Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
United Arab Emirates 20.8 21.0 20.3 19.6 24.3
Nigeria 32.4 34.6 36.1 36.8 41.9
Angola 35.3 35.8 37.1 37.6 37.5
Niger 33.9 34.7 38.6 35.5 45.2
Ghana 36.3 35.9 39.1 40.0 40.9
China 36.9 37.3 39.3 41.4 42.7
Cambodia 27.7 35.6 39.6 36.9 47.0
Malaysia 33.8 37.4 40.0 41.2 44.8
Belize 39.5 38.8 40.4 44.8 43.1
Jordan 37.0 44.0 41.0 44.6 49.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 35.7 38.2 41.6 43.9 43.2
Vietnam 40.4 40.9 42.5 42.6 44.9
Brunei Darussalam 40.3 53.5 42.9 32.7 28.9
Benin 40.7 40.9 43.0 37.7 45.1
Costa Rica 40.6 41.9 43.2 44.6 46.1
Guatemala 41.8 43.4 43.9 45.9 47.9
Ecuador 38.5 42.4 44.1 46.0 49.3
Lao PDR 41.0 42.5 44.1 40.4 36.8
Sudan 37.5 45.1 44.3 40.9 48.0
Chile 42.7 42.6 44.5 47.0 50.4
Paraguay 45.5 49.4 44.9 48.4 54.2
Brazil 42.9 46.2 45.0 49.0 51.4
Qatar 40.3 41.8 45.6 47.2 50.7
Cabo Verde 39.8 40.5 45.9 67.7 69.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 39.3 42.1 46.5 46.6 45.2
Nicaragua 53.1 49.2 47.5 43.8 43.4
Burkina Faso 34.3 42.6 47.9 44.2 51.1
Peru 46.7 46.8 47.9 52.8 55.8
Myanmar 46.9 48.1 48.3 47.1 45.9
Bolivia 43.9 48.0 48.3 50.3 52.6
Nepal 48.9 50.3 48.5 54.2 58.7
Malawi 46.4 46.0 48.6 48.0 49.8
Algeria 39.3 48.1 48.7 49.2 47.5
Oman 46.3 45.1 48.8 49.0 50.5
Chad 41.8 50.1 51.2 51.3 58.0
Mali 45.0 47.7 51.3 49.5 57.8
Syrian Arab Republic 44.7 47.2 51.8 44.5 59.8
Pakistan 46.1 47.7 51.9 53.9 54.6
Guinea 51.8 52.1 52.2 53.1 53.9
Yemen, Rep. 43.4 45.3 52.3 51.6 57.7
Indonesia 48.8 49.9 52.9 53.7 56.8
Uganda 52.9 54.0 53.4 56.2 59.6
American Samoa 54.2 53.0 54.1 45.7 48.1
Sao Tome and Principe 49.1 51.6 54.2 53.4 54.9
Saudi Arabia 44.8 51.6 55.3 60.6 65.4
Guinea-Bissau 51.7 51.3 55.3 55.1 54.1
Cameroon 48.1 52.2 55.7 50.5 52.2
Togo 51.2 53.8 55.9 54.9 58.4
Uruguay 53.0 56.1 55.9 53.2 59.9
Tunisia 49.9 59.1 56.0 60.6 46.4
Sierra Leone 53.0 51.1 56.2 54.5 55.9
Cote d'Ivoire 54.5 54.0 56.3 58.2 62.4
Central African Republic 50.8 51.5 56.3 56.4 59.7
Bangladesh 54.3 56.2 56.8 57.0 57.9
Kenya 44.9 51.3 57.0 57.1 61.9
Colombia 54.6 55.3 57.1 58.8 62.7
Honduras 56.2 58.2 57.3 62.5 63.5
Mozambique 57.3 57.5 58.6 57.5 58.0
Tanzania 54.6 57.4 58.7 58.4 58.3
Equatorial Guinea 59.4 57.5 59.3 65.8 65.7
Morocco 45.3 48.9 59.3 56.0 66.9
Philippines 55.6 55.8 59.9 58.5 58.9
India 58.0 59.2 60.2 59.7 65.4
Congo, Rep. 58.6 61.0 60.4 61.9 63.6
