Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
United Arab Emirates 20.8 21.0 20.3 19.6 24.3
Nigeria 32.4 34.6 36.1 36.8 41.9
Niger 33.9 34.7 38.6 35.5 45.2
Cambodia 27.7 35.6 39.6 36.9 47.0
Angola 35.3 35.8 37.1 37.6 37.5
Ghana 36.3 35.9 39.1 40.0 40.9
China 36.9 37.3 39.3 41.4 42.7
Malaysia 33.8 37.4 40.0 41.2 44.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 35.7 38.2 41.6 43.9 43.2
Belize 39.5 38.8 40.4 44.8 43.1
Cabo Verde 39.8 40.5 45.9 67.7 69.7
Vietnam 40.4 40.9 42.5 42.6 44.9
Benin 40.7 40.9 43.0 37.7 45.1
Qatar 40.3 41.8 45.6 47.2 50.7
Costa Rica 40.6 41.9 43.2 44.6 46.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 39.3 42.1 46.5 46.6 45.2
Ecuador 38.5 42.4 44.1 46.0 49.3
Lao PDR 41.0 42.5 44.1 40.4 36.8
Burkina Faso 34.3 42.6 47.9 44.2 51.1
Chile 42.7 42.6 44.5 47.0 50.4
Guatemala 41.8 43.4 43.9 45.9 47.9
Jordan 37.0 44.0 41.0 44.6 49.8
Oman 46.3 45.1 48.8 49.0 50.5
Sudan 37.5 45.1 44.3 40.9 48.0
Yemen, Rep. 43.4 45.3 52.3 51.6 57.7
Malawi 46.4 46.0 48.6 48.0 49.8
Brazil 42.9 46.2 45.0 49.0 51.4
Peru 46.7 46.8 47.9 52.8 55.8
Syrian Arab Republic 44.7 47.2 51.8 44.5 59.8
Pakistan 46.1 47.7 51.9 53.9 54.6
Mali 45.0 47.7 51.3 49.5 57.8
Bolivia 43.9 48.0 48.3 50.3 52.6
Algeria 39.3 48.1 48.7 49.2 47.5
Myanmar 46.9 48.1 48.3 47.1 45.9
Morocco 45.3 48.9 59.3 56.0 66.9
Nicaragua 53.1 49.2 47.5 43.8 43.4
Paraguay 45.5 49.4 44.9 48.4 54.2
Indonesia 48.8 49.9 52.9 53.7 56.8
Chad 41.8 50.1 51.2 51.3 58.0
Nepal 48.9 50.3 48.5 54.2 58.7
Sierra Leone 53.0 51.1 56.2 54.5 55.9
Guinea-Bissau 51.7 51.3 55.3 55.1 54.1
Kenya 44.9 51.3 57.0 57.1 61.9
Central African Republic 50.8 51.5 56.3 56.4 59.7
Sao Tome and Principe 49.1 51.6 54.2 53.4 54.9
Saudi Arabia 44.8 51.6 55.3 60.6 65.4
Guinea 51.8 52.1 52.2 53.1 53.9
Cameroon 48.1 52.2 55.7 50.5 52.2
American Samoa 54.2 53.0 54.1 45.7 48.1
Brunei Darussalam 40.3 53.5 42.9 32.7 28.9
Togo 51.2 53.8 55.9 54.9 58.4
Kuwait 42.9 53.9 60.6 66.7 68.8
Cote d'Ivoire 54.5 54.0 56.3 58.2 62.4
Uganda 52.9 54.0 53.4 56.2 59.6
Colombia 54.6 55.3 57.1 58.8 62.7
Philippines 55.6 55.8 59.9 58.5 58.9
Uruguay 53.0 56.1 55.9 53.2 59.9
Bangladesh 54.3 56.2 56.8 57.0 57.9
Tanzania 54.6 57.4 58.7 58.4 58.3
Mozambique 57.3 57.5 58.6 57.5 58.0
Equatorial Guinea 59.4 57.5 59.3 65.8 65.7
Honduras 56.2 58.2 57.3 62.5 63.5
Tunisia 49.9 59.1 56.0 60.6 46.4
India 58.0 59.2 60.2 59.7 65.4
Lebanon 56.8 59.7 64.4 72.7 73.0
