Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
United Arab Emirates 15.4 19.1 22.1 21.2 21.3
Saudi Arabia 22.7 29.8 35.5 44.7 51.4
Cambodia 26.7 33.8 36.3 27.9 35.8
Cabo Verde 28.3 31.3 26.5 33.2 33.7
China 28.7 31.2 33.4 36.5 37.0
Malaysia 28.8 32.4 30.6 33.8 37.4
Nigeria 29.4 30.3 30.9 32.3 34.6
Jordan 29.6 30.8 34.8 37.0 44.0
Ghana 29.9 28.0 28.4 35.7 35.3
Kuwait 30.2 26.5 35.9 42.9 53.9
Benin 31.6 31.8 32.2 40.7 40.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 32.2 34.4 35.7 35.8 38.3
Burkina Faso 33.2 33.3 34.0 34.3 42.6
Vietnam 33.4 36.9 38.0 40.4 40.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 34.0 37.7 38.0 39.3 42.1
Angola 34.1 34.6 35.2 35.6 36.1
Qatar 34.4 35.4 37.0 40.3 41.8
Brunei Darussalam 35.0 38.0 39.7 39.8 52.8
Lao PDR 36.1 35.3 35.8 41.0 42.5
Oman 36.1 44.7 46.7 46.3 45.1
Ecuador 36.9 46.0 39.3 42.6 43.9
Algeria 38.2 34.7 36.7 39.3 48.1
Brazil 38.2 40.2 40.1 43.1 46.2
Belize 38.4 40.8 39.2 39.4 38.9
Costa Rica 39.4 36.9 39.2 40.8 42.1
Morocco 39.7 48.7 43.1 45.4 48.9
Paraguay 40.2 40.8 42.5 45.5 49.4
Guatemala 40.5 42.7 41.2 42.0 43.6
Pakistan 41.7 43.3 44.0 45.9 47.5
Indonesia 41.8 41.6 44.8 48.8 49.9
Myanmar 42.5 44.7 45.6 46.9 48.1
Guinea-Bissau 42.7 47.6 43.9 51.7 51.3
Nepal 42.8 39.8 49.1 49.4 50.8
Kenya 43.0 48.6 50.0 45.0 51.3
Yemen, Rep. 43.5 44.1 40.1 43.4 45.3
Chile 43.6 43.9 41.0 42.7 42.7
Peru 43.7 46.0 43.1 46.6 46.7
Niger 44.2 44.2 44.1 33.9 34.7
Bolivia 44.4 45.5 38.2 43.9 48.0
Djibouti 45.3 45.6 53.2 58.4 68.7
Sudan 45.6 40.2 41.9 37.5 45.1
Cameroon 46.1 47.7 49.1 48.1 52.2
Tunisia 46.3 39.9 54.5 50.1 59.3
Malawi 46.4 48.8 45.2 46.4 46.0
Syrian Arab Republic 46.6 49.9 48.4 44.8 47.2
Chad 47.1 48.1 49.7 41.8 50.1
Cote d'Ivoire 48.0 47.3 46.5 54.1 53.6
Guinea 48.6 49.1 49.6 51.8 52.1
Nicaragua 49.1 51.7 51.0 52.9 49.0
Mali 49.3 51.1 50.3 45.0 47.7
Tanzania 49.4 51.9 54.8 56.1 59.0
Sierra Leone 49.6 53.0 50.6 53.0 51.1
Uganda 50.0 53.1 56.4 52.9 54.0
Lebanon 50.7 59.6 56.7 56.9 59.7
Bangladesh 50.7 52.8 54.0 54.3 56.2
India 51.1 50.8 56.9 58.0 59.2
Central African Republic 51.2 52.6 53.0 50.8 51.5
Togo 52.0 51.0 47.5 51.2 53.8
Zambia 54.1 52.1 54.6 54.0 60.0
Colombia 54.2 53.5 52.3 54.1 54.8
Congo, Rep. 54.3 57.1 56.2 58.6 61.0
Venezuela, RB 56.6 57.7 59.7 58.5 63.2
Philippines 56.7 58.5 54.4 55.8 56.0
Bhutan 56.7 57.4 58.8 64.1 61.1
Papua New Guinea 57.4 58.9 60.2 63.0 64.6
