Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
United Arab Emirates 21.3 20.6 20.0 24.7 29.1
Nigeria 34.6 36.1 36.8 41.9 45.8
Angola 36.1 37.5 38.0 37.9 37.9
Cabo Verde 33.7 38.2 56.4 58.1 59.3
Ghana 35.3 38.5 39.3 40.2 44.6
Niger 34.7 38.6 35.5 45.2 42.9
China 37.0 38.9 41.0 42.3 43.9
Cambodia 35.8 39.8 37.1 47.2 49.4
Malaysia 37.4 40.0 41.2 44.8 51.3
Belize 38.9 40.5 44.9 43.3 44.3
Jordan 44.0 41.0 44.6 49.8 43.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 38.3 41.7 44.0 43.4 44.5
Brunei Darussalam 52.8 42.3 32.2 28.5 32.5
Vietnam 40.8 42.4 42.6 44.9 48.3
Benin 40.9 43.0 37.7 45.1 46.8
Costa Rica 42.1 43.4 44.8 46.3 53.9
Guatemala 43.6 44.0 46.0 48.1 52.0
Lao PDR 42.5 44.2 40.4 36.8 46.4
Sudan 45.1 44.3 40.9 48.0 41.6
Chile 42.7 44.6 47.0 50.4 54.5
Paraguay 49.4 44.9 48.4 54.2 60.3
Brazil 46.2 45.1 49.0 51.4 53.5
Qatar 41.8 45.6 47.2 50.7 60.1
Ecuador 43.9 45.7 46.6 51.4 53.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 42.1 46.5 46.6 45.2 46.0
Nicaragua 49.0 47.3 43.6 43.3 47.9
Peru 46.7 47.8 52.7 55.7 53.7
Burkina Faso 42.6 47.9 44.2 51.1 49.4
Myanmar 48.1 48.2 47.1 45.9 43.6
Bolivia 48.0 48.3 50.3 52.6 54.8
Malawi 46.0 48.6 48.0 49.8 48.6
Algeria 48.1 48.7 49.2 47.5 51.8
Oman 45.1 48.8 49.0 50.5 52.5
Nepal 50.8 49.0 54.8 59.3 62.2
Chad 50.1 51.2 51.3 58.0 57.5
Mali 47.7 51.4 49.5 57.8 57.1
Pakistan 47.5 51.6 53.7 54.4 58.5
Syrian Arab Republic 47.2 51.8 44.5 59.9 43.7
Guinea 52.1 52.2 53.1 53.9 56.6
Yemen, Rep. 45.3 52.3 51.6 57.7 60.4
Indonesia 49.9 52.9 53.7 56.8 60.1
Uganda 54.0 53.4 56.2 59.6 64.0
American Samoa 53.0 54.1 45.7 48.1 48.4
Sao Tome and Principe 52.3 55.0 54.2 55.7 51.0
Saudi Arabia 51.4 55.1 60.3 65.0 66.0
Guinea-Bissau 51.3 55.4 55.1 54.2 59.8
Cameroon 52.2 55.7 50.5 52.2 54.3
Cote d'Ivoire 53.6 55.9 57.7 62.0 62.2
Togo 53.8 55.9 54.9 58.4 61.5
Uruguay 56.1 56.0 53.4 60.0 65.6
Sierra Leone 51.1 56.2 54.5 55.9 57.7
Tunisia 59.3 56.2 60.9 46.6 57.6
Central African Republic 51.5 56.3 56.4 59.7 60.9
Colombia 54.8 56.6 58.3 62.1 67.1
Bangladesh 56.2 56.8 57.0 57.9 63.6
Kenya 51.3 57.0 57.1 61.9 65.5
Honduras 58.2 57.3 62.5 63.5 64.4
Mozambique 57.5 58.6 57.5 58.0 59.6
Morocco 48.9 59.2 56.0 66.9 74.5
Equatorial Guinea 57.5 59.3 65.8 65.7 61.2
Albania 60.3 60.0 62.5 60.4 67.5
Philippines 56.0 60.1 58.8 59.2 62.2
India 59.2 60.2 59.7 65.4 69.1
Tanzania 59.0 60.3 60.0 59.9 63.8
