Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
United Arab Emirates 21.0 20.3 19.6 24.3 28.6
Nigeria 34.6 36.1 36.8 41.9 45.8
Niger 34.7 38.6 35.5 45.2 42.9
Cambodia 35.6 39.6 36.9 47.0 49.1
Angola 35.8 37.1 37.6 37.5 37.5
Ghana 35.9 39.1 40.0 40.9 45.3
China 37.3 39.3 41.4 42.7 44.3
Malaysia 37.4 40.0 41.2 44.8 51.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 38.2 41.6 43.9 43.2 44.4
Belize 38.8 40.4 44.8 43.1 44.2
Cabo Verde 40.5 45.9 67.7 69.7 71.1
Vietnam 40.9 42.5 42.6 44.9 48.4
Benin 40.9 43.0 37.7 45.1 46.8
Qatar 41.8 45.6 47.2 50.7 60.1
Costa Rica 41.9 43.2 44.6 46.1 53.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 42.1 46.5 46.6 45.2 46.0
Ecuador 42.4 44.1 46.0 49.3 50.1
Lao PDR 42.5 44.1 40.4 36.8 46.4
Burkina Faso 42.6 47.9 44.2 51.1 49.4
Chile 42.6 44.5 47.0 50.4 54.4
Guatemala 43.4 43.9 45.9 47.9 51.8
Jordan 44.0 41.0 44.6 49.8 43.6
Oman 45.1 48.8 49.0 50.5 52.4
Sudan 45.1 44.3 40.9 48.0 41.5
Yemen, Rep. 45.3 52.3 51.6 57.7 60.4
Malawi 46.0 48.6 48.0 49.8 48.6
Brazil 46.2 45.0 49.0 51.4 53.5
Peru 46.8 47.9 52.8 55.8 53.8
Syrian Arab Republic 47.2 51.8 44.5 59.8 43.6
Pakistan 47.7 51.9 53.9 54.6 58.8
Mali 47.7 51.3 49.5 57.8 57.1
Bolivia 48.0 48.3 50.3 52.6 54.8
Algeria 48.1 48.7 49.2 47.5 51.8
Myanmar 48.1 48.3 47.1 45.9 43.6
Morocco 48.9 59.3 56.0 66.9 74.7
Nicaragua 49.2 47.5 43.8 43.4 48.1
Paraguay 49.4 44.9 48.4 54.2 60.3
Indonesia 49.9 52.9 53.7 56.8 60.1
Chad 50.1 51.2 51.3 58.0 57.5
Nepal 50.3 48.5 54.2 58.7 61.5
Sierra Leone 51.1 56.2 54.5 55.9 57.7
Guinea-Bissau 51.3 55.3 55.1 54.1 59.7
Kenya 51.3 57.0 57.1 61.9 65.5
Central African Republic 51.5 56.3 56.4 59.7 60.9
Sao Tome and Principe 51.6 54.2 53.4 54.9 50.3
Saudi Arabia 51.6 55.3 60.6 65.4 66.5
Guinea 52.1 52.2 53.1 53.9 56.6
Cameroon 52.2 55.7 50.5 52.2 54.3
American Samoa 53.0 54.1 45.7 48.1 48.4
Brunei Darussalam 53.5 42.9 32.7 28.9 33.0
Togo 53.8 55.9 54.9 58.4 61.5
Kuwait 53.9 60.6 66.7 68.8 66.5
Cote d'Ivoire 54.0 56.3 58.2 62.4 62.7
Uganda 54.0 53.4 56.2 59.6 64.0
Colombia 55.3 57.1 58.8 62.7 67.7
Philippines 55.8 59.9 58.5 58.9 61.7
Uruguay 56.1 55.9 53.2 59.9 65.7
Bangladesh 56.2 56.8 57.0 57.9 63.6
Tanzania 57.4 58.7 58.4 58.3 62.1
Mozambique 57.5 58.6 57.5 58.0 59.6
Equatorial Guinea 57.5 59.3 65.8 65.7 61.2
Honduras 58.2 57.3 62.5 63.5 64.4
Tunisia 59.1 56.0 60.6 46.4 57.4
India 59.2 60.2 59.7 65.4 69.1