American Samoa 57.5 57.3 56.1 54.2 53.0
Comoros 57.6 62.2 63.5 60.3 62.9
Israel 57.8 62.9 65.5 64.4 64.7
Mexico 58.0 58.6 60.6 60.5 62.4
Argentina 58.3 59.3 57.8 59.5 60.4
Albania 58.3 60.9 66.3 61.3 60.3
Sao Tome and Principe 58.4 56.1 56.2 49.8 52.3
Libya 58.4 63.2 67.3 64.7 66.7
Korea, Rep. 59.6 61.6 63.6 66.3 69.3
Thailand 59.9 59.8 62.9 64.8 67.4
New Zealand 61.0 61.8 63.9 64.7 69.8
Equatorial Guinea 61.3 54.4 55.5 59.4 57.5
Uruguay 61.6 62.4 65.6 53.0 56.1
Canada 61.7 66.3 62.6 62.8 65.1
Turkey 62.3 65.2 63.2 67.2 67.5
El Salvador 62.4 58.9 61.2 68.2 68.8
Solomon Islands 62.5 61.9 62.3 70.4 72.7
Mozambique 63.0 61.2 58.5 57.3 57.5
Malta 64.0 63.0 70.2 70.4 74.8
Kiribati 64.4 60.3 50.9 71.9 72.4
Honduras 64.4 61.9 56.8 56.2 58.2
Spain 66.4 74.5 66.7 76.7 72.9
Rwanda 66.8 70.1 69.8 63.6 75.8
Australia 67.1 61.2 72.7 69.1 68.8
Liechtenstein 68.0 73.2 78.4 87.6 93.8
Mauritania 68.3 66.4 63.4 61.4 66.2
Dominican Republic 68.6 72.7 75.4 74.7 72.0
Madagascar 69.0 69.8 73.4 75.8 76.1
Bahamas, The 70.0 66.5 63.9 67.3 66.9
Portugal 71.3 86.1 72.9 79.8 80.8
Macao SAR, China 71.4 70.7 67.2 64.9 65.8
New Caledonia 72.4 73.9 81.6 80.4 88.9
Gabon 72.5 73.4 75.6 76.9 77.4
Guam 73.6 70.4 69.7 70.8 71.1
Gambia, The 74.1 89.5 71.3 71.1 63.5
Ireland 75.1 80.6 84.4 90.5 92.4
Jamaica 75.1 72.5 75.7 82.0 76.8
United States 75.4 75.2 64.5 73.8 77.9
Senegal 75.9 75.2 51.1 52.4 70.2
Korea, Dem. Rep. 76.4 70.6 74.5 79.1 81.3
Iraq 77.6 89.0 81.1 90.5 109.0
Guyana 78.0 76.7 66.1 70.3 67.2
South Africa 78.1 71.3 61.4 67.0 70.9
Timor-Leste 79.3 79.4 80.8 84.8 87.4
Mauritius 79.5 96.8 80.3 77.3 85.2
Denmark 79.6 84.2 82.8 89.9 88.5
Afghanistan 79.7 78.8 77.0 74.1 69.2
Swaziland 79.8 80.1 80.8 84.3 86.3
Panama 80.8 84.2 84.9 85.7 87.0
Liberia 82.2 84.8 85.7 86.1 88.2
Cyprus 83.2 83.8 87.1 91.0 89.3
Somalia 83.2 86.6 83.1 82.5 88.5
Burundi 83.2 82.0 80.6 80.3 91.0
Sri Lanka 84.2 79.9 91.3 85.3 89.3
Zimbabwe 86.0 77.9 64.6 70.9 95.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 86.5 91.4 94.1 96.8 100.3
Trinidad and Tobago 87.8 95.7 85.0 81.1 82.2
Austria 88.4 100.6 93.9 96.7 93.1
Botswana 88.4 92.2 85.9 95.1 92.3
Bahrain 89.5 95.4 89.8 101.3 115.3
Netherlands 90.5 93.6 93.1 97.1 97.2
Lesotho 91.3 90.6 89.7 93.1 89.3
French Polynesia 92.0 100.9 74.3 69.4 90.3
Poland 92.6 94.0 97.6 102.1 103.6
France 93.5 99.8 95.8 102.6 99.9