Congo, Rep. 61.0 60.4 61.9 63.6 62.5
Kuwait 53.9 60.6 66.7 68.8 66.5
Bhutan 61.1 61.7 68.5 58.7 59.8
Argentina 60.4 62.0 58.9 60.7 55.8
Israel 64.7 62.1 66.5 62.4 64.5
Zambia 60.0 62.5 62.7 77.5 78.4
Afghanistan 69.2 63.2 65.5 64.5 64.2
Thailand 67.4 63.5 64.0 69.5 72.9
Lebanon 59.7 64.4 72.7 73.0 77.9
Bahamas, The 66.9 64.7 68.1 69.3 73.6
Papua New Guinea 64.6 64.9 66.5 67.4 68.4
Mexico 62.4 65.3 64.9 63.1 60.9
Venezuela, RB 63.2 65.3 65.2 70.7 68.9
Comoros 62.9 65.7 71.0 73.5 73.7
Mauritania 66.2 66.6 68.2 70.0 74.3
Libya 66.7 67.6 65.1 67.4 71.9
New Zealand 69.8 67.8 67.4 69.8 67.5
El Salvador 68.8 69.2 65.4 69.6 70.7
Rwanda 75.8 69.4 69.3 66.9 75.9
Guyana 67.2 70.1 64.3 60.1 57.8
Canada 65.1 70.2 67.7 60.3 66.9
Australia 68.8 70.5 69.3 72.1 71.3
Solomon Islands 72.7 70.7 56.4 58.8 61.9
South Africa 70.9 71.0 74.9 76.0 79.8
Macao SAR, China 65.8 71.1 70.5 67.3 68.3
Korea, Rep. 69.3 72.3 73.5 78.3 79.7
Dominican Republic 72.0 72.6 75.3 75.6 78.6
Spain 72.9 72.7 81.5 74.1 79.5
Namibia 70.3 73.2 79.0 79.3 85.7
United States 77.9 73.8 73.2 69.1 76.0
Guam 71.1 73.8 76.1 81.2 69.6
Gambia, The 63.5 74.0 76.3 71.2 82.2
Djibouti 68.7 74.1 76.2 79.3 95.6
Turkey 67.5 75.5 73.8 78.9 74.8
Malta 74.8 75.9 76.2 77.3 79.7
Tuvalu 81.2 76.3 69.5 66.8 69.9
Kiribati 72.4 77.3 82.2 87.3 62.4
Madagascar 76.1 77.6 77.1 78.3 80.5
Jamaica 76.8 78.2 80.7 80.5 74.8
Senegal 70.2 78.6 86.0 74.0 84.5
Gabon 77.4 81.0 81.9 85.0 86.4
Trinidad and Tobago 82.2 82.0 82.6 84.1 81.4
Panama 87.0 82.1 92.1 87.8 90.8
Portugal 80.8 83.8 91.0 72.2 91.4
New Caledonia 88.9 84.0 76.4 75.4 75.2
Korea, Dem. Rep. 81.3 85.9 87.3 87.9 90.3
Cyprus 89.3 86.9 89.7 97.2 103.5
Lesotho 89.3 87.3 90.6 104.0 99.6
Timor-Leste 87.4 87.8 88.7 88.2 86.8
Denmark 88.5 87.8 85.2 87.4 89.9
Somalia 88.5 87.8 93.8 97.1 98.1
Liberia 88.2 88.2 90.9 92.8 92.0
Sri Lanka 89.3 88.9 76.9 81.8 77.9
French Polynesia 90.3 90.0 90.3 83.4 85.9
Botswana 92.3 90.7 81.3 86.8 90.0
Greece 98.5 90.9 88.7 95.3 101.1
Mauritius 85.2 91.6 94.4 86.4 86.4
Zimbabwe 95.7 91.7 76.9 99.2 91.7
Bermuda 97.0 93.6 98.1 102.4 111.8
Swaziland 86.3 94.0 92.3 89.9 89.9
Ireland 92.4 94.6 92.7 89.6 88.4
Austria 93.1 94.9 93.9 98.0 94.1
Burundi 91.0 95.9 98.4 101.5 95.7
Italy 96.4 96.2 100.8 94.0 96.7
Faeroe Islands 96.1 96.9 98.7 99.1 99.1
Liechtenstein 93.8 99.0 98.5 95.5 98.6
France 99.9 99.0 101.7 99.7 98.9
Norway 101.8 99.7 103.9 103.6 103.5
