Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
United Arab Emirates 21.0 20.3 19.6 24.3 28.6
Nigeria 34.6 36.1 36.8 41.9 45.8
Angola 35.8 37.1 37.6 37.5 37.5
Niger 34.7 38.6 35.5 45.2 42.9
Ghana 35.9 39.1 40.0 40.9 45.3
China 37.3 39.3 41.4 42.7 44.3
Cambodia 35.6 39.6 36.9 47.0 49.1
Malaysia 37.4 40.0 41.2 44.8 51.2
Belize 38.8 40.4 44.8 43.1 44.2
Jordan 44.0 41.0 44.6 49.8 43.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 38.2 41.6 43.9 43.2 44.4
Vietnam 40.9 42.5 42.6 44.9 48.4
Brunei Darussalam 53.5 42.9 32.7 28.9 33.0
Benin 40.9 43.0 37.7 45.1 46.8
Costa Rica 41.9 43.2 44.6 46.1 53.5
Guatemala 43.4 43.9 45.9 47.9 51.8
Ecuador 42.4 44.1 46.0 49.3 50.1
Lao PDR 42.5 44.1 40.4 36.8 46.4
Sudan 45.1 44.3 40.9 48.0 41.5
Chile 42.6 44.5 47.0 50.4 54.4
Paraguay 49.4 44.9 48.4 54.2 60.3
Brazil 46.2 45.0 49.0 51.4 53.5
Qatar 41.8 45.6 47.2 50.7 60.1
Cabo Verde 40.5 45.9 67.7 69.7 71.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 42.1 46.5 46.6 45.2 46.0
Nicaragua 49.2 47.5 43.8 43.4 48.1
Burkina Faso 42.6 47.9 44.2 51.1 49.4
Peru 46.8 47.9 52.8 55.8 53.8
Myanmar 48.1 48.3 47.1 45.9 43.6
Bolivia 48.0 48.3 50.3 52.6 54.8
Nepal 50.3 48.5 54.2 58.7 61.5
Malawi 46.0 48.6 48.0 49.8 48.6
Algeria 48.1 48.7 49.2 47.5 51.8
Oman 45.1 48.8 49.0 50.5 52.4
Chad 50.1 51.2 51.3 58.0 57.5
Mali 47.7 51.3 49.5 57.8 57.1
Syrian Arab Republic 47.2 51.8 44.5 59.8 43.6
Pakistan 47.7 51.9 53.9 54.6 58.8
Guinea 52.1 52.2 53.1 53.9 56.6
Yemen, Rep. 45.3 52.3 51.6 57.7 60.4
Indonesia 49.9 52.9 53.7 56.8 60.1
Uganda 54.0 53.4 56.2 59.6 64.0
American Samoa 53.0 54.1 45.7 48.1 48.4
Sao Tome and Principe 51.6 54.2 53.4 54.9 50.3
Saudi Arabia 51.6 55.3 60.6 65.4 66.5
Guinea-Bissau 51.3 55.3 55.1 54.1 59.7
Cameroon 52.2 55.7 50.5 52.2 54.3
Togo 53.8 55.9 54.9 58.4 61.5
Uruguay 56.1 55.9 53.2 59.9 65.7
Tunisia 59.1 56.0 60.6 46.4 57.4
Sierra Leone 51.1 56.2 54.5 55.9 57.7
Cote d'Ivoire 54.0 56.3 58.2 62.4 62.7
Central African Republic 51.5 56.3 56.4 59.7 60.9
Bangladesh 56.2 56.8 57.0 57.9 63.6
Kenya 51.3 57.0 57.1 61.9 65.5
Colombia 55.3 57.1 58.8 62.7 67.7
Honduras 58.2 57.3 62.5 63.5 64.4
Mozambique 57.5 58.6 57.5 58.0 59.6
Tanzania 57.4 58.7 58.4 58.3 62.1
Equatorial Guinea 57.5 59.3 65.8 65.7 61.2
Morocco 48.9 59.3 56.0 66.9 74.7
Philippines 55.8 59.9 58.5 58.9 61.7
India 59.2 60.2 59.7 65.4 69.1
Congo, Rep. 61.0 60.4 61.9 63.6 62.5