Kuwait 42.9 53.9 60.6 66.7 68.8
Albania 62.7 61.7 61.4 64.0 62.1
Bhutan 64.1 61.1 61.7 68.5 58.7
Argentina 59.5 60.4 62.0 58.9 60.7
Israel 64.3 64.6 62.1 66.5 62.3
Zambia 54.0 60.0 62.5 62.7 77.5
Afghanistan 74.1 69.3 63.2 65.5 64.6
Thailand 64.9 67.5 63.6 64.0 69.6
Lebanon 56.8 59.7 64.4 72.7 73.0
Bahamas, The 67.3 66.9 64.7 68.1 69.3
Papua New Guinea 63.0 64.6 64.9 66.5 67.4
Venezuela, RB 58.2 62.9 65.0 64.9 70.4
Mexico 60.5 62.4 65.3 64.9 63.1
Comoros 60.3 62.9 65.7 71.0 73.5
Mauritania 61.4 66.2 66.6 68.2 70.0
New Zealand 64.2 69.1 67.2 66.8 69.3
Libya 62.6 65.1 67.4 65.3 67.6
Rwanda 63.6 75.8 69.4 69.2 66.9
El Salvador 68.5 69.2 69.7 65.9 70.1
Canada 62.7 65.1 70.1 67.6 60.2
Australia 69.0 68.6 70.3 69.2 72.0
Guyana 70.6 67.5 70.4 64.6 60.4
South Africa 66.5 70.7 70.5 74.5 75.7
Solomon Islands 70.4 72.7 70.7 56.4 58.8
Macao SAR, China 64.9 65.8 71.1 70.5 67.3
Korea, Rep. 66.3 69.3 72.3 73.5 78.3
Dominican Republic 74.8 72.0 72.6 75.4 76.5
Spain 76.6 72.9 72.6 81.5 74.0
United States 73.7 77.9 73.7 73.2 69.1
Guam 70.8 71.1 73.8 76.1 81.2
Gambia, The 71.1 63.5 74.0 76.3 71.2
Djibouti 58.4 68.7 74.1 76.2 79.3
Namibia 66.0 71.1 74.1 80.0 80.3
Turkey 67.2 67.5 75.5 73.8 78.9
Malta 70.6 75.0 76.1 76.4 77.5
Tuvalu 77.0 81.2 76.3 69.5 66.8
Kiribati 71.9 72.4 77.3 82.2 87.3
Madagascar 75.8 76.1 77.6 77.1 78.4
Jamaica 82.0 76.8 78.2 80.7 80.5
Senegal 52.4 70.2 78.6 86.0 74.0
Gabon 76.9 77.4 81.0 81.9 85.0
Trinidad and Tobago 81.1 82.2 82.0 82.6 84.1
Panama 85.7 87.0 82.1 92.1 87.8
Portugal 79.8 80.8 83.8 91.0 72.2
New Caledonia 80.8 89.5 84.7 76.8 75.7
Korea, Dem. Rep. 79.1 81.3 85.9 87.3 87.9
Lesotho 93.1 89.3 87.3 90.6 104.0
Denmark 89.8 88.4 87.7 85.1 87.3
Somalia 82.5 88.5 87.8 93.8 97.2
Timor-Leste 84.8 87.4 87.8 88.7 88.2
Cyprus 92.2 90.4 87.9 90.7 98.3
Liberia 86.1 88.2 88.2 90.9 92.8
Sri Lanka 85.3 89.3 88.9 76.9 81.8
French Polynesia 69.5 90.3 90.0 90.3 83.4
Greece 93.4 98.0 90.1 88.3 94.9
Botswana 95.1 92.3 90.7 81.3 86.8
Mauritius 77.3 85.2 91.6 94.4 86.4
Zimbabwe 70.9 95.8 91.8 77.0 99.3
Austria 94.0 89.8 92.3 90.7 96.9
Bermuda 96.0 97.0 93.6 98.1 102.4
Swaziland 84.3 86.3 94.0 92.3 89.9
Ireland 91.0 92.9 95.1 93.2 90.1
Italy 95.0 95.8 95.5 100.2 93.3
Burundi 80.5 91.3 96.2 98.7 101.8
Faeroe Islands 95.2 96.1 96.9 98.7 99.1
France 102.4 99.6 98.6 101.2 99.1
Liechtenstein 88.7 95.0 100.2 99.8 96.7