Netherlands 97.2 101.2 100.2 99.9 98.5
Antigua and Barbuda 100.9 101.9 104.3 107.2 90.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 100.3 102.9 105.5 108.6 112.4
Greenland 103.1 103.1 104.2 104.2 105.8
Bahrain 115.3 103.6 134.4 109.3 115.1
Haiti 105.0 103.8 102.6 99.9 99.8
Iraq 109.0 103.8 96.7 101.6 110.1
Vanuatu 101.1 105.1 106.7 98.5 88.2
Finland 105.1 105.5 95.3 97.5 104.5
Iceland 105.2 105.6 100.9 89.7 84.9
Fiji 87.9 105.9 86.2 89.4 105.5
United Kingdom 106.5 106.8 105.7 103.6 105.6
Sweden 111.3 107.2 94.6 97.7 106.0
Switzerland 105.9 108.2 101.9 106.7 106.5
Tonga 99.0 108.8 96.9 89.0 90.1
Poland 103.6 109.4 102.8 106.9 109.5
Romania 110.4 109.7 98.0 99.3 97.3
Maldives 109.3 110.7 107.7 109.2 105.2
Germany 107.1 111.5 107.5 109.2 108.9
Samoa 112.7 113.6 109.8 106.8 101.8
Japan 115.1 116.4 116.1 113.8 114.8
Barbados 105.6 116.5 107.0 108.2 107.4
Hungary 119.3 122.2 121.1 128.2 124.7
Puerto Rico 123.9 131.0 140.3 141.0 140.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 132.3 133.9 84.1 102.4 104.6
Mongolia 127.8 136.5 131.5 127.5 136.6
Suriname 148.2 142.5 132.8 135.9 134.7
Grenada 135.6 143.5 159.5 140.9 137.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 149.8 143.5 119.9 166.5 152.1
Seychelles 140.4 148.5 121.3 111.1 121.4
Dominica 123.0 149.9 166.1 184.0 158.2
Cuba 148.7 150.7 147.7 154.2 158.4
Cayman Islands 237.4 174.8 212.7 124.8 224.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 183.9 181.0 180.3 186.1 173.1
Bulgaria 171.3 187.8 178.6 178.6 186.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 222.9 205.7 210.7 213.2 191.7
St. Lucia 216.1 268.3 229.5 308.3 279.1
Singapore 857.2 774.4 684.9 519.9 511.2
Curacao
Ukraine
Marshall Islands
Eritrea
Turkmenistan
Czech Republic
Aruba
South Sudan
San Marino
Kazakhstan
Azerbaijan
Palau
Lithuania
Estonia
Montenegro
Macedonia, FYR
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
St. Martin (French part)
Croatia
Serbia
Isle of Man
Belgium
Moldova
Latvia
Monaco
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Turks and Caicos Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Russian Federation
Northern Mariana Islands
Luxembourg
Belarus
Georgia
Tajikistan
Uzbekistan
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Armenia
Kyrgyz Republic
West Bank and Gaza
Ethiopia
Andorra
Kosovo

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