Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
United Arab Emirates 14.2 15.4 19.1 22.1 21.2
Saudi Arabia 22.4 22.7 29.8 35.5 44.7
Cambodia 28.0 26.7 33.8 36.3 27.9
Cabo Verde 37.5 28.3 31.3 26.5 33.2
China 27.1 28.7 31.2 33.4 36.5
Malaysia 27.5 28.8 32.4 30.6 33.8
Nigeria 29.5 29.4 30.3 30.9 32.3
Jordan 30.6 29.6 30.8 34.8 37.0
Ghana 30.4 29.9 28.0 28.4 35.7
Kuwait 34.2 30.2 26.5 35.9 42.9
Benin 32.3 31.6 31.8 32.2 40.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 32.0 32.2 34.4 35.7 35.8
Burkina Faso 29.8 33.2 33.3 34.0 34.3
Vietnam 31.3 33.4 36.9 38.0 40.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 29.9 34.0 37.7 38.0 39.3
Angola 34.8 34.1 34.6 35.2 35.6
Qatar 29.7 34.4 35.4 37.0 40.3
Brunei Darussalam 32.6 35.0 38.0 39.7 39.8
Lao PDR 33.3 36.1 35.3 35.8 41.0
Oman 30.5 36.1 44.7 46.7 46.3
Ecuador 37.8 36.9 46.0 39.3 42.6
Algeria 37.1 38.2 34.7 36.7 39.3
Brazil 37.4 38.2 40.2 40.1 43.1
Belize 38.6 38.4 40.8 39.2 39.4
Costa Rica 38.5 39.4 36.9 39.2 40.8
Morocco 42.8 39.7 48.7 43.1 45.4
Paraguay 37.0 40.2 40.8 42.5 45.5
Guatemala 38.6 40.5 42.7 41.2 42.0
Pakistan 39.3 41.7 43.3 44.0 45.9
Indonesia 39.0 41.8 41.6 44.8 48.8
Myanmar 39.2 42.5 44.7 45.6 46.9
Guinea-Bissau 39.2 42.7 47.6 43.9 51.7
Nepal 40.7 42.8 39.8 49.1 49.4
Kenya 43.0 43.0 48.6 50.0 45.0
Yemen, Rep. 43.8 43.5 44.1 40.1 43.4
Chile 40.3 43.6 43.9 41.0 42.7
Peru 39.3 43.7 46.0 43.1 46.6
Niger 44.9 44.2 44.2 44.1 33.9
Bolivia 44.0 44.4 45.5 38.2 43.9
Djibouti 46.8 45.3 45.6 53.2 58.4
Sudan 40.5 45.6 40.2 41.9 37.5
Cameroon 45.3 46.1 47.7 49.1 48.1
Tunisia 52.0 46.3 39.9 54.5 50.1
Malawi 43.6 46.4 48.8 45.2 46.4
Syrian Arab Republic 45.5 46.6 49.9 48.4 44.8
Chad 48.7 47.1 48.1 49.7 41.8
Cote d'Ivoire 46.0 48.0 47.3 46.5 54.1
Guinea 48.3 48.6 49.1 49.6 51.8
Nicaragua 50.3 49.1 51.7 51.0 52.9
Mali 44.4 49.3 51.1 50.3 45.0
Tanzania 47.0 49.4 51.9 54.8 56.1
Sierra Leone 48.9 49.6 53.0 50.6 53.0
Uganda 45.1 50.0 53.1 56.4 52.9
Lebanon 56.1 50.7 59.6 56.7 56.9
Bangladesh 51.0 50.7 52.8 54.0 54.3
India 47.7 51.1 50.8 56.9 58.0
Central African Republic 49.8 51.2 52.6 53.0 50.8
Togo 51.3 52.0 51.0 47.5 51.2
Zambia 53.3 54.1 52.1 54.6 54.0
Colombia 52.7 54.2 53.5 52.3 54.1
Congo, Rep. 52.1 54.3 57.1 56.2 58.6
Venezuela, RB 55.2 56.6 57.7 59.7 58.5
Philippines 55.7 56.7 58.5 54.4 55.8
Bhutan 52.9 56.7 57.4 58.8 64.1
Papua New Guinea 56.3 57.4 58.9 60.2 63.0
American Samoa 60.7 57.5 57.3 56.1 54.2
