Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
United Arab Emirates 15.4 19.1 22.1 21.2 21.3
Kuwait 30.2 26.5 35.9 42.9 53.9
Ghana 29.9 28.0 28.4 35.7 35.3
Saudi Arabia 22.7 29.8 35.5 44.7 51.4
Nigeria 29.4 30.3 30.9 32.3 34.6
Jordan 29.6 30.8 34.8 37.0 44.0
China 28.7 31.2 33.4 36.5 37.0
Cabo Verde 28.3 31.3 26.5 33.2 33.7
Benin 31.6 31.8 32.2 40.7 40.9
Malaysia 28.8 32.4 30.6 33.8 37.4
Burkina Faso 33.2 33.3 34.0 34.3 42.6
Cambodia 26.7 33.8 36.3 27.9 35.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 32.2 34.4 35.7 35.8 38.3
Angola 34.1 34.6 35.2 35.6 36.1
Algeria 38.2 34.7 36.7 39.3 48.1
Lao PDR 36.1 35.3 35.8 41.0 42.5
Qatar 34.4 35.4 37.0 40.3 41.8
Vietnam 33.4 36.9 38.0 40.4 40.8
Costa Rica 39.4 36.9 39.2 40.8 42.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 34.0 37.7 38.0 39.3 42.1
Brunei Darussalam 35.0 38.0 39.7 39.8 52.8
Nepal 42.8 39.8 49.1 49.4 50.8
Tunisia 46.3 39.9 54.5 50.1 59.3
Brazil 38.2 40.2 40.1 43.1 46.2
Sudan 45.6 40.2 41.9 37.5 45.1
Belize 38.4 40.8 39.2 39.4 38.9
Paraguay 40.2 40.8 42.5 45.5 49.4
Indonesia 41.8 41.6 44.8 48.8 49.9
Guatemala 40.5 42.7 41.2 42.0 43.6
Pakistan 41.7 43.3 44.0 45.9 47.5
Chile 43.6 43.9 41.0 42.7 42.7
Yemen, Rep. 43.5 44.1 40.1 43.4 45.3
Niger 44.2 44.2 44.1 33.9 34.7
Oman 36.1 44.7 46.7 46.3 45.1
Myanmar 42.5 44.7 45.6 46.9 48.1
Bolivia 44.4 45.5 38.2 43.9 48.0
Djibouti 45.3 45.6 53.2 58.4 68.7
Peru 43.7 46.0 43.1 46.6 46.7
Ecuador 36.9 46.0 39.3 42.6 43.9
Cote d'Ivoire 48.0 47.3 46.5 54.1 53.6
Guinea-Bissau 42.7 47.6 43.9 51.7 51.3
Cameroon 46.1 47.7 49.1 48.1 52.2
Chad 47.1 48.1 49.7 41.8 50.1
Kenya 43.0 48.6 50.0 45.0 51.3
Morocco 39.7 48.7 43.1 45.4 48.9
Malawi 46.4 48.8 45.2 46.4 46.0
Guinea 48.6 49.1 49.6 51.8 52.1
Syrian Arab Republic 46.6 49.9 48.4 44.8 47.2
India 51.1 50.8 56.9 58.0 59.2
Togo 52.0 51.0 47.5 51.2 53.8
Mali 49.3 51.1 50.3 45.0 47.7
Nicaragua 49.1 51.7 51.0 52.9 49.0
Tanzania 49.4 51.9 54.8 56.1 59.0
Zambia 54.1 52.1 54.6 54.0 60.0
Central African Republic 51.2 52.6 53.0 50.8 51.5
Bangladesh 50.7 52.8 54.0 54.3 56.2
Sierra Leone 49.6 53.0 50.6 53.0 51.1
Uganda 50.0 53.1 56.4 52.9 54.0
Colombia 54.2 53.5 52.3 54.1 54.8
Equatorial Guinea 61.3 54.4 55.5 59.4 57.5
Sao Tome and Principe 58.4 56.1 56.2 49.8 52.3
Congo, Rep. 54.3 57.1 56.2 58.6 61.0
American Samoa 57.5 57.3 56.1 54.2 53.0
Bhutan 56.7 57.4 58.8 64.1 61.1
Venezuela, RB 56.6 57.7 59.7 58.5 63.2
