Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
United Arab Emirates 14.2 15.4 19.1 22.1 21.2
Cabo Verde 37.5 28.3 31.3 26.5 33.2
Ghana 30.4 29.9 28.0 28.4 35.7
Malaysia 27.5 28.8 32.4 30.6 33.8
Nigeria 29.5 29.4 30.3 30.9 32.3
Benin 32.3 31.6 31.8 32.2 40.7
China 27.1 28.7 31.2 33.4 36.5
Burkina Faso 29.8 33.2 33.3 34.0 34.3
Jordan 30.6 29.6 30.8 34.8 37.0
Angola 34.8 34.1 34.6 35.2 35.6
Saudi Arabia 22.4 22.7 29.8 35.5 44.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 32.0 32.2 34.4 35.7 35.8
Lao PDR 33.3 36.1 35.3 35.8 41.0
Kuwait 34.2 30.2 26.5 35.9 42.9
Cambodia 28.0 26.7 33.8 36.3 27.9
Algeria 37.1 38.2 34.7 36.7 39.3
Qatar 29.7 34.4 35.4 37.0 40.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 29.9 34.0 37.7 38.0 39.3
Vietnam 31.3 33.4 36.9 38.0 40.4
Bolivia 44.0 44.4 45.5 38.2 43.9
Costa Rica 38.5 39.4 36.9 39.2 40.8
Belize 38.6 38.4 40.8 39.2 39.4
Ecuador 37.8 36.9 46.0 39.3 42.6
Brunei Darussalam 32.6 35.0 38.0 39.7 39.8
Brazil 37.4 38.2 40.2 40.1 43.1
Yemen, Rep. 43.8 43.5 44.1 40.1 43.4
Chile 40.3 43.6 43.9 41.0 42.7
Guatemala 38.6 40.5 42.7 41.2 42.0
Sudan 40.5 45.6 40.2 41.9 37.5
Paraguay 37.0 40.2 40.8 42.5 45.5
Peru 39.3 43.7 46.0 43.1 46.6
Morocco 42.8 39.7 48.7 43.1 45.4
Guinea-Bissau 39.2 42.7 47.6 43.9 51.7
Pakistan 39.3 41.7 43.3 44.0 45.9
Niger 44.9 44.2 44.2 44.1 33.9
Indonesia 39.0 41.8 41.6 44.8 48.8
Malawi 43.6 46.4 48.8 45.2 46.4
Myanmar 39.2 42.5 44.7 45.6 46.9
Cote d'Ivoire 46.0 48.0 47.3 46.5 54.1
Oman 30.5 36.1 44.7 46.7 46.3
Togo 51.3 52.0 51.0 47.5 51.2
Syrian Arab Republic 45.5 46.6 49.9 48.4 44.8
Cameroon 45.3 46.1 47.7 49.1 48.1
Nepal 40.7 42.8 39.8 49.1 49.4
Guinea 48.3 48.6 49.1 49.6 51.8
Chad 48.7 47.1 48.1 49.7 41.8
Kenya 43.0 43.0 48.6 50.0 45.0
Mali 44.4 49.3 51.1 50.3 45.0
Sierra Leone 48.9 49.6 53.0 50.6 53.0
Kiribati 52.1 64.4 60.3 50.9 71.9
Nicaragua 50.3 49.1 51.7 51.0 52.9
Senegal 49.0 75.9 75.2 51.1 52.4
Colombia 52.7 54.2 53.5 52.3 54.1
Central African Republic 49.8 51.2 52.6 53.0 50.8
Djibouti 46.8 45.3 45.6 53.2 58.4
Bangladesh 51.0 50.7 52.8 54.0 54.3
Philippines 55.7 56.7 58.5 54.4 55.8
Tunisia 52.0 46.3 39.9 54.5 50.1
Zambia 53.3 54.1 52.1 54.6 54.0
Tanzania 47.0 49.4 51.9 54.8 56.1
Equatorial Guinea 55.1 61.3 54.4 55.5 59.4
American Samoa 60.7 57.5 57.3 56.1 54.2
Sao Tome and Principe 54.9 58.4 56.1 56.2 49.8
Congo, Rep. 52.1 54.3 57.1 56.2 58.6
Uganda 45.1 50.0 53.1 56.4 52.9
