Rep. 53.2 59.6 61.6 63.6 66.3
Thailand 58.4 60.0 59.9 62.9 64.9
Albania 57.9 60.0 62.3 67.9 62.7
New Zealand 58.4 60.6 61.5 63.5 64.2
Equatorial Guinea 55.1 61.3 54.4 55.5 59.4
Canada 56.9 61.6 66.2 62.6 62.7
Uruguay 52.5 61.7 62.5 65.7 53.0
Turkey 61.2 62.3 65.2 63.2 67.2
Solomon Islands 56.8 62.5 61.9 62.3 70.4
Mozambique 62.6 63.0 61.2 58.5 57.3
El Salvador 69.0 63.1 59.5 61.7 68.5
Malta 64.6 64.2 63.2 70.4 70.6
Kiribati 52.1 64.4 60.3 50.9 71.9
Honduras 61.6 64.4 61.9 56.8 56.2
Spain 71.6 66.2 74.4 66.6 76.6
Rwanda 61.1 66.8 70.1 69.8 63.6
Australia 62.7 67.0 61.1 72.6 69.0
Mauritania 66.1 68.3 66.4 63.4 61.4
Dominican Republic 67.7 68.7 72.7 75.4 74.8
Liechtenstein 67.3 68.9 74.1 79.4 88.7
Madagascar 68.9 69.0 69.8 73.4 75.8
Bahamas, The 59.8 70.0 66.5 63.9 67.3
Portugal 77.4 71.3 86.1 72.9 79.8
Macao SAR, China 71.1 71.4 70.7 67.2 64.9
Gabon 74.3 72.5 73.4 75.6 76.9
New Caledonia 78.9 72.8 74.3 82.1 80.8
Guam 67.7 73.6 70.4 69.7 70.8
Gambia, The 53.2 74.1 89.5 71.3 71.1
Jamaica 76.9 75.1 72.5 75.7 82.0
United States 69.2 75.4 75.2 64.5 73.7
Ireland 85.6 75.5 81.1 84.8 91.0
Senegal 49.0 75.9 75.2 51.1 52.4
Korea, Dem. Rep. 70.8 76.4 70.6 74.5 79.1
Iraq 78.0 77.5 89.0 81.1 90.5
South Africa 70.8 77.5 70.9 60.9 66.5
Guyana 74.8 78.4 77.1 66.4 70.6
Timor-Leste 79.3 79.3 79.4 80.8 84.8
Denmark 79.1 79.4 84.0 82.6 89.8
Mauritius 69.5 79.5 96.8 80.3 77.3
Afghanistan 79.9 79.7 78.8 77.0 74.1
Swaziland 75.1 79.8 80.1 80.8 84.3
Panama 77.6 80.8 84.2 84.9 85.7
Liberia 78.0 82.2 84.8 85.7 86.1
Somalia 80.4 83.2 86.6 83.1 82.5
Burundi 78.7 83.5 82.2 80.8 80.5
Sri Lanka 87.3 84.2 79.9 91.3 85.3
Cyprus 82.1 84.5 85.1 88.3 92.2
Zimbabwe 70.4 86.1 78.0 64.7 70.9
Austria 90.7 86.2 98.8 92.4 94.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 86.0 86.6 91.4 94.1 96.8
Trinidad and Tobago 96.0 87.8 95.7 85.0 81.1
Botswana 71.0 88.4 92.2 85.9 95.1
Bahrain 173.5 89.5 95.4 89.8 101.3
Netherlands 86.9 90.5 93.6 93.1 97.1
Lesotho 87.2 91.3 90.6 89.7 93.1
Poland 92.3 91.8 93.4 97.0 101.5
French Polynesia 102.7 92.0 100.9 74.3 69.5
France 96.3 93.3 99.7 95.5 102.4
Greece 90.5 93.5 94.1 90.2 93.4
Antigua and Barbuda 91.0 94.2 90.5 88.4 86.7
Fiji 85.7 94.2 96.7 71.6 104.4
Faeroe Islands 94.3 94.3 94.3 89.7 95.2
Maldives 92.7 94.4 98.2 104.5 107.2
Namibia 92.5 94.9 73.8 63.7 66.0
Bermuda 93.7 96.1 98.8 100.5 96.0
Italy 101.4 97.0 94.2 104.8 95.0
Tuvalu 98.0 97.1 69.0 72.2 77.0
Finland 101.4 97.7 103.6 111.6 108.8
Germany 98.4 98.6 104.6 101.9 107.5
United Kingdom 101.1 100.1 104.4 104.2 110.3
Haiti 98.7 100.2 102.4 104.9 106.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 93.6 101.0 102.5 110.3 130.7
Switzerland 103.6 101.1 112.3 104.8 109.2
Vanuatu 85.9 101.9 90.9 98.7 109.2
Iceland 102.9 103.0 102.8 100.6 101.9
Norway 101.8 103.4 108.4 103.1 105.9
Japan 104.0 104.2 108.1 108.6 111.5
Romania 102.4 105.4 114.8 108.8 120.9
Samoa 110.5 106.0 118.7 110.5 106.6
Dominica 81.1 106.1 111.2 112.4 117.8
Greenland 97.4 108.6 115.3 101.9 106.4
Sweden 104.9 108.7 111.8 109.3 119.0
Hungary 115.9 112.3 125.6 119.5 123.8
Mongolia 119.6 121.2 124.6 130.0 126.7
Barbados 138.2 122.9 114.6 105.0 109.8
Tonga 128.2 125.8 99.1 101.0 101.7
Suriname 124.3 134.7 140.7 129.7 143.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 133.6 135.4 138.5 138.5 138.5
Seychelles 135.5 135.8 130.5 146.0 124.5
Puerto Rico 139.1 136.7 129.6 126.7 124.3
Cuba 134.4 142.7 145.2 144.7 154.2
Grenada 151.6 163.0 144.7 136.1 148.2
St. Lucia 165.3 167.8 170.4 179.4 203.1
Bulgaria 177.9 192.3 202.3 184.1 199.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 231.2 224.6 229.6 190.9 200.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 144.6 238.7 230.9 227.9 214.6
Cayman Islands 254.7 239.3 248.8 288.3 236.1
Singapore 1,101.9 1,040.8 999.3 1,005.0 996.2
Slovenia
Slovak Republic
Andorra
Kazakhstan 109.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 98.5
Kosovo
Estonia 117.2
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Montenegro 106.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 103.8
Czech Republic 91.3
Croatia 100.3
Northern Mariana Islands
Tajikistan
Aruba
Marshall Islands 174.9
Armenia 108.0
Uzbekistan
Palau
Curacao
Lithuania 102.3
Serbia
Russian Federation 100.2
Macedonia, FYR
Turkmenistan
Kyrgyz Republic 106.0
Luxembourg 92.0
Azerbaijan 123.1
Ukraine
Latvia 120.2
Belarus 122.9
San Marino
Georgia 72.9
St. Martin (French part)
Belgium 86.7
Moldova 86.3
Ethiopia 122.9
Monaco
West Bank and Gaza 100.6
South Sudan
Eritrea 111.1
Isle of Man

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