Kuwait 53.9 60.6 66.7 68.8 66.5
Albania 61.7 61.4 64.0 62.1 69.5
Bhutan 61.1 61.7 68.5 58.7 59.8
Argentina 60.4 62.0 58.9 60.7 55.8
Israel 64.6 62.1 66.5 62.3 64.4
Zambia 60.0 62.5 62.7 77.5 78.4
Afghanistan 69.3 63.2 65.5 64.6 64.2
Thailand 67.5 63.6 64.0 69.6 72.9
Lebanon 59.7 64.4 72.7 73.0 77.9
Bahamas, The 66.9 64.7 68.1 69.3 73.6
Papua New Guinea 64.6 64.9 66.5 67.4 68.4
Venezuela, RB 62.9 65.0 64.9 70.4 68.6
Mexico 62.4 65.3 64.9 63.1 60.9
Comoros 62.9 65.7 71.0 73.5 73.7
Mauritania 66.2 66.6 68.2 70.0 74.3
New Zealand 69.1 67.2 66.8 69.3 67.1
Libya 65.1 67.4 65.3 67.6 72.1
Rwanda 75.8 69.4 69.2 66.9 75.9
El Salvador 69.2 69.7 65.9 70.1 71.9
Canada 65.1 70.1 67.6 60.2 66.8
Australia 68.6 70.3 69.2 72.0 71.1
Guyana 67.5 70.4 64.6 60.4 58.1
South Africa 70.7 70.5 74.5 75.7 79.9
Solomon Islands 72.7 70.7 56.4 58.8 61.9
Macao SAR, China 65.8 71.1 70.5 67.3 68.3
Korea, Rep. 69.3 72.3 73.5 78.3 79.7
Dominican Republic 72.0 72.6 75.4 76.5 79.5
Spain 72.9 72.6 81.5 74.0 79.4
United States 77.9 73.7 73.2 69.1 75.9
Guam 71.1 73.8 76.1 81.2 69.6
Gambia, The 63.5 74.0 76.3 71.2 82.2
Djibouti 68.7 74.1 76.2 79.3 95.6
Namibia 71.1 74.1 80.0 80.3 86.8
Turkey 67.5 75.5 73.8 78.9 74.8
Malta 75.0 76.1 76.4 77.5 79.9
Tuvalu 81.2 76.3 69.5 66.8 69.9
Kiribati 72.4 77.3 82.2 87.3 62.4
Madagascar 76.1 77.6 77.1 78.4 80.5
Jamaica 76.8 78.2 80.7 80.5 74.8
Senegal 70.2 78.6 86.0 74.0 84.5
Gabon 77.4 81.0 81.9 85.0 86.4
Trinidad and Tobago 82.2 82.0 82.6 84.1 81.4
Panama 87.0 82.1 92.1 87.8 90.8
Portugal 80.8 83.8 91.0 72.2 91.4
New Caledonia 89.5 84.7 76.8 75.7 75.6
Korea, Dem. Rep. 81.3 85.9 87.3 87.9 90.3
Lesotho 89.3 87.3 90.6 104.0 99.6
Denmark 88.4 87.7 85.1 87.3 89.8
Somalia 88.5 87.8 93.8 97.2 98.1
Timor-Leste 87.4 87.8 88.7 88.2 86.8
Cyprus 90.4 87.9 90.7 98.3 104.5
Liberia 88.2 88.2 90.9 92.8 92.1
Sri Lanka 89.3 88.9 76.9 81.8 77.9
French Polynesia 90.3 90.0 90.3 83.4 85.9
Greece 98.0 90.1 88.3 94.9 100.6
Botswana 92.3 90.7 81.3 86.8 90.0
Mauritius 85.2 91.6 94.4 86.4 86.4
Zimbabwe 95.8 91.8 77.0 99.3 91.7
Austria 89.8 92.3 90.7 96.9 92.7
Bermuda 97.0 93.6 98.1 102.4 111.8
Swaziland 86.3 94.0 92.3 89.9 89.9
Ireland 92.9 95.1 93.2 90.1 88.9
Italy 95.8 95.5 100.2 93.3 96.1
Burundi 91.3 96.2 98.7 101.8 96.0
Faeroe Islands 96.1 96.9 98.7 99.1 99.1
France 99.6 98.6 101.2 99.1 98.3
Liechtenstein 95.0 100.2 99.8 96.7 99.9