Lebanon 56.1 50.7 59.6 56.7 56.9
Honduras 61.6 64.4 61.9 56.8 56.2
India 47.7 51.1 50.8 56.9 58.0
Argentina 53.9 58.3 59.3 57.8 59.5
Mozambique 62.6 63.0 61.2 58.5 57.3
Bhutan 52.9 56.7 57.4 58.8 64.1
Venezuela, RB 55.2 56.6 57.7 59.7 58.5
Papua New Guinea 56.3 57.4 58.9 60.2 63.0
Mexico 54.6 58.0 58.6 60.6 60.5
El Salvador 68.2 62.4 58.9 61.2 68.2
South Africa 71.3 78.1 71.3 61.4 67.0
Solomon Islands 56.8 62.5 61.9 62.3 70.4
Canada 56.9 61.7 66.3 62.6 62.8
Thailand 58.4 59.9 59.8 62.9 64.8
Namibia 91.4 93.7 72.9 62.9 65.3
Turkey 61.2 62.3 65.2 63.2 67.2
Mauritania 66.1 68.3 66.4 63.4 61.4
Comoros 61.6 57.6 62.2 63.5 60.3
Korea, Rep. 53.2 59.6 61.6 63.6 66.3
Bahamas, The 59.8 70.0 66.5 63.9 67.3
New Zealand 58.8 61.0 61.8 63.9 64.7
United States 69.2 75.4 75.2 64.5 73.8
Zimbabwe 70.3 86.0 77.9 64.6 70.9
Israel 57.5 57.8 62.9 65.5 64.4
Uruguay 52.5 61.6 62.4 65.6 53.0
Guyana 74.5 78.0 76.7 66.1 70.3
Albania 56.3 58.3 60.9 66.3 61.3
Spain 71.8 66.4 74.5 66.7 76.7
Macao SAR, China 71.1 71.4 70.7 67.2 64.9
Libya 58.3 58.4 63.2 67.3 64.7
Guam 67.7 73.6 70.4 69.7 70.8
Rwanda 61.1 66.8 70.1 69.8 63.6
Malta 64.5 64.0 63.0 70.2 70.4
Gambia, The 53.2 74.1 89.5 71.3 71.1
Fiji 85.7 94.2 96.7 71.6 104.4
Tuvalu 98.0 97.1 69.0 72.2 77.0
Australia 62.9 67.1 61.2 72.7 69.1
Portugal 77.3 71.3 86.1 72.9 79.8
Madagascar 68.9 69.0 69.8 73.4 75.8
French Polynesia 102.7 92.0 100.9 74.3 69.4
Korea, Dem. Rep. 70.8 76.4 70.6 74.5 79.1
Dominican Republic 67.4 68.6 72.7 75.4 74.7
Gabon 74.3 72.5 73.4 75.6 76.9
Jamaica 76.9 75.1 72.5 75.7 82.0
Afghanistan 79.8 79.7 78.8 77.0 74.1
Liechtenstein 66.5 68.0 73.2 78.4 87.6
Mauritius 69.5 79.5 96.8 80.3 77.3
Burundi 78.4 83.2 82.0 80.6 80.3
Timor-Leste 79.3 79.3 79.4 80.8 84.8
Swaziland 75.1 79.8 80.1 80.8 84.3
Iraq 78.1 77.6 89.0 81.1 90.5
New Caledonia 78.5 72.4 73.9 81.6 80.4
Denmark 79.3 79.6 84.2 82.8 89.9
Somalia 80.4 83.2 86.6 83.1 82.5
Ireland 85.2 75.1 80.6 84.4 90.5
Panama 77.6 80.8 84.2 84.9 85.7
Trinidad and Tobago 96.0 87.8 95.7 85.0 81.1
Liberia 78.0 82.2 84.8 85.7 86.1
Botswana 71.0 88.4 92.2 85.9 95.1
Cyprus 80.7 83.2 83.8 87.1 91.0
Antigua and Barbuda 91.6 94.8 90.9 88.8 87.5
Lesotho 87.2 91.3 90.6 89.7 93.1
Faeroe Islands 94.3 94.3 94.3 89.7 95.2
Bahrain 173.4 89.5 95.4 89.8 101.3
Greece 91.0 93.9 94.6 90.6 93.9
Sri Lanka 87.3 84.2 79.9 91.3 85.3
Netherlands 87.0 90.5 93.6 93.1 97.1