Comoros 61.6 57.6 62.2 63.5 60.3
Israel 57.5 57.8 62.9 65.5 64.4
Mexico 54.6 58.0 58.6 60.6 60.5
Argentina 53.9 58.3 59.3 57.8 59.5
Albania 56.3 58.3 60.9 66.3 61.3
Sao Tome and Principe 54.9 58.4 56.1 56.2 49.8
Libya 58.3 58.4 63.2 67.3 64.7
Korea, Rep. 53.2 59.6 61.6 63.6 66.3
Thailand 58.4 59.9 59.8 62.9 64.8
New Zealand 58.8 61.0 61.8 63.9 64.7
Equatorial Guinea 55.1 61.3 54.4 55.5 59.4
Uruguay 52.5 61.6 62.4 65.6 53.0
Canada 56.9 61.7 66.3 62.6 62.8
Turkey 61.2 62.3 65.2 63.2 67.2
El Salvador 68.2 62.4 58.9 61.2 68.2
Solomon Islands 56.8 62.5 61.9 62.3 70.4
Mozambique 62.6 63.0 61.2 58.5 57.3
Malta 64.5 64.0 63.0 70.2 70.4
Kiribati 52.1 64.4 60.3 50.9 71.9
Honduras 61.6 64.4 61.9 56.8 56.2
Spain 71.8 66.4 74.5 66.7 76.7
Rwanda 61.1 66.8 70.1 69.8 63.6
Australia 62.9 67.1 61.2 72.7 69.1
Liechtenstein 66.5 68.0 73.2 78.4 87.6
Mauritania 66.1 68.3 66.4 63.4 61.4
Dominican Republic 67.4 68.6 72.7 75.4 74.7
Madagascar 68.9 69.0 69.8 73.4 75.8
Bahamas, The 59.8 70.0 66.5 63.9 67.3
Portugal 77.3 71.3 86.1 72.9 79.8
Macao SAR, China 71.1 71.4 70.7 67.2 64.9
New Caledonia 78.5 72.4 73.9 81.6 80.4
Gabon 74.3 72.5 73.4 75.6 76.9
Guam 67.7 73.6 70.4 69.7 70.8
Gambia, The 53.2 74.1 89.5 71.3 71.1
Ireland 85.2 75.1 80.6 84.4 90.5
Jamaica 76.9 75.1 72.5 75.7 82.0
United States 69.2 75.4 75.2 64.5 73.8
Senegal 49.0 75.9 75.2 51.1 52.4
Korea, Dem. Rep. 70.8 76.4 70.6 74.5 79.1
Iraq 78.1 77.6 89.0 81.1 90.5
Guyana 74.5 78.0 76.7 66.1 70.3
South Africa 71.3 78.1 71.3 61.4 67.0
Timor-Leste 79.3 79.3 79.4 80.8 84.8
Mauritius 69.5 79.5 96.8 80.3 77.3
Denmark 79.3 79.6 84.2 82.8 89.9
Afghanistan 79.8 79.7 78.8 77.0 74.1
Swaziland 75.1 79.8 80.1 80.8 84.3
Panama 77.6 80.8 84.2 84.9 85.7
Liberia 78.0 82.2 84.8 85.7 86.1
Cyprus 80.7 83.2 83.8 87.1 91.0
Somalia 80.4 83.2 86.6 83.1 82.5
Burundi 78.4 83.2 82.0 80.6 80.3
Sri Lanka 87.3 84.2 79.9 91.3 85.3
Zimbabwe 70.3 86.0 77.9 64.6 70.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 85.9 86.5 91.4 94.1 96.8
Trinidad and Tobago 96.0 87.8 95.7 85.0 81.1
Austria 92.1 88.4 100.6 93.9 96.7
Botswana 71.0 88.4 92.2 85.9 95.1
Bahrain 173.4 89.5 95.4 89.8 101.3
Netherlands 87.0 90.5 93.6 93.1 97.1
Lesotho 87.2 91.3 90.6 89.7 93.1
French Polynesia 102.7 92.0 100.9 74.3 69.4
Poland 93.2 92.6 94.0 97.6 102.1
France 96.4 93.5 99.8 95.8 102.6
Namibia 91.4 93.7 72.9 62.9 65.3
Greece 91.0 93.9 94.6 90.6 93.9
Fiji 85.7 94.2 96.7 71.6 104.4
