Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
United Arab Emirates 20.8 21.0 20.3 19.6 24.3
Cambodia 27.7 35.6 39.6 36.9 47.0
Nigeria 32.4 34.6 36.1 36.8 41.9
Malaysia 33.8 37.4 40.0 41.2 44.8
Niger 33.9 34.7 38.6 35.5 45.2
Burkina Faso 34.3 42.6 47.9 44.2 51.1
Angola 35.3 35.8 37.1 37.6 37.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 35.7 38.2 41.6 43.9 43.2
Ghana 36.3 35.9 39.1 40.0 40.9
China 36.9 37.3 39.3 41.4 42.7
Jordan 37.0 44.0 41.0 44.6 49.8
Sudan 37.5 45.1 44.3 40.9 48.0
Ecuador 38.5 42.4 44.1 46.0 49.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 39.3 42.1 46.5 46.6 45.2
Algeria 39.3 48.1 48.7 49.2 47.5
Belize 39.5 38.8 40.4 44.8 43.1
Cabo Verde 39.8 40.5 45.9 67.7 69.7
Qatar 40.3 41.8 45.6 47.2 50.7
Brunei Darussalam 40.3 53.5 42.9 32.7 28.9
Vietnam 40.4 40.9 42.5 42.6 44.9
Costa Rica 40.6 41.9 43.2 44.6 46.1
Benin 40.7 40.9 43.0 37.7 45.1
Lao PDR 41.0 42.5 44.1 40.4 36.8
Chad 41.8 50.1 51.2 51.3 58.0
Guatemala 41.8 43.4 43.9 45.9 47.9
Chile 42.7 42.6 44.5 47.0 50.4
Kuwait 42.9 53.9 60.6 66.7 68.8
Brazil 42.9 46.2 45.0 49.0 51.4
Yemen, Rep. 43.4 45.3 52.3 51.6 57.7
Bolivia 43.9 48.0 48.3 50.3 52.6
Syrian Arab Republic 44.7 47.2 51.8 44.5 59.8
Saudi Arabia 44.8 51.6 55.3 60.6 65.4
Kenya 44.9 51.3 57.0 57.1 61.9
Mali 45.0 47.7 51.3 49.5 57.8
Morocco 45.3 48.9 59.3 56.0 66.9
Paraguay 45.5 49.4 44.9 48.4 54.2
Pakistan 46.1 47.7 51.9 53.9 54.6
Oman 46.3 45.1 48.8 49.0 50.5
Malawi 46.4 46.0 48.6 48.0 49.8
Peru 46.7 46.8 47.9 52.8 55.8
Myanmar 46.9 48.1 48.3 47.1 45.9
Cameroon 48.1 52.2 55.7 50.5 52.2
Indonesia 48.8 49.9 52.9 53.7 56.8
Nepal 48.9 50.3 48.5 54.2 58.7
Sao Tome and Principe 49.1 51.6 54.2 53.4 54.9
Tunisia 49.9 59.1 56.0 60.6 46.4
Central African Republic 50.8 51.5 56.3 56.4 59.7
Togo 51.2 53.8 55.9 54.9 58.4
Guinea-Bissau 51.7 51.3 55.3 55.1 54.1
Guinea 51.8 52.1 52.2 53.1 53.9
Senegal 52.4 70.2 78.6 86.0 74.0
Uganda 52.9 54.0 53.4 56.2 59.6
Sierra Leone 53.0 51.1 56.2 54.5 55.9
Uruguay 53.0 56.1 55.9 53.2 59.9
Nicaragua 53.1 49.2 47.5 43.8 43.4
Zambia 54.0 60.0 62.5 62.7 77.5
American Samoa 54.2 53.0 54.1 45.7 48.1
Bangladesh 54.3 56.2 56.8 57.0 57.9
Cote d'Ivoire 54.5 54.0 56.3 58.2 62.4
Tanzania 54.6 57.4 58.7 58.4 58.3
Colombia 54.6 55.3 57.1 58.8 62.7
Philippines 55.6 55.8 59.9 58.5 58.9
Honduras 56.2 58.2 57.3 62.5 63.5
Lebanon 56.8 59.7 64.4 72.7 73.0