Philippines 56.7 58.5 54.4 55.8 56.0
Mexico 58.0 58.6 60.6 60.5 62.4
El Salvador 62.4 58.9 61.2 68.2 68.8
Papua New Guinea 57.4 58.9 60.2 63.0 64.6
Argentina 58.3 59.3 57.8 59.5 60.4
Lebanon 50.7 59.6 56.7 56.9 59.7
Thailand 59.9 59.8 62.9 64.8 67.4
Kiribati 64.4 60.3 50.9 71.9 72.4
Albania 58.3 60.9 66.3 61.3 60.3
Mozambique 63.0 61.2 58.5 57.3 57.5
Australia 67.1 61.2 72.7 69.1 68.8
Korea, Rep. 59.6 61.6 63.6 66.3 69.3
New Zealand 61.0 61.8 63.9 64.7 69.8
Honduras 64.4 61.9 56.8 56.2 58.2
Solomon Islands 62.5 61.9 62.3 70.4 72.7
Comoros 57.6 62.2 63.5 60.3 62.9
Uruguay 61.6 62.4 65.6 53.0 56.1
Israel 57.8 62.9 65.5 64.4 64.7
Malta 64.0 63.0 70.2 70.4 74.8
Libya 58.4 63.2 67.3 64.7 66.7
Turkey 62.3 65.2 63.2 67.2 67.5
Canada 61.7 66.3 62.6 62.8 65.1
Mauritania 68.3 66.4 63.4 61.4 66.2
Bahamas, The 70.0 66.5 63.9 67.3 66.9
Tuvalu 97.1 69.0 72.2 77.0 81.2
Madagascar 69.0 69.8 73.4 75.8 76.1
Rwanda 66.8 70.1 69.8 63.6 75.8
Guam 73.6 70.4 69.7 70.8 71.1
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 76.4 70.6 74.5 79.1 81.3
Macao SAR, China 71.4 70.7 67.2 64.9 65.8
South Africa 78.1 71.3 61.4 67.0 70.9
Jamaica 75.1 72.5 75.7 82.0 76.8
Dominican Republic 68.6 72.7 75.4 74.7 72.0
Namibia 93.7 72.9 62.9 65.3 70.3
Liechtenstein 68.0 73.2 78.4 87.6 93.8
Gabon 72.5 73.4 75.6 76.9 77.4
New Caledonia 72.4 73.9 81.6 80.4 88.9
Spain 66.4 74.5 66.7 76.7 72.9
Senegal 75.9 75.2 51.1 52.4 70.2
United States 75.4 75.2 64.5 73.8 77.9
Guyana 78.0 76.7 66.1 70.3 67.2
Zimbabwe 86.0 77.9 64.6 70.9 95.7
Afghanistan 79.7 78.8 77.0 74.1 69.2
Timor-Leste 79.3 79.4 80.8 84.8 87.4
Sri Lanka 84.2 79.9 91.3 85.3 89.3
Swaziland 79.8 80.1 80.8 84.3 86.3
Ireland 75.1 80.6 84.4 90.5 92.4
Burundi 83.2 82.0 80.6 80.3 91.0
Cyprus 83.2 83.8 87.1 91.0 89.3
Denmark 79.6 84.2 82.8 89.9 88.5
Panama 80.8 84.2 84.9 85.7 87.0
Liberia 82.2 84.8 85.7 86.1 88.2
Portugal 71.3 86.1 72.9 79.8 80.8
Somalia 83.2 86.6 83.1 82.5 88.5
Iraq 77.6 89.0 81.1 90.5 109.0
Gambia, The 74.1 89.5 71.3 71.1 63.5
Lesotho 91.3 90.6 89.7 93.1 89.3
Antigua and Barbuda 94.8 90.9 88.8 87.5 100.9
Vanuatu 101.9 90.9 98.7 109.1 101.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 86.5 91.4 94.1 96.8 100.3
Botswana 88.4 92.2 85.9 95.1 92.3
Netherlands 90.5 93.6 93.1 97.1 97.2
Poland 92.6 94.0 97.6 102.1 103.6
Faroe Islands 94.3 94.3 89.7 95.2 96.1
Greece 93.9 94.6 90.6 93.9 98.5
