Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983
United Arab Emirates 13.9 15.2 18.8 21.8
Kuwait 34.2 30.2 26.5 35.9
Ghana 30.9 30.4 28.5 28.9
Saudi Arabia 22.4 22.7 29.9 35.6
Nigeria 29.5 29.4 30.3 30.9
Jordan 30.6 29.6 30.8 34.8
China 27.4 28.9 31.5 33.7
Benin 32.3 31.6 31.8 32.2
Malaysia 27.5 28.8 32.4 30.5
Burkina Faso 29.8 33.2 33.3 34.0
Cambodia 27.8 26.5 33.7 36.1
Angola 34.5 33.7 34.3 34.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 31.9 32.2 34.3 35.6
Algeria 37.1 38.2 34.7 36.7
Lao PDR 33.3 36.0 35.3 35.8
Qatar 29.7 34.4 35.4 37.0
Costa Rica 38.3 39.2 36.8 39.0
Vietnam 31.4 33.4 36.9 38.1
Cabo Verde 45.0 34.0 37.6 31.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 29.9 34.0 37.7 38.0
Brunei Darussalam 33.1 35.5 38.5 40.3
Nepal 40.3 42.4 39.4 48.6
Tunisia 51.8 46.1 39.8 54.3
Brazil 37.4 38.2 40.0 39.9
Sudan 40.4 45.5 40.1 41.8
Ecuador 40.8 39.8 40.4 35.5
Paraguay 37.0 40.2 40.8 42.5
Belize 38.7 38.4 41.0 39.3
Indonesia 39.0 41.8 41.6 44.8
Guatemala 38.5 40.3 42.6 41.1
Pakistan 39.4 41.9 43.6 44.2
Chile 40.2 43.5 43.8 40.9
Yemen, Rep. 43.8 43.5 44.1 40.1
Niger 44.9 44.2 44.2 44.1
Oman 30.4 36.0 44.6 46.6
Myanmar 39.2 42.5 44.8 45.7
Bolivia 44.0 44.4 45.5 38.2
Djibouti 46.8 45.3 45.6 53.2
Peru 39.4 43.8 46.1 43.1
Guinea-Bissau 39.2 42.6 47.5 43.9
Cote d'Ivoire 46.4 48.4 47.7 46.9
Cameroon 45.3 46.1 47.7 49.1
Chad 48.7 47.1 48.1 49.7
Kenya 43.0 43.0 48.6 50.0
Morocco 42.7 39.4 48.6 42.9
Malawi 43.6 46.4 48.8 45.2
Guinea 48.3 48.6 49.1 49.6
Syrian Arab Republic 45.4 46.6 49.9 48.3
Tanzania 45.7 48.0 50.5 53.3
India 47.8 51.1 50.8 56.9
Togo 51.3 52.0 51.0 47.5
Mali 44.4 49.3 51.1 50.3
Nicaragua 50.5 49.3 51.9 51.2
Zambia 53.3 54.1 52.1 54.6
Central African Republic 49.8 51.2 52.6 53.0
Bangladesh 51.0 50.7 52.8 54.0
Sierra Leone 48.9 49.6 53.0 50.6
Uganda 45.1 50.0 53.1 56.4
Colombia 53.4 54.8 53.9 52.8
Equatorial Guinea 55.1 61.3 54.4 55.5
Sao Tome and Principe 54.2 57.6 55.4 55.4
Congo, Rep. 52.1 54.3 57.1 56.2
American Samoa 60.7 57.5 57.3 56.1
Bhutan 52.9 56.7 57.4 58.8
Venezuela, RB 54.9 56.3 57.4 59.4
Philippines 55.5 56.5 58.3 54.2
Mexico 54.6 58.0 58.6 60.6
Papua New Guinea 56.3 57.4 58.9 60.2
Argentina 53.9 58.3 59.3 57.8
El Salvador 69.0 63.1 59.5 61.7
Lebanon 56.1 50.7 59.6 56.7
Thailand 58.4 60.0 59.9 62.9
Kiribati 52.1 64.4 60.3 50.9
Libya 56.8 57.2 61.0 65.4
Australia 62.7 67.0 61.1 72.6
Mozambique 62.6 63.0 61.2 58.5
New Zealand 58.4 60.6 61.5 63.5
Korea, Rep. 53.2 59.6 61.6 63.6
Honduras 61.6 64.4 61.9 56.8
Solomon Islands 56.8 62.5 61.9 62.3
Comoros 61.6 57.6 62.2 63.5
Albania 57.9 60.0 62.3 67.9
Uruguay 52.5 61.7 62.5 65.7
Israel 57.5 57.7 62.9 65.5
Malta 64.6 64.2 63.2 70.4
Turkey 61.2 62.3 65.2 63.2
Canada 56.9 61.6 66.2 62.6
Mauritania 66.1 68.3 66.4 63.4
Bahamas, The 59.8 70.0 66.5 63.9
Tuvalu 98.0 97.1 69.0 72.2
Madagascar 68.9 69.0 69.8 73.4
Rwanda 61.1 66.8 70.1 69.8
Guam 67.7 73.6 70.4 69.7
Korea, Dem. Rep. 70.8 76.4 70.6 74.5
Macao SAR, China 71.1 71.4 70.7 67.2
South Africa 70.8 77.5 70.9 60.9
Jamaica 76.9 75.1 72.5 75.7
Dominican Republic 67.7 68.7 72.7 75.4
Gabon 74.3 72.5 73.4 75.6
Namibia 92.5 94.9 73.8 63.7
Liechtenstein 67.3 68.9 74.1 79.4