Lebanon 59.7 64.4 72.7 73.0 77.9
Zambia 60.0 62.5 62.7 77.5 78.4
Argentina 60.4 62.0 58.9 60.7 55.8
Congo, Rep. 61.0 60.4 61.9 63.6 62.5
Bhutan 61.1 61.7 68.5 58.7 59.8
Albania 61.7 61.4 64.0 62.1 69.5
Mexico 62.4 65.3 64.9 63.1 60.9
Venezuela, RB 62.9 65.0 64.9 70.4 68.6
Comoros 62.9 65.7 71.0 73.5 73.7
Gambia, The 63.5 74.0 76.3 71.2 82.2
Papua New Guinea 64.6 64.9 66.5 67.4 68.4
Israel 64.6 62.1 66.5 62.3 64.4
Canada 65.1 70.1 67.6 60.2 66.8
Libya 65.1 67.4 65.3 67.6 72.1
Macao SAR, China 65.8 71.1 70.5 67.3 68.3
Mauritania 66.2 66.6 68.2 70.0 74.3
Bahamas, The 66.9 64.7 68.1 69.3 73.6
Thailand 67.5 63.6 64.0 69.6 72.9
Guyana 67.5 70.4 64.6 60.4 58.1
Turkey 67.5 75.5 73.8 78.9 74.8
Australia 68.6 70.3 69.2 72.0 71.1
Djibouti 68.7 74.1 76.2 79.3 95.6
New Zealand 69.1 67.2 66.8 69.3 67.1
El Salvador 69.2 69.7 65.9 70.1 71.9
Afghanistan 69.3 63.2 65.5 64.6 64.2
Korea, Rep. 69.3 72.3 73.5 78.3 79.7
Senegal 70.2 78.6 86.0 74.0 84.5
South Africa 70.7 70.5 74.5 75.7 79.9
Guam 71.1 73.8 76.1 81.2 69.6
Namibia 71.1 74.1 80.0 80.3 86.8
Dominican Republic 72.0 72.6 75.4 76.5 79.5
Kiribati 72.4 77.3 82.2 87.3 62.4
Solomon Islands 72.7 70.7 56.4 58.8 61.9
Spain 72.9 72.6 81.5 74.0 79.4
Malta 75.0 76.1 76.4 77.5 79.9
Rwanda 75.8 69.4 69.2 66.9 75.9
Madagascar 76.1 77.6 77.1 78.4 80.5
Jamaica 76.8 78.2 80.7 80.5 74.8
Gabon 77.4 81.0 81.9 85.0 86.4
United States 77.9 73.7 73.2 69.1 75.9
Portugal 80.8 83.8 91.0 72.2 91.4
Tuvalu 81.2 76.3 69.5 66.8 69.9
Korea, Dem. Rep. 81.3 85.9 87.3 87.9 90.3
Trinidad and Tobago 82.2 82.0 82.6 84.1 81.4
Mauritius 85.2 91.6 94.4 86.4 86.4
Swaziland 86.3 94.0 92.3 89.9 89.9
Panama 87.0 82.1 92.1 87.8 90.8
Timor-Leste 87.4 87.8 88.7 88.2 86.8
Fiji 87.9 105.9 86.2 89.4 105.5
Liberia 88.2 88.2 90.9 92.8 92.1
Denmark 88.4 87.7 85.1 87.3 89.8
Somalia 88.5 87.8 93.8 97.2 98.1
Lesotho 89.3 87.3 90.6 104.0 99.6
Sri Lanka 89.3 88.9 76.9 81.8 77.9
New Caledonia 89.5 84.7 76.8 75.7 75.6
Austria 89.8 92.3 90.7 96.9 92.7
French Polynesia 90.3 90.0 90.3 83.4 85.9
Cyprus 90.4 87.9 90.7 98.3 104.5
Burundi 91.3 96.2 98.7 101.8 96.0
Botswana 92.3 90.7 81.3 86.8 90.0
Ireland 92.9 95.1 93.2 90.1 88.9
Liechtenstein 95.0 100.2 99.8 96.7 99.9
Italy 95.8 95.5 100.2 93.3 96.1
Zimbabwe 95.8 91.8 77.0 99.3 91.7
Faeroe Islands 96.1 96.9 98.7 99.1 99.1
Bermuda 97.0 93.6 98.1 102.4 111.8
Netherlands 97.1 101.0 99.9 99.5 98.1
Greece 98.0 90.1 88.3 94.9 100.6