Mozambique 57.3 57.5 58.6 57.5 58.0
India 58.0 59.2 60.2 59.7 65.4
Venezuela, RB 58.2 62.9 65.0 64.9 70.4
Djibouti 58.4 68.7 74.1 76.2 79.3
Congo, Rep. 58.6 61.0 60.4 61.9 63.6
Equatorial Guinea 59.4 57.5 59.3 65.8 65.7
Argentina 59.5 60.4 62.0 58.9 60.7
Comoros 60.3 62.9 65.7 71.0 73.5
Mexico 60.5 62.4 65.3 64.9 63.1
Mauritania 61.4 66.2 66.6 68.2 70.0
Libya 62.6 65.1 67.4 65.3 67.6
Albania 62.7 61.7 61.4 64.0 62.1
Canada 62.7 65.1 70.1 67.6 60.2
Papua New Guinea 63.0 64.6 64.9 66.5 67.4
Rwanda 63.6 75.8 69.4 69.2 66.9
Bhutan 64.1 61.1 61.7 68.5 58.7
New Zealand 64.2 69.1 67.2 66.8 69.3
Israel 64.3 64.6 62.1 66.5 62.3
Macao SAR, China 64.9 65.8 71.1 70.5 67.3
Thailand 64.9 67.5 63.6 64.0 69.6
Namibia 66.0 71.1 74.1 80.0 80.3
Korea, Rep. 66.3 69.3 72.3 73.5 78.3
South Africa 66.5 70.7 70.5 74.5 75.7
Turkey 67.2 67.5 75.5 73.8 78.9
Bahamas, The 67.3 66.9 64.7 68.1 69.3
El Salvador 68.5 69.2 69.7 65.9 70.1
Australia 69.0 68.6 70.3 69.2 72.0
French Polynesia 69.5 90.3 90.0 90.3 83.4
Solomon Islands 70.4 72.7 70.7 56.4 58.8
Malta 70.6 75.0 76.1 76.4 77.5
Guyana 70.6 67.5 70.4 64.6 60.4
Guam 70.8 71.1 73.8 76.1 81.2
Zimbabwe 70.9 95.8 91.8 77.0 99.3
Gambia, The 71.1 63.5 74.0 76.3 71.2
Kiribati 71.9 72.4 77.3 82.2 87.3
United States 73.7 77.9 73.7 73.2 69.1
Afghanistan 74.1 69.3 63.2 65.5 64.6
Dominican Republic 74.8 72.0 72.6 75.4 76.5
Madagascar 75.8 76.1 77.6 77.1 78.4
Spain 76.6 72.9 72.6 81.5 74.0
Gabon 76.9 77.4 81.0 81.9 85.0
Tuvalu 77.0 81.2 76.3 69.5 66.8
Mauritius 77.3 85.2 91.6 94.4 86.4
Korea, Dem. Rep. 79.1 81.3 85.9 87.3 87.9
Portugal 79.8 80.8 83.8 91.0 72.2
Burundi 80.5 91.3 96.2 98.7 101.8
New Caledonia 80.8 89.5 84.7 76.8 75.7
Trinidad and Tobago 81.1 82.2 82.0 82.6 84.1
Jamaica 82.0 76.8 78.2 80.7 80.5
Somalia 82.5 88.5 87.8 93.8 97.2
Swaziland 84.3 86.3 94.0 92.3 89.9
Timor-Leste 84.8 87.4 87.8 88.7 88.2
Sri Lanka 85.3 89.3 88.9 76.9 81.8
Panama 85.7 87.0 82.1 92.1 87.8
Liberia 86.1 88.2 88.2 90.9 92.8
Antigua and Barbuda 86.7 100.4 101.5 103.8 106.7
Liechtenstein 88.7 95.0 100.2 99.8 96.7
Denmark 89.8 88.4 87.7 85.1 87.3
Iraq 90.5 109.1 103.8 96.7 101.6
Ireland 91.0 92.9 95.1 93.2 90.1
Cyprus 92.2 90.4 87.9 90.7 98.3
Lesotho 93.1 89.3 87.3 90.6 104.0
Greece 93.4 98.0 90.1 88.3 94.9
Austria 94.0 89.8 92.3 90.7 96.9
Italy 95.0 95.8 95.5 100.2 93.3
Botswana 95.1 92.3 90.7 81.3 86.8
Faeroe Islands 95.2 96.1 96.9 98.7 99.1