Zambia 54.0 60.0 62.5 62.7 77.5
Argentina 59.5 60.4 62.0 58.9 60.7
Congo, Rep. 58.6 61.0 60.4 61.9 63.6
Bhutan 64.1 61.1 61.7 68.5 58.7
Albania 62.7 61.7 61.4 64.0 62.1
Mexico 60.5 62.4 65.3 64.9 63.1
Venezuela, RB 58.2 62.9 65.0 64.9 70.4
Comoros 60.3 62.9 65.7 71.0 73.5
Gambia, The 71.1 63.5 74.0 76.3 71.2
Papua New Guinea 63.0 64.6 64.9 66.5 67.4
Israel 64.3 64.6 62.1 66.5 62.3
Canada 62.7 65.1 70.1 67.6 60.2
Libya 62.6 65.1 67.4 65.3 67.6
Macao SAR, China 64.9 65.8 71.1 70.5 67.3
Mauritania 61.4 66.2 66.6 68.2 70.0
Bahamas, The 67.3 66.9 64.7 68.1 69.3
Thailand 64.9 67.5 63.6 64.0 69.6
Guyana 70.6 67.5 70.4 64.6 60.4
Turkey 67.2 67.5 75.5 73.8 78.9
Australia 69.0 68.6 70.3 69.2 72.0
Djibouti 58.4 68.7 74.1 76.2 79.3
New Zealand 64.2 69.1 67.2 66.8 69.3
El Salvador 68.5 69.2 69.7 65.9 70.1
Afghanistan 74.1 69.3 63.2 65.5 64.6
Korea, Rep. 66.3 69.3 72.3 73.5 78.3
Senegal 52.4 70.2 78.6 86.0 74.0
South Africa 66.5 70.7 70.5 74.5 75.7
Guam 70.8 71.1 73.8 76.1 81.2
Namibia 66.0 71.1 74.1 80.0 80.3
Dominican Republic 74.8 72.0 72.6 75.4 76.5
Kiribati 71.9 72.4 77.3 82.2 87.3
Solomon Islands 70.4 72.7 70.7 56.4 58.8
Spain 76.6 72.9 72.6 81.5 74.0
Malta 70.6 75.0 76.1 76.4 77.5
Rwanda 63.6 75.8 69.4 69.2 66.9
Madagascar 75.8 76.1 77.6 77.1 78.4
Jamaica 82.0 76.8 78.2 80.7 80.5
Gabon 76.9 77.4 81.0 81.9 85.0
United States 73.7 77.9 73.7 73.2 69.1
Portugal 79.8 80.8 83.8 91.0 72.2
Tuvalu 77.0 81.2 76.3 69.5 66.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 79.1 81.3 85.9 87.3 87.9
Trinidad and Tobago 81.1 82.2 82.0 82.6 84.1
Mauritius 77.3 85.2 91.6 94.4 86.4
Swaziland 84.3 86.3 94.0 92.3 89.9
Panama 85.7 87.0 82.1 92.1 87.8
Timor-Leste 84.8 87.4 87.8 88.7 88.2
Fiji 104.4 87.9 105.9 86.2 89.4
Liberia 86.1 88.2 88.2 90.9 92.8
Denmark 89.8 88.4 87.7 85.1 87.3
Somalia 82.5 88.5 87.8 93.8 97.2
Lesotho 93.1 89.3 87.3 90.6 104.0
Sri Lanka 85.3 89.3 88.9 76.9 81.8
New Caledonia 80.8 89.5 84.7 76.8 75.7
Austria 94.0 89.8 92.3 90.7 96.9
French Polynesia 69.5 90.3 90.0 90.3 83.4
Cyprus 92.2 90.4 87.9 90.7 98.3
Burundi 80.5 91.3 96.2 98.7 101.8
Botswana 95.1 92.3 90.7 81.3 86.8
Ireland 91.0 92.9 95.1 93.2 90.1
Liechtenstein 88.7 95.0 100.2 99.8 96.7
Italy 95.0 95.8 95.5 100.2 93.3
Zimbabwe 70.9 95.8 91.8 77.0 99.3
Faeroe Islands 95.2 96.1 96.9 98.7 99.1
Bermuda 96.0 97.0 93.6 98.1 102.4
Netherlands 97.1 97.1 101.0 99.9 99.5
Greece 93.4 98.0 90.1 88.3 94.9