Netherlands 97.1 101.0 99.9 99.5 98.1
Norway 103.6 101.2 105.5 105.3 105.2
Antigua and Barbuda 100.4 101.5 103.8 106.7 90.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 100.4 103.0 105.5 108.7 112.4
Greenland 103.1 103.1 104.2 104.2 105.8
Bahrain 115.3 103.6 134.4 109.3 115.1
Iraq 109.1 103.8 96.7 101.6 110.1
Vanuatu 101.1 105.1 106.7 98.5 88.2
Finland 104.9 105.3 95.1 97.3 104.4
Iceland 104.9 105.5 101.0 87.7 84.9
Haiti 106.8 105.6 104.4 101.6 101.5
Fiji 87.9 105.9 86.2 89.4 105.5
Sweden 111.1 107.0 94.3 97.4 105.8
United Kingdom 106.8 107.2 106.1 104.0 105.7
Switzerland 106.2 108.7 101.6 107.4 106.6
Poland 103.1 108.9 102.3 106.4 109.0
Romania 111.7 110.0 97.7 98.7 97.9
Maldives 109.3 110.7 107.7 109.2 105.2
Tonga 100.8 110.7 98.7 90.7 91.8
Germany 107.0 111.4 107.1 108.9 108.5
Samoa 111.9 112.8 109.0 106.0 101.0
Japan 114.3 115.6 115.7 113.7 114.6
Barbados 105.6 116.5 107.0 108.2 107.4
Hungary 117.8 120.6 119.7 126.6 124.0
Puerto Rico 123.9 131.0 140.3 141.0 140.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 132.3 133.9 84.1 102.4 104.6
Mongolia 128.1 136.8 131.7 128.6 136.7
Suriname 148.4 142.8 133.0 134.6 133.4
Grenada 135.6 143.5 159.5 140.9 137.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 149.8 143.5 119.9 166.5 152.1
Seychelles 140.4 148.5 121.3 111.1 121.4
Dominica 123.0 149.9 166.1 184.0 158.2
Cuba 148.7 150.7 147.7 154.2 158.4
Cayman Islands 237.4 174.8 212.7 124.8 224.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 183.9 181.0 180.3 186.1 173.1
Bulgaria 174.1 191.1 181.7 181.7 190.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 222.9 205.7 210.7 213.2 191.7
St. Lucia 216.1 268.3 229.5 308.3 279.1
Singapore 857.2 774.4 684.9 519.9 511.2
Aruba
Estonia
Azerbaijan
Serbia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
South Sudan
Moldova
Kazakhstan
Marshall Islands
Latvia
Northern Mariana Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Turkmenistan
Eritrea
Ukraine
St. Martin (French part)
Tajikistan
San Marino
Palau
Belgium
Isle of Man
Lithuania
Croatia
Russian Federation
Curacao
Luxembourg
Turks and Caicos Islands
Macedonia, FYR
Monaco
Belarus
Montenegro
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Georgia
Slovak Republic
Uzbekistan
Slovenia
Kyrgyz Republic
Armenia
Ethiopia
West Bank and Gaza
Czech Republic
Andorra
Kosovo

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