Bermuda 96.0 97.0 93.6 98.1 102.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 96.8 100.4 103.0 105.5 108.7
Netherlands 97.1 97.1 101.0 99.9 99.5
Bahrain 101.3 115.3 103.6 134.4 109.3
Poland 101.5 103.1 108.9 102.3 106.4
Tonga 101.7 100.8 110.7 98.7 90.7
Iceland 101.9 104.9 105.5 101.0 87.7
France 102.4 99.6 98.6 101.2 99.1
Fiji 104.4 87.9 105.9 86.2 89.4
Norway 105.9 103.6 101.2 105.5 105.3
Haiti 106.0 106.8 105.6 104.4 101.6
Greenland 106.4 103.1 103.1 104.2 104.2
Samoa 106.6 111.9 112.8 109.0 106.0
Maldives 107.2 109.3 110.7 107.7 109.2
Germany 107.5 107.0 111.4 107.1 108.9
Finland 108.8 104.9 105.3 95.1 97.3
Vanuatu 109.2 101.1 105.1 106.7 98.5
Switzerland 109.2 106.2 108.7 101.6 107.4
Barbados 109.8 105.6 116.5 107.0 108.2
United Kingdom 110.3 106.8 107.2 106.1 104.0
Japan 111.5 114.3 115.6 115.7 113.7
Dominica 117.8 123.0 149.9 166.1 184.0
Sweden 119.0 111.1 107.0 94.3 97.4
Romania 120.9 111.7 110.0 97.7 98.7
Hungary 123.8 117.8 120.6 119.7 126.6
Puerto Rico 124.3 123.9 131.0 140.3 141.0
Seychelles 124.5 140.4 148.5 121.3 111.1
Mongolia 126.7 128.1 136.8 131.7 128.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 130.7 149.8 143.5 119.9 166.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 138.5 132.3 133.9 84.1 102.4
Suriname 143.6 148.4 142.8 133.0 134.6
Grenada 148.2 135.6 143.5 159.5 140.9
Cuba 154.2 148.7 150.7 147.7 154.2
Bulgaria 199.9 174.1 191.1 181.7 181.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 200.3 183.9 181.0 180.3 186.1
St. Lucia 203.1 216.1 268.3 229.5 308.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 214.6 222.9 205.7 210.7 213.2
Cayman Islands 236.1 237.4 174.8 212.7 124.8
Singapore 996.2 857.2 774.4 684.9 519.9
Tajikistan
Ukraine
Andorra
Northern Mariana Islands
Slovak Republic
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turkmenistan
Moldova
South Sudan
Montenegro
Czech Republic
Ethiopia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Curacao
Serbia
Isle of Man
Belarus
Azerbaijan
Russian Federation
Luxembourg
St. Martin (French part)
Belgium
Eritrea
Monaco
Estonia
Lithuania
Turks and Caicos Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Aruba
San Marino
Armenia
Palau
Macedonia, FYR
Marshall Islands
Uzbekistan
Kazakhstan
Slovenia
Latvia
Kyrgyz Republic
West Bank and Gaza
Croatia
Georgia
Kosovo

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