Netherlands 97.1 97.1 101.0 99.9 99.5
Norway 105.9 103.6 101.2 105.5 105.3
Antigua and Barbuda 86.7 100.4 101.5 103.8 106.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 96.8 100.4 103.0 105.5 108.7
Greenland 106.4 103.1 103.1 104.2 104.2
Bahrain 101.3 115.3 103.6 134.4 109.3
Iraq 90.5 109.1 103.8 96.7 101.6
Vanuatu 109.2 101.1 105.1 106.7 98.5
Finland 108.8 104.9 105.3 95.1 97.3
Iceland 101.9 104.9 105.5 101.0 87.7
Haiti 106.0 106.8 105.6 104.4 101.6
Fiji 104.4 87.9 105.9 86.2 89.4
Sweden 119.0 111.1 107.0 94.3 97.4
United Kingdom 110.3 106.8 107.2 106.1 104.0
Switzerland 109.2 106.2 108.7 101.6 107.4
Poland 101.5 103.1 108.9 102.3 106.4
Romania 120.9 111.7 110.0 97.7 98.7
Maldives 107.2 109.3 110.7 107.7 109.2
Tonga 101.7 100.8 110.7 98.7 90.7
Germany 107.5 107.0 111.4 107.1 108.9
Samoa 106.6 111.9 112.8 109.0 106.0
Japan 111.5 114.3 115.6 115.7 113.7
Barbados 109.8 105.6 116.5 107.0 108.2
Hungary 123.8 117.8 120.6 119.7 126.6
Puerto Rico 124.3 123.9 131.0 140.3 141.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 138.5 132.3 133.9 84.1 102.4
Mongolia 126.7 128.1 136.8 131.7 128.6
Suriname 143.6 148.4 142.8 133.0 134.6
Grenada 148.2 135.6 143.5 159.5 140.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 130.7 149.8 143.5 119.9 166.5
Seychelles 124.5 140.4 148.5 121.3 111.1
Dominica 117.8 123.0 149.9 166.1 184.0
Cuba 154.2 148.7 150.7 147.7 154.2
Cayman Islands 236.1 237.4 174.8 212.7 124.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 200.3 183.9 181.0 180.3 186.1
Bulgaria 199.9 174.1 191.1 181.7 181.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 214.6 222.9 205.7 210.7 213.2
St. Lucia 203.1 216.1 268.3 229.5 308.3
Singapore 996.2 857.2 774.4 684.9 519.9
Aruba
Estonia
Azerbaijan
Serbia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
South Sudan
Moldova
Kazakhstan
Marshall Islands
Latvia
Northern Mariana Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Turkmenistan
Eritrea
Ukraine
St. Martin (French part)
Tajikistan
San Marino
Palau
Belgium
Isle of Man
Lithuania
Croatia
Russian Federation
Curacao
Luxembourg
Turks and Caicos Islands
Macedonia, FYR
Monaco
Belarus
Montenegro
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Georgia
Slovak Republic
Uzbekistan
Slovenia
Kyrgyz Republic
Armenia
Ethiopia
West Bank and Gaza
Czech Republic
Andorra
Kosovo

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