Namibia 93.7 72.9 62.9 65.3 70.3
Greece 93.9 94.6 90.6 93.9 98.5
Fiji 94.2 96.7 71.6 104.4 87.9
Faeroe Islands 94.3 94.3 89.7 95.2 96.1
Maldives 94.4 98.2 104.5 107.2 109.3
Antigua and Barbuda 94.8 90.9 88.8 87.5 100.9
Bermuda 96.1 98.8 100.5 96.0 97.0
Tuvalu 97.1 69.0 72.2 77.0 81.2
Italy 97.7 94.8 105.5 95.6 96.4
Finland 97.7 103.7 111.6 108.9 105.1
Haiti 98.5 100.7 103.2 104.2 105.0
Germany 99.0 104.9 101.7 107.3 107.1
Switzerland 99.1 110.2 102.9 107.8 105.9
United Kingdom 99.7 104.0 103.8 109.9 106.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 101.0 102.5 110.3 130.7 149.8
Norway 101.5 106.4 101.3 104.2 101.8
Vanuatu 101.9 90.9 98.7 109.1 101.1
Romania 103.9 113.5 108.7 121.1 110.4
Iceland 104.0 103.6 101.6 102.9 105.2
Japan 104.9 108.5 109.0 112.4 115.1
Dominica 106.1 111.2 112.4 117.8 123.0
Samoa 106.8 119.6 111.3 107.4 112.7
Greenland 108.6 115.3 101.9 106.4 103.1
Sweden 109.1 112.2 109.7 119.2 111.3
Hungary 113.4 126.9 120.9 125.3 119.3
Mongolia 120.7 124.1 129.5 126.3 127.8
Barbados 122.9 114.5 105.0 109.8 105.6
Tonga 123.5 97.4 99.2 99.8 99.0
Suriname 131.7 138.7 128.0 143.3 148.2
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 135.4 138.4 138.5 138.5 132.3
Seychelles 135.8 130.5 146.0 124.5 140.4
Puerto Rico 136.7 129.6 126.7 124.3 123.9
Cuba 142.7 145.2 144.7 154.2 148.7
Grenada 163.0 144.7 136.1 148.2 135.6
St. Lucia 167.8 170.4 179.4 203.1 216.1
Bulgaria 188.8 198.5 180.9 196.5 171.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 224.6 229.6 190.9 200.3 183.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 238.7 230.9 227.9 214.6 222.9
Cayman Islands 239.3 248.8 288.3 236.1 237.4
Singapore 1,040.8 999.3 1,005.0 996.2 857.2
Lithuania
Belarus
Slovenia
West Bank and Gaza
South Sudan
Northern Mariana Islands
Slovak Republic
Kyrgyz Republic
Luxembourg
San Marino
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turkmenistan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Ukraine
St. Martin (French part)
Monaco
Macedonia, FYR
Ethiopia
Isle of Man
Croatia
Serbia
Czech Republic
Curacao
Georgia
Eritrea
Turks and Caicos Islands
Russian Federation
Belgium
Aruba
Andorra
Tajikistan
Moldova
Armenia
Uzbekistan
Latvia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Palau
Kazakhstan
Azerbaijan
Estonia
Marshall Islands
Montenegro

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