Italy 97.7 94.8 105.5 95.6 96.4
Bahrain 89.5 95.4 89.8 101.3 115.3
Trinidad and Tobago 87.8 95.7 85.0 81.1 82.2
Fiji 94.2 96.7 71.6 104.4 87.9
Mauritius 79.5 96.8 80.3 77.3 85.2
Tonga 123.5 97.4 99.2 99.8 99.0
Maldives 94.4 98.2 104.5 107.2 109.3
Bermuda 96.1 98.8 100.5 96.0 97.0
France 93.5 99.8 95.8 102.6 99.9
Austria 88.4 100.6 93.9 96.7 93.1
Haiti 98.5 100.7 103.2 104.2 105.0
French Polynesia 92.0 100.9 74.3 69.4 90.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 101.0 102.5 110.3 130.7 149.8
Iceland 104.0 103.6 101.6 102.9 105.2
Finland 97.7 103.7 111.6 108.9 105.1
United Kingdom 99.7 104.0 103.8 109.9 106.5
Germany 99.0 104.9 101.7 107.3 107.1
Norway 101.5 106.4 101.3 104.2 101.8
Japan 104.9 108.5 109.0 112.4 115.1
Switzerland 99.1 110.2 102.9 107.8 105.9
Dominica 106.1 111.2 112.4 117.8 123.0
Sweden 109.1 112.2 109.7 119.2 111.3
Romania 103.9 113.5 108.7 121.1 110.4
Barbados 122.9 114.5 105.0 109.8 105.6
Greenland 108.6 115.3 101.9 106.4 103.1
Samoa 106.8 119.6 111.3 107.4 112.7
Mongolia 120.7 124.1 129.5 126.3 127.8
Hungary 113.4 126.9 120.9 125.3 119.3
Puerto Rico 136.7 129.6 126.7 124.3 123.9
Seychelles 135.8 130.5 146.0 124.5 140.4
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 135.4 138.4 138.5 138.5 132.3
Suriname 131.7 138.7 128.0 143.3 148.2
Grenada 163.0 144.7 136.1 148.2 135.6
Cuba 142.7 145.2 144.7 154.2 148.7
St. Lucia 167.8 170.4 179.4 203.1 216.1
Bulgaria 188.8 198.5 180.9 196.5 171.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 224.6 229.6 190.9 200.3 183.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 238.7 230.9 227.9 214.6 222.9
Cayman Islands 239.3 248.8 288.3 236.1 237.4
Singapore 1,040.8 999.3 1,005.0 996.2 857.2
Palau
Montenegro
San Marino
West Bank and Gaza
South Sudan
Ethiopia
Monaco
Curacao
Moldova
Lithuania
Slovenia
Turkmenistan
Slovak Republic
Ukraine
St. Martin (French part)
Croatia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Georgia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Czech Republic
Estonia
Latvia
Marshall Islands
Kyrgyz Republic
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Turks and Caicos Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Kazakhstan
Belarus
Aruba
Serbia
Isle of Man
Eritrea
Uzbekistan
Macedonia, FYR
Armenia
Luxembourg
Belgium
Azerbaijan
Andorra
Tajikistan
Russian Federation

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