New Caledonia 78.9 72.8 74.3 82.1
Spain 71.6 66.2 74.4 66.6
Senegal 49.0 75.9 75.2 51.1
United States 69.2 75.4 75.2 64.5
Guyana 74.8 78.4 77.1 66.4
Zimbabwe 70.4 86.1 78.0 64.7
Afghanistan 79.9 79.7 78.8 77.0
Timor-Leste 79.3 79.3 79.4 80.8
Sri Lanka 87.3 84.2 79.9 91.3
Swaziland 75.1 79.8 80.1 80.8
Ireland 85.6 75.5 81.1 84.8
Burundi 78.7 83.5 82.2 80.8
Denmark 79.1 79.4 84.0 82.6
Panama 77.6 80.8 84.2 84.9
Liberia 78.0 82.2 84.8 85.7
Cyprus 82.1 84.5 85.1 88.3
Portugal 77.4 71.3 86.1 72.9
Somalia 80.4 83.2 86.6 83.1
Iraq 78.0 77.5 89.0 81.1
Gambia, The 53.2 74.1 89.5 71.3
Antigua and Barbuda 91.0 94.2 90.5 88.4
Lesotho 87.2 91.3 90.6 89.7
Vanuatu 85.9 101.9 90.9 98.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 86.0 86.6 91.4 94.1
Botswana 71.0 88.4 92.2 85.9
Poland 92.3 91.8 93.4 97.0
Netherlands 86.9 90.5 93.6 93.1
Greece 90.5 93.5 94.1 90.2
Italy 101.4 97.0 94.2 104.8
Faeroe Islands 94.3 94.3 94.3 89.7
Bahrain 173.5 89.5 95.4 89.8
Trinidad and Tobago 96.0 87.8 95.7 85.0
Fiji 85.7 94.2 96.7 71.6
Mauritius 69.5 79.5 96.8 80.3
Maldives 92.7 94.4 98.2 104.5
Austria 90.7 86.2 98.8 92.4
Bermuda 93.7 96.1 98.8 100.5
Tonga 128.2 125.8 99.1 101.0
France 96.3 93.3 99.7 95.5
French Polynesia 102.7 92.0 100.9 74.3
Haiti 98.7 100.2 102.4 104.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 93.6 101.0 102.5 110.3
Iceland 102.9 103.0 102.8 100.6
Finland 101.4 97.7 103.6 111.6
United Kingdom 101.1 100.1 104.4 104.2
Germany 98.4 98.6 104.6 101.9
Japan 104.0 104.2 108.1 108.6
Norway 101.8 103.4 108.4 103.1
Dominica 81.1 106.1 111.2 112.4
Sweden 104.9 108.7 111.8 109.3
Switzerland 103.6 101.1 112.3 104.8
Barbados 138.2 122.9 114.6 105.0
Romania 102.4 105.4 114.8 108.8
Greenland 97.4 108.6 115.3 101.9
Samoa 110.5 106.0 118.7 110.5
Mongolia 119.6 121.2 124.6 130.0
Hungary 115.9 112.3 125.6 119.5
Puerto Rico 139.1 136.7 129.6 126.7
Seychelles 135.5 135.8 130.5 146.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 133.6 135.4 138.5 138.5
Suriname 124.3 134.7 140.7 129.7
Grenada 151.6 163.0 144.7 136.1
Cuba 134.4 142.7 145.2 144.7
St. Lucia 165.3 167.8 170.4 179.4
Bulgaria 177.9 192.3 202.3 184.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 231.2 224.6 229.6 190.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 144.6 238.7 230.9 227.9
Cayman Islands 254.7 239.3 248.8 288.3
Singapore 1,101.9 1,040.8 999.3 1,005.0
Belgium 86.7
Kyrgyz Republic 106.0
Monaco
Lithuania 102.3
Moldova 86.3
Slovenia
South Sudan
Montenegro 106.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 98.5
Azerbaijan 123.1
Marshall Islands 174.9
Czech Republic 91.3
Slovak Republic
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Belarus 122.9
West Bank and Gaza 100.6
St. Martin (French part)
Luxembourg 92.0
Palau
Latvia 120.2
Turks and Caicos Islands
Estonia 117.2
Kosovo
Ethiopia 122.9
Isle of Man
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
Kazakhstan 109.2
San Marino
Curacao
Aruba
Georgia 72.9
Russian Federation 100.2
Serbia
Uzbekistan
Croatia 100.3
Armenia 108.0
Macedonia, FYR
Bosnia and Herzegovina 103.8
Tajikistan
Andorra
Eritrea 111.1
Northern Mariana Islands

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