Faeroe Islands 94.3 94.3 94.3 89.7 95.2
Maldives 92.7 94.4 98.2 104.5 107.2
Antigua and Barbuda 91.6 94.8 90.9 88.8 87.5
Bermuda 93.7 96.1 98.8 100.5 96.0
Tuvalu 98.0 97.1 69.0 72.2 77.0
Italy 102.1 97.7 94.8 105.5 95.6
Finland 101.4 97.7 103.7 111.6 108.9
Haiti 97.1 98.5 100.7 103.2 104.2
Germany 99.0 99.0 104.9 101.7 107.3
Switzerland 102.0 99.1 110.2 102.9 107.8
United Kingdom 100.7 99.7 104.0 103.8 109.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 93.6 101.0 102.5 110.3 130.7
Norway 99.9 101.5 106.4 101.3 104.2
Vanuatu 85.9 101.9 90.9 98.7 109.1
Romania 101.6 103.9 113.5 108.7 121.1
Iceland 104.1 104.0 103.6 101.6 102.9
Japan 104.4 104.9 108.5 109.0 112.4
Dominica 81.1 106.1 111.2 112.4 117.8
Samoa 111.3 106.8 119.6 111.3 107.4
Greenland 97.4 108.6 115.3 101.9 106.4
Sweden 105.4 109.1 112.2 109.7 119.2
Hungary 116.7 113.4 126.9 120.9 125.3
Mongolia 119.3 120.7 124.1 129.5 126.3
Barbados 138.2 122.9 114.5 105.0 109.8
Tonga 125.9 123.5 97.4 99.2 99.8
Suriname 122.0 131.7 138.7 128.0 143.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 133.6 135.4 138.4 138.5 138.5
Seychelles 135.5 135.8 130.5 146.0 124.5
Puerto Rico 139.1 136.7 129.6 126.7 124.3
Cuba 134.4 142.7 145.2 144.7 154.2
Grenada 151.6 163.0 144.7 136.1 148.2
St. Lucia 165.3 167.8 170.4 179.4 203.1
Bulgaria 174.8 188.8 198.5 180.9 196.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 231.2 224.6 229.6 190.9 200.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 144.6 238.7 230.9 227.9 214.6
Cayman Islands 254.7 239.3 248.8 288.3 236.1
Singapore 1,101.9 1,040.8 999.3 1,005.0 996.2
Ukraine
Ethiopia 122.9
Croatia 100.3
Slovenia
Slovak Republic
Isle of Man
Eritrea 111.1
Azerbaijan 123.1
South Sudan
Marshall Islands 174.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 103.8
Moldova 86.3
Palau
Kyrgyz Republic 106.0
Macedonia, FYR
West Bank and Gaza 100.6
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Serbia
Kosovo
Belgium 86.7
Northern Mariana Islands
Turkmenistan
Czech Republic 91.3
St. Martin (French part)
Georgia 72.9
San Marino
Turks and Caicos Islands
Luxembourg 92.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 98.5
Kazakhstan 109.2
Andorra
Curacao
Monaco
Russian Federation 100.2
Uzbekistan
Belarus 122.9
Montenegro 106.1
Aruba
Latvia 120.2
Tajikistan
Estonia 117.2
Armenia 108.0
Lithuania 102.3

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