Austria 92.1 88.4 100.6 93.9 96.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 85.9 86.5 91.4 94.1 96.8
France 96.4 93.5 99.8 95.8 102.6
Poland 93.2 92.6 94.0 97.6 102.1
Vanuatu 85.9 101.9 90.9 98.7 109.1
Tonga 125.9 123.5 97.4 99.2 99.8
Bermuda 93.7 96.1 98.8 100.5 96.0
Norway 99.9 101.5 106.4 101.3 104.2
Iceland 104.1 104.0 103.6 101.6 102.9
Germany 99.0 99.0 104.9 101.7 107.3
Greenland 97.4 108.6 115.3 101.9 106.4
Switzerland 102.0 99.1 110.2 102.9 107.8
Haiti 97.1 98.5 100.7 103.2 104.2
United Kingdom 100.7 99.7 104.0 103.8 109.9
Maldives 92.7 94.4 98.2 104.5 107.2
Barbados 138.2 122.9 114.5 105.0 109.8
Italy 102.1 97.7 94.8 105.5 95.6
Romania 101.6 103.9 113.5 108.7 121.1
Japan 104.4 104.9 108.5 109.0 112.4
Sweden 105.4 109.1 112.2 109.7 119.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 93.6 101.0 102.5 110.3 130.7
Samoa 111.3 106.8 119.6 111.3 107.4
Finland 101.4 97.7 103.7 111.6 108.9
Dominica 81.1 106.1 111.2 112.4 117.8
Hungary 116.7 113.4 126.9 120.9 125.3
Puerto Rico 139.1 136.7 129.6 126.7 124.3
Suriname 122.0 131.7 138.7 128.0 143.3
Mongolia 119.3 120.7 124.1 129.5 126.3
Grenada 151.6 163.0 144.7 136.1 148.2
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 133.6 135.4 138.4 138.5 138.5
Cuba 134.4 142.7 145.2 144.7 154.2
Seychelles 135.5 135.8 130.5 146.0 124.5
St. Lucia 165.3 167.8 170.4 179.4 203.1
Bulgaria 174.8 188.8 198.5 180.9 196.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 231.2 224.6 229.6 190.9 200.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 144.6 238.7 230.9 227.9 214.6
Cayman Islands 254.7 239.3 248.8 288.3 236.1
Singapore 1,101.9 1,040.8 999.3 1,005.0 996.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 98.5
San Marino
Ethiopia 122.9
Isle of Man
South Sudan
Palau
Estonia 117.2
Tajikistan
Kazakhstan 109.2
Lithuania 102.3
Slovak Republic
Bosnia and Herzegovina 103.8
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Belarus 122.9
St. Martin (French part)
Slovenia
Northern Mariana Islands
Curacao
Eritrea 111.1
Croatia 100.3
Azerbaijan 123.1
Luxembourg 92.0
Turks and Caicos Islands
Serbia
Belgium 86.7
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Macedonia, FYR
Georgia 72.9
Ukraine
Czech Republic 91.3
Marshall Islands 174.9
Taiwan, China
Moldova 86.3
Russian Federation 100.2
Monaco
West Bank and Gaza 100.6
Montenegro 106.1
Armenia 108.0
Kyrgyz Republic 106.0
Aruba
Latvia 120.2
Andorra

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