France 102.4 99.6 98.6 101.2 99.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 96.8 100.4 103.0 105.5 108.7
Antigua and Barbuda 86.7 100.4 101.5 103.8 106.7
Tonga 101.7 100.8 110.7 98.7 90.7
Vanuatu 109.2 101.1 105.1 106.7 98.5
Poland 101.5 103.1 108.9 102.3 106.4
Greenland 106.4 103.1 103.1 104.2 104.2
Norway 105.9 103.6 101.2 105.5 105.3
Finland 108.8 104.9 105.3 95.1 97.3
Iceland 101.9 104.9 105.5 101.0 87.7
Barbados 109.8 105.6 116.5 107.0 108.2
Switzerland 109.2 106.2 108.7 101.6 107.4
Haiti 106.0 106.8 105.6 104.4 101.6
United Kingdom 110.3 106.8 107.2 106.1 104.0
Germany 107.5 107.0 111.4 107.1 108.9
Iraq 90.5 109.1 103.8 96.7 101.6
Maldives 107.2 109.3 110.7 107.7 109.2
Sweden 119.0 111.1 107.0 94.3 97.4
Romania 120.9 111.7 110.0 97.7 98.7
Samoa 106.6 111.9 112.8 109.0 106.0
Japan 111.5 114.3 115.6 115.7 113.7
Bahrain 101.3 115.3 103.6 134.4 109.3
Hungary 123.8 117.8 120.6 119.7 126.6
Dominica 117.8 123.0 149.9 166.1 184.0
Puerto Rico 124.3 123.9 131.0 140.3 141.0
Mongolia 126.7 128.1 136.8 131.7 128.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 138.5 132.3 133.9 84.1 102.4
Grenada 148.2 135.6 143.5 159.5 140.9
Seychelles 124.5 140.4 148.5 121.3 111.1
Suriname 143.6 148.4 142.8 133.0 134.6
Cuba 154.2 148.7 150.7 147.7 154.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 130.7 149.8 143.5 119.9 166.5
Bulgaria 199.9 174.1 191.1 181.7 181.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 200.3 183.9 181.0 180.3 186.1
St. Lucia 203.1 216.1 268.3 229.5 308.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 214.6 222.9 205.7 210.7 213.2
Cayman Islands 236.1 237.4 174.8 212.7 124.8
Singapore 996.2 857.2 774.4 684.9 519.9
Slovak Republic
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Ukraine
Andorra
Turkmenistan
Curacao
Kosovo
South Sudan
Ethiopia
Serbia
Aruba
Belarus
Lithuania
San Marino
Czech Republic
Russian Federation
Kazakhstan
St. Martin (French part)
West Bank and Gaza
Belgium
Slovenia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Macedonia, FYR
Palau
Luxembourg
Northern Mariana Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Croatia
Armenia
Montenegro
Latvia
Azerbaijan
Kyrgyz Republic
Tajikistan
Uzbekistan
Monaco
Isle of Man
Moldova
Eritrea
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Estonia
Marshall Islands
Georgia

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