France 99.6 98.6 101.2 99.1 98.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 100.4 103.0 105.5 108.7 112.4
Antigua and Barbuda 100.4 101.5 103.8 106.7 90.3
Tonga 100.8 110.7 98.7 90.7 91.8
Vanuatu 101.1 105.1 106.7 98.5 88.2
Poland 103.1 108.9 102.3 106.4 109.0
Greenland 103.1 103.1 104.2 104.2 105.8
Norway 103.6 101.2 105.5 105.3 105.2
Finland 104.9 105.3 95.1 97.3 104.4
Iceland 104.9 105.5 101.0 87.7 84.9
Barbados 105.6 116.5 107.0 108.2 107.4
Switzerland 106.2 108.7 101.6 107.4 106.6
Haiti 106.8 105.6 104.4 101.6 101.5
United Kingdom 106.8 107.2 106.1 104.0 105.7
Germany 107.0 111.4 107.1 108.9 108.5
Iraq 109.1 103.8 96.7 101.6 110.1
Maldives 109.3 110.7 107.7 109.2 105.2
Sweden 111.1 107.0 94.3 97.4 105.8
Romania 111.7 110.0 97.7 98.7 97.9
Samoa 111.9 112.8 109.0 106.0 101.0
Japan 114.3 115.6 115.7 113.7 114.6
Bahrain 115.3 103.6 134.4 109.3 115.1
Hungary 117.8 120.6 119.7 126.6 124.0
Dominica 123.0 149.9 166.1 184.0 158.2
Puerto Rico 123.9 131.0 140.3 141.0 140.6
Mongolia 128.1 136.8 131.7 128.6 136.7
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 132.3 133.9 84.1 102.4 104.6
Grenada 135.6 143.5 159.5 140.9 137.4
Seychelles 140.4 148.5 121.3 111.1 121.4
Suriname 148.4 142.8 133.0 134.6 133.4
Cuba 148.7 150.7 147.7 154.2 158.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 149.8 143.5 119.9 166.5 152.1
Bulgaria 174.1 191.1 181.7 181.7 190.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 183.9 181.0 180.3 186.1 173.1
St. Lucia 216.1 268.3 229.5 308.3 279.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 222.9 205.7 210.7 213.2 191.7
Cayman Islands 237.4 174.8 212.7 124.8 224.1
Singapore 857.2 774.4 684.9 519.9 511.2
Slovak Republic
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Ukraine
Andorra
Turkmenistan
Curacao
Kosovo
South Sudan
Ethiopia
Serbia
Aruba
Belarus
Lithuania
San Marino
Czech Republic
Russian Federation
Kazakhstan
St. Martin (French part)
West Bank and Gaza
Belgium
Slovenia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Macedonia, FYR
Palau
Luxembourg
Northern Mariana Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Croatia
Armenia
Montenegro
Latvia
Azerbaijan
Kyrgyz Republic
Tajikistan
Uzbekistan
Monaco
Isle of Man
Moldova
Eritrea
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Estonia
Marshall